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The Country of the Pointed Firs

Sarah Orne Jewett

Chapters 12-15

Chapters 1 - 7
Chapters 8 - 11
Chapters 12 - 15
Chapters 16 - 21
XII. A Strange Sail
XIII. Poor Joanna
XIV. The Hermitage
XV. On Shell-heap Island

[ Contents ]

     EXCEPT FOR a few stray guests, islanders or from the inland country, to whom Mrs. Todd offered the hospitalities of a single meal, we were quite by ourselves all summer; and when there were signs of invasion, late in July, and a certain Mrs. Fosdick appeared like a strange sail on the far horizon, I suffered much from apprehension. I had been living in the quaint little house with as much comfort and unconsciousness as if it were a larger body, or a double shell, in whose simple convolutions Mrs. Todd and I had secreted ourselves, until some wandering hermit crab of a visitor marked the little spare room for her own. Perhaps now and then a castaway on a lonely desert island dreads the thought of being rescued. I heard of Mrs. Fosdick for the first time with a selfish sense of objection; but after all, I was still vacation-tenant of the schoolhouse, where I could always be alone, and it was impossible not to sympathize with Mrs. Todd, who, in spite of some preliminary grumbling, was really delighted with the prospect of entertaining an old friend.

     For nearly a month we received occasional news of Mrs. Fosdick, who seemed to be making a royal progress from house to house in the inland neighborhood, after the fashion of Queen Elizabeth.* One Sunday after another came and went, disappointing Mrs. Todd in the hope of seeing her guest at church and fixing the day for the great visit to begin; but Mrs. Fosdick was not ready to commit herself to a date. An assurance of " some time this week" was not sufficiently definite from a free-footed housekeeper's point of view, and Mrs. Todd put aside all herb-gathering plans, and went through the various stages of expectation, provocation, and despair. At last she was ready to believe that Mrs. Fosdick must have forgotten her promise and returned to her home, which was vaguely said to be over Thomaston way.* But one evening, just as the supper-table was cleared and "readied up," and Mrs. Todd had put her large apron over her head and stepped forth for an evening stroll in the garden, the unexpected happened. She heard the sound of wheels, and gave an excited cry to me, as I sat by the window, that Mrs. Fosdick was coming right up the street.

     "She may not be considerate, but she's dreadful good company," said Mrs. Todd hastily, coming back a few steps from the neighborhood of the gate. "No, she  ain't a mite considerate, but there's a small lobster left over from your tea; yes, it's a real mercy there's a lobster. Susan Fosdick might just as well have passed the compliment o' comin' an hour ago."

     "Perhaps she has had her supper," I ventured to suggest, sharing the housekeeper's anxiety, and meekly conscious of an inconsiderate appetite for my own supper after a long expedition up the bay. There were so few emergencies of any sort at  Dunnet Landing that this one appeared overwhelming.

     "No, she's rode 'way over from Nahum  Brayton's place. I expect they were busy on the farm, and couldn't spare the horse in proper season. You just sly out an' set the  teakittle on again, dear, an' drop in a good  han'ful o' chips; the fire's all alive. I'll take her right up to lay off her things, an' she'll be occupied with explanations an'  gettin' her  bunnit off, so you'll have plenty o' time. She's one I shouldn't like to have find me unprepared."

     Mrs. Fosdick was already at the gate, and Mrs. Todd now turned with an air of complete surprise and delight to welcome her.

     "Why, Susan Fosdick," I heard her exclaim in a fine unhindered voice, as if she were calling across a field, "I come near giving of you up! I was afraid you'd gone an' 'portioned out my visit to somebody else. I  s'pose you've been to supper?"

     " Lor', no, I  ain't,  Almiry Todd," said Mrs. Fosdick cheerfully, as she turned, laden with bags and bundles, from making her adieux to the boy driver. "I  ain't had a mite o' supper, dear. I've been  lottin' all the way on a cup o' that best tea o'  yourn, -- some o' that Oolong you keep in the little chist.* I don't want none o' your useful herbs."

     "I keep that tea for ministers' folks,"  gayly responded Mrs. Todd. "Come right along in, Susan Fosdick. I declare if you  ain't the same old sixpence!"

     As they came up the walk together, laughing like girls, I fled, full of cares, to the kitchen, to brighten the fire and be sure that the lobster, sole dependence of a late supper, was well out of reach of the cat. There proved to be fine reserves of wild raspberries and bread and butter, so that I regained my composure, and waited impatiently for my own share of this illustrious visit to begin. There was an instant sense of high festivity in the evening air from the moment when our guest had so frankly demanded the Oolong tea.

     The great moment arrived. I was formally presented at the stair-foot, and the two friends passed on to the kitchen, where I soon heard a hospitable clink of crockery and the brisk stirring of a tea-cup. I sat in my high-backed rocking-chair by the window in the front room with an unreasonable feeling of being left out, like the child who stood at the gate in Hans Andersen's story.* Mrs. Fosdick did not look, at first sight, like a person of great social gifts. She was a serious-looking little bit of an old woman, with a birdlike nod of the head. I had often been told that she was the "best hand in the world to make a visit," -- as if to visit were the highest of vocations; that everybody wished for her, while few could get her; and I saw that Mrs. Todd felt a comfortable sense of distinction in being favored with the company of this eminent person who "knew just how." It was certainly true that Mrs. Fosdick gave both her hostess and me a warm feeling of enjoyment and expectation, as if she had the power of social suggestion to all neighboring minds.

     The two friends did not reappear for at least an hour. I could hear their busy voices, loud and low by turns, as they ranged from public to confidential topics. At last Mrs. Todd kindly remembered me and returned, giving my door a ceremonious knock before she stepped in, with the small visitor in her wake. She reached behind her and took Mrs. Fosdick's hand as if she were young and bashful, and gave her a gentle pull forward.

     "There, I don't know whether you're  goin' to take to each other or not; no, nobody can't tell whether you'll suit each other, but I expect you'll get along some way, both having seen the world," said our affectionate hostess. "You can inform  Mis' Fosdick how we found the folks out to Green Island the other day. She's always been well acquainted with mother. I'll slip out now an' put away the supper things an' set my bread to rise, if you'll both excuse me. You can come out an' keep me company when you get ready, either or both." And Mrs. Todd, large and amiable, disappeared and left us.

     Being furnished not only with a subject of conversation, but with a safe refuge in the kitchen in case of incompatibility, Mrs. Fosdick and I sat down, prepared to make the best of each other. I soon discovered that she, like many of the elder women of that coast, had spent a part of her life at sea, and was full of a good traveler's curiosity and enlightenment. By the time we thought it discreet to join our hostess we were already sincere friends.

     You may speak of a visit's setting in as well as a tide's, and it was impossible, as Mrs. Todd whispered to me, not to be pleased at the way this visit was setting in; a new impulse and refreshing of the social currents and seldom visited bays of memory appeared to have begun. Mrs. Fosdick had been the mother of a large family of sons and daughters, -- sailors and sailors' wives, -- and most of them had died before her. I soon grew more or less acquainted with the histories of all their fortunes and misfortunes, and subjects of an intimate nature were no more withheld from my ears than if I had been a shell on the mantelpiece. Mrs. Fosdick was not without a touch of dignity and elegance; she was fashionable in her dress, but it was a curiously well-preserved provincial fashion of some years back. In a wider sphere one might have called her a woman of the world, with her unexpected bits of modern knowledge, but Mrs. Todd's wisdom was an intimation of truth itself. She might belong to any age, like an  idyl of Theocritus;* but while she always understood Mrs. Fosdick, that entertaining pilgrim could not always understand Mrs. Todd.

     That very first evening my friends plunged into a borderless sea of reminiscences and personal news. Mrs. Fosdick had been staying with a family who owned the farm where she was born, and she had visited every sunny knoll and shady field corner; but when she said that it might be for the last time, I detected in her tone something expectant of the contradiction which Mrs. Todd promptly offered.

     " Almiry," said Mrs. Fosdick, with sadness, "you may say what you like, but I am one of nine brothers and sisters brought up on the old place, and we're all dead but me."

     "Your sister Dailey  ain't gone, is she? Why, no, Louisa  ain't gone!" exclaimed Mrs. Todd, with surprise. "Why, I never heard of that occurrence!"

     " Yes'm; she passed away last October, in Lynn.* She had made her distant home in Vermont State, but she was making a visit to her youngest daughter. Louisa was the only one of my family whose funeral I wasn't able to attend, but 'twas a mere accident. All the rest of us were settled right about home. I thought it was very slack of ' em in Lynn not to fetch her to the old place; but when I came to hear about it, I learned that they'd recently put up a very elegant monument, and my sister Dailey was always great for show. She'd just been out to see the monument the week before she was taken down, and admired it so much that they felt sure of her wishes."

     "So she's really gone, and the funeral was up to Lynn!" repeated Mrs. Todd, as if to impress the sad fact upon her mind. "She was some years younger than we be, too. I recollect the first day she ever came to school; 'twas that first year mother sent me inshore to stay with aunt  Topham's folks and get my schooling. You fetched little Louisa to school one Monday  mornin' in a pink dress an' her long curls, and she set between you an' me, and got  cryin' after a while, so the teacher sent us home with her at recess."

     "She was scared of seeing so many children about her; there was only her and me and brother John at home then; the older boys were to sea with father, an' the rest of us  wa'n't born," explained Mrs. Fosdick. "That next fall we all went to sea together. Mother was uncertain till the last minute, as one may say. The ship was waiting orders, but the baby that then was, was born just in time, and there was a long spell of extra bad weather, so mother got about again before they had to sail, an' we all went. I remember my clothes were all left ashore in the east chamber in a basket where  mother'd took them out o' my  chist o' drawers an' left ' em ready to carry aboard. She didn't have nothing aboard, of her own, that she wanted to cut up for me, so when my dress wore out she just put me into a spare suit o' John's, jacket and trousers. I wasn't but eight years old  an' he was most seven and large of his age. Quick as we made a port she went right ashore an' fitted me out pretty, but we was bound for the East Indies and didn't put in anywhere for a good while. So I had quite a spell o' freedom. Mother made my new skirt long because I was growing, and I poked about the deck after that, real discouraged, feeling the hem at my heels every minute, and as if youth was past and gone. I liked the trousers best; I used to climb the  riggin' with ' em and frighten mother till she said an' vowed she'd never take me to  sea again.["]

     I thought by the polite absent-minded smile on Mrs. Todd's face this was no new story.

     "Little Louisa was a beautiful child; yes, I always thought Louisa was very pretty," Mrs. Todd said. "She was a dear little girl in those days. She favored your mother; the rest of you took after your father's folks."

     "We did certain," agreed Mrs. Fosdick, rocking steadily. "There, it does seem so pleasant to talk with an old acquaintance that knows what you know. I see so many of these new folks nowadays, that seem to have neither past nor future. Conversation's got to have some root in the past, or else you've got to explain every remark you make, an' it wears a person out."

     Mrs. Todd gave a funny little laugh. " Yes'm, old friends is always best, 'less you can catch a new one that's fit to make an old one out of," she said, and we gave an affectionate glance at each other which Mrs. Fosdick could not have understood, being the latest comer to the house.

Notes for Chapter 12

the fashion of Queen Elizabeth: Elizabeth I of England (1533-1603) reigned from 1558 until her death. Her frequent Royal Progresses were one way of exhibiting and sustaining her authority.

Thomaston:  Thomaston is northeast of Portland on the coast of Maine, not far from Martinsville, in the area biographers believe Jewett had in mind as the setting for this novel..

oolong: Encarta explains different kinds of tea:  "Leaf buds and young leaves are used in making tea, the age of the leaves determining the taste and name of the particular commercial variety. Thus, orange pekoe is made from the youngest leaves, and  souchong from the fourth leaves. After picking, the leaves either are dried immediately and completely to produce green teas-such as pan-fired, basket-fired, hyson, and gunpowder-or are partially dried and then allowed to ferment to produce various kinds of black teas, such as orange pekoe, pekoe, congou, and  souchong. Oolong tea is partially fired and then steamed, thus being intermediate between green and black teas. After being sorted, all grades of tea are packed in foil-lined chests to prevent the absorption of unpleasant odors or the loss of aroma during shipment. In China, tea is sometimes allowed to absorb the scent from various flowers; jasmine is a particular favorite."

child who stood at the gate in Hans Andersen's story: Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875) was a popular Danish writer of novels, stories, and fairy-tales. The figure of a left out child waiting at a gate appears in several of his stories, including "What the Moon Saw" (Nineteenth Evening) and "Lucky Peer."

idyl of Theocritus: Theocritus was a Hellenistic Greek poet in about 270 B.C. He is credited with inventing pastoral poetry.

Lynn:  An industrial town in northeastern Massachusetts.

[ Contents ]

     ONE EVENING my ears caught a mysterious allusion which Mrs. Todd made to Shell-heap Island. It was a chilly night of cold northeasterly rain, and I made a fire for the first time in the Franklin stove* in my room, and begged my two housemates to come in and keep me company. The weather had convinced Mrs. Todd that it was time to make a supply of cough-drops, and she had been bringing forth herbs from dark and dry hiding-places, until now the pungent dust and odor of them had resolved themselves into one mighty flavor of spearmint that came from a simmering caldron of syrup in the kitchen.* She called it done, and well done, and had ostentatiously left it to cool, and taken her knitting-work because Mrs. Fosdick was busy with hers. They sat in the two rocking-chairs, the small woman and the large one, but now and then I could see that Mrs. Todd's thoughts remained with the cough-drops. The time of gathering herbs was nearly over, but the time of syrups and cordials had begun.

     The heat of the open fire made us a little drowsy, but something in the way Mrs. Todd spoke of Shell-heap Island waked my interest. I waited to see if she would say any more, and then took a roundabout way back to the subject by saying what was first in my mind: that I wished the Green Island family were there to spend the evening with us, -- Mrs. Todd's mother and her brother William.

     Mrs. Todd smiled, and drummed on the arm of the rocking-chair. "Might scare William to death," she warned me; and Mrs. Fosdick mentioned her intention of going out to Green Island to stay two or three days, if this wind didn't make too much sea.

     "Where is Shell-heap Island?" I ventured to ask, seizing the opportunity.

     "Bears  nor'east somewheres about three miles from Green Island; right off-shore, I should call it about eight miles out," said Mrs. Todd. "You never was there, dear; 'tis off the thoroughfares, and a very bad place to land at best."

     "I should think 'twas," agreed Mrs. Fosdick, smoothing down her black silk apron. " 'Tis a place worth  visitin' when you once get there. Some o' the old folks was kind o' fearful about it.  'Twas 'counted a great place in old Indian times; you can pick up their stone tools 'most any time if you hunt about. There's a beautiful spring o' water, too. Yes, I remember when they used to tell queer stories about Shell-heap Island. Some said 'twas a great  bangeing-place for the Indians,* and an old chief resided there once that ruled the winds; and others said they'd always heard that once the Indians come down from up country an' left a captive there without any  bo't, an' 'twas too far to swim across to Black Island, so called, an' he lived there till he perished."

     "I've heard say he walked the island after that, and sharp-sighted folks could see him an' lose him like one o' them citizens  Cap'n Littlepage was acquainted with up to the north pole," announced Mrs. Todd grimly. "Anyway, there was Indians, -- you can see their shell-heap that named the island; and I've heard myself that 'twas one o' their cannibal places, but I never could believe it. There never was no cannibals on the coast o' Maine. All the Indians o' these regions are tame-looking folks."*

     "Sakes alive, yes!" exclaimed Mrs. Fosdick. "Ought to see them painted savages I've seen when I was young out in the South Sea Islands! That was the time for folks to travel, 'way back in the old  whalin' days!"

     " Whalin' must have been dull for a lady, hardly ever  makin' a lively port, and not  takin' in any mixed cargoes," said Mrs. Todd. "I never desired to go a  whalin'  v'y'ge myself."

     "I used to return  feelin' very slack an' behind the times, 'tis true," explained Mrs. Fosdick, "but 'twas  excitin', an' we always done extra well, and felt rich when we did get ashore. I liked the variety. There, how times have changed; how few  seafarin' families there are left! What a lot o' queer folks there used to be about here, anyway, when we was young,  Almiry. Everybody's just like everybody else, now; nobody to laugh about, and nobody to cry about."

     It seemed to me that there were peculiarities of character in the region of  Dunnet Landing yet, but I did not like to interrupt.

     "Yes," said Mrs. Todd after a moment of meditation, "there was certain a good many curiosities of human  natur' in this neighborhood years ago. There was more energy then, and in some the energy took a singular turn. In these days the young folks is all copy-cats, ' fraid to death they won't be all just alike; as for the old folks, they pray for the advantage o'  bein' a little different."

     "I  ain't heard of a copy-cat this great many years," said Mrs. Fosdick, laughing; "'twas a favorite term o' my grandmother's. No, I  wa'n't thinking o' those things, but of them strange straying  creatur's that used to rove the country. You don't see them now, or the ones that used to hive away in their own houses with some strange notion or other."

     I thought again of Captain  Littlepage, but my companions were not reminded of his name; and there was brother William at Green Island, whom we all three knew.

     "I was talking o' poor Joanna the other day. I hadn't thought of her for a great while," said Mrs. Fosdick abruptly. " Mis'  Brayton an' I recalled her as we sat together sewing. She was one o' your peculiar persons,  wa'n't she? Speaking of such persons," she turned to explain to me, "there was a sort of a nun or hermit person lived out there for years all alone on Shell-heap Island. Miss Joanna Todd, her name was, -- a cousin o'  Almiry's late husband."

     I expressed my interest, but as I glanced at Mrs. Todd I saw that she was confused by sudden affectionate feeling and unmistakable desire for reticence.

     "I never want to hear Joanna laughed about," she said anxiously.

     "Nor I," answered Mrs. Fosdick reassuringly. "She was crossed in love, -- that was all the matter to begin with; but as I look back, I can see that Joanna was one doomed from the first to fall into a melancholy. She retired from the world for good an' all, though she was a well-off woman. All she wanted was to get away from folks; she thought she wasn't fit to live with anybody, and wanted to be free. Shell-heap Island come to her from her father, and first thing folks knew she'd gone off out there to live, and left word she didn't want no company.  'Twas a bad place to get to, unless the wind an' tide were just right; 'twas hard work to make a landing."

     "What time of year was this?" I asked.

     "Very late in the summer," said Mrs. Fosdick. "No, I never could laugh at Joanna, as some did. She set everything by the young man, an' they were going to marry in about a month, when he got bewitched with a girl 'way up the bay, and married her, and went off to Massachusetts. He wasn't well thought of, -- there were those who thought Joanna's money was what had tempted him; but she'd given him her whole heart, an' she  wa'n't so young as she had been. All her hopes were built on  marryin', an'  havin' a real home and somebody to look to; she acted just like a bird when its nest is spoilt. The day after she heard the news she was in dreadful woe, but the next she came to herself very quiet, and took the horse and wagon, and drove fourteen miles to the lawyer's, and signed a paper  givin' her half of the farm to her brother. They never had got along very well together, but he didn't want to sign it, till she acted so distressed that he gave in. Edward Todd's wife was a good woman, who felt very bad indeed, and used every argument with Joanna; but Joanna took a poor old boat that had been her father's and  lo'ded in a few things, and off she put all alone, with a good land breeze, right out to sea. Edward Todd ran down to the beach, an' stood there  cryin' like a boy to see her go, but she was out o'  hearin'. She never stepped foot on the mainland again long as she lived."

     "How large an island is it? How did she manage in winter?" I asked.

     "Perhaps thirty acres, rocks and all," answered Mrs. Todd, taking up the story gravely. "There can't be much of it that the salt spray don't fly over in storms. No, 'tis a dreadful small place to make a world of; it has a different look from any of the other islands, but there's a sheltered cove on the south side, with mud-flats across one end of it at low water where there's excellent clams, and the big shell-heap keeps some o' the wind off a little house her father took the trouble to build when he was a young man. They said there was an old house built o' logs there before that, with a kind of natural cellar in the rock under it. He used to stay out there days to a time, and anchor a little sloop he had, and dig clams to fill it, and sail up to Portland. They said the dealers always gave him an extra price, the clams were so noted. Joanna used to go out and stay with him. They were always great companions, so she knew just what 'twas out there. There was a few sheep that belonged to her brother an' her, but she bargained for him to come and get them on the edge o' cold weather. Yes, she desired him to come for the sheep; an' his wife thought perhaps  Joanna'd return, but he said no, an'  lo'ded the  bo't with warm things an' what he thought she'd need through the winter. He come home with the sheep an' left the other things by the house, but she never so much as looked out o' the window. She done it for a penance. She must have wanted to see Edward by that time."

     Mrs. Fosdick was fidgeting with eagerness to speak.

     "Some thought the first cold snap would set her ashore, but she always remained," concluded Mrs. Todd soberly.

     "Talk about the men not having any curiosity!" exclaimed Mrs. Fosdick scornfully. "Why, the waters round Shell-heap Island were white with sails all that fall.  'Twas never called no great of a  fishin'-ground before. Many of ' em made excuse to go ashore to get water at the spring; but at last she spoke to a bo't-load, very dignified and calm, and said that she'd like it better if they'd make a practice of getting water to Black Island or  somewheres else and leave her alone, except in case of accident or trouble. But there was one man who had always set everything by her from a boy. He'd have married her if the other hadn't come about an' spoilt his chance, and he used to get close to the island, before light, on his way out  fishin', and throw a little bundle 'way up the green slope front o' the house. His sister told me she happened to see, the first time, what a pretty choice he made o' useful things that a woman would feel lost without. He stood off  fishin', and could see them in the grass all day, though sometimes she'd come out and walk right by them. There was other  bo'ts near, out after mackerel. But early next morning his present was gone. He didn't presume too much, but once he took her a nice firkin o' things he got up to Portland, and when spring come he landed her a hen and chickens in a nice little coop. There was a good many old friends had Joanna on their minds."

     "Yes," said Mrs. Todd, losing her sad reserve in the growing sympathy of these reminiscences. "How everybody used to notice whether there was smoke out of the chimney! The Black Island folks could see her with their spy-glass, and if they'd ever missed getting some sign o' life they'd have sent notice to her folks. But after the first year or two Joanna was more and more forgotten as an every-day charge. Folks lived very simple in those days, you know," she continued, as Mrs. Fosdick's knitting was taking much thought at the moment. "I expect there was always plenty of driftwood thrown up, and a poor  failin' patch of spruces covered all the north side of the island, so she always had something to burn. She was very fond of  workin' in the garden ashore, and that first summer she began to till the little field out there, and raised a nice parcel o' potatoes. She could fish, o' course, and there was all her clams an' lobsters. You can always live well in any wild place by the sea when you'd starve to death up country, except 'twas berry time. Joanna had berries out there, blackberries at least, and there was a few herbs in case she needed them. Mullein in great quantities and a plant o' wormwood I remember seeing once when I stayed there, long before she fled out to Shell-heap. Yes, I recall the wormwood, which is always a planted herb, so there must have been folks there before the  Todds' day. A  growin' bush makes the best gravestone; I expect that wormwood always stood for somebody's solemn monument. Catnip, too, is a very  endurin' herb about an old place."*

     "But what I want to know is what she did for other things," interrupted Mrs. Fosdick. " Almiry, what did she do for  clothin' when she needed to replenish, or  risin' for her bread, or the piece-bag that no woman can live long without?"*

     "Or company," suggested Mrs. Todd. "Joanna was one that loved her friends. There must have been a terrible sight o' long winter  evenin's that first year."

     "There was her hens," suggested Mrs. Fosdick, after reviewing the melancholy situation. "She never wanted the sheep after that first season. There  wa'n't no proper pasture for sheep after the June grass was past, and she ascertained the fact and couldn't bear to see them suffer; but the chickens done well. I remember  sailin' by one spring afternoon, an'  seein' the coops out front o' the house in the sun. How long was it before you went out with the minister? You were the first ones that ever really got ashore to see Joanna."

     I had been reflecting upon a state of society which admitted such personal freedom and a voluntary hermitage. There was something  mediæval in the behavior of poor Joanna Todd under a disappointment of the heart. The two women had drawn closer together, and were talking on, quite unconscious of a listener.

     "Poor Joanna!" said Mrs. Todd again, and sadly shook her head as if there were things one could not speak about.

     "I called her a great fool," declared Mrs. Fosdick, with spirit, "but I pitied her then, and I pity her far more now. Some other minister would have been a great help to her, -- one that preached self-forgetfulness and  doin' for others to cure our own ills; but Parson  Dimmick was a vague person, well  meanin', but very numb in his  feelin's. I don't suppose at that troubled time Joanna could think of any way to mend her troubles except to run off and hide."

     "Mother used to say she didn't see how Joanna lived without having nobody to do for, getting her own meals and tending her own poor self day in an' day out," said Mrs. Todd sorrowfully.

     "There was the hens," repeated Mrs. Fosdick kindly. "I expect she soon came to  makin' folks o' them. No, I never went to work to blame Joanna, as some did. She was full o' feeling, and her troubles hurt her more than she could bear. I see it all now as I couldn't when I was young."

     "I suppose in old times they had their shut-up convents for just such folks," said Mrs. Todd, as if she and her friend had disagreed about Joanna once, and were now in happy harmony. She seemed to speak with new openness and freedom. "Oh yes, I was only too pleased when the Reverend Mr.  Dimmick invited me to go out with him. He hadn't been very long in the place when Joanna left home and friends.  'Twas one day that next summer after she went, and I had been married early in the spring. He felt that he ought to go out and visit her. She was a member of the church, and might wish to have him consider her spiritual state. I  wa'n't so sure o' that, but I always liked Joanna, and I'd come to be her cousin by marriage. Nathan an' I had conversed about  goin' out to pay her a visit, but he got his chance to sail sooner 'n he expected. He always thought everything of her, and last time he come home, knowing nothing of her change, he brought her a beautiful coral pin from a port he'd touched at somewheres up the Mediterranean. So I wrapped the little box in a nice piece of paper and put it in my pocket, and picked her a bunch of fresh lemon balm, and off we started." *

     Mrs. Fosdick laughed. "I remember  hearin' about your trials on the  v'y'ge," she said.

     "Why, yes," continued Mrs. Todd in her company manner. "I picked her the balm, an' we started. Why, yes, Susan, the minister liked to have cost me my life that day. He would fasten the sheet, though I advised against it. He said the rope was rough an' cut his hand. There was a fresh breeze, an' he went on talking rather high flown, an' I felt some interested. All of a sudden there come up a gust, and he gave a screech and stood right up and called for help, 'way out there to sea. I knocked him right over into the bottom o' the  bo't, getting by to catch hold of the sheet an' untie it. He wasn't but a little man; I helped him right up after the squall passed, and made a handsome apology to him, but he did act kind o' offended."

     "I do think they ought not to settle them landlocked folks in parishes where they're liable to be on the water," insisted Mrs. Fosdick. "Think of the families in our parish that was scattered all about the bay, and what a sight o' sails you used to see, in Mr.  Dimmick's day, standing across to the mainland on a pleasant Sunday morning, filled with church-going folks, all sure to want him some time or other! You couldn't find no doctor that would stand up in the boat and screech if a flaw struck her."

     "Old Dr. Bennett had a beautiful sailboat, didn't he?" responded Mrs. Todd. "And how well he used to brave the weather! Mother always said that in time o' trouble that tall white sail used to look like an angel's wing  comin' over the sea to them that was in pain.* Well, there's a difference in gifts. Mr.  Dimmick was not without light."

     " 'Twas light o' the moon, then," snapped Mrs. Fosdick; "he was pompous enough, but I never could remember a single word he said. There, go on,  Mis' Todd; I forget a great deal about that day you went to see poor Joanna."

     "I felt she saw us coming, and knew us a great way off; yes, I seemed to feel it within me," said our friend, laying down her knitting. "I kept my seat, and took the  bo't inshore without saying a word; there was a short channel that I was sure Mr.  Dimmick wasn't acquainted with, and the tide was very low. She never came out to warn us off nor anything, and I thought, as I hauled the  bo't up on a wave and let the Reverend Mr.  Dimmick step out, that it was  somethin' gained to be safe ashore. There was a little smoke out o' the chimney o' Joanna's house, and it did look sort of homelike and pleasant with wild  mornin'-glory vines trained up; an' there was a plot o' flowers under the front window,  portulacas and things. I believe she'd made a garden once, when she was stopping there with her father, and some things must have seeded in. It looked as if she might have gone over to the other side of the island.  'Twas neat and pretty all about the house, and a lovely day in July. We walked up from the beach together very sedate, and I felt for poor Nathan's little pin to see if 'twas safe in my dress pocket. All of a sudden Joanna come right to the fore door and stood there, not  sayin' a word.["]

Notes for Chapter 13

spearmint: One of many kinds of mint. Almira may be using spruce bark or actual spearmint in her syrup.  Wetzel points out that Menthaspicata is a perennial with aromatic foliage, 24", used for stomach tonic, headache, stings.

Franklin stove: type of wood-burning stove, invented by Benjamin Franklin (c. 1740). The Franklin stove burned wood on a grate and had sliding doors that could be used to control the draft (flow of air) through it. Because the stove was relatively small, it could be installed in a large fireplace or used free-standing in the middle of a room by connecting it to a flue. Its design influenced the potbellied stove. (Source: Britannica Online; research, Barbara Martens)

bangeing place: Though often defined as to idle or loaf, sometimes in the sense of taking advantage of someone's hospitality, Josephine Donovan points out that in current usage, the word may not have such moralistic implications. Donovan says that a bangeing place "is simply a gathering place, like a village store," a place to "hang out."(See "Jewett on Race, Class, Ethnicity, and Imperialism: A Reply to her Critics." Colby Quarterly 38:4 (December 2002), 413.

cannibal places:  Jewett indicates that she had been reading Francis Parkman's The Jesuits in North America (1867) in about 1875, when she published her story/essay, "Tame Indians."  She refers to Parkman again in Betty Leicester (1890) and in "The Old Town of Berwick" (1894).  She probably was acquainted with Katharine Coolidge, Parkman's daughter, though Annie Fields (See Blanchard, 213).
    In his book, Parkman recounts many instances of cannibalism among the Algonquin groups that occupied much of New England and the Great Lakes region.  Not only did they practice ritual cannibalism, eating portions of the bodies of captured, tortured, and slain enemies, but in his accounts from the Jesuit Relations, they also used cannibalism as a means of terrorizing captives.  For example, he repeats one story of Iroquois killing and eating captive infants to terrorize their mothers (Chapter 17).  While the Indians Mrs. Todd has seen look like "tame folks," Jewett and her readers would be well-aware of the history of these people as told by Parkman and others.
    However, Parkman's characterizations may have spread too wide.  David Stewart-Smith, in his Ph.D. dissertation, The Pennacook Indians and the New England Frontier, circa 1604-1733 (1998), says "The charge of canniablism among the New England Indians has been repudiated by Algonquian scholars and native ethnohistorians and has been held as a dividing line between Algonquian and Iroquoian peoples historically."  He points to Neal Salisbury, Manitou and Providence (1982) and Francis Jennings, The Invasion of America (1976), (109n).

mullein ... wormwood ... catnip:  Mullein is also called flannel leaf or velvet plant; it is tall with clustered yellow flowers and downy leaves.  As an herb it is used for colds and coughs.  Wetzel says that Verbascum thapsis, also called Aaron’s rod, grows to 6 feet, and blooms in late summer.  Wormwood  Artemisia absinthium, is a bitter-flavored herb used in medicinal tea and to flavor absinthe; medicinal uses are multiple and, traditionlly, included treating labor pain and indigestion.  The pure oil is poisonous.  Catnip (many species of the genus Nepeta) is a kind of mint that is attractive to cats; it has been used to soothe people who have fits, because of its mild sedative effect.

piece-bag:  a cloth bag for carrying sewing materials, such as quilt patches, fabric pieces, patterns, and other soft items.

lemon balm: Melissa officinalis is a lemon-scented member of the mint family. It has small light blue to white flowers. Lemon balm is used as a tonic and to relieve headaches.  Wetzel says this is a perennial with lemon-scented leaves, growing to 24”; used "to relax sinews in bath, induce calm, treat boils, expel afterbirth."

like an angel's wing . . . pain: There are frequent references in the Bible to being comforted under the wings of God or angels. See Psalms 61 for one example. And there is a possible echo in the third verse of Charles Wesley's "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing,"  from Hymns and Sacred Poems (1739): Hail! the Son of Righteousness! / Light and life to all he brings, / Risen with healing in his wings / Mild he lays his glory by. . . . "  This verse refers to Malachi 4:1-2, which tells of a day when God will judge with fire and pain the proud and wicked, but the sun of righteousness will arise "with healing in his wings," for those who fear the lord.

[ Contents ]

     MY COMPANIONS and I had been so intent upon the subject of the conversation that we had not heard any one open the gate, but at this moment, above the noise of the rain, we heard a loud knocking. We were all startled as we sat by the fire, and Mrs. Todd rose hastily and went to answer the call, leaving her rocking-chair in violent motion. Mrs. Fosdick and I heard an anxious voice at the door speaking of a sick child, and Mrs. Todd's kind, motherly voice inviting the messenger in: then we waited in silence. There was a sound of heavy dropping of rain from the eaves, and the distant roar and undertone of the sea. My thoughts flew back to the lonely woman on her outer island; what separation from humankind she must have felt, what terror and sadness, even in a summer storm like this!

     "You send right after the doctor if she  ain't better in half an hour," said Mrs. Todd to her worried customer as they parted; and I felt a warm sense of comfort in the evident resources of even so small a neighborhood, but for the poor hermit Joanna there was no neighbor on a winter night.

     "How did she look?" demanded Mrs. Fosdick, without preface, as our large hostess returned to the little room with a mist about her from standing long in the wet doorway, and the sudden draught of her coming beat out the smoke and flame from the Franklin stove. "How did poor Joanna look?"

     "She was the same as ever, except I thought she looked smaller," answered Mrs. Todd after thinking a moment; perhaps it was only a last considering thought about her patient. "Yes, she was just the same, and looked very nice, Joanna did. I had been married since she left home, an' she treated me like her own folks. I expected she'd look strange, with her hair turned gray in a night or  somethin',* but she wore a pretty gingham dress I'd often seen her wear before she went away; she must have kept it nice for best in the afternoons. She always had beautiful, quiet manners. I remember she waited till we were close to her, and then kissed me real affectionate, and inquired for Nathan before she shook hands with the minister, and then she invited us both in.  'Twas the same little house her father had built him when he was a bachelor, with one  livin'-room, and a little mite of a bedroom out of it where she slept, but 'twas neat as a ship's cabin. There was some old chairs, an' a seat made of a long box that might have held boat tackle an' things to lock up in his  fishin' days, and a good enough stove so anybody could cook and keep warm in cold weather. I went over once from home and stayed 'most a week with Joanna when we was girls, and those young happy days rose up before me. Her father was busy all day  fishin' or  clammin'; he was one o' the pleasantest men in the world, but Joanna's mother had the grim streak, and never knew what 'twas to be happy. The first minute my eyes fell upon Joanna's face that day I saw how she had grown to look like  Mis' Todd.  'Twas the mother right over again."

     "Oh dear me!" said Mrs. Fosdick.

     "Joanna had done one thing very pretty. There was a little piece o' swamp on the island where good rushes grew plenty, and she'd gathered ' em, and braided some beautiful mats for the floor and a thick cushion for the long bunk. She'd showed a good deal of invention; you see there was a nice chance to pick up pieces o' wood and boards that drove ashore, and she'd made good use o' what she found. There wasn't no clock, but she had a few dishes on a shelf, and flowers set about in shells fixed to the walls, so it did look sort of homelike, though so lonely and poor. I couldn't keep the tears out o' my eyes, I felt so sad. I said to myself, I must get mother to come over an' see Joanna; the love in mother's heart would warm her, an' she might be able to advise."

     "Oh no, Joanna was dreadful stern," said Mrs. Fosdick.

     "We were all  settin' down very proper, but Joanna would keep  stealin' glances at me as if she was glad I come. She had but little to say; she was real polite an' gentle, and yet  forbiddin'. The minister found it hard," confessed Mrs. Todd; "he got embarrassed, an' when he put on his authority and asked her if she felt to enjoy religion in her present situation, an' she replied that she must be excused from  answerin', I thought I should fly. She might have made it easier for him; after all, he was the minister and had taken some trouble to come out, though 'twas kind of cold an'  unfeelin' the way he inquired. I thought he might have seen the little old Bible a- layin' on the shelf close by him, an' I wished he knew enough to just lay his hand on it an' read  somethin' kind an' fatherly 'stead of  accusin' her, an' then given poor Joanna his  blessin' with the hope she might be led to comfort. He did offer prayer, but 'twas all about  hearin' the voice o' God out o' the whirlwind;* and I thought while he was  goin' on that anybody that had spent the long cold winter all alone out on Shell-heap Island knew a good deal more about those things than he did. I got so provoked I opened my eyes and stared right at him.

     "She didn't take no notice, she  kep' a nice respectful manner towards him, and when there come a pause she asked if he had any interest about the old Indian remains, and took down some queer stone gouges and hammers off of one of her shelves and showed them to him same 's if he was a boy. He remarked that he'd like to walk over an' see the shell-heap; so she went right to the door and pointed him the way. I see then that she'd made her some kind o' sandal-shoes out o' the fine rushes to wear on her feet; she stepped light an' nice in ' em as shoes."

     Mrs. Fosdick leaned back in her rocking-chair and gave a heavy sigh.

     "I didn't move at first, but I'd held out just as long as I could," said Mrs. Todd, whose voice trembled a little. "When Joanna returned from the door, an' I could see that man's stupid back  departin' among the wild rose bushes, I just ran to her an' caught her in my arms. I wasn't so big as I be now, and she was older than me, but I hugged her tight, just as if she was a child. 'Oh, Joanna dear,' I says, 'won't you come ashore an' live 'long o' me at the  Landin', or go over to Green Island to mother's when winter comes? Nobody shall trouble you, an' mother finds it hard  bein' alone. I can't bear to leave you here' -- and I burst right out crying. I'd had my own trials, young as I was, an' she knew it. Oh, I did entreat her; yes, I entreated Joanna."

     "What did she say then?" asked Mrs. Fosdick, much moved.

     "She looked the same way, sad an' remote through it all," said Mrs. Todd mournfully. "She took hold of my hand, and we sat down close together; 'twas as if she turned round an' made a child of me. 'I haven't got no right to live with folks no more,' she said. 'You must never ask me again,  Almiry: I've done the only thing I could do, and I've made my choice. I feel a great comfort in your kindness, but I don't deserve it. I have committed the unpardonable sin;* you don't understand,' says she humbly. 'I was in great wrath and trouble, and my thoughts was so wicked towards God that I can't expect ever to be forgiven. I have come to know what it is to have patience, but I have lost my hope. You must tell those that ask how 'tis with me,' she said, 'an' tell them I want to be alone.' I couldn't speak; no, there  wa'n't anything I could say, she seemed so above everything common. I was a good deal younger then than I be now, and I got Nathan's little coral pin out o' my pocket and put it into her hand; and when she saw it and I told her where it come from, her face did really light up for a minute, sort of bright an' pleasant. 'Nathan an' I was always good friends; I'm glad he don't think hard of me,' says she. 'I want you to have it,  Almiry, an' wear it for love o' both o' us,' and she handed it back to me. 'You give my love to Nathan, -- he's a dear good man,' she said; 'an' tell your mother, if I should be sick she mustn't wish I could get well, but I want her to be the one to come.' Then she seemed to have said all she wanted to, as if she was done with the world, and we sat there a few minutes longer together. It was real sweet and quiet except for a good many birds and the sea  rollin' up on the beach; but at last she rose, an' I did too, and she kissed me and held my hand in hers a minute, as if to say good-by; then she turned and went right away out o' the door and disappeared.

     "The minister come back pretty soon, and I told him I was all ready, and we started down to the  bo't. He had picked up some round stones and things and was carrying them in his pocket-handkerchief; an' he sat down amidships without making any question, and let me take the rudder an' work the  bo't, an' made no remarks for some time, until we sort of eased it off speaking of the weather, an' subjects that arose as we skirted Black Island, where two or three families lived  belongin' to the parish. He preached next Sabbath as usual,  somethin' high  soundin' about the creation, and I couldn't help thinkin' he might never get no further; he seemed to know no remedies, but he had a great use of words."

     Mrs. Fosdick sighed again. " Hearin' you tell about Joanna brings the time right back as if 'twas yesterday," she said. "Yes, she was one o' them poor things that talked about the great sin; we don't seem to hear nothing about the unpardonable sin now, but you may say 'twas not uncommon then."

     "I expect that if it had been in these days, such a person would be plagued to death with idle folks," continued Mrs. Todd, after a long pause. "As it was, nobody trespassed on her; all the folks about the bay respected her an' her feelings; but as time wore on, after you left here, one after another ventured to make occasion to put  somethin' ashore for her if they went that way. I know mother used to go to see her sometimes, and send William over now and then with something fresh an' nice from the farm. There is a point on the sheltered side where you can lay a boat close to shore an' land anything safe on the turf out o' reach o' the water. There were one or two others, old folks, that she would see, and now an' then she'd hail a  passin' boat an' ask for  somethin'; and mother got her to promise that she would make some sign to the Black Island folks if she wanted help. I never saw her myself to speak to after that day."

     "I expect nowadays, if such a thing happened, she'd have gone out West to her uncle's folks or up to Massachusetts and had a change, an' come home good as new. The world's bigger an' freer than it used to be," urged Mrs. Fosdick.

     "No," said her friend. " 'Tis like bad eyesight, the mind of such a person: if your eyes don't see right there may be a remedy, but there's no kind of glasses to remedy the mind. No, Joanna was Joanna, and there she lays on her island where she lived and did her poor penance. She told mother the day she was  dyin' that she always used to want to be fetched inshore when it come to the last; but she'd thought it over, and desired to be laid on the island, if 'twas thought right. So the funeral was out there, a Saturday afternoon in September.  'Twas a pretty day, and there  wa'n't hardly a boat on the coast within twenty miles that didn't head for Shell-heap cram-full o' folks, an' all real respectful, same 's if she'd always stayed ashore and held her friends. Some went out o' mere curiosity, I don't doubt, -- there's always such to every funeral; but most had real  feelin', and went purpose to show it. She'd got most o' the wild sparrows as tame as could be,  livin' out there so long among ' em, and one flew right in and lit on the coffin an' begun to sing while Mr.  Dimmick was  speakin'.* He was put out by it, an' acted as if he didn't know whether to stop or go on. I may have been prejudiced, but I  wa'n't the only one thought the poor little bird done the best of the two."

     "What became o' the man that treated her so, did you ever hear?" asked Mrs. Fosdick. "I know he lived up to Massachusetts for a while. Somebody who came from the same place told me that he was in trade there an'  doin' very well, but that was years ago."

     "I never heard anything more than that; he went to the war in one o' the early  rigiments. No, I never heard any more of him," answered Mrs. Todd. "Joanna was another sort of person, and perhaps he showed good judgment in  marryin' somebody else, if only he'd behaved straightforward and manly. He was a shifty-eyed,  coaxin' sort of man, that got what he wanted out o' folks, an' only gave when he wanted to buy, made friends easy and lost ' em without  knowin' the difference. She'd had a piece o' work  tryin' to make him walk  accordin' to her right ideas, but she'd have had too much variety ever to fall into a melancholy. Some is meant to be the  Joannas in this world, an' 'twas her poor lot."

Notes for Chapter 14

her hair turned gray in a night:  Possibly an allusion to "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" (1798), by Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834).  The mariner also commits a seemingly unpardonable sin, finds himself living a kind of death in life, and has his hair turn suddenly white.

voice o' God out o' the whirlwind: see Job 38:1.

unpardonable sin: Two Biblical passages refer to the unforgivable sin of blaspheming the Holy Ghost: Matthew 12:31-32; Mark 3:29. Hebrews 6:4-8 and 10:26-31 also suggest that Christian believers who lose their faith cannot repent. See also "Ethan Brand," by Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864).

to sing while Mr.  Dimmick was  speakin':  This story appeared in the New York Times on 9 May 1894, p. 4


Services at the Grave Conducted by the
Rev. Dr. Edward Everett Hale.

BOSTON, May 8. – The dedication of the Booth Memorial at the grave of Edwin Booth at Mount Auburn took place to-day.  The Rev. Dr. Edward Everett Hale made an exceedingly interesting address, in which he brought forward the beautiful simplicity and generous character of Mr. Booth.  After these remarks he read Scripture passages from the poetic Psalms and Revelation.
     The  Lord’s Prayer was then repeated by all who were present.  With an eloquent and feeling benediction by Dr. Hale, the services were closed.
     There were present, besides Edwina Booth Grossman, daughter of the deceased actor, and her husband, Ignatius Grossman, Joseph Jefferson, successor of Mr. Booth as President of the Players; Mr. Brisbane, Treasurer of the Players; Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, Miss Jefferson, Mrs. Ole Bull, Sarah  Orne Jewett, Mrs. Fields [Field], and two of the granddaughters of Joseph Jefferson, Mr. and Mrs. Elwell.
     At the time that Mr. Booth was buried, during the services over the grave, a little bird came and sang a doleful lay.  Precisely the same thing happened to-day, under the clear blue sky, surrounded by the beautiful tender green of the approaching Summer.
     The stonework of the monument was designed by Stanford White of the firm of  McKim, Mead & White, and is in the form of an Athenian monolith.  On the face of this is a bay leaf in bronze by F. Edwin  Elwell, which represents Mr. Booth at the prime of life, and is said by his daughter to be a most excellent portrait.

[ Contents ]

     SOME TIME AFTER Mrs. Fosdick's visit was over and we had returned to our former quietness, I was out sailing alone with Captain Bowden in his large boat. We were taking the crooked northeasterly channel seaward, and were well out from shore while it was still early in the afternoon. I found myself presently among some unfamiliar islands, and suddenly remembered the story of poor Joanna. There is something in the fact of a hermitage that cannot fail to touch the imagination; the recluses are a sad kindred, but they are never commonplace. Mrs. Todd had truly said that Joanna was like one of the saints in the desert; the loneliness of sorrow will forever keep alive their sad succession.*

     "Where is Shell-heap Island? [!]" I asked eagerly.

     "You see Shell-heap now,  layin' 'way out beyond Black Island there," answered the captain, pointing with outstretched arm as he stood, and holding the rudder with his knee.

     "I should like very much to go there," said I, and the captain, without comment, changed his course a little more to the eastward and let the reef out of his mainsail.

     "I don't know 's we can make an easy  landin' for ye," he remarked doubtfully. "May get your feet wet; bad place to land. Trouble is I ought to have brought a tag-boat; but they clutch on to the water so, an' I do love to sail free. This  gre't boat gets easy bothered with anything  trailin'. ' Tain't breakin' much on the  meetin'-house ledges; guess I can fetch in to Shell-heap."

     "How long is it since Miss Joanna Todd died?" I asked, partly by way of explanation.

     "Twenty-two years come September," answered the captain, after reflection. "She died the same year my oldest boy was born, an' the town house was burnt over to the Port. I didn't know but you merely wanted to hunt for some o' them Indian relics. Long 's you want to see where Joanna lived -- No, ' tain't breakin' over the ledges; we'll manage to fetch across the shoals somehow, 'tis such a distance to go 'way round, and tide's a- risin'," he ended hopefully, and we sailed steadily on, the captain speechless with intent watching of a difficult course, until the small island with its low whitish promontory lay in full view before us under the bright afternoon sun.

     The month was August, and I had seen the color of the islands change from the fresh green of June to a  sunburnt brown that made them look like stone, except where the dark green of the spruces and fir balsam kept the tint that even winter storms might deepen, but not fade. The few wind-bent trees on Shell-heap Island were mostly dead and gray, but there were some low-growing bushes, and a stripe of light green ran along just above the shore, which I knew to be wild morning-glories.* As we came close I could see the high stone walls of a small square field, though there were no sheep left to assail it; and below, there was a little harbor-like cove where Captain Bowden was boldly running the great boat in to seek a landing-place. There was a crooked channel of deep water which led close up against the shore.

     "There, you hold fast  for'ard there, an' wait for her to lift on the wave. You'll make a good  landin' if you're smart; right on the port-hand side!" the captain called excitedly; and I, standing ready with high ambition, seized my chance and leaped over to the grassy bank.

     "I'm beat if I  ain't aground after all!" mourned the captain despondently.

     But I could reach the bowsprit, and he pushed with the boat-hook, while the wind veered round a little as if on purpose and helped with the sail; so presently the boat was free and began to drift out from shore.

     "Used to call this  p'int Joanna's wharf privilege, but 't has worn away in the weather since her time. I thought one or two bumps wouldn't hurt us none, -- paint's got to be renewed, anyway, -- but I never thought she'd  tetch. I figured on  shyin' by," the captain apologized. "She's too  gre't a boat to handle well in here; but I used to sort of shy by in Joanna's day, an' cast a little  somethin' ashore -- some apples or a couple o' pears if I had ' em -- on the grass, where she'd be sure to see."

     I stood watching while Captain Bowden cleverly found his way back to deeper water. "You needn't make no haste," he called to me; "I'll keep within call. Joanna lays right up there in the far corner o' the field. There used to be a path led to the place. I always knew her well. I was out here to the funeral.[" ]

     I found the path; it was touching to discover that this lonely spot was not without its pilgrims. Later generations will know less and less of Joanna herself, but there are paths trodden to the shrines of solitude the world over, -- the world cannot forget them, try as it may; the feet of the young find them out because of curiosity and dim foreboding; while the old bring hearts full of remembrance. This plain anchorite had been one of those whom sorrow made too lonely to brave the sight of men, too timid to front the simple world she knew, yet valiant enough to live alone with her poor insistent human nature and the calms and passions of the sea and sky.

     The birds were flying all about the field; they fluttered up out of the grass at my feet as I walked along, so tame that I liked to think they kept some happy tradition from summer to summer of the safety of nests and good fellowship of mankind. Poor Joanna's house was gone except the stones of its foundations, and there was little trace of her flower garden except a single faded sprig of much-enduring French pinks,* which a great bee and a yellow butterfly were befriending together. I drank at the spring, and thought that now and then  some one would follow me from the busy, hard-worked, and simple- thoughted countryside of the mainland, which lay dim and dreamlike in the August haze, as Joanna must have watched it many a day. There was the world, and here was she with eternity well begun. In the life of each of us, I said to myself, there is a place remote and islanded,* and given to endless regret or secret happiness; we are each the  uncompanioned hermit and recluse of an hour or a day; we understand our fellows of the cell to whatever age of history they may belong.

     But as I stood alone on the island, in the sea-breeze, suddenly there came a sound of distant voices; gay voices and laughter from a pleasure-boat that was going seaward full of boys and girls. I knew, as if she had told me, that poor Joanna must have heard the like on many and many a summer afternoon, and must have welcomed the good cheer in spite of hopelessness and winter weather, and all the sorrow and disappointment in the world.

Notes for Chapter 15

morning-glories:  Morning-glories (g. Ipomoea) are a common, climbing garden flower.  Wild morning-glories vines are widespread in North America.  Flowers vary in color from purple through blue and pink.

saints in the desert: St. Anthony is the traditional founder of the "desert fathers," Christian hermits of the third century church in Egypt.

French pinks:  Nancy and Gary Wetzel, Jewett House gardeners in South Berwick, ME, believe that the pinks to which Jewett refers were Dianthus, which have "little heads" that bloom in the first part of the season and thrive in the dry setting the narrator describes and in the cracks of the flag-stones that were laid around the Jewett house.  Probably they are Dianthus  plumarius, also known as D.  hortensis. Grass pink, feathered pink, clove pink and hardy garden pink are among the common names.  Jewett mentions them as growing outside the fence in her home garden in "From a Mournful Villager." See Restoring American Gardens: An Encyclopedia of Heirloom Ornamental Plants 1640-1940 by Denise Wiles Adams.

a place remote and islanded:  This may echo Ishmael's affirmation of a central and insulated self that is a source of human happiness. See Herman Melville's Moby-Dick (1851), Chapter 58.

Edited and annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.

Main Contents & Search

Chapters 1 - 7
Chapters 8 - 11
Chapters 12 - 15
Chapters 16 - 21

XII. A Strange Sail
XIII. Poor Joanna
XIV. The Hermitage
XV. On Shell-heap Island