Biography
Main Contents
.
 
Selections from the History and Genealogy of the Jewetts of America
tracing the direct line of Sarah Orne Jewett
and providing historical anecdotes of her family



 

HISTORY AND GENEALOGY
OF THE
JEWETTS OF AMERICA
 
 

A RECORD OF EDWARD JEWETT, OF BRADFORD,
WEST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE, ENGLAND,
AND OF HIS TWO EMIGRANT SONS,
DEACON MAXIMILIAN AND JOSEPH JEWETT,
SETTLERS OF ROWLEY, MASSACHUSETTS,
IN 1639
 
 
 
 

ALSO  OF
ABRAHAM AND JOHN JEWETT,
EARLY SETTLERS OF ROWLEY
AND OF THE JEWETTS WHO
HAVE SETTLED IN THE  UNITED STATES
SINCE THE YEAR 1800

BY
FREDERIC CLARKE JEWETT, M. D.
BALTIMORE, MD.
Member of the Maryland Historical Society

VOL. I

THE JEWETT FAMILY
OF AMERICA
ROWLEY                                     (INCORPORATED)                    MASSACHUSETTS

[New York, The Grafton press, 1908]


INTRODUCTION



     In 1855, the following circular was sent to the known members of the Jewett family:
 

     Wishing to perfect, and perpetuate the historical genealogy of the ancient Jewett Family, which  emigrated from England, settled in Rowley, Essex County, Mass., A. D. 1688-1689, and, through the blessing of God has multiplied until its members are numbered among the citizens of every State, and are found successfully engaged in all the professions, and is every industrial pursuit: We, the undersigned, give notice of a meeting of those who bear that name, and of all who are descendants of that family, to be held at Rowley, on the 14th stay of June, A. D. 1855.

     The object of the meeting will be to give an opportunity for mutual conference, and joyful greetings, for renewing and strengthening the bands of common brotherhood, and, in particular, to adopt measures for obtaining such historic facts as will perfect the genealogy of the Jewett Family and perpetuate those facts by publication in a well printed and neatly bound volume. The attendance of all the descendants of the Jewett Family is therefore respectfully solicited and all who receive this Circular are requested to extend the notice and the invitation to such membersand relatives of the family, a may be known to them. They are also requested to transmit, at an early date, to Dea. Joshua Jewett, of Rowley, any interacting genealogical or historic facts relative to the objects proposed, and it is confidently hoped that no one possessing such information will fail to furnish it for the use and purposes of the meeting.

     Prof. C. C. Jewett, Washington, D. C.; Prof. G. B. Jewett, Amherst, Mass.; S. W. Jewett, Middlebury, Vt.; Elam R. Jewett, Buffalo, N. Y.; Rev. C. C. Taylor, Kalamazoo, Mich.; Rev. C. Hutchins, New Albany, Ind.; Rev. Augustus Jewett Terre Haute, In.; Dr. Luther Jewett, Lafayette, Ind.; P. H. Jewett, Esq., Lexington, Ind.; J. T. Jewett Chicago, Ill.; Nathaniel Grover, Chicago, Ill.; Dr. John R. Jewett, Lyons, Mich; Dr. Luther Jewett, St. Johnsbury, Vt.; Rev. S. G. Tenney , Alstead, N. H.;  Prof. P. ?. Jewett. New Haven, Conn.; Rev. B. D. Jewett, Colchester, Conn.;  Dr. Joseph F. Jewett, Grandby, Conn.; Rev. Richard T. Searle, New Marlboro, Mass.; Levi Jewett, New Marlboro, Mass.; Rev. Jeremiah Searle, Woodbourne, N. Y.; John P. Jewett, Boston, Mass.; Henry J. Jewett, Esq., Leona, Texas; Jedediah Jewett, Portland, Maine; Miss Sarah Jewett, Portland, Maine; Luther Jewett, Portland, Maine; George Jewett, Portland, Maine; Rev. William R. Jewett, Plymouth, N. H.; Dr.  Jeremiah P. Jewett, Lowell, Mass.; William Jewett, Scarboro, Maine; Jeremiah J. Tenney, Lawrence, Mass.; Dr. Charles Jewett; Eleazer Jewett, St. Albans, Vt,; Nathaniel C. Taylor, Rowley, Mass, David H. Hale, Rowley, Mass.; Moses T.Whittier, Rowley, Mass.; Charles Jewett, Niles, Mich.


 

ORDER OF EXERCISES AT THE MEETING OF THE JEWETT

FAMILY AT ROWLEY JUNE 14, 1855

      A procession will be formed on the Common at ten o'clock, and, headed

     by Bond's Cornet Band, of Boston; will visit the principal places of interest,

     the residence of the venerable Dr. Joshua Jewett, and the Old Jewett Home-

     stead, where, under the stately elms, a short address will be delivered by John

     P. Jewett, of  Boston, and an original poem, entitled "The Old-Homestead,"

     composed by William Jewett Pabodie, of Providence, will be sung, to the

     music of   "Bonny  Doon," after which the procession will more to the meet-

     inghouse, at which place the services will be as follows:


     1. VOLUNTARY, by the Band.  Overture to " The: King of Baby1on."
     2. ORIGINAL HYMN read by Dr. Joshua Jewett, lined off, in the old style, and sung by the whole Jewett Family.
     3.  PRAYER, by Rev. John Pike, of Rowley.
     4. ANTHEM, by the Choir.
     5. ORATION,  by Professor C. C. Jewett, of Washington, D. C.
     6. CHORUS, by the Choir.
     7. BENEDICTION, by Rev. Spofford D. Jewett, of Colchester, Conn.

     On leaving the church, the procession will re-form, and those having
     tickets to the dinner will march to the Town Hall, at which place the
     exercises will be as follows:


     1.  THE LIST OF OFFICERS win be read, and the PRESIDENT OF THE DAY introduced to the audience, by the Chief Marshal.
     2.  BRIEF REMARKS, by The President, Dr. Joshua Jewett of Rowley.
     3.  INVOCATION, by Rev. William R. Jewett, of Plymouth, N. H.
     4.  DINNER, prepared by J. B. Smith, of Boston, the distinguished caterer.
     5.  SHORT GENEALOGICAL ADDRESS, by the President.
     6.  SINGING OF AN ORIGINAL SONG,  "Our Family Pledge."  Tune, "Auld Lang Syne."
     7.  TOASTS, INTERCHANGE OF SENTIMENTS, and FAMILY CONGRATULATIONS, interspersed with music by the Band.
 
 

OFFICERS OF THE DAY

President

Dr. Joshua Jewett, of  Rowley.

Vice Presidents

Elam R. Jewett, of Buffalo, N. Y.

        Luther Jewett, of Portland, Me.

          Rev. Geo. B. Jewett, of Nashua, N. H.

                   Dr. Luther Jewett, of St. Johnsbury, Vt.

                          Prof. P. A. Jewett, of New Haven,  Conn.

                                 Dr. Joseph F. Jewett, of Granby, Conn.

Secretary and Treasurer

Dr. Jeremiah P. Jewett, of Lowell.

Finance Committee

S. W. Jewett, of Vermont.  Jedediah Jewett, of Portland.   Henry J. Prentiss, of Boston.

Chief Marshal

  Gen. Henry K. Oliver, of Lawrence. _
 
 

Marshal's  Aids

     Daniel H. Hale.                   John Richards.                     John Harris.

                 Moses T. Whittier.             B. H. Smith, of. Rowley.

Toastmaster

Charles Jewett, of Michigan.



 
 

THE OLD HOMESTEAD, Dr William JEWETT PABODIE
TUNE, "Bonny Doon"

                           As pilgrims to some, sacred shrine,
                                As wanderers to their father's home,
                          To this, the cradle of our race,
                              With glad yet reverent hearts we come.

                          Two hundred years have nearly passed,
                                     Since first this ancient roof-tree rose,
                          A shelter, in the wilderness,
                              From howling winds and savages foes.

                          'Twas here our fathers lived and died --
                              Up from this hearth, in sweet accord,
                          At morn arose the voice of prayer,
                              At evening, anthems to the Lard.

                          Beneath these elms, their labor done,
                              They gathered oft, a cheerful throng,
                          And whiled the twilight hours away,
                              While peeped the frogs their evening song.

                          And oft, within, the humming of the wheel
                              Made pleasant sound in summer day,
                          Heard by the traveller, as he toiled,
                              Along the dim and dusty ways.

                          Still in the corner ticks the clock,
                              That marked the hours of joy or woe,
                          For those whose hearts to ashes turned
                               More than a hundred years ago.

                          And still is seen the old armchair,
                               Where sat the sire, at close of day,
                          And turned with awe the sacred page,
                               Their guide through life's uncertain way.

                          For they were aye a Godly race --
                               Nor deem it idle boast to say,
                          A deacon always graced the line,
                               From 'Zekiel down to Joshua.

                          Beneath the sod they slumber now,
                                But yet one noble form survives,
                          To show us all their spotless worth,
                               The daily beauty of their lives.

                          Oh, may their virtues still descend,
                               While time's unwearied wing expands,
                          That all at length again may meet,
                               Meet in "a home not made with hands."
 
 

OUR FAMILY PLEDGE, BY JEDEDIAH JEWETT, or PORTLAND, ME.
TUNE, "Auld Lang Syne"

                            We're gathered here, a fam'ly band,
                               Upon Old Rowley's shore,
                           Though scattered wide throughout the land,
                               Were parted now no more.

                          Then here's a hand, a Jewett's hand
                              Which each will pledge the other,
                          That aye for God and Truth we'll stand,
                              And ne'er forget a brother.

                           From  pine-clad East and fertile West,
                               We'll gather here today;
                           May this re-union now be blest,
                               And be remembered aye.

                          Then here's a hand, etc.

                           Our Father's erst with Pilgrim bands,
                               Left all for which men live,
                           That to their Sons, in other lands,
                               Fair Freedom they might give.

                           Then there's a hand, etc.

                           Upon their shield they blazoned deep,
                               The Lily, emblem fair;
                           And for our crest, they bid us keep,
                               The Eagle, bird of air.

                           Then here's a hand, etc.

                           Unsullied let us keep that name,
                               As lily's bright array,
                           And ever upward be our aim,
                               With the bold bird of day.

                          Then here's a hand, etc.
 

     It was expected that Dr. Charles Jewett, of Michigan, would furnish the original hymn, but not having received his, the one below has been substituted therefore:
 
 

ORIGINAL HYMN, by H. J. Prentiss
Tune, "America"



Up to this goodly  land,
Led by th' Almighty's hand
   Our fathers came;
Trusting, O God, in Thee,
They crossed a stormy sea,
Determined to be free, --
   In Thy great name.

Their Vine they planted here,
In hope and Godly fear,
   And found repose;
With none to make afraid,
They sought its pleasant shade,
Their fervent prayers were said,
   And heavenward arose.

The fiery column's glare
Displayed Thy constant care.,
   Through night and storm;
By day the friendly cloud
Their onward pathway showed,
With light their footsteps glowed
   Beneath Thine arm.

To God our thanks are due,
Who brought them safely through
   The water wild:
Then let our praise arise
To Him who rules the skies,
Who hears the feeble cries
   Of every child.

Oh, may their children be
A worthy progeny
   Of noble sires;
Be Truth and Right their aim,
And, in God's holy name,
Keep pure their altar's flame,
   As vestal fires.
 


      Since the meeting held in Rowley several members of the family have attempted to compile a history and thus preserve the many valuable records which are fast disappearing. Among those who made notable efforts to this end were Dr. Joseph F. Jewett, of Granby, Conn., who died before he could complete the work, Dr. Frederic A. Jewett of Brooklyn, N.Y., and Thomas A. Jewett, ESQ., of Gardiner, Maine, who, owing to pressure of business, were obliged to abandon the subject.

     About fourteen years ago the Author undertook the task, and though the result is, perhaps, not all that could be desired, he feels, under the circumstances, he has collected about all of the data obtainable at this time.

     The family of Jewett is without doubt of Norman origin, but when they settled in England and origin of the name are surrounded with considerable mystery. The first syllable of the name as now spelled suggests the question whether or not it is derived from Jew which is a family name. The termination "et" or "ett" could perhaps be accounted for analogically by reference to such a name as Hewett, supposed to be derived from Hugh, Hew, etc. The name Jew or Jews does not imply that the founder of the family was a Hebrew, but, as Newton supposes, from his having slain Jews in Syria when such deeds were considered meritorious. He and Guillian suppose that the name Ives was originally Jeus, which became Jues, and then, by the common  change of "I" for "J," and "U" for "V,"  Ives. The coat-of-arms of this family once bore three Jews' heads couped. The arms of the family of Jew and its derivatives are, however, entirely different from those of our family, and those of al1 the families whose name have clearly a similar origin with our own.  In all those names the  "T" seems to be one of the radical letters, and the uniform presence of the letter "T" seems fatal to this supposed in origin.      Bardsley in "English Surnames," concludes that "the name Jewett comes from the diminutive of Juliet,"  and cites a number of entries from the Rolls of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries to establish his theory.

     The  "Armorial General Précédé des terms du blason."  Par J. B. Riestap, "Deuxiême Edition, etc., "gives a French family, viz., Ivatte de Boishamon-Bretagne, that settled in England about 1417.  The coat-of-arms of this family was D'azur au chevron a'arg., acc., re trois quinte feuilles du même.  The name of this family was changed to Juatte, Jeuett, Jowitt, etc. The arms, however, of the families of Jeuett and Jowitt are quite different from ours, but appear to be of a much later date.

      The coat-of-arms of the Jewetts of London Gales was: On a cross argent, five fleur-de-lis of the first. He beareth argent, on a cross of sable, five fleur-de-lis of the first by the name Le Neve.  This was the court armor in the time of Henry IV. appertaining to Robert Le Neve, of Tiverskill, in the Country of Norfolk.

     The arms of Ivat confirmed to Thomas Ivat, of London, June 27, 1628, are similar to ours, viz., Ivatt or Ivat, Argent, on a cross gules, five fleur-de-lis of the field (another, the tinctures reversed).  Crest -- Out of a mural coronet, an armed cubit arm holding in the gauntlet all pps. a fleur-de-lis or.

     The name of Jueta or Iveta occurs in the Liber Winton.  This book contains the survey of the City of Winchester taken by order of King Henry I. between the years 1107 and 1128.  From that time we find what is supposed to be the name in a great variety of forms.  The older forms seem to have been Juatt, Juet, Juett,  Ivet, Ivett, Jvat, Ivat, Juit, Juite,. (there was a Sir Henry Juite, Baronet, living in Ireland in 1850), Juitt. The Latin forms are Juet, Jouitt, Jeuit, Jewitt, and Jewett.

     In a aeries of articles entitled "American Armorial Families," arranged by Mortimer Delano, Pursuivant of Arms, and published in 1896. he states: "In the following roll will be found those American families that have a well established right to court armor, by inheritance, grant, or otherwise."  In this list it given:

     Jewett -- Massachusetts. Gentlemen.

     "Descent: Maximilian & Joseph Jewett from Bradford 1638 to Rowley, sons of Edward Jewett, of Bradford, Yorkshire, m. 1606, d. 1615; descent from Henri de Juatt 1096-9.

     "Armorial Bearings -- House of Juatt, England .
     "Arms:  Argent, on a cross gules, five fleur-de-lis argent.
     "Crest:  An armed arm proper holding a fleur-de-lis or.  All upon the wreathed helmet.
     "Mantling:  Argent and gules."

     The above Henri de Juatt was a Knight of the First Crusade, 1096-1099. Our name frequently occurs on the records of the 13th and 14th centuries and with greater frequency in the later records.  July 5, 1486, King Henry VII., of England, granted to Henry Jewet certain offices for life, viz., "Forrester of Windsor Forest and Parker of Sunnyng-Hill Park within Windsor Forest," but no reason is given in the grant for these honors.

     Following down to a little later date we find in Vol. XVIII. of the " Harlien Society (English) Reports": "The arms of Jewett, of Chester, England -- Argent, on a cross Gules, five fleur-de-lis of the first, in dexter chief a crescent of the second."  "William Jewett, of the Cittie of Chester, alderman and Justice of  Peace, and was maior thearof Anno D'ni 1578, a seconnde sonne to Thomas Iwett, of Heyton, in Bradforde Dale in the Countye of York wch  Thomas mariede Elizabeth doughter to * * * Shakellton of Myddopp in Heptonstall within the vicaredge of Holly-fax Com. Ebor'  And mother to the saide William whitch William Iwett mariede Margery doughter to Robert Ballyn late of the Cittle of Chester wch Robert Bellyn married Cicelye doughter to John Poole seconnde sonne to Sr John Poole in Warral County of Chester knight.

     "And hee the said Wm. Iwett saythe that there [their] badge is a nightingale.  But how or in what sort hee cannot Instructe mee and therefore have I omytted the setting downe of yt till I may doe it p'fectlye.

                                                  "Signed Wyll'm Jewett."
 

     Edward Jewett, father of the Jewetts who first came to America, was born is 1580 and lived in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England.  The arms borne by him and which were brought to this country by Deacon Maximilian and Joseph Jewett, and which they were so careful to preserve on the records here is thus described on old records in both France and England:  "He beareth, Gules, on a Cross argent, Five fleur-di-lis of the first, Crest, an eagle's Neck between two Wings displayed argent, by the name Jewett."

     This is the coat-of-arms recognized by the Viscount de Fronsac,  chancellor of the Aryan Order of St. George in 1891, in an article written by him and with which he gives a fine illustration and states, "these are the arms of the Jewetts of Maine and Texas."

      As stated above, our crest is, "an eagle's Neck between two Wings."  The motto is "Toujours le même."

     Much information may sometimes be afforded in genealogical research by the coat-of-arms.  It will be seen on comparing the arms of the Jewetts of Chester, arms of Iyat, arms of Jewetts of London Gales, and of the "House of Juatt," that they are very similar to our own, and that all evidence points to the view that the Jewetts descend from the "House of Juatt, of England," and is the opinion of the Author, from Henri de Juatt, the knight of the First Crusade.  It is true there is a difference in the crest, but this is not a part of a coat-of-arms.  The crest is an adjunct to the coat-of-arms, but is often carelessly spoken of as forming part of it.  It is often a play upon one's name, or is suggested by the name. Thus the crest of the Harts may be the animal of that name or a heart.

     Edward Jewett, father of Deacon Maximilian and Joseph Jewett, lived in Bradford, England, where he was a clothier.  By clothier it is not to be understood that he sold clothes, but was a maker or manufacturer of cloths. In those days, in England, the designation clothier was used only in the sense of the merchant manufacturer of woolen cloth who had in his employ a larger or smaller number of families engaged in the various manual employments connected therewith.

     Edward Jewett lived long before the days of factories. In his time the making of cloth was carried on in Yorkshire in private houses, the several parts of the process being conducted by different members of the family according to their age and sex.  The clothiers of Yorkshire were considered among the most industrious and frugal people of the kingdom. They were of necessity capitalists.  They employed weavers, fullers, etc., and furnished them with material.  In part they were accounted among the millionaires of England.  Edward Jewett seems to have been a man of property, and to have left goodly portions to his children. The twenty families that accompanied Mr. Rogers to New England are described by Winthrop, "most of them of good estate."  From the fact that the families of clothiers were trained from early life to knowledge of the different parts of the operation of making cloths, we any infer that the two sons of Edward Jewett who settled here were also clothiers. This is confirmed by the well-known fact as stated by Johnson in his " Wonder Working Providence," "that the settlers of Rowley were the first people that set upon making cloth in this Western World."  He adds that many of them had been clothiers in England.

     Maximilian and Joseph Jewett did not come to this country as adventurers.  They were men of respectability, "of good estate," and could probably have no hopes of improving their worldly condition by emigration. They were lovers of liberty, and men of distinct and well-marked religious views. They were non-conformists. They had too sturdy an independence, as well as too strong a sense of duty, to abandon what they held a truth even in the midst of the bitterest persecution.  For this reason they left their homes and sought in the wilds of America a resting place from oppression, a spot where they and their children might enjoy freedom to worship God.  They were men of thought and character.

     The period at which they emigrated to America was one of the darkest for the Puritans.  Many ministers had been silenced or suspended.  Fines and the pillory, mutilation and torture, were remorselessly resorted to by the friends of Archbishop Laud to compel conformity to the ceremonies of the Established Church. The ministers of Charles the First were full of hope that they should exterminate the pestilent heresy from the land.

     Hunted down by tyranny, refused even the liberty of flight, the Puritans were almost in despair.  All who could leave, fled, most of them to America.  The same year in which our fathers emigrated, eight ships preparing to sail for this country were by order of the Privy Council detained in the Thames.

     The persecution under Archbishop Laud seems to have fallen with peculiar weight upon the clothiers. This may have been owing to the fact that many of the clothiers were descendants of Dutch and French Protestants.  Mr. Pryer in enumerating the petition for redress of grievances to Parlement in 1640-41 instances under the head of trade, "Divers Clothiers having been forced away who had set up their manufacture abroad to the great hurt of the kingdom."  Smith, in the history of wool, cites the rigor of Archbishop Laud's execution of the acts of conformity as the cause which drove many clothiers out of the kingdom.

     In the year 1838 there came from England to the new world, in all, twenty ships and at least three thousand persons. Among them were our ancestors, who sailed from Hull in the ship John of London, with about twenty other Puritans and their families (some sixty persons in all), under the leadership of Ezekiel Rogers, and landed in Boston about the first of December, 1638.

     The Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, a learned and eloquent minister of Rowley, England, having been suspended for non-conformity, collected from his hearers and his other Yorkshire friends this little company, and with them came to America.  It is stated that so great was the respect for Mr. Rogers that though he was suspended from the active duties of his office he was allowed to enjoy the profits of his living for two years afterwards, and permitted to name a substitute who was afterwards himself suspended for refusal to read the sentence against his predecessor.  These two years we may suppose were employed by Mr. Rogers in gathering his future band of emigrants.  His project seems to have excited considerable attention among the nobility and gentry. He states that he felt himself under obligations, for the sake of many persons of high rank, to make choice of a good location here.

     Some of his company were doubtless his former parishioners, but the Jewetts lived is Bradford, one hundred miles from Rowley.  Mr. Rogers may have gone to Bradford for the purpose of obtaining accessions to his company, or our ancestors may have heard of the intentions of the great minister, and sought him out.

     Upon their arrival in Boston their first act illustrates their dignity and courtesy as well as their piety.  John Williams states, in his "History of New England,"  that "Ezekiel Rogers son of Richard Rogers, of Weathersfield, in Essex, a worthy son of so worthy a father, lying at Boston with some who came out of Yorkshire with him, where he had been a painful preacher many years, being desirous to partake in the Lord's Supper with the church of Boston, did first impart his desire to the elders, and having given them satisfaction, they acquainted the church with it; and before the sacrament, being called forth by the elders, he spoke to this effect, viz., that he and his company (viz., divers families who came over with him) had of a good time, withdrawn themselves from the church communion of England, and that for many corruptions which were among them.  But first he desired, that he might not be mistaken, as if he did condemn all there; for he did acknowledge a special presence of God there in three things: 1st in the soundness of doctrine in all fundamental truths; 2nd in the excellency of ministerial gifts; 3rd in the blessing upon the same, for the work of conversion and for the power of religion, in all which there appeared more, &c., in England than in all the known worlds besides.  Yet there are such corruptions, as, since God let them see some light therein, they could not, with safe conscience, join any longer with them.  The first, is their national church; second, their hierarchy, wholly anti-christian; third, their dead service; fourth, their receiving (nay compelling) all to partake of the seals; fifth, their abuse of excommunication, wherein they enwrap many a godly minister, y causing him to pronounce their sentences &c., they not knowing that the fear of the excommunication lies in that. Hereupon they bewailed before the Lord their sinful partaking so long in those corruptions, and entered a covenant together, to walk together in all the ordinances &c."

     Winthrop also states: "A plantation was begun between Ipswich and Newbury.  The occasion was this: Mr. Eaton and Mr. Davenport having determined to sit down at Quinipiack, there came over one Mr. Ezekiel Rogers, of Weathersfield in England, and with him some twenty godly men, and most of then of good estate. They laboured by all means to draw him with them to Quinipiack.  He consulted with the elders of the bay, by their advice, he and his people took that place by Ipswich"

     Thus was the town of Rowley, Massachusetts, founded and settled by Mr. Rogers and his hardy band of Puritans, of which Maximilian and Joseph Jewett were prominent members. In 1639, "Being settled in Rowley, they renewed their church covenant, and their call to Mr. Rogers to the office of pastor, according to the course of other churches."

     The town was incorporated "1639: 4 day of the 7th month, ordered that Mr. Ezekiel Rogers' Plantation shall be called Rowley."  The place was named in honor of Mr. Rogers, he having been the minister in Rowley, England, a number of years.

     The history of our family, quiet and unpretending as it has always been, is associated with the most stirring and impressive events of modern times.  Our ancestors were actors in the most important scenes of the moving panorama of human progress.  To the English Puritans--their enemies themselves being the judges -- are to be attributed the strongest steps in the march of freedom.  The great principles of civil and religious liberty were first fully developed and established by their efforts and sacrifices.  The colonization of this country by such men first gave an assured resting place for these principles upon earth, and when viewed in all its bearings and consequences can be said to have done more for the progress of our race in the paths of true civilization than any and all other assignable human causes.

      All of the Jewetts of this country spring from the common ancestor with the exception of four families who have come from England since 1800, and these are undoubtedly of the same family.  This work includes these families.
 
 


JEWETT GENEALOGY

FIRST GENERATION



     1  EDWARD JEWETT, was born in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England, about 1580.  He married there Oct. 1, 1604 Mary Taylor, daughter of William Taylor.  This marriage is recorded in the Bradford Parish Register.  He lived in Bradford, England, where he was a cloth manufacturer and where be died. His will, dated Feb. 2, 1614, |was proved by his widow July 12, 1615.  This will is on file in the archbishopric of York.  The following is a true copy.
 

     "In the name of God Amen, the second day of February in the year of our Lord God 1614 in the XIIth year of the reign sovereign Lord James by the grace of God, King of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith etc., and of Scotland the eight and forty whereas nothing is more certain than death and nothing more uncertain than the house of death. Therefore, I Edward Jewett of Bradford, within the dicos of York, Clothier, though sick and deseased in body yett sounde in minde and memorye I praise God therefore doo in this uncertainty of life knowninge that even in health we are subject to death make, publish and declare this my last will and testant in the names and form following (that is to say)

     "First and principally I give up and comend my soule in the hands of Almighty God my creator and redeemer hoping and assurredly trusting to have full and free pardon and remission of all my sinnes by the precious death and burial of Christ Jesus my alone Saviour and for jestification by his righteousness and my body I yeald to earth to be decently buried at the decreation of my friends. Item, I give and bequeth two full parts of all my goods Cattles Chattles & Credits (in three parts to be divided) unto William Jewett, Maximilian Jewett, Joseph Jewett and Sara Jewet my children equally to be divided amongst them after my debts be paid and funeral expenses discharged.  The third part and residue of all my said Cattles, Chattles & Credit I give and bequeth unto Mary my wife whom I make the sole executris of this my last will and testament.  And I do entreat William Taylor
my father in law, Henry Taylor my brother in law, Samuel Taylor and Thurstum Ledgerd the supervisors of this my last will and test't.  Item, my will and mind is that my children shall have their porcous paide unto them at such times as they shall sevarly accomplishe their ages of XX years or otherwise lawfully demand the same.  Lastly I do commit of all my said children with theire severall porcous during theire several minorities unto the said
Mary my wife.

     " Witnesses hereof William Smith, Jonas Watson & Lewis Watson."
 
 

Children, born in Bradford, England:

2  William, bapt. Sept 15, 1605.

3  Maximilian, bapt. Oct 4, 1607, married (1st) Ann -----------:  (2d) Elinor Boyton.

4  Joseph, bapt. Dec. 31, 1609, married (1st)  Mary Mallinson:  married (2d) Ann Allen.

5  Sarah, bapt. ----.
 
 

SECOND GENERATION



     3  DEACON MAXIMILIAN JEWETT  (Edward1), was born in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England; baptized there Oct. 4th, 1607.  He and his wife Ann, and his brother Joseph sailed from Hull, England in 1638 in the ship John, with a colony under the leadership of Rev. Ezekial Rogers.  They arrived at Boston about the first of December, 1638, spent the winter in Salem, and in the spring of 1639 founded the town of Rowley, Mass.
 

     He was admitted freeman May 13, 1640.  "Was chosen Deacon of the church, Dec. 13, 1639, in which place he served forty-five years and for two hundred and twenty years a descendant of him or his younger brother, a fellow passenger has been in that office or minister, the whole time except eight years."  (Savage "Genealogical Dictionary.")

     The following is from the records of the town of Rowley showing land granted to Maximilian Jewett at different times, viz.:

     "Bradford streete -- To Maximilian Jewett one Lott Containinge two Acres and bounded on the South side by Joseph Jewets house Lott:  part of it lyinge on the west side, part of it on the East side of the streete."

     (This is the two-acre lot on which he built his home.)

     "Bradford streete field -- To Maximilian Jewet foure Acres and a halfe of upland lying upon the North side of Joseph Jewets planting lott the East end butting upon his owne lott."

     "Imp. Batchelours meadow -- To Maximilian Jewet one Acre and a quarter, lying on the North side of Joseph Jewets Measow:  butting as aforesaid."

     "1st. division of salt Marsh -- To Maximilian Jewet two Acres of salt Marsh, lying upon the East side of Joseph Jewets Marsh:  butting as aforesaid."

     "To Maximilian Jewet the Deacon there was laide out thirtie and one Acres of land, be it more or less bounded by James Dickensons on the west: by Jonathan Remmington east, by the Ministers land north, by George Killborn south being fortie rods and  ahalf wide at the north end and twintie five wide at the south end."

     "Upland laid out at the field called Bradford streete plains -- To Maximilian Jewet six Acres lying on the West side of Leonard Harrimans upland the North end abutting ptly on John Boitons lott and ptly on a swamp, the South end on a Swamp."

     "2nd. division of fresh March -- To Maximilian Jewet one Acre, sixty rod wherof, lyse on the West side of Joseph Jewets Meadow:  the North end butting on a Creeke, the South end on some Rough Meadow unlaid out:  the other hundred rods ioynes on the aforesaid Creeke, about fourty rod distance from his aforesaid sixty."

     "To Maximilian Jewet for seven gates a percell of marsh bounded by the River on the southerly side the northwest end butting against the division line that parts this division being in length about 32 Rods the south east end buting against another streight divideing line that parts them and the next division only this extends with a corner by reason of a creeke, longer next to the river and soe toward the easterly side takes the line on the east of the creeke."

     To Maximilian Jewet a piece of marsh on the south of James dickinsons and his mother Whiples marsh the north west and south parts of it bounded by a creeke the north east by a pond."

     "To Maximilian Jewet -------- Acres of Salt marsh pt of it in Consideration of an high way laid out through his lott to hogg Iland, bounded on the West side by Joseph Jewets marsh the North & North east sides of it Thomas Dickinsons Marsh and the South end by a great creeke."

     "To Maximilian Jewet an Acre an halfe of salt Marsh lying at the Southeast end of his third Division of Salt Marsh in Consideration of his division of fresh meadows laide in Pollepod Meadow and of a way that lyes through his Meadow to hogge Iland."

     "2d. division salt Marsh -- To Maximilian Jewet two Acres, lying on the North side of Joseph Jewets Marsh:  butting as aforesaid."

     "2nd. division upland -- To Maximilian Jewet two Acres part whereof  ioynes to his owne salt Marsh, the rest of it lyeth on the West side of the aforesaid high way on the North side of Joseph Jewets upland:  butting as above."

     "3d. division Salt Marsh -- To Maximilian Jewet two Acres, one whereof ioyning to east side of Humphrey Reyners salt Marsh:  the North end Butting upon the upland.  The other Acre, lying on the North side of Joseph Jewets third division of salt Marsh, the west end butting on his owne second division of salt Marsh."

     "Upland laid out in the ffield Called Batchelours Plain -- To Maximilian Jewet seaven Acres lying on the East side of Joseph Jewets land abutting as aforesaid." .

     "3d. division ffresh Marsh -- To Maximilian Jewet -- one Acre, lying on the East side of Joseph Jewets Meadow:  the North end butting on the up-land the south end on a Creeke."

     "To Maximilian Jewctt one Acre & an halfe of upland lying on the north aide of William Scales his Lott abutting as aforesaid."

     "1661-- At the same Towne meeting it was also granted and voted that Deacon Jewett should have a way layed out to his land laying on the foreside of prospect hill."

     "March, 1671 -- To Deacon Jewett as his right and the right of John Spofford there was laide out ninete and five Acres of land beinge the twelfth and thirtenth lot in order, and is bounded by Thomas Dickinson on the west, by mre Kimbals lot on the east: six hundred and twentie two pole by the river on the North: it beinge thirtie and one poles and a halfe wide by the river side: yet but twentie four poles perpendiculer, each angle by the river are bounded by stubs, at the south end it is bounded by the villedge line twentie six pole and 3-4 yet it is but twentie and five pole perpendiculer: the south west angle is a stake and stones, the south east angle is a white oak."
 

     In 1658 he had land granted him in Merrimac, then a part of Rowley.  In 1673 Merrimac was incorporated as Bradford.

     We also find the following in the town records of Rowley:
 

     "Towns Charges for the yeare 1654 for Maxy Jewet deputyship 12-3-0."

     "A bill of ye Charges of ye towne in ye yeer 1665.    Imprimis for Deacon Jewits for his deputyship at ye severall generall Courts.
 
fifty Day 1.6 by Day 

for his diat to be paid at boston

for his home pasture, feray & ye petition

for his horse hire

and the carying the pay for

£.     s.     d.

3     15     0

2     10     0

0     18     6

0     12     0

0     6     0


   "1652" Deackon Jewet had"
 

Cowes  -- 6

one 3 yearning

of 2 yearnings -- 2

yearnings  -- 4

3 swine of a yeare

half of a 3 yer old hors

one of a 2 yer old

Ass -- one

and at home 3 acres an half

at plains -- 4 acres hal

meadow -- 10 acres

gates -- 4 one half

housing


 

£.     s.     d.

27     0     0

3     15     0

5     0     0

6     0     0

2     5     0

7          0          0

10     10     0

4     0     0

10     10     0

9     0     0

6     13     .0

2     5     0

12     0     0


 

     "Jan. 9, 1664 for moderator of towne meetings deacon Jewett."

     "1671-1672 deacon maximillian Jewett moderator."
 

     From Deacon Jewett's lot the land for the burial ground was given for the use of the towne.

     Maximilian Jewett seems to have been one of the leading men of the town.   He was representative to the General Court in 1641; 1642; 1643; 1648; 1651; 1652; 1654; 1655; 1656; 1658; 1659; 1660; 1662; 1663; 1664; 1665; 1672, 1673; 1674; 1675 and 1676.

     He was overseer of the will of Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, signed April 17, 1660, and "In the year 1665, five years after the death of Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, his relative Ezekiel Rogers, son of the Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, of Ipswich, brought an action against the widow of his uncle which occasioned the following:  The testimony of Maximilian Jewett saith that I heard our Mr. Roger express himself very much dissatisfied with the carriage of Ezekiel Rogers, in particularly his familiarity with John Smith, his servent, the Scotchman, & that in some times going behind the meeting house, which bred fears & jealousies in his mind.  He also objected to him because he wore long haire."  He was a clothier and with his brother Joseph was about the first, if not the first, to manufacture woolen cloth in America.

     "Ann the wife of Maximilian Jewet buried November ye ninth day 1667."   (Ch. R.)   He married (2d) Aug. 30, 1671, Elinor Boynton, widow of John Boynton.  She was a Miss Pell, of Boston.   "Maximylian Jewit and Ellinor Boynton married August the thirty day, 1671."    (Ch. R.)

     "Maximelian Jewit died October ye Ninetenth day 1684."    (Rowley Ch. R.)    .

     His widow married (3d) in Ipswich, Mass.,  June 1, 1686, Daniel Warner, Sr., of Ipswich, and as his widow died in Rowley, Aug. 5, 1689.

     His last will is filed in the Clerk of the Courts' office at Salem, Mass., among the Essex County Papers, Vol. XLII., page 46.  The following is a true copy:
 

     "In the name of God, Amen. I Maxemillian Jewett of Rowley in the County of Essex in New England Doe make this my last will & Testament as followeth.  Imp. I commit my Soul Into the hands of God who Gave me it & my body to the Grave In Comfortable hope of a blessed Resurrection through the death and Resurrection of my dear Redeemer the Lord Jesus Christ:  In the day of Christ.  For my outward Estate which the Lord hath gratiously bestowed on me I dispose of it in manner Following.

     "Imp2. To my beloved wife I give Twenty pounds wch is due to her by my contract before marriage to be payd part in two Cows, the rest according to our contract.  Also I give her all rents due to me from her son John Boynton:  & further I give her Twenty pounds to be payd by my executor. Also a feather bed which my daughter Elisabeth Layd on; all dureing her naturall-life & to be at her owne dispose at her death:  Further my will is that while she remaineth my widow (if she see good) that the end of the house next the street be at her dispose to live in and Improve for her own:  upward & Downward keeping it in repair, & the hemp yard before the Door & the trees which stand in it;  but if my wife see not good to live in the house then upon her leaving it the same & the yard is to the use of  Joseph at in my will here-after exprest.

     "Item. To my Eldest son Ezekiell Jewet I confirme all that which I have given him already in buildings & Lands at appeareth by my deed of gift which he hath under my hand and Seal:  Also I give him one half of my meadow in the meadow call'd Batchelers:  & two acres of Bastard & salt marsh or ruff meadow being my whole division at the place called Sandy Bridg or neer it:  & four acres & half of meadow at Crane meadow soe called. And my will is he pay out of what he now is to receive Twenty pounds to my wife in neat cattle:  & that he have the Land that it yet to be laid out upon the Comon:  & my highway marsh at hog Islands.

     "Item. To my son Joseph Jewet I give my now dwelling house, all at present but what part I have given my wife dureing her widowhood if she live in it & upon her marriage leaveing it then that part to be to him; also I give him the barns, orchards, yards, swamps, & lott or field above the street being all my Lands Lying in the field called Bradford street lotts:  & one comonage or freehold upon the Comons of Rowley:  Also fourteene acres of upland lying in the west end ox pasture; also three acres of Land lying behind Hounsley hill; also four acres lying upon the plaine called Great Meadow plaine; also I confirme to him which he hath possest that I gave him two acres of upland Lying in the farme; also one acre of marsh joyneing upon that which we call the Elders' Division:  also all that marsh which we call the farr division neare the place called the stackyard; also one Cowgate upon the Comons of Rowley with the Division belonging to it:  & my will it that my said son Joseph pay or cause to be paid Thirty and four pounds to his sisters:  namely to Anna three pounds; to Mary five pounds; To Sarah twelve pounds; to Elisabeth four pounds; To Faith Ten pounds; all to be paid in Rowley in Corn or Catle within seaven years after my decease:  But if my said son Joseph depart this life & it be not payd within the time prefixt my will is that my executor sell soe much of any land I give him as shall pay the said Legacies as are then unpayed for that end:  & I hereby Impower him to Confirm such sail.

     "Item. To my daughter Anna, beside the three score pounds I have already paid her:  I give her all my Lands being nine acres more or less at the place called Batchelers field:  Also my Land in the new plaine being about Six acres; Also that percell of my marsh which lieth betweene that which was Richard Swans formerly & the ditch, being one acre more or less:  also one acre & quarter of my meadow called Batchelers meadow; All which lands & meadow I give her dureing her naturall life, & after her decease I give it to her son Jonathan Barker, if he live to the age of Twenty and one years:  with my division of gate marsh in hog Islands & if he doe not, I give the said Lands & meadows amongst the rest of her children which she shall leave who live to that age or day of marriage:  further I give her three pounds to be payd by my son Joseph Jewet.

     "Item. I give my daughter Mary Hazeltine (beside the three score pounds I have already paid her & the twenty four acres of Land confirmed by deed of gift")  Two acres of Marsh which was Robt Hazeltines lying between Thomas Tenney his marsh & a ditch in the bounds of Rowley; Also I give her five pounds to be payed by my son Joseph Jewet.

     "Item. I give to my daughter Elizabeth Hazeltine (besides what I have given her, which is about thirty pounds & the half of my ninety & six acres of land, at Bradford confirmed by deed of gift) my marsh butting upon Newbury Line being about three acres which I bought of William Lyon:  also four pounds to be paid by my son Joseph Jewet.

     "Item. To my daughter Faith Dowse (Besides fourty pounds wch I acct I have paid her & the half of my ninety & six acres of land at Bradford confirmed by deed of gift) I give her about two acres & half of salt & Ruff marsh lying near the place Call'd Cowbridge:  & Ten pounds to be paid by my son Joseph Jewet.

     "Item. To my daughter Sarah Jewet I give all my Lands beyound the hill called prospect Hill, being the remainder of my land Lying within Ipswich Line not given to my son Ezekiel. There being about Twelve acres of it; Also I give her one freehold or Comonage in Rowley Comons:  Also that Land Which is Laid out to me by a grant of the Towne of Rowley called sixteene acres & half:  Bounded by Leonard Herrimans Land & Jno

Plata Land:  Also I give her twelve pounds to be paid in moveables houshould stuff or Catle by my Executor. Also my marsh at ye place neare Richd Wicoms Spring & the salt corners adjoyneing, & the three score Rods parted from it by William Jacksons Marsh.

     "Item. My will is That my son Ezekiel Jewet be my sole executor to this my last will & that he receive all debts wch I hereby will to him; due to me by bill, bond, or other way; & that he pay all my debts due from me to any:  Also my will is That when my debts & funeral charges be discharged & my executor paid for all his trouble & paines If any Estate not particularly willed & disposed of be rcmaineing that he shall have a double part of it to any other child of mine & each besides an equal share:  In confirmation hereof, that this is my last will & testament I have hereunto sett my hand & Seal this Eighth day of January Anno Dom: 1682 & 8th 1684.

                                        "Maxemillian M I Jewet  [seal]
                                              "his signe"

"Signed Sealed & declared
"to be his Last will and testament
"In presence of us witness
     "Leonard Harriman
      "Nehemiah Jewet."

     "Leonard  Harriman and  Nehemiah  Jewet appeared in Court att Salem 25th 9mo 1664 & made oath yt they were p'sent & saw Maxemillian Jewet Signe Seale & yn declare ye within written to be his last will & testamant & yt he was yn of disposing minde,

                                             "Attest Benja Gerrish Clerk"

                         (Recorded Essex Probate 2: 60.)

     The following inventory of his estate was taken Nov. ----, 1684, by Nehemiah Jewett, John Dresser and Leonard Harriman:
 

     "Maximilian Jewett.    Inventory of his estated -- deceased Oct. -------, 1684."
 
Imprimus:  Buildings, upland & meadows

It:  apparrell, books, money, peuter, brass, iron & earthenware

It:  wooden ware, chaires, stools, tables, chests, bedsteads, leather & bed 

It:  beding, curteins, a carpet, flax, hemp, linen yarne  chushings & a pillion 

It: one loome, with utensels, cards, a comb, butter & cheese, glasses and that in them

It:  malt & corne, beanes & baggs

It:  a bed, an iron trevit & old rug

It:  debts due to the estate
 
 
 
 
 

Debts due from the estate     £5    8s    8d

     more 14s: more 2s 8d 

£.     s.     d.

355  10    0

23   8     11

6     l1     0
 

36   15    0
 

2     11    6
 

6     8     6

4     4     0

       6     2

_________

461 15   1
 
 
 

6      5      4

Children all by wife Ann and all born in Rowley, Mass.:

6      Ezekiel, born Jan. 5, 1643; married (1st) Faith Parrott; (2d) Elisabeth Jewett.*

7     Anna, born Dec 26, 1644; married Barzilla Barker.*

8     Mary, born Dec. 18, 1646; married David Hazeltine*.

9     Elisabeth, born March 22, 1650; married Robert Hazeltine.*

10     Faith, born Oct. 8, 1652; married Deacon Samuel Dowse.*

11     Joseph, born Feb. 1, 1654; married (1st) Rebecca Law; (2d) Mary Gage.*

12        Sarah, born Jan. 17, 1658; buried June 19, 1660.  Sarah Jewett the daughter of Maximilian & Ann borne the first moneth the seventeenth day. Sarah Jewit daughter of Maximilian Jewit burried June the nineteenth day 1660.   (Rowley Record.)

13        Sarah, born about 1660; married Jeremiah Ellsworth.*

14        Priscilla; born May 19, 1664; buried Sept. 5, 1664.   Prisilla the daughter of Maximilian Jewit borne Maie ye 19th, 1664. Pricila Jewit daughter of Maximilian Jewit buried ye fifth of September 1664.            (Rowley Record.)
 


     4 JOSEPH JEWETT (Edward1), was born in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire, England, baptized there Dec. 31, 1609. He married there Oct. 1, 1634, Mary Mallinson.  She was buried in Rowley, Mass., April 12, 1652.  He married second, in Boston, Mass., May 13, 1653 Ann Allen, widow of Boscan Allen, of Boston.  "Joseph Jewett, of Rowley, was marryed to Ann Allen, widow formerly the wife of Capt Boson Allen of Boston 23:3:53 by Richd. Bellingham Dep. Gov.  She was buried Feb. 8, 1660-1."  "Mist. Ann Jewit the wife of Mr. Joseph Jewit buried the eight day 1660."  (Rowley Record.)  "Her will dated Feb. 5, 1660, proved May 2, 1661, mentions:  one hundred pounds that I have in my own dispose to be divided among these four of my children vis.:  John Allen: Ann Allen; Isaac Allen; and Bossom Allen:  the covenant betweene Mr. Joseph Jewet  and me; daughter Priscilla." (Essex Inst. Hist. Coll.)

     Joseph Jewett, with his wife Mary, and one or two children, came to America with his older brother, Maximilian, in the ship John in the fall of 1638, and settled in Rowley, Mass., in 1639.  He was made freeman May 22, 1639.  He became a large land owner and one of the leading men of the town, was representative to the General Court 1651, 1652, 1653, 1654, and 1660, and was one of the two stewards for each of these sessions.

     The following from the records of the town of Rowley:

     "Bradford streete -- To Joseph Jewet one Lott Containinge two Acres bounded on the South side by Thomas Dickinsons house Lott; part of it lyinge on the weast side, and part of it on the East side of the streete."

     "Bradford streete field -- To Joseph Jewet foure Acres and a halfe of upland, lying upon the North side of Thomas Dickinsons planting lott:  the East end butting upon his owne lott,"

     "Batchelours meadow -- To Joseph Jewet one Acre and a quarter, lying on the North side of Thomas Dickinsons Meadow:  butting as aforesaid."

     "Salt Marsh, 1st. Division -- To Joseph Jewet two Acres of salt Marsh, lying upon the East side of Thomas Dickinsons Marsh the North end butting upon a salt Creeke, the Southend upon the North side of William Bointons salt Marsh."

     "2nd. division Salt Marsh -- To Joseph Jewet two acres of salt Marsh lying on the North side of Thomas Dickinsons Marsh:  runing about 24 rod into the Marsh, the West end butting on the upland."

     "2nd. division of fresh Marsh -- To Joseph Jewet one Acre, the Southend butting on the upland, the North end on a Creeke."

     "3rd. division of fresh Marsh -- To Joseph Jewet once Acre, lying near to Thomas Diciinsons Meadow:  the North end butting upon the upland, the Southend also, and West side bounded by a Creeke."

     "2nd. division of Upland -- To Joseph Jewet two Acres, part whereof joynes to his owne salt Marsh:  the rest lyeth on the North side of Thomas Dickinsons upland:  butting as aforesaid."

     "3rd. division Salt Marsh -- To Joseph Jewet two Acres lying on the North side of Thomas Dickinsons Marsh:  butting upon the East end of his second division of Salt Marsh."

     "Upland laid out in field Called Batchelours Plane -- To Joseph Jewet eight lying on the East side of William Bointon."

     "To Joseph Jewet six Acres of upland being pt. of that Land Called Satchells Ground bounded by a Swampe on the northeast side wch is now in the possession of Joseph Jewett aforesaid & John Tod the Southeast end abutting on Thomas Mighills Lott, the South West side bounded by Mr. Ezekiall Rogers his Lott the north west end by a Cart way."

     "To Joseph Jewet seaven Acres of upland and a halfe the south side joining upon Ipswich line the East end abutting upon the Country way toward Ipswich the North west side bounded by the Comon."

     "To Joseph Jewet --------- Acres of Salt Marsh at the East end of his third division of Salt Marsh, the North east side of it bounded by Maximilian Jewets Salt marsh."

     "March, 1658 -- It was Agreed and voted at a General and legall towne meetinge that mr Jewet should have a thousand Acres of land in the necke, beyond the Hazeltines, and that he is to have forty acres of meadow which is to be laide out as conveniently as can be in the townes land whitch forty Acres of meadow is to be for part of the thousand in the necke, in exchange for three thousand Acres of land which is to be laide out as conveniently as can be for the towne of Rowley in the village land, about the bald hills."

     "According unto the grant of the town ther is laid out unto mr Joseph Jewett Nine hundred and Sixty Acres of upland in the necke of land beyond the hesseltines bounded by a Runell of watter that falls into merrimack River at the east end and soe from the River it Runeth a westerly line unto a white oak Tree not ver fure distant from the line betwene Andover and the towne of Rowley and soe from that white oake straight to the river wher it turneth, the Rest of the bounds is by merrimack River, ther is laid out also unto mr Joseph Jewett forty acres of Meadow in three persells one persell in a meadow they call the longe meadow lying for twenty six acres lying in the village land incompassed by upland laid out to the Right of mr Thomas Nelson an other persell lying for five Acres a certaine way distant from the long meadow toward the south east ward bounding a little pond in or by it it also being bounded by the afforesaid upland mr nelson the other persell lyeth distant from this more southerly lying for Nine acres and it is bounded partly by the aforesaid land and partly by land laid out to John dresser and Joseph Chaplin."
 

     In the History of Boxford, Mass., we find the following:  "Before the land in the village was laid out Abraham Redington, Robert Stiles, Joseph Bixby, John Cummings, William Foster and John Peabody, six of the early settlers, bought of Joseph Jewett, of Rowley, 3000 acres of Village land.  The right to this land was sold by Zacheus Gould to Joseph Jewett for the benefit of such as employed him to make the purchase, for which Jewett paid ninety pounds.  Jewett by agreement with the town received in exchange 960 acres in the neck by Merrimack river, and 40 acres of meadow in the three pieces in the village lands."



 

     11 ENSIGN JOSEPH JEWETT (Maximilian3, Edward1),  was born in Rowley, Mass., Feb. 1, 1654.  He married there March 2, 1676 Rebecca Law, of Rowley, daughter of William and Mary ------- Law.  She was born April 1, 1655 and died in Rowley Dec. 26, 1729.  "Rebecca Jewet wife of Ensign Joseph Jewet who lay long in a sad disconsolate condition, but was (we hope) lifted into joy Decemr 27, 1729."  (Ch. R.)

     Gravestones in Rowley Cemetery:

HERE LIES YE BODY
OF MRS REBEKAH JEWET
YE WIFE OF MR
JOSEPH JEWET WHO
DIED DECEMBER YE 26TH
1790 IN YE 74TH
YEAR OF HER AGE



     He married (2d) in Bradford, Mass., Jan. 20, 1731-32, widow Mary Gage of Bradford.  Her will, dated July 8, 1738; proved July 27, 1741, mentions:  herself as being advanced in years to a great age:  son Nathaniel Gage:  son John Green of Bradford:  daughters Elisabeth, wife of Samuel Palmer of Bradford:  Mary, wife of Benjamin Thurston of Bradford.

     Joseph Jewett lived in Rowley, was made freeman July 9, 1684, and was active in town affairs and was a man of energy and character.  He was a soldier in King Philip's War, serving first in Capt. Joseph Gardiner's Co. (of Salem), who was killed in this was, and later in Major Appleton's Co.  Was in the list of Feb. 29, 1675-6.  He was in the Narragansett Campaign and for his services received £.2. 14s. and a grant of land.  The following is an account of the principal battle of this Campaign, in which he participated, (from the "New England Hist. and Gen. Reg"):  "After the disastrous campaign of the Autumn of 1675 in the Western part of the Colony of Massachusetts, the hostile Indians retreated toward the south and to winter quarters amongst the Narragansetts.  They erected a fort on an elevation of land (a sort of island) of four or five acres surrounded by swampy land.  There is no monument to mark this site of one of the most brilliant victories in American warfare.

     "It was planned by those in authority to strike a decisive blow to the Indians in their winter quarters and on Dec. 9th, 1675 the Massachusetts forces consisting of six companies of foot under Capt's. Mosley, Gardiner, Davenport, Oliver and Johnson, and a troop of sores under Capt. Prentice mustered on Dedham Plains under command of Major Appleton, who himself led the first company.  They were joined by the Plymouth forces, two companies under Major William Bradford and Capt. John Gorham.  The quota of Plymouth Colony was one hundred and twenty men.

     "To the soldiers a proclamation was made at this time on the part of the Massachusetts Council, 'that if they played the, took the Fort, & Drove the Enemy out of Narragansett Country, which was their great Seat, that they should have a gratuity in land besides their wages.'  General Winslow was in command and on the same afternoon they marched twenty-seven miles to Woodcock's Garrison, now Attleboro.  In the evening of Friday, Dec. 10th they arrived at Seekouk where vessels of supplies were in waiting . . . Capt. Mosley and his company sailed direct from here to the garrison-house at Wickford.  The rest of the force 'ferried over the water to Providence' and probably formed a junction with the main part of the Plymouth Regiment at Providence on Saturday, Dec. 11th.  In the evening of Sunday, Dec. 12, the whole body advanced 'from Mr. Carpenter's, crossed the Pautuxet River,' now Warwick, R. I.; but from the unskilfulness of their Warwick scouts . . . their purpose of capturing Pomhan and his people was defeated, and after a whole night spent in weary marching about, they arrived at Mr. Smith's garrison-house at Wickford on the 13th, and found vessels from Seekouk already arrived. . . .  On the 14th they went out through the country to westward and burned the town of the Sachem 'Ahmus,' . . . up to the 15th they had captured or killed, in all fifty persons and had prisoners in hand numbering seventy-five.

     "Friday, Dec. 17th came news of the arrival of the Connecticut regiment at Pettisquamscott.  Our Army seems too have been disposing of the captives and preparing for the march.  Forty-seven of the captives were sold to Capt. Davenport on Saturday, Dec. 18.

     "The General, leaving a small garrison at Wickford pushed his Army forward to Pittisquamscott, and about five P. M. joined the Connecticut troops consisting of about three hundred English and one hundred and fifty Mohegan Indians.  In a severe snow-storm, the whole force, about one thousand men, encamped in the open field through the bitter cold night.  Sunday, Dec. 19th before daybreak, the whole force marched away towards the enemy's great rendezvous.

     "About one o'clock, P. M., the Army came upon the enemy at the edge of the swamp, in the midst of which the Indian fortress was built, the Massachusetts Regiment leading the march and immediately opened fir upon them -- thus at the beginning gaining the important advantage of the first fire, which the Indians had almost always gained from ambush, as they doubtless purposed now.  The Indians returned the fire with an ineffectual volley, and then fled into the swamp closely pursued by the foremost companies, who did not wait for the word of command, or stand much upon the 'order of their going,' until they reached the fortification within which the Indians hastily betook themselves.  This fort was on an island of some five or six acres in the midst of a cedar swamp, which was impassable except to the Indians by their accustomed paths, and now made passable only by the severe cold of the previous day and night.  It is probable that the Indians depended chiefly upon the swamp to protect them, though their defences are described as having been of considerable strength.  A writer says of their fort 'the Indians had built a kind of Fort, being palisaded round, and within that a clay wall, as also felled down abundance of Trees to lay quite round the said Fort, but they had not quite finished the said work.'  At the corners and exposed positions, rude block-houses and flankers had been built. from which a raking fire could be poured upon any attacking force. . . .  The fight had now raged for nearly three hours with dreadful carnage in proportion to the numbers engaged, when finally an entrance was made into the Fort and Indians fled to the woods. . . .  When now the fortress and all its contents were burning, and destruction assured, our soldiers hastily gathered their wounded and as many as possible of their dead, and formed their shattered column for the long and weary march back to Wickford.

     "Of the details of the march to Wickford very little is known, through a bitter cold winter's night, in a blinding snow-storm carrying two hundred and ten of their wounded and dead, these soldiers, who had marched from dawn till high noon, had engaged in a desperate life and death struggle from noon till sunset, now plodded sturdily back to their quarters of the day before, through deepening snows and over unbroken roads, they reached their quarters at two o'clock in the morning.  Their dead numbered sixty-eight and wounded one hundred and fifty.  Eight of the dead were left in the fort, twelve died when they started back to Wickford, twenty-one died on the march, and before the next day, Monday, Dec. 20, they buried thirty-four in one grave and six more within two days.

     "The grave of the forty buried at Wickford was marked by a tree called the 'grave apple tree' which was blowed down in 1810.  The wounded were sent in vessels to Rhode Island.

     "The Indian force amounted to about five thousand.  Of this number, Indian prisoners reported their loss as seven hundred killed, besides the many wounded and captured."
 

     Joseph Jewett died in Rowley Oct. 29, 1735.  The church record by Rev. Jedediah Jewett is as follows:  "1735 My Grandfather Joseph Jewett, in the 81st. year of his age, Oct. 29."
 
 

Children, born in Rowley, Mass., all by wife Rebecca:

63    Jonathan, born March 11, bapt. March 16, 1678-9; married (1st) Mary Wicom; (2nd) Rebecca (Hale) Poore.*

64    Aquila, born Sept. 4; bapt. Sept.28, 1684; married (1st) Ann Tenney; (2nd) Martha Pearson; (3rd) Mary (Jackson) Hovey.*

65    Priscilla, born Aug. 9; bapt. Aug. 14, 1687; married Stephen Jewett (33).

66    Rebecca, born July 24; bapt. July 30, 1693; married (1st) Jeremiah Burpee; (2nd) John Pemberton.*
 



     13  SARAH JEWETT      (Maximilian2, Edward1), was born in Rowley, Mass., about 1660.  She married there May 15, 1689,  Jeremiah Ellsworth, (his 2d wife).  He probably was born in England.  He died May 6, 1704.  She died Aug 16, 1746.

Children born in Rowley, Mass.:

67    Sarah, born -------; bapt, July 27, 1690; married George Hibbert.*

68    Jeremiah, born Dec. 5, 1692; married Hannah Tenney.*



 

     63  JONATHAN JEWETT  (Joseph11, Maximilian3, Edward1), was born in Rowley, Mass., March 11; bapt. March 16, 1678-9.  "Jonathan Jewet son of Joseph and Rebecca born March the 11 day 1678."  (Ch. R.)

     He married at Rowley Jan 24, 1699-70, Mary Wicom, daughter of John and Abigail (Kimball) Wicom.  She was born in Newbury, Mass., -------; bapt. Jan 18, 1679, and died at Exeter, New Hampshire, while there on a visit.  The Church Record of her death by Rev. Jedediah Jewett is as follows:  "My Mother Mary Jewet at Exeter May 14, 1741."

     He married second at Newbury, Mass., Mrs. Rebecca (Hale) Poore.  "Mr. Jonathan Jewett of Rowley & Mr. Rebecca Poor of Newbury married Dec. 27, 1742 by ye Rev. Mr. John Lowell."  (Rowley Record.)  She died March 16, 1760, in the 77th year of her age.  (Gravestone in Newbury.)

     He resided on Bradford St., in Rowley; was a tanner, land owner and farmer.  He was one of the Grantees (Proprietors) of Buxton, Maine.  "The General Court of Massachusetts passed an act granting certain Townships to officers and soldiers who participated in the Narragansett War, or to their lawful representatives.  One of the Townships was called Narragansett No. 1, now Buxton, Maine, and like the other towns was granted to 120 persons."  A meeting of the Proprietors was held on Nov. 17, 1735, and under that date is recorded the drawing of the lots of the First Division, which was afterwards commonly called Home lots by the settlers.  Mr. Jonathan Jewett drew Lot No. 6, Section G, on the right of his father Joseph Jewett." (11).  The Churdh Record of his death by Rev. Jedediah Jewett is as follows:  "1745 My Father Jonathan Jewett July 26."

     His will dated July 4, 1745, proved Sept. 23, 1745, mentions:  sons Joseph and Benjamin, who to have lands in Nottingham, New Hampshire; Jedediah, Jacob, Mark, Moses: daughters Mehitable Thurston and Sarah Hoyt.
 
 

Children born in Rowley, Mass., all by first wife:

179    Joseph, born Dec. 31, 1700; bapt. Jan. 5, 1701; married Anne Wiggin.*

180    Benjamin, born April 1, bapt. April 4, 1703; married Forothy Rogers.*

181    Jedediah, born -------; bapt. June 3, 1705; married (1st) Elizabeth Dummer; (2nd) Elizabeth Parsons.*

182    Jacob, born Jan. 28, bapt. Feb. 1, 1707-8; married (1st) Elizabeth Northend; (2nd) Bethiah Boynton.*

183    Mehitable, born July 19; bapt. July 23, 1710; married Richard Thurston.*

184    Mark, born Jan. 15, bapt. Jan. 18, 1712; married Mary Chute.*

185    Moses, born Nov. 5, bapt. Nov. 5, 1715; married Martha Hale.*

186    James, born -------; bapt. June 29, 1718; married Martha Scott.*

187    Sarah, born -------'; bapt. Aug. 7, 1720; married Capt. Joseph Hoyt.*


     180 BENJAMIN JEWETT       (Jonathan63, Joseph11, Maximilian3, Edward1) was born in Rowley, Mass., April1, bapt. April 4, 1703.  He married there Jan. 18, 1725-6, Dorothy Rogers.  They settled in Rowley, and in a few years removed to Strathan, N. H.  He of Stratham, in 1748, signs the following petition:

     "Province of     { To the Honrbl Gentn proprietiers of the
     New hampshr   { Land in Said province That Latly was purchd of
                   Capt Jno. Tufton Mason Esqur

Colo:  Atkinson and other &c --

     Wee the Subscribers Humbly petition That wee May have a Township Tereof Cotaining Ssix Miles Square IN Some Conveanent place Theirin on Such Conditions as tohers by yr Hours Granted or shall Grant.  Stratham octobr ye 26th 1748. Coubting Nothing But yr Honers will Answer our potition wee Ever pray

          "Signed by Bengman Jewet and others."  (N. H. S. P.)
 
 

Children:

477    Mary, born in Rowley, Mass., Nov. 24, 1726.

478    Benjamin, born in Stratham, N. H., -------; married Mary Dearborn.*

       Several children died in childhood, and perhaps there were others.
 


     478  BENJAMIN JEWETT  (Benjamin180, Jonathan63, Joseph11 Maximilian3, Edward1) was born in Stratham. N. H.  He married Mary Dearborn, and settled in Hopkinton, N. H., where he signed the association test in 1776.

Children, born in Hopkinton, N. H.

1128    Benjamin, born March 16, 1762; married Hannah Moody.*

1129    Dearborn, born Nov. -------, 1765 married Mary Furber.*

1130    Mary (Polly), born -------.

1131    Nathan, born March 6, 1767; married Ruth Payne.*

1132    Susan, born -------.

1133    Jotham, born Aug. -------, 1777; married Susan Thompson.*
 

     480  DUMMER JEWETT       (Jedediah181, Jonathan63, Joseph11, Maximilian3, Edward1), was born in Rowley, Mass., April 25, 1732.  He married Dec. 12, 1754, Mary Staniford, and settled in Ipswich, Mass.,where he soon became one of the leading men of the town.  He graduated from Harvard College in 1752 and was a lawyer of note.  He took a distinguished part in promoting our independence; was a Representative to the General Court of Massachusetts in 1776 and 1780, and served the Government in various other ways.
"Dr. Calef of Ipswich, built a ship at New Mills, during the summer of 1775, and on the 5th of December of the same year the Legislature ordered that Dummer Jewett Esq., apply to Dr. Calef  of Ipswich, and require of him such information relative to a new ship built by his directions at the New Mills, and that he be desired to furnish them with a copy of all the papers relative to the matter, which he has received from the person or persons by whose order said vessel was purchased or built."

     "Dummer Jewett Esq., contributed £.26 13s. 14d. for grain for the war."  At the time of marriage Dummer Jewett was of Newbury.  He practiced law in Ipswich and was also a merchant in that town.  He was appointed June 29, 1767, one of the School Board of the Ipswich Grammer school and served until he resigned July 11, 1785.  He died Oct -------, 1788, in consequence of an injury by falling 30 feet from a window.
 
 

Children, born in Ipswich, Mass.

1134    Richard Dummer, born Sept., 24, 1755; married Lucy Kinsman.*

1135    Sarah, born Jan 19, 1760.

1136    Epes, born June 7, 1761; married Betsey Hidden.*

1137    Elizabeth, born -------, Bapt. March 25, 1764.

1138    Jedediah, born Oct. 19, 1766, died Dec. 5 1766.

1139    Jedediah, born Dec. 22, 1769;  died Feb. 5, 1771.

1140    Jedediah, born -------; bapt. Oct. 25, 1772.


     1129  DEARBORN JEWETT  (Benjamin478, Benjamin180, Jonathan63, Joseph11, Maximilian3, Edward1), was born in Hopkinton, N. H., Nov. -------, 1766.  He married Mary Furber, who was born near Green Bay, Newington, N. H., June 15, 1769, daughter of Ensign Richard Furber.  They settled in Rochester, N. H., and late in life moved on to a farm near South Berwick, Me., where she died Jan 22, 1837.  He was a soldier in the Revolution and was at Valley Forge while still a lad, with his uncle, Gen. Dearborn.  He died at South Berwick, Me., Feb. 16, 1854.
 
 

Children born in Rochester, N. H.:

2343    Theodore Furber, born June 30, 1787;  married (1st) Sarah Orne;  (2nd) Olive Walker;  (3rd) Mary Rice; (4th) Mrs. Eliza Sleeper (Lang) Jewett.*

2344    Thomas, born May 8, 1790;  married Elizabeth Lord.*

2345    Benjamin, born April 8, 1792;  married Susan Jameson,*

2346    Nathan, born -------;  married (1st) -------.  She died leaving one child, Charles, who died at the age of four years.  He married second Eliza Sleeper Lang of Exeter, N. H., who after his death became the      fourth wife of his brother, Capt. Theodore F. Jewett.


     2343  CAPTAIN THEODORE FURBER JEWETT  (Dearborn1129, Benjamin478, Benjamin180, Jonathan 63, Joseph11, Maximilian3, Edward1), was born in Rochester, N. Y., June 30, 1787.  When a boy he was bound out, but ran away and shipped on a "Whaler" for the Pacific Ocean; was left, with two companions, on an uninhabited island to guard stores and secure seals, where he remained eight or nine months.  He returned to New England, and at the time of the Embargo ran a vessel to the West Indies, was captured by an English vessel and confined on the famous Dartmour Prison Ship. He later became a successful ship-owner and merchant in South Berwick, Me.  Capt. Jewett married in Portsmouth, N. H., June 22, 1812, Sarah Orne, daughter of Capt. James and Sarah Orne of Portsmouth.  She died there June 15, 1819.  His second wife, whom he married Oct. 15, 1821, was Olive Walker, daughter of Capt. Tobias Walker of Portsmouth.  She was born in Portsmouth, in 1790, and died in South Berwick, Me., Feb. 15, 1826.  He then married, June 2, 1829, Mary Rice, who was born in Portsmouth, in 1786, daughter of Samuel Rice of Portsmouth.  She died in South Berwick, Dec. 3, 1854, and he married Eliza Sleeper (Lang) Jewett, widow of his brother Nathan.  She was born Exeter, N. H.. and died in South Berwick, Feb. 9, 1870.  She was the daughter of J. Sleeper of Exeter.

Children of first wife, born in Portsmouth, N. H.:

4130    William Durham, born April 4, 1813;  died Aug. 4, 1887.

4131    Theodore H., born March 24, 1815;  married Caroline Frances Perry.*

4132    Henry Moore, born April 19, 1817;  died April 30, 1842.

Children, of second wife, born in South Berwick, Me.:

4133    Samuel Walker, born Dec. 12, 1823;  lost at sea in 1846.

4134    George Campbell, born Sept. 6, 1825; died Oct. 1, 1826.


     2344    THOMAS  JEWETT  (Dearborn1129, Benjamin478, Benjamin180, Jonathan63, Joseph11, Maximilian3, Edward1), was born in Rochester, N. H., May 8, 1790.  He married Jan  9, 1817, Elizabeth Lord, who was born in Somersworth N. H., March 1, 1791, daughter of Edwin Lord.  They settled in South Berwick, Me., where he was merchant and where he died June 5, 1864.

Children born in South Berwick, Me.:

4135    Mary Elizabeth, born Oct. 20, 1817;  married John B. Nealley.*

4136    Sarah Orne, born May 19, 1820;  married Elisha Hanson Jewett (see 4143).

4137    Thomas Dearborn, born Oct. 20, 1823;  married (1st), June 29, 1883, Harriet Caroline Burdick of      Elmira, N. Y., daughter of William P. and Abigail (Stark) Burdick. She died in 1877 in Des Moines,      Iowa.  He married (2nd), June 6, 1878, Marie Matthews of Elmira, and died in Williamsport, Pa., Aug.      17,1899.  s. p.

4138    John Lord, born April 29, 1826;  died Sept, 13, 1832.

4139    Olive Maria, born July, 1828;  died Aug 29, 1832.

4140    Charles Cogswell, born Jan. 3, 1831;  married Annie Freeland.*

4141    Horace, born March 31, 1834;  married Harriet Tingley.*


     2345  BENJAMIN JEWETT (Dearborn1129, Benjamin478, Benjamin180, Jonathan63, Joseph11, Maximilian3, Edward1), was born in Rochester N.,H., April 8, 1792.  He married Susan Jameson, who was born in Topsham, Me., Jan 1,1788, daughter of Samuel and Mary (Patten) Jameson of Saco, Me.  Mr. Jewett was a cabinet-maker and resided in Sandwich, N. H., where he died Jan 21, 1856.  His widow died in South Berwick, Me., July 19, 1883.
 
 

Children born in Sandwich, N. H.:

4142    John Woodman, born -------, 1814.  He was lost at sea Feb. 16, 1839, while on his first voyage as      commander of the ship "Harriet Rockwell", which was owned in Portsmouth, N. H.  He put out from the      coast of Scotland in a tempestuous sea, with a crew of five men in a small boat to attempt the rescue of a      ship in danger and met his death.

4143    Elisha Hanson, born March 10, 1816;  married (1st) Sarah Orne Jewett (4136);  (2nd) Charlotte Tilton      Cross.*


     4231  DR. THEODORE HARMON JEWETT  (Theodore F. 2343, Dearborn 1129, Benjamin 478, Benjamin 180, Jonathan 63, Joseph 11, Maximilian 3, Edward 1), was born in Portsmouth, N. J., March 24, 1815.  He married in Exeter, N. H., March 17, 1842, Caroline Frances Perry, daughter of Dr. William and Abigail (Gilman) Perry.  Dr. Jewett graduated from Bowdoin College in 1834 and from the Jefferson Medical College in 1840; he followed his profession form many years in South Berwick, Me.; also held the position of Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of Woman and Children in the Medical Department of Bowdoin, and was consulting surgeon to the Maine General Hospital.  From 1861 to 1865 he was Surgeon of the First Maine District; was for several years president of the Maine Medical Society, and his contributions to the medical literature of his time were numerous and notable.  Dr. Jewett was also a member of the Maine Historical Society.  He died in 1878.

Children:

6570    Mary Rice, born in Exeter, N. H., June 18, 1847.

6571    Sarah Orne, born in South Berwick, Me., Sept. 8, 1849.  She was educated under private tutors and in              the Berwick Academy.  She began to write when quite young and has published the following books:                Deephaven" in 1877, "Play Days" in 1877, "Old Friends and New" in 1880, "Country Byways" in 1881, "The Mate of the Daylight" in 1883, "A Country Doctor" in 1884, "A Marsh Island" in 1885, "A White Heron and Other Stories" in 1886, ""Betsey Leicester" and "The Story of the Normans" in 1887, "Tales of New England" in 1888, "The King of Folly Island and Other People" in 1889, and "Strangers and Wayfarers" in 1890.  Several of these stories have been published in France and England.  Her stories are distinguished for their vivid coloring and their close and accurate delineation of various      phases of New England life.  Of her it has been said by the Nation:  "Her instinctive refinement, her              graceful workmanship, place her second only to Miss Thackeray.""  Miss Jewett has more distinctly a style than any other American woman.

       A writer for the Boston Journal says of her:  "I consider Miss Jewett the most interesting woman in Boston to-day.  I do not think we have any other quite her equal.

     "No more interesting thing can happen to an ordinary mortal than to be allowed to see her in an informal way, at the house of her most intimate friend, Mrs. James T. Fields, on Charles Street, to talk  with her before the glowing grate fire, in the quaint reception-room, filled with rare curios, so that it  even smells foreign; or mayhap, if the fates are very propitious, to be invited to lunch in the fine old  dining-room overlooking the Charles River, and waited on graciously by Miss Jewett and Mrs. Fields themselves.  If an ordinary mortal wants anything more interesting than this to happen her, let her be set down as a discontented, exacting prig.

     "Miss Jewett is a woman of most charming personality. She has a bright, piquant face, that lights up beautifully as she talks, and a low, pleasant voice that gives one a sense like quiet at night and listening to the rustling of aspen leaves, soothing and restful black hair shows just the faintest tinge of gray, but the color in her cheek and the sparkle of her eye tell the tale of youth still.

     "Miss Jewett's working hours are in the afternoon, and when she has anything in hand she writes from about one until five. She writes, on an average, between three and four thousand words a day, although she has sometimes gone as high as seven, eight, and even nine thousand words a day. She usually thinks out her stories quite carefully beforehand, so that when she comes to write them she can do so easily and without much re-writing, although, of course, some of her stories she works at quite laboriously.

     "There are stories that you write," she says, "and stories that write you. And I find that the ones that 'write you' do not need much working over the second time.

"She loves her country life with a true devotion that only a genuine nature worshiper can appreciate. I never feel prouder or more of the sense of owning and being owned, than when some old resident near Berwick meets me and says, 'You're one of the Doctor's girls, ain't ye?' It makes me feel as though that were really my place in the world.

     "Miss Jewett was born in a fine old colonial residence that was built in 1740. It is situated in the village of Berwick, Maine, not far from Portsmouth, and this mansion is still her home. Her father, "The Country Doctor,' died some years since, and her mother within the last few months. One sister and she still continue to occupy the old homestead during most of each year. A married sister lives close by. Miss Jewett has always lived an outdoor life. She rides, drives, and rows a great deal. When her father was living she went about with him a great deal, and that was the way in which, without realizing what the experience was worth to her, she got her marvelous insight into the life of a country people of a quarter century ago. Before Miss Jewett's day no writer could exactly depict the phases of country life which she treats without making a burlesque of the attempt. It has taken Miss Jewett to show the world that the country dialect and country habits hide some of the noblest hearts and kindest words in the world.

     " 'When I was, perhaps, fifteen,' says she, 'the first "city boarders" began to make their appearance near Berwick; and the way they misconstrued the country people and made game of their peculiarities fired me with indignation. I determined to teach the world that country people were not the awkward, ignorant set those persons seemed to think. I wanted the world to know their grand, simple lives; and so far as I had a mission, when I first began to write, I think that was it. But now, when every village has its city visitors in the summer and the relations between city and country are so much closer than they used to be, there is no need of my mission.'

     "Her first story for the Atlantic was accepted before she was twenty. She had no literary friends "at court," and it was her own inimitable work which won her the success which has been so marked. She was always a delicate child and could not endure confinement of a schoolroom. Her education was, for the most part, got at home under the wise direction of her father. Miss Jewett says she missed a certain logical directness that comes only with training at good schools; but she would not have missed the outdoor life and association with her father for anything. Probably her own success as a writer was foreshadowed in her father's advice, constantly repeated, 'Don't try to write about people and things; tell them just as they are' -- a thing she has certainly done."

Miss Jewett resides in South Berwick, Me., unm.
 

6572 Caroline Augusta, born in South Berwick, Me., Dec. 13, 1855; married Oct. 21, 1878, Edwin C. Eastman. They reside in South Berwick. One child, Theodore Jewett, born Aug. 4, 1879, graduated from Harvard College with degree of A. B. in 1901.
 
 


Edited by Terry & Linda Heller, Coe College.



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