A Brief History of Acadia
At the beginning of the 17th century, when France was under the rule
of Henri IV,
French explorers began to look for routes to the Far East. Instead, Jacques
in North America, and the French exploration of Canada began. Explorer
Champlain soon attempted to colonize Acadia, the area that is now Nova
Maine. In 1604, seventy-nine men came over from France to start the first
St. Croix Island. It failed over the winter due to the lack of food and
the spreading of
disease, though their next settlement, Port Royal, was successful.
The first woman came to Acadia in 1611, and women continued to come to
colony in the following years, many of them "King's Daughters."
were actually common women, orphans, or prostitutes who had their dowry
paid by the
Louis XIV in exchange for colonizing the New World.
Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries there were many squabbles between
French the British over control of Acadia. It changed hands several times
when Great Britain permanently gained Acadia through the Treaty of Utrecht.
English were afraid that the Acadians, or descendents of the first French
Canada, would join hands with the French or the Native Americans to overthrow
British control of the area. The British decided to ease their fears by
Acadians to the American colonies in 1755 and 3,000 to France in 1758.
people coped by forming two new colonies where they could keep their identity.
settled in what is now Louisiana and New Brunswick, and their descendents
these areas today.
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