Charles Edgar Lewis Wingate (1861 - 1944) was originally dramatic editor, later managing editor and general manager of the Boston Journal. He also served as special Boston correspondent for the Critic, a weekly magazine of the arts and literature. (Cary)
Correspondence of Sarah Orne Jewett
List of Jewett's Correspondents and of Some Other Relevant People
Lyman Abbott (1835-1922), son of Jacob Abbott the Maine author of the Rollo books, was co-editor with Henry Ward Beecher of the Christian Union from 1876 to 1881, after which he became editor-in-chief. In 1893 the name of the periodical was changed to the Outlook. He and his wife, Abby Frances Hamlin (1837-1907), were parents of six children. (Indiana State Library and Wikipedia)
Elizabeth Cabot Cary Agassiz (1822-1907) was an American educator who helped to develop the Harvard "Annex" into Radcliffe College, where she served as president. She was the second wife of the naturalist Jean Louis Agassiz (1807-1873). Wikipedia
Henry Mills Alden (1836-1919) was managing editor of Harper's Weekly from 1863 to 1869, and editor of Harper's Magazine from 1869 to his death. (Cary and Wikipedia)
Lilian Woodman Aldrich (d. 1927) married Thomas Bailey Aldrich on November 28, 1865. She is the author of Crowding Memories (1920), a memoir of her married life. The Aldriches' twin sons, Talbot and Charles were born in 1868.
She is sometimes nicknamed the Duchess of Ponkapog.
Thomas Bailey Aldrich (November 11, 1836 - March 19, 1907) was an American writer and editor, serving notably as editor of The Atlantic (1881-1890), a major period in Jewett's career. His semi-autobiographical novel, The Story of a Bad Boy (1870), recounts adventures of the young "Tom Bailey"; some see it as a precursor of Mark Twain's Tom Sawyer (1876) and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885). Though he published fiction, journalism (as a Civil War correspondent), essays and poetry, he thought of himself primarily as a poet. The Aldriches were neighbors to and became close friends of Henry L. Pierce (1825-1896), owner of Baker Chocolate and a politician who, among other offices, served as mayor of Boston, MA. The Aldriches, along with Jewett and Annie Fields, were regular guests on the steam yacht, Hermione, which Pierce owned during the last decade of his life. Wikipedia. See also "Thomas Bailey Aldrich and the Immigration Restriction League."
He is sometimes nicknamed the Linnet and the Duke of Ponkapog.
Willis Boyd Allen (1855-1938) was editor of Cottage Hearth (1881-1893). Born in Kittery, ME, Allen was a lawyer and a prolific author, mainly of children's literature. Jewett took note particularly of The Boyhood of John Kent (1891).
Samuel Chapman Armstrong (1839 - May 11, 1893) "was an American educator and a commissioned officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He is best remembered for his work after the war as the founder and first principal of the normal school which is now Hampton University." For his war service, he was awarded the rank of Brigadier General by Congress. Wikipedia
Elizabeth Barrell (c. 1799 - November 12, 1883), sister of Mary Barrell (c. 1804 - June 6, 1889). Old friends of the Jewett family, they lived in what is now the Sayward-Wheeler House in York Harbor, ME. for much of the 19th century.
Mary Elizabeth Gray Bell (1826- 3 February 1904) was one of Jewett's two favorite "Aunt Marys." Her second marriage was to New Hampshire senator and governor Charles Henry Bell (1823 - 11 November 1893). Her first husband was Joseph Taylor Gilman (1812-1862), who was the youngest brother of Nicholas Gilman (1799-1840), Jewett's great-great-grandfather. Charles H. Bell first married Sarah Almira Gilman (1827-1850), who was the daughter of Nicholas Gilman.
Jewett's other favorite "Aunt Mary" was Nicholas Gilman's sister, Mary Olivia Gilman Long (1810-1904).
Helen Olcott (Choate) Bell (1830-1918). Daughter of the prominent Boston lawyer and orator, Rufus Choate, Mrs. Bell was a literary intellectual, known for her conversation and her sharp wit. Her husband was Joseph Mills Bell, a Boston lawyer, abolitionist and politician, who served in the Massachusetts Senate. Bell was law partner to her father, Rufus Choate (1799-1859). According to Famous Families of Massachusetts (1870), "Mrs. Bell was liberally endowed with the Choate wit and her penetrating bon mots were the delight of all her friends... She hated the country and asked a friend, departing for the woods and fields, to 'kick a tree for her!'" (pp. 280-1).
Her sister, Miriam Foster (1835-1906), was Mrs. Ellerton Pratt. See Mrs. Bell (1931), by Paulina Cony Drown.
Laura E. Bellamy (1847-1897), of Kittery Point, Maine, wrote sheaves of poems and published a dozen or so in local newspapers. She was the sister of John Haley Bellamy, one of America's foremost carvers of ships' figureheads, sought out by such diverse men as Charles Eliot Norton, William Dean Howells, Mark Twain, Winslow Homer, and Edwin Booth. (Cary)
Walter Romeyn Benjamin (1854-1943), historian and antiquarian, was co-editor until his death of The Collector, "A Magazine for Autograph and Historical Collectors." (Cary)
Kate de C. Birckhead (1843? - 1925?), close friend and spiritual mentor to Jewett, mainly in the late 1870s. Little has as yet been learned about her. Her parents were James Birckhead (1791-1880) and Elizabeth Hunter (1807-1890). Her brother, William Hunter Birckhead (1839 - 19 April 1895), became a physician. He married Sarah King of Newport, and their children were: James, Philip, Hugh. Miss Birckhead also was a close friend of Ellen Mason.
Marie Thérèse de Solms Blanc (21 September 1840 - 5 February 1907), used the nom de plume "Th. Bentzon" derived from her grandfather Benjamin de Bentzon, a governor of the Danish Antilles. She married Alexandre Blanc in 1856 at the age of 16. They had one son, Édouard Blanc (1858-1923), before they were divorced in 1859. Author of some thirty novels, three of which received the accolade of the Académie Française, Madame Blanc achieved additional reputation through her literary criticism of American authors and her interpretation of American customs to the French people, notably in American Women At Home (1896). She visited America twice, wrote fluently of her impressions and experiences, and translated Bret Harte, Mark Twain, Aldrich, and Miss Jewett. The two women corresponded for eight years before they met for the first time in Paris in 1892 (see Fields, Letters, 91). In 1893 Madame Blanc stayed at Mrs. Fields's Boston home, and in 1897 at Miss Jewett's in South Berwick. In 1898 Mrs. Fields and Miss Jewett spent several weeks at Madame Blanc's country home in La Ferté sous Jouarre. Wikipedia and see Cary, "Miss Jewett and Madame Blanc" (1967).
Maria Bray (1828 - 1921). It seems likely that this is Maria H. Bray (1828–1921). Wikipedia says she "was a 19th-century American maritime heroine of an incident during the first days of winter in late 1864.
"Bray was married to Alexander D. Bray (1818-1885), the lighthouse keeper at Thacher Island Light, off Rockport on Massachusetts' Cape Ann. From December 21 to December 24, 1864, she and her twelve-year-old nephew tended the lights of the station, while her husband was stranded on the mainland, where he had taken an ill co-worker. The Bray family was reunited on Christmas Day."
Marianne Theresia Brockhaus (22 May 1865 - after 1919) was the daughter of Heinrich Rudolf Brockhaus, who, with his brother Eduard, carried on in the third generation the family publishing firm, F. A. Brockhaus, in Leipzig, Germany. Marianne Brockhaus corresponded with the German artist Otto Greiner; a collection of his letters to her may be found at the Getty Research Institute. German architect Frizt Schumaker dedicated Vom Baume der Erkenntnis (1920) to her. She was a close friend of Louisa Dresel and corresponded with Annie Fields. Cary writes that she was "a young German girl Dresel met on one of her frequent trips abroad, who remained a devoted friend and correspondent for many years. When Jewett died, Miss Brockhaus wrote from Dresden to Fields, in part: 'I shall always count the hours spent with you both among my most precious recollections & shall never forget the atmosphere of perfect sympathy & understanding in your sweet companionship. The literary world of America lost much but only those who knew her can feel with you, nearer and dearer to this rare woman than anyone else. I am proud to have known her and feel grateful to her for great kindness as well as for opening my eyes to various things in American character that a foreigner never would have appreciated but for her books.'"
Phillips Brooks (1835 - 23 January 1893) was the much loved and widely known rector of Boston's Trinity Church (Episcopalian) and for a short time, Bishop of Massachusetts. He is the author of the Christmas hymn, "O Little Town of Bethlehem." Wikipedia
Agnes Bartlett Brown (1847-1932), wife of J. Appleton Brown, was also an artist but not so widely known as her husband. She painted landscapes, flowers, and animals, specializing in cats. The Browns lived in the famous Quincy mansion in Boston and summered at Newburyport, coming into frequent contact with Miss Jewett in both localities. (Cary)
John Appleton Brown (1844-1902), a painter of serene flower gardens, cheerful landscapes, and marine scenes. He was one of the coterie of artists who spent a good part of each year at Appledore Island, Celia Thaxter's home. A delicate engraving of a river scene, dated June 29, 1886, and inscribed by Brown to Miss Jewett, hangs in her bedroom at the Memorial House in South Berwick. (Cary and Wikipedia)
This biographical sketch appears at Liveauctioneers.com (June 2016):
John Appleton Brown, born in 1844 in Newburyport, Massachusetts, was an impressionist painter in oils and pastels of seascapes and landscapes. In 1865 Brown left his birthplace and went to Boston. The following year he traveled to Europe where he began his artistic training with oils in Paris where he studied the old masters in the Louvre. Landscape painter Emile Lambinet had influence on his style, but Barbizon painters Corot and Daubigney's effect upon Brown would be more lasting. Brown returned to Boston in 1868, and six years later married landscape painter Agnes Bartlett. In the fall of 1874, the couple returned to France where they painted at Ville d'Avray, Corot's home. Returning to Boston in 1875, he became friends with artists J. Foxcroft Cole and William Morris Hunt. Works by these Barbizon artists, and those who emulated their style, such as Brown, were popular and sold well. Because of his affinity for spring scenes and blossoming apple orchards, he was nicknamed "apple-blossom Brown". The peak of his popularity was in the late 1880s, when Boston was first exposed to Impressionist landscapes. With the exception of a trip to England in 1886, where he mingled with American painters John Singer Sargent, Edwin Austin Abbey, Frank Millet, and Charles Parsons, Brown's paintings focused on New England landscapes for the reminder of his career. He spent time during summers at the home of Celia Thaxter on Appledore, located among the Isles of Shoals off the coasts of New Hampshire and Maine. Thaxter, a poet and essayist, was hostess over an artistic and literary salon that attracted not only Brown, but also such names as the Impressionist painter Childe Hassam, Arthur Quartley, Ross Turner, Ellen Robbins, and William Morris Hunt (Hunt drowned at Appledore in 1879). Brown's works were exhibited at the Doll and Richards Gallery from 1879 to 1902, and at the Salon in Paris. J. Appleton Brown died in 1902.
Augustus Caesar Buell (1847- 1904) "was an American author who wrote several biographies of great Americans, following the success of a book about his experiences in the Civil War. Most material in these biographies that was not plagiarized was (as was discovered too late for many subsequent scholars) fabricated." Buell was the author of John Paul Jones (1900), upon which Jewett drew in her composition of The Tory Lover (1900-1901). Wikipedia See also Samuel Eliot Morison, John Paul Jones, pp. 425-28.
Sara Chapman Thorp Bull (1850-1911) met the Norwegian violinist Ole Bornemann Bull (1810-1880) while he was on concert tour in Wisconsin, and became his wife and accompanist. After 1876 they spent summers in Cambridge, ME, joining the Holmes-Lowell-Longfellow circle, playing often at the Fields's home. Mrs. Bull wrote Ole Bull: A Memoir (Boston, 1883) Their daughter, Sara Olea Bull (1871 - 1911) married Henry Goodwin Vaughan (1868-1938) on 5 February 1894. After her death, Vaughan married his second wife, Elizabeth Russell Tyson, daughter of Jewett's friend Emily Tyson. Wikipedia
Mabel Lowell Burnett (1847 - 30 December 1898) was the daughter of American poet, James Russell Lowell (1819 - 12 August 1891) and Maria White. She married Edward Burnett (1849 - 1925) in 1872. Mr. Burnett served as U. S. Representative from Massachusetts (1887-89). Find a Grave
Henry Sweetser Burrage (1837 - 1926) was an editor, clergyman and historian; born in Fitchburg, Massachusetts and educated at Pierce Academy. Burrage graduated from Brown University in 1861. After a year at the Newton Seminary, he enlisted as a private in the 36th Massachusetts, and was wounded and captured at Petersburg. At the close of the war, he completed his theological studies, becoming a pastor in Waterville, Maine, He left shortly thereafter, going to Portland to become the editor of Zion's Advocate for the next 32 years. He later held trustee seats at Colby College, Newton Theological institute and Brown University. In 1907, he was appointed state historian of Maine, helping to found the state historical association and editing the Civil War correspondence of Maine's governors. His major works include History of the Baptists in New England (1894), and History of the Baptists in Maine (1904). He also organized and edited the proceedings of the 75th birthday celebration of the poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1882). (Stoddart, Wikipedia)
Susan Burley Howes Cabot (January 13, 1822 - March 23, 1907), wife of a former mayor of Salem, at whose home Miss Jewett spent part of the winter. Though separated in age by over a quarter-century, the two women enjoyed a mutually stimulating friendship. Miss Jewett dedicated The Queen's Twin and Other Stories "To Susan Burley Cabot." (Cary). Elizabeth Silverthorne in Sarah Orne Jewett says that Jewett often visited Mrs. Cabot at her summer home, Misselwood, at Pride's Crossing in Beverly, MA (p. 185). Note that there is some confusion about the identity of Mrs. Cabot's husband, reflected in the Joseph S. Cabot Wikipedia entry which gives him a different wife, and in her Boston Evening Transcript obituary of 23 March 1907, which gives her husband as Joseph G. Cabot, former mayor of Salem. According to Find a Grave, Joseph Sebastian Cabot of Salem, MA, married Susan Burley Howes. Both are buried in the Harmony Grove Cemetery in Salem, MA.
Mrs. Cabot was the daughter of Frederick Howes and Elizabeth Burley of Salem, MA. Stoddart points out that Mrs. Cabot was the aunt of Sarah Cabot Wheelwright.
Willa Sibert Cather (1873 - 1947) was an American author who achieved recognition for her novels of frontier life on the Great Plains, including O Pioneers! (1913), which was dedicated to Sarah Orne Jewett, The Song of the Lark (1915), and My Ántonia (1918). Wikipedia
John White Chadwick (1840 - 1904) "was an American writer and clergyman of the Unitarian Church." Though he served as pastor of the Second Unitarian Church in Brooklyn, NY, he spent his summers in Chesterfield, MA. Wikipedia.
Mellen Chamberlain (1821 - 1900) According to Wikipedia, Chamberlain was a Boston municipal judge and an amateur historian. He was director of the Boston Public Library from 1878 to 1890. Jewett sought advice from him about her writing early in her career (See Blanchard 63). John Alden says that Chamberlain and his wife regularly visited Mrs. and Mrs. Charles Bell at their summer home, "The Cove," at Little Boar's Head in North Hampton, NH. Jewett was related to Bell's first wife, Sarah Almira Gilman. She first met Chamberlain during a visit at "The Cove."
Mary Ellen Chase (1887 - 1973) was born in Blue Hill, Maine. "Her parents were deeply religious Protestants and she was one of eight children who received a thorough biblical education as well as an academic one. She began writing at the age of sixteen and by her death, on July 28, 1973, had published more than thirty essays, novels, and biographies." Smithipedia
Adams (Addie) Davenport Claflin (1862-1910) was the son of Massachusetts Governor and Newtonville, MA residents, William Claflin and Mary Bucklin Davenport Claflin. He became president of the Boston and Suburban Electric Company and helped to establish the streetcar system that served Newton, MA. Wikipedia.
Mary Bucklin Davenport Claflin (1825 - 13 June 1896) was an editor; born in Massachusetts, she became the second wife (1845) of Massachusetts Governor William Claflin (1818 - 1905) . She served as a board member of Wellesley College, Wellesley, Massachusetts. With Governor Claflin she bore five children: Thomas, Agnes Elizabeth (1849 - 1869), Arthur Bucklin (1852 - 1923), William Davenport, and Adams Davenport (1862 - 1910). She was step-mother to Emma Harding Claflin, Governor Claflin's daughter from his first marriage. Emma married Charles Ellis.
Her writings include:
Brampton Sketches: Old-time New England Life (1890)
Personal Recollections of John G. Whittier (1892)
Under the Old Elms (1895)
William Claflin also was a member of the United States Congress (1877 - 1881) and chairman of the Republican National Committee (1868 - 1872). The family home, "Old Elms," was in Newtonville, MA. Wikipedia See also Robert L. Gale, A Sarah Orne Jewett Companion (1999) p. 49 and The New England Genealogical Register (1907), pp. 111-16.
Natalie Lord Rice Clark (1867 - 1932). "Mrs. Frank Lowry Clark. Born at Danvers, Mass. 1867. Educated in Danvers Public Schools, and Massachusetts Normal Art School. Writer of juvenile stories and poetry, under the pen name of Hobart Clear. Books The Green Garnet, and Blake Redding.. Her husband is head of the Greek department, Miami University. Home, Oxford, Ohio." She also is the author of Bacon's Dial in Shakespeare: A Compass-clock Cipher (1922). Anthology of Newspaper Verse (1921) by Frank P. Davis, p. 150.
Jessie Cochrane ( ) a gifted amateur pianist from Louisville, Kentucky, became something of a protégée of Mrs. Fields. After long and frequent trips to Europe, she would visit Mrs. Fields at 148 Charles Street and Gambrel Cottage in Manchester-by-the-Sea (see Warner's letter about his luncheon with Miss Cochrane, Dr. Holmes, and Mr. Howells, in Fields's Charles Dudley Warner, 165). Miss Cochrane attempted some writing but apparently did not achieve publication. One of her photographs hangs above the bureau in Miss Jewett's bedroom in the Memorial House at South Berwick. (Cary)
Annie Collins (c. 1860 - after 1930) was a Jewett family employee. It is reasonably likely that Annie and Will Collins are brother and sister. FamilyTreeNow.com provides this census information.
Annie Collins (1860 until after 1930), of Irish parents, resident of South Berwick, Maine in 1930.
William Collins (1864 until after 1930), brother to Annie, born in Maine, resident of South Berwick, Maine in 1930.
Neither was married in 1930.
James Collins may be another relative who is mentioned in Jewett letters. He was an uncle to another Jewett employee, Hannah Driscoll.
Dr. Robert Collyer (1823-1912), an English-born Unitarian clergyman of New York City. He wrote extensively on theological subjects, as well as verse, and biographies of Hawthorne, Whittier, Thoreau, Lamb, and Burns. He had a long correspondence with Jewett, and came annually for a stay at Annie Fields' Gambrel Cottage. He was popular author of sermon collections, including Nature and Life (1867) and The Life That Now Is (1871). He also wrote biographies of popular ministers of the period. Cary says: Collyer spoke familiarly of dropping in at "148" in his letters to Jewett: occasionally called her "Lassie" in salutation; once signed himself "Brother or Father or Grandpa Collyer." Wikipedia
Katherine/Catherine Scollay Parkman Coolidge (1858 - 12 February 1900) was the daughter of Francis Parkman and author of a volume of poems, Voices (1899), and, posthumously, of selections from her diaries and letters -- Selections (1901).
Richard Henry Dana III (1851 - 1931), "was an American lawyer and civil service reformer.... the son of Richard Henry Dana, Jr.; he married in 1878, Edith Longfellow (1853–1915), a daughter of poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. They had four children, two of which were Richard Henry Dana IV [Dicky, 1879-1933] and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Dana [Harry, 1881-1950]." Wikipedia and Find a Grave.
Anna Dawes (1851 - 1938), of Pittsfield, Massachusetts and Washington, D.C., was the author of: How We are Governed (1885), The Modern Jew: His Present and his Future (1886), A United States Prison (1886), An Unknown Nation (1888), Charles Sumner (1892), The Indian as Citizen (1917), and other works. According to Who's Who in New England, Dawes worked as a journalist. She was a trustee of Smith College and a vice-president of the Massachusetts State Suffrage Society. She also served on boards of managers for the Chicago Columbian Exposition of 1892-4 and the St. Louis Exposition of 1902-4.
She was the daughter of Henry Laurens Dawes (October 30, 1816 - February 5, 1903), who was a Republican United States Senator and United States Representative from Massachusetts, notable for the Dawes Act of 1888, "which authorized the President of the United States to survey Indian tribal land and divide the area into allotments for the individual Indian" (Wikipedia).
Fred Holland Day (1864 - 1933), wealthy, eccentric bachelor of Norwood, Massachusetts, and Five Islands, Maine, founded the publishing firm of Copeland & Day in 1893. (Cary and Wikipedia)
Dr. Ella L. Dexter (1857-1910) was the "first woman ophthalmologist at New England Hospital for Women and Children and first to become a member of the New England Ophthamologists' Society in 1889." Paula Blanchard says that Jewett received eye treatments from Dr. Dexter in the autumn of 1893. Find-a-Grave
Mary Mapes Dodge (1831 - 1905) was an American children's writer and editor, best known for her novel Hans Brinker (1865). Dodge was the first editor of St. Nicholas, a magazine for children founded in 1873. She remained associated with St. Nicholas until her death.
Julia Caroline Ripley Dorr (1825 - 1913) was an author. Born in Charleston, South Carolina, Dorr became motherless as an infant. Her father, William Young Ripley took her to Vermont at the age of 5, where she met and married Seneca M. Dorr in 1847. After his death, Dorr began writing, publishing her novels Farminadale (1854, later called The Mother's Rule) and Lanmere (1856). She also published Complete Poems (1892) and In King's Houses: A Romance of the Days of Queen Anne (1898). She died in Rutland, Vermont. (Stoddart, Wikipedia)David Douglas (1823-1916), was editor of The Journal of Sir Walter Scott (1890) and of Familiar Letters of Sir Walter Scott (1894). Douglas's publishing firm was noted for printing American authors in inexpensive editions, introducing writers such as Henry James and William Dean Howells to the British reading public. According to Wikipedia, his wife was Sarah Burns Millidge.
Alexander Wilson Drake (1843 - 1916), an American artist, collector and critic. Beginning in 1870, he was superintendent of art for two major magazines, St Nicholas, which specialized in children's literature, and Scribner's Magazine, which later became Century Magazine.
Louisa (Loulie) Loring Dresel (27 June 1864 - 1958) was one of that great breed of literate, talented, austerely sophisticated women of genteel upbringing that proliferated around metropolitan Boston in the last decades of the last century. She was an artist and a photographer. Her father Otto (1826-25 July 1890), born in Geisenheim on the Rhine, became noted around Boston as a pianist-composer of exceptional intelligence and extensive repertoire, an earnest docent to younger artists, and a shunner of publicity. He set to music Holmes's "Army Hymn," Longfellow's "In Memoriam," and songs from Milton's Comus. Miss Dresel's mother was Anna Loring (1830-23 March 1896), daughter of Ellis Gray Loring, eminent Boston lawyer and abolitionist, friend of Emerson, Whittier, and Harriet Martineau. Mrs. Dresel served as vice-president of the Sanitary Commission of Boston during the Civil War, and president of Vincent Hospital. Lydia Maria Child dedicated Fact and Fiction to her, "the child of my heart." The Dresels were married in 1863. Louisa was their first child. Her brother Ellis, (1865-1925), ... made his mark in the law and international diplomacy. (Cary)
Catherine (Katy) Drinan (b. c1857) was an Irish-born employee of the Jewett family for an as yet unknown number of years. Letters before 1899 that refer to Katy as a member of the Jewett household, probably refer to her. Little is yet known about her. She probably was the daughter of George (b. 1818) and Honora Drinan (b. 1821) from Cork, Ireland. They were married in about 1840 and had four children. One of Catherine's siblings probably was George Drinan, who was born in Cork in 1854. Another was Ellen Drinan. Catherine appears in the 1860 census in York County, ME. It is difficult to be certain about any of this information, which was gleaned from a number of genealogy websites. See also "Trades Hike: Servant: Hannah Driscoll" by the Marshwood School District and the Old Berwick Historical Society.
Hannah Driscoll (c1846- after 1887) was a Jewett neighbor and helper who, according to Paula Blanchard in Sarah Orne Jewett, took care of Uncle William Durham Jewett. See "Trades Hike: Servant: Hannah Driscoll" by the Marshwood School District and the Old Berwick Historical Society.
Henry Drummond (1851 - 1897) was a "Scottish evangelist, biologist, writer and lecturer." In 1893 he "delivered the Lowell Lectures at Boston. It had been his intention to reserve them for mature revision, but an attempted piracy compelled him to hasten their publication, and they appeared in 1894 under the title of The Ascent of Man. Their object was to vindicate for altruism, or the disinterested care and compassion of animals for each other, an important part in effecting the survival of the fittest...." Wikipedia
Alice Morse Earle (April 27, 1851 – February 16, 1911) "was an American historian and author from Worcester, Massachusetts. ... Her writings, beginning in 1890, focused on small sociological details rather than grand details, and thus are invaluable for modern social historians." Her books include: The Sabbath in Puritan New England (1891), Colonial Dames and Goodwives (1895), Old Time Gardens (1901), and Sun Dials and Roses of Yesterday (1902). Wikipedia
Her parents were Edwin Morse (1815 - 1891) and Abigail Mason Clary Morse ( ? -1881). She was the sister of Frances Clary Morse (? -1933) and the half-sister of Edwin A. Morse ( - ). On 15 April 1874, she married Henry Earle (1843-1906); a broker from New York City.
They had four children: Alice Clary Earle (1876-1943), who married Dr. Clarence Reginald Hyde; Mary Pitman Earle (1878- ), who married D. Thomas Moore; Henry Earle (1880-1892); and Alexander Morse Earle (1881 - ). American Antiquarian Society
Caroline (Carrie) Augusta Jewett Eastman (13 December 1855 - 1 April 1897) was Sarah's younger sister. She married Edwin Calvin Eastman (11 April 1849 - 18 March 1892) on 21 October 1878. According to Ancestry.com, Edwin was born in East Kingston, Rockingham county NH, son of Calvin Eastman and Abby O. Smith,
Theodore (Stubby) Eastman (4 August 1879 - 9 March 1931) was the son of Caroline (Carrie) Jewett (1855-1897) and Edwin (Ned) Eastman (11 April 1849 - 18 March 1892). Also known as "Thidder," "Stubs" and "Stubby" in the letters, he graduated from Harvard University (A.B. 1901, M.D. 1905) and became a physician.
Emma Harding Claflin Ellis (1841 - 1909) was a daughter of Massachusetts Governor William Claflin, she married Charles Warren Ellis (1836- ) in 1862. Their daughters were Mary Agnes (1864- ) and Annie Claflin (1870- ), who married Frederic Hale Keyes in 1893.
Ellen Tucker Emerson (1839-1909) was the eldest surviving child of the American author, Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) and Lidian Jackson Emerson (1802-1892). She produced several books on her family, including her mother. After her death, her own letters were published, The Letters of Ellen Tucker Emerson (1982). In addition to aiding her father, she was active in the Concord, MA community as an organizer of social events, school committee member, and Sunday school teacher. Social Archive Encyclopedia of Transcendentalism
Sylvia Hathaway Watson Emerson (1833 - 1917), a painter, was a friend of Alice James, daughter of Robert Sedgwick Watson, and second wife of the architect William Ralph Emerson (1833 - 1897). Find a Grave Wikipedia
Dana Estes (1840 - 1909), of Gorham, Maine, published books and ran a retail bookstore in partnership with Charles E. Lauriat on Washington Street, opposite the Old South Meeting House in Boston. In 1898 Estes formed his own firm, D. Estes & Company. As secretary of the Boston chapter of the American Publishers' Copyright League he became an important advocate in the movement for international copyright. (Cary)
Sally Fairchild (1869-1960) was the daughter of Boston banker Charles Fairchild (1838-1910) and the artist and poet Elizabeth (Lily) Nelson Fairchild (1845-1924), who wrote under the name of C. A. Price. Mrs. Fairchild had an artistic salon in Boston, and through her Sally became acquainted with a number of writers and artists, notably John Singer Sargent, who painted several portraits of her, being especially attracted to her red hair. Remaining unmarried, Sally Fairchild resided with her younger brother, Gordon (1882-after 1930), a stock and bond broker, including periods abroad in the Philippines and Japan.
Mary Lanman Douw Ferris (1855 - 1932), editor of the American Author, writer on historical and genealogical topics, particularly about old New York. (Cary) She married Morris Paterson Ferris.
Elizabeth C. Field (1891 - 1980), sister of Rachel Field (1894-1942), the author of Time Out of Mind, All This, and Heaven Too, and other novels, as well as stories and plays for children. (Cary)
Annie Adams Fields (June 6, 1834 - January 5, 1915), American poet, essayist, biographer, social worker. "Born in Boston, Massachusetts, she was the second wife of the publisher and author James Thomas Fields, whom she married in 1854, and with whom she encouraged up and coming writers such as Sarah Orne Jewett, Mary Freeman, and Emma Lazarus. She was equally at home with great and established figures including Ralph Waldo Emerson and Harriet Beecher Stowe, whose biography she fearlessly compiled. She was a philanthropist and social reformer; in particular, she founded the Holly Tree Inns, coffeehouses serving inexpensive and nutritious meals, and the Lincoln Street Home, a safe and inexpensive residence for unmarried working women." After her husband's death in 1881 Fields devoted herself to a circle of many artistic friends, including especially Jewett, to social work with the Associated Charities of Boston, and to writing. Wikipedia
Her parents were Zabdiel Boylston Adams (1793-1855) and Sarah May Holland (1800-1877). Her siblings were the author and translator Sarah Holland Adams (1823-1916), the painter Elizabeth (Lissie) Adams (1825-1898), Dr. Zabdiel Boylston Adams, Jr. (1829-1902), who married Frances Kidder (1835-1910), and Louisa Jane (1836-1920), who became the second wife of James Henry Beal (1823 - 24 June 1904).
Zabdiel Boylston Adams, III (1875-1940) became a surgeon and married Helen F. Adams.
Back Bay Houses reports that two of James Henry Beal's daughters from his first marriage, Ida Gertrude and Judith Drew, remained unmarried, and, after their father's death, they lived for several years with their stepmother, Louisa Adams Beal.
Nicknames in the Jewett letters
In a letter from Venice to John Greenleaf Whittier of 9 September 1882, Jewett writes "T. L. stands for a very good name I gave Mrs. A. F. long ago, and which I mean to tell you when I get home, it being a great secret." As of this writing, the secret has not yet been discovered. It seems likely that the name relates in some way to "P.L." or Pinny Lawson, the name Jewett announces also in 1882 that Fields gives to Jewett during this European tour. Jewett uses two other nicknames for Fields in her letters. The less frequent is "Mouse." The more frequent is "Fuff," and a group of variations, including Fuffs, Fuffy and Fuffatee.
Andress Small Floyd (1873 - 1933) of Saco, Maine, had planned to become a lawyer but at this time began to think of authorship as a career and wrote to Miss Jewett during a long convalescence. Eventually he migrated from his home state and produced My Monks of Vagabondia (Union, New Jersey, 1913), a volume of "fact-stories" collected from the files of the Self Master magazine. (Cary)
Edward Augustus Freeman (1823 - 1892) "was an English historian, architectural artist, [and] liberal politician during the late-19th-century ...." Wikipedia
Cynthia Elvira Irwin Furber (1836-1912) was the daughter of Frances Pamelia Smith (1809-1880) and Alexander J. Irwin, lawyer, postmaster and pioneer settler in Green Bay, WI, and the wife of Henry Jewett Furber, Sr. (1840-1916), a third cousin of Sarah Orne Jewett. The Furbers had three sons: William Ebert (1863-after 1918), Henry Jewett, Jr. (1865-1956) and Frank Irwin (1868-). Henry, Jr. achieved fame as an economist and inventor, credited with contributing to the development of sonar.
Katy/Kate (Katherine) Galvin, was a Jewett family employee. It is believed she was born in Ireland in about 1882 and emigrated to York County, Maine from Ireland in about 1899. More information is welcome.
Isabella Stewart Gardner (1840 - 1924) was "a leading American art collector, philanthropist, and patron of the arts." She and her husband, John (Jack) Lowell Gardner II, founded the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston. Wikipedia
Hannibal Hamlin Garland (1860 - 1940) was an American author of fiction, poetry and essays. He is best remembered for his realistic fiction about the hardships of Midwestern farm life after the Civil War, such as Main-Travelled Roads (1891).
Mary Elizabeth Garrett (1854 - 1915), an early patron of Bryn Mawr College and the Johns Hopkins Medical School, often invited Jewett to her summer cottage at Dark Harbor, Maine. Jewett's Betty Leicester's English Xmas was privately printed for The Bryn Mawr School (of which Miss Garrett was a founder), and was dedicated "To M. E. G." (Cary and Wikipedia)
Francis Jackson Garrison (1848 - 1916), son of the abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison, served as "confidential clerk" to Henry Oscar Houghton (April 30, 1823 - August 25, 1895) and, after his death in 1895, continued in the same capacity to George Harris Mifflin (1845 - 1921). Garrison's main responsibility was the import-export business, but he also set rates to be paid authors and supervised manufacturing orders. He became secretary of the firm when it was incorporated in 1908. He married Theresa Holmes in 1893, and they had two children: Wendell and Jenney. (Cary)
Richard Watson Gilder (1844-1909) was an American poet and editor of Scribner's Monthly. He married Helena de Kay (1846–1916), a painter and a founder of the Art Students League and Society of American Artists. Wikipedia
Mrs. Alice Dunlap Gilman (1827 - 1905), the mother of the Brunswick Gilman family, was related to Miss Jewett through the marriage of Sarah's grandfather Dr. William Perry to Abigail Gilman (10 December 1789 - 11 February 1860). Alice Gilman counted a college president, one of George Washington's generals, and a governor of Maine in her lineage. (Cary)
Their children were:
David Dunlap Gilman (1854 - 1914)
Elizabeth J. Gilman (1856 - 1939)
Charles A. Gilman (1859 - 1938)
Mary G. Gilman (1865 - 1940)
Charles Ashburton Gilman (1859 - 1938), son of Charles Jervis and Alice Dunlap Gilman, was a cousin of Miss Jewett who lived in Brunswick, Maine. A gregarious, happy-go-lucky youth, he sought no profession, dabbling lightly in local politics, and remained a community favorite to his last days. (Cary)
Charles Jervis Gilman (February 26, 1824 – February 5, 1901), father of the Brunswick Gilman family, was a successful lawyer and U.S. Congressman but preferred the role of squire, raising prime crops, cattle, and poultry. He devoted himself to several business enterprises that gradually eroded his own and his wife's wealth. (Cary; see also Wikipedia)
Elizabeth (Liddy) Jervis Gilman (1856 - 1939), daughter of Charles and Alice Gilman of Brunswick, Maine, was a gentlewoman and meticulous housekeeper. After the death of her parents, she took over the management of the Gilman menage and provided a more than adequate home for her sister and two brothers. (Cary)
Mrs. Helen Williams Gilman (1817 - 1905). Sarah Orne Jewett's admired and beloved great aunt. Cary says she was the "daughter of the noted Maine lawyer and U.S. Senator, Reuel Williams, was esteemed for her philanthropies, civic activity, and personal congeniality." Her husband was John Taylor Gilman, M.D. (May 9, 1806 - January 16, 1884), who was born in Exeter, NH. Dr. Gilman studied medicine with Jewett's grandfather, Dr. William Perry in Exeter, before obtaining his medical degree from Bowdoin College, her father's alma mater. Following post-graduate study, he practiced medicine and surgery in Portland, ME, where he became one of the founders of Maine General Hospital. He married Helen Augusta Williams in 1837. They had one daughter, Helen W. Gilman (b. 1839), who married Dr. John T. G. Nichols of Cambridge, MA. They adopted a second daughter, who was orphaned after the death Mrs. Gilman's sister. The name of this Jewett cousin has not yet been discovered, but Jewett often speaks of a cousin "Fanny Gilman" as being close to her Aunt Helen Gilman.
George Ichabod Goodwin (April 12, 1825 in South Berwick, Maine - September 9, 1907 in Newton, Massachusetts) was the son of Dr. James Scamman Goodwin and Hannah Goodwin. He married Harriet Judith Goodwin, and they had four children: George Evans Goodwin; Annie Weston Goodwin; Charles Goodwin and Carrie Center Goodwin. His siblings include: James S Goodwin; James, Dominicus Goodwin; William Augustus Goodwin; Mary Elizabeth Goodwin; and Eliza Hannah Brewer. Geni
Sophia Elizabeth Hayes Goodwin (8 September 1824 - 25 March 1905). Her husband was Ichabod Goodwin (1819-1869). Her son, William Allen Hayes Goodwin (1853-1930) married Minnie Lord Weeks, and their daughter Elizabeth Hayes Goodwin (1895/7 - 1992) was for many years "hostess" at the 18th-century Jewett house after it became a museum.
Olive Grant (d. January 1901) was the South Berwick dressmaker for much of the Jewett girls' lives. Blanchard, (Sarah Orne Jewett, 1994), p. 38, adds that "Olly" Grant supported herself and her illegitimate daughter by her needle and that she was a treasured source of community gossip.
Elder Henry Green (1844-1931) joined the Shaker colony at Alfred, Maine, in 1858, and later became its spiritual and business leader. He was a man of jovial temperament, an intense reader, and an exquisite artisan in wood. (Cary)
Louise Imogen Guiney (1861 - 1920) "was an American poet, essayist and editor, born in Roxbury, Massachusetts. The daughter of Gen. Patrick R. Guiney, an Irish-born American Civil War officer and lawyer, and Jeannette Margaret Doyle, she was educated at a convent school in Providence, Rhode Island, from which she graduated in 1879. Over the next 20 years, she worked at various jobs, including serving as a postmistress and working as a cataloger at the Boston Public Library.
"In 1901, Guiney moved to Oxford, England, to focus on her poetry and essay writing. She soon began to suffer from ill health and was no longer able to write poetry and instead concentrated on critical and biographical studies of English Catholic poets and writers." Wikipedia
Georgina Halliburton (1849-1910), a lifelong friend of Miss Jewett from Portsmouth, New Hampshire, was the daughter of Helen Sarah Bell (Mrs. George Wallis) Haven (1822 - 1846) by her first husband, James Pierrepont Halliburton. With Mr. Haven, Helen became the mother of another close Jewett friend, Edith Bell Haven (Mrs. Charles Cogwell) Doe. According to her "Find-a-Grave" page, "Edith belonged to a reading group that included Georgina Halliburton, Celia Thaxter, Mary and Sarah Orne Jewett."
Charles Sumner Hamlin (1861 - 1938), an American lawyer, first Chairman of the Federal Reserve (1914 - 1916).
Silvanus Hayward (1828 - 1908) was a Congregational clergyman and historian of the town of Gilsum, NH. He served in South Berwick 1866-1873. The Granite Monthly 40 (1908), p. 323. And for an extended biographical sketch: The Native Ministry of New Hampshire, 1906, pp. 276-7, which indicates that he also wrote poems. His first wife was Harriet Elvira Eaton (6 April 1829 - March 2, 1890). Their daughter, Bell (1856 - 1913), was their first child. See also Find-a-Grave.
Lucy Anna Keays Hayward (1839 - 1917) was a poet, and the second wife of Silvanus Hayward (married 17 December 1891). She published Verses (1902). (Stoddart) See also Find-a-Grave.
Ida Agassiz Higginson (1837 - 1935) was the daughter of Jean Louis Agassiz, the naturalist. Primarily interested in education and music, she was associated with her stepmother, Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz (December 5, 1822 – June 27, 1907), in the establishment and development of Radcliffe College (see Letter 103, note 2), and with her husband, Henry Lee Higginson, founder-patron of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Miss Jewett enjoyed the hospitality of the Higginsons at their summer home, Sunset Hill, in West Manchester, Massachusetts, and often sailed with them off Cape Ann. (Cary)
Thomas Wentworth Higginson (1823 - 1911) was an American Unitarian minister, author, editor, abolitionist, and women's rights advocate. A supporter of John Brown, he served in the Civil War, becoming colonel to the first authorized black regiment. He may be best remembered for his correspondence with the major American poet, Emily Dickinson, and for his role in publishing her work. Wikipedia.
Reuben H. Hilton: This recipient of a 1903 letter has not yet been identified.
Mrs. Sara Ormsby Burgwin Holland (1859 - 1940) was married to Arthur Holland of Concord, Massachusetts, son of Frederick West and Harriet Newcomb Holland. Annie Fields's mother was Sarah May Holland. (Cary)
Louis Arthur Holman (1866 - 1939), author, publisher, illustrator, and authority on Keats, was art editor of the New England Magazine from 1890 to 1896 and assistant art editor of Youth's Companion from 1896 to 1914. He wrote a series of monographs on Dürer, Rembrandt, and lesser artists, as well as volumes on The Graphic Processes, Old Maps and Their Makers, and Scenes from the Life of Benjamin Franklin. (Cary)
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. (August 29, 1809 - October 7, 1894), according to Wikipedia "was an American physician, poet, and polymath based in Boston. A member of the Fireside Poets, he was acclaimed by his peers as one of the best writers of the day. His most famous prose works are the "Breakfast-Table" series, which began with The Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table (1858). He was also an important medical reformer. In addition to his work as an author and poet, Holmes also served as a physician, professor, lecturer, and inventor, and although he never practiced it, he received formal training in law."
Hamilton B. Holt (1872 - 1951) was successively office editor and managing editor of the Independent from 1897 to 1913, and editor from 1914 to 1920. In 1925 he was elected president of Rollins College.(Cary and Wikipedia)Frederick Mercer Hopkins (1864 - 1948). Starting as a reporter for the New York World, Frederick Mercer Hopkins (1864-1948) later occupied editorial positions on such magazines as Review of Reviews, Munsey's, Current Literature, and Harper's. A bibliophile and collector of considerable reputation, he wrote a section on rare books for more than two decades in the Publishers' Weekly. (Cary)
Eben Norton Horsford (1818 - 1893) "was an American scientist who is best known for his reformulation of baking powder, his interest in Viking settlements in America, and the monuments he built to Leif Erikson." Wikipedia.
Jewett corresponded with him and with members of his family: John W. Willoughby, who has collected and transcribed part of this correspondence identifies the family members: first wife, Mary L'Hommedieu Gardiner (1924-1856), and four daughters: "Mary Leila ("Lilian," 1848-1928, who married the renowned biologist William G. Farlow in 1900), Mary Katherine ("Kate," 1850-1926, who did not marry), Gertrude Hubbard ("Trudie," 1852-1920, who married Andrew Fiske in 1878), and Mary Gardiner ("Mamie," 1855-1893, who married Benjamin Robbins Curtis, son of the Supreme Court Justice, in 1877)." With his second wife, Phoebe Dayton Gardiner (1826-1900), Professor Horsford had another daughter: "Cornelia Conway Felton (1861-1944), who did not marry." See also Find a Grave.
Henry Oscar Houghton (1823 - 1895) was an American publisher, co-founder of Houghton Mifflin, the publisher of nearly all of Jewett's books. He married Nancy (Nanna) Wyer Manning (1820-1891). Their son, Oscar, Jr., became a prominent Boston businessman. Their daughters were Elizabeth and Alberta. See Wikipedia and Find a Grave.
Houghton, Mifflin & Co. Of the twenty books Miss Jewett published during her lifetime, seventeen were produced by Houghton, Mifflin & Company or its antecedents, James R. Osgood & Company and Houghton, Osgood & Company.(Cary)
Alice Lloyd Greenwood (Mrs. George Dudley) Howe (1835 - 6 January 1924), a friend of long standing both at Boston and Manchester. Miss Jewett dedicated The Country of the Pointed Firs "To Alice Greenwood Howe." Mr. Howe (1829-1903) was a Boston merchant. Her parents were Rev. Francis William Pitt Greenwood and Maria Greenwood . Her siblings were: Francis William Greenwood; Charles Ridgely Greenwood; Mary Langdon Lodge, and Augustus Goodwin Greenwood. (Cary) According to Back Bay Houses, the Howes maintained a summer home, "The Cliffs, on Smith's Point in Manchester, built in 1878, the first residence designed by architect Arthur Little." After 1885, "The Cliffs" became their primary residence.
Mark Antony De Wolfe Howe (1864 - 1960) "was an American editor and author.... He served as associate editor of the Youth's Companion from 1888 to 1893 and again from 1899 to 1913, as assistant editor of the Atlantic Monthly in 1893-1895, and as editor of the Harvard Alumni Bulletin until 1913." He published Memories of a Hostess (1922), a selection from the diaries of Annie Fields.
"He married Fanny Huntington Quincy (1870–1933), also an essayist and author, who was a sister to Josiah Quincy (1859–1919) and the daughter of Helen Fanny Huntington (1831–1903) and Josiah Phillips Quincy, poet, writer, and publicist." His daughter, Helen Howe (1905-1975), monologuist and author, wrote The Gentle Americans (1965), in which she included memories of Jewett. Wikipedia
Julia Ward Howe (1819 - 1910) was an American abolitionist, social activist and poet, best remembered, perhaps, for "The Battle Hymn of the Republic."
Sarah (Sadie) Jane McHenry Howell (1852 - 1927) of Philadelphia, PA, was one of several distant Jewett cousins. She married William Howell (1849 - 1916). Her parents were Roxalene Orne (1818-1887) and Alexander R. McHenry (1814-1874).
Tracing Jewett genealogy is quite complicated, but it seems clear that the Jewett sisters were connected with these McHenrys through their grandmother, Sarah Orne. It appears that the Odiorne Bible (pp. 16-17) was passed to Sarah Orne, daughter of Sarah Moore Orne, upon her death in 1875, then to her daughter, Roxalene Orne. Find-a-Grave
William Dean Howells (1837-1920) a prolific American novelist, editor, literary critic and playwright. He befriended Jewett at the beginning of her career and, while working as editor at Atlantic Monthly, nurtured and encouraged her. He married Elinor Mead, sister of the sculptor Larkin G. Mead and the architect William R. Mead. Their children were the architect John Mead Howells, and Mildred (Pilla), who remained with the family for the rest of Howells's life. In 1902, Howells bought a summer home in Kittery Point, ME, where he spent summers until Elinor's death in 1910. Wikipedia.
Maggie Baker -- Margaretta Baker Hunt (1845-1930) -- was a "benefactor of the arts and community activist" in Covington, KY. Her parents were John W. Baker and Henrietta Adams. Her father owned a lamp and candle store in Cincinnati, OH. She married Dr. William Hunt of Covington on 30 April 1872. Kenton County Public Library.
Miss A. O. Huntington. While this is not certain, this is likely to be Annie Oakes Huntington (1875-1940). She was born in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, the second child of Elijah Hunt Mills Huntington (1836-1891) and Elizabeth Quincy Huntington. She is related to Fanny Howe, wife of Mark Howe. When she was ten, her family lived in Hong Kong for four years. She published two books on botany, Studies of Trees in Winter and Poison Ivy and Swamp Sumac. Later in life, she lived on a farm in Harrison, Maine, with her life-long companion, Jeanette Payson. She also published in magazines, e.g., "The Pine Trees of New England" in The New England Magazine 27 (1903) 177-85. A book of her letters, with a biographical introduction by Nancy Byrd Turner, Testament of Happiness, was published in 1947 by her sister Elizabeth Quincy Huntington. Miss Huntington's letters indicate that she spent some time with Jewett in 1901.
Agnes Irwin (December 30, 1841 - December 5, 1914) "was an American educator, best known as the first dean of Radcliffe College from 1894 to 1909 and as the principal from 1869 to 1894 of the West Penn Square Seminary for Young Ladies in Philadelphia, later renamed, in her honor, the Agnes Irwin School." Wikipedia.
Henry James (1843 - 1916) was an American writer of fiction, prose and drama, who lived much of his adult life in England. One of the key figures of 19th-century literary realism, his works include The Portrait of a Lady (1881) and The Bostonians (1886), the latter drawing upon the social circle that included Jewett and Annie Fields. Wikipedia
Mr. Jamieson: This recipient of a 1904 letter has not yet been identified.
Annie Freeland Jewett (1841-1874). The daughter of a Brooklyn businessman, she married a cousin of Sarah Orne Jewett's father, Dr. Charles Cogswell Jewett (1831-1884), who served as a Union Army surgeon in the Civil War. After the war, he practiced in Brooklyn, NY. Their only known child was Freeland Jewett (1865-1937). Through her family, she also was related to Mary Bucklin Davenport Claflin.
Mary Rice Jewett (18 June 1847 - 28 September 1930) was Jewett's older sister. Often addressed as "O.P." A letter of Spring 1888 addresses Mary as "Peg," suggesting that O.P. may stand for "Old Peg."
Sarah Orne Jewett (3 September 1849 - 24 June 1909) published fiction, essays and poetry. She is best remembered for her short novel, The Country of the Pointed Firs (1896) and her story, "The White Heron."
Nicknames in the Jewett letters
Jewett went by a number of nicknames among her family and friends. In her family, she is sometimes referred to as "the Queen of Sheba or Sheby," and she refers to herself and sometimes signs her letters home as "the Queen." She signs some of her letters home with variations on her preferred first name, such as Seddie and Seddy. In some letters, her sister Carrie addresses her as "Pfby," the meaning of which remains unknown.
With Annie Fields, she often refers to herself as Pinny Lawson. In a 3 September (her birthday) letter to Mary Rice Jewett, she explains: "I must tell you that Mrs. Fields has taken to calling me Pinny Lawson now because I must be a child of Sam’s. You know Mrs. Stowe’s Sam Lawson!" Jewett indicates that the name derives from Sam Lawson, a rural raconteur in two works of fiction by the American author, Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896): Oldtown Folks (1869) and Oldtown Fireside Stories (1872). Two other nicknames are used by other friends; she was "Owl" or "Owlet" to Celia Thaxter and "Sadie Martinot" to Thomas Bailey and Lilian Aldrich.
Theodore Herman Jewett (Portsmouth, N. H., March 24, 1815 - September 20, 1878). He married in Exeter, N. H., March 17, 1842, Caroline Frances Perry (11 December 1820 - 21 October 1891), daughter of Dr. William and Abigail (Gilman) Perry. Dr. Jewett graduated from Bowdoin College in 1834 and from the Jefferson Medical College in 1840; he followed his profession for many years in South Berwick, Me.; also held the position of Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of Woman and Children in the Medical Department of Bowdoin, and was consulting surgeon to the Maine General Hospital. From 1861 to 1865 he was Surgeon of the First Maine District; was for several years president of the Maine Medical Society, and his contributions to the medical literature of his time were numerous and notable. Dr. Jewett was also a member of the Maine Historical Society. Jewett Genealogy
William Durham Jewett (4 April 1813 - 4 August 1887) was SOJ's "Uncle William," who occupied the Jewett house in South Berwick until his death, when Jewett and her sister Mary moved into the main house, leaving the Eastman house next door for sister Carrie, Edwin, and Theodore Eastman.
Katharine McMahon Johnson (c. 1856 - 1924) was the wife of the Century editor, noted for her charm and simplicity as hostess to the circle of writers, artists, and political figures that thronged their home, the Brown House, on Lexington Avenue in New York City. (Cary)
Robert Underwood Johnson (1853 - 1937) joined the staff of Century Magazine in 1873 as an editorial assistant, became associate editor in 1881, and editor from 1909 to 1913. He served as United States ambassador to Italy in 1920-1921. The Johnsons kept a summer home at York Harbor, Maine, and exchanged visits with Miss Jewett at South Berwick. (Cary and Wikipedia)
Alfred Ernest Keet served as assistant editor to Walter Hines Page on the Forum, and as editor from 1895 to 1897. An active free-lance writer after this period, Keet produced poetry, articles on labor and politics, and appreciations of Stephen Crane.
Caroline Howard King (1822 - 1909), born in Salem, MA, she lived there until 1866, then for thirty years in Boston with her brother John Gallison King (1820-1888) and his wife, Sarah (Sally) L. Buttman (1826-1904), and her sister, Susan Gilman King (1828-1906). Then she returned for the rest of her life to Salem. She is the author of When I lived in Salem, 1822-1866, (1937) with a preface by Louisa L. Dresel. King's sister, Louisa, married Ellis Gray Loring and eventually became Louisa Dresel's grandmother. See also: A World Turned Upside Down (1996), pp. 832-3.
Rudyard Kipling (1865 - 1936) was an English, Nobel Prize winning (1907) journalist, poet and fiction writer, remembered especially for The Jungle Book (1894), Captains Courageous (1897), and Kim (1900-1). Wikipedia
Julia Stowell Laighton (16 February 1859 - 24 June 1926) was an innkeeper; wife of Cedric Laighton (1840-1899) and sister-in-law to Celia Thaxter, With her husband and his brother Oscar, she owned and operated Appledore House, a resort in the Isles of Shoals. The couple's three daughters were Ruth, Margaret and Barbara. (Stoddart)
Rose Lamb (1843 - 1927) was a Boston neighbor of Mrs. Fields and a member of her group, particularly active in philanthropic work. A pupil of William Morris Hunt, she attained some renown as a water colorist. She spent numerous summers at the Isles of Shoals and traveled extensively in Europe. (Cary)
Anna Harriette Leonowens (1834 - 1914) was the author of The English governess at the Siamese court: being recollections of six years in the royal palace at Bangkok (1870), which provided the source materials for Anna and the King of Siam (1944) by Margaret Landon, which eventually became the musical, The King and I (1951) by Oscar Hammerstein and Richard Rogers. She also wrote The Romance of the Harem (1873) and Life & Travel in India, being recollections of a journey before the days of railroads (1884). Wikipedia
George Lothrop Lewis (1839-1910) was long pastor of the First Parish Church in South Berwick, ME. He succeeded Sylvanus Hayward as pastor in 1876, and he read the sermon at Jewett's funeral in 1909. He was the "third child and eldest son of Lothrop and Mary (Jones) Lewis, was born in Bridgton, ME ....From the North Bridgton Academy he entered Bowdoin College, receiving his bachelor's degree and later, entering the Bangor Theological Seminary, was graduated in 1865. He was ordained a Congregational minister the same year and installed pastor of a church in Bedford, Massachusetts, but owing to impaired health was later obliged to suspend his labors and seek a warmer climate. After spending some time in Florida with beneficial results he resumed pastoral work in Jersey City, remaining there three years, and from 1874 to the present time he has been located in South Berwick. Bowdoin College conferred upon him the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity in 1904. In politics he is a Republican.... George married Katharine Bigelow Lawrence McLellan 28 Nov 1865. George and Katharine had 3 children: Hugh (1868-1939), Philip (1870-1926) and George (1878-1933)." Lewis was buried in Gorham. Find a Grave and Obituary Record of the Graduates of Bowdoin College and the Medical School of Maine (1910), pp. 30-1. Dr. Lewis's A sermon preached to the class of 1893, Berwick Academy, June 25, 1893 was published by Riverside Press in 1893.
Ella Maria Walworth (Mrs. George Britton) Little (7 February 1849 - ) One of Jewett's closest friends in her early years, Ella Walworth married George Britton Little (14 August 1847 - ) on 3 November 1875. Their children were Theodore Walworth and Harry Britton.
Her parents were Boston inventor and manufacturer, Caleb Clark Walworth (1815 - 1894) and his first wife, Mary A. Easterman ( 1821 - 1886). Her surviving siblings were Stella Louise (1855 - 1914), who married Wallace Lincoln Pierce (1853 - 1920) in June 1876 and Alice Drummond (1857- ), who married George Putnam May (1846 - 1889) in 1879.
See also The Walworths of America (1897), p. 87.
Mary Langdon Greenwood (Mrs. James) Lodge (1829 - 21 December 1889). Richard Cary says Mrs. James Lodge "was fulsomely eulogized by the Boston Evening Transcript on January 3, 1890 as 'the Queen Vashti of Persia, as she was, too, Priscilla of the Puritans.' She was in fact a woman of considerable presence, wit and learning, who compiled A Week Away from Time (Boston, 1887), new stories, translations, and verses, to which Mrs. Fields and Owen Wister contributed. She had a keen sympathy for the poor and outcast, active with Fields in founding and operating the Associated Charities of Boston. Jewett nicknamed her "Marigold" and dedicated Betty Leicester "With love to M. G. L., one of the first of Betty's friends." She was the daughter of Rev. Francis William Pitt Greenwood and Maria Greenwood and sister of Alice Greenwood Howe, to whom The Country of the Pointed Firs is dedicated.
Mary Olivia Gilman Long (March 9, 1810 - October 14, 1904) was one of Jewett's beloved aunts. Of Aunt Mary Long, Richard Cary says: "Of this person, John Frost writes (in Sarah Orne Jewett, p. 35): 'Sarah Orne Jewett once said that she grew up with her grand-aunts and grand-uncles as playmates. Mary Olivia Gilman Long — Aunt Mary Long -- was the grande dame of the family. She was the recent widow of a naval commodore, and was childless. She knew all of the family history, and had made her share of it.'"
"Find a Grave" publishes this sketch from the Portsmouth Herald of March 10, 1903
Mrs. Mary O. Long, today observed her ninety-third birthday. She passed the day happily in the house where she was born, now the residence of Mrs. Charles H. Bell, her sister in-law. Mrs. long is a fine type of the gentle-women, and enters upon her ninety-fourth year in remarkable health and spirits. She drives out daily.Note that this clipping is in error about the relationship between Mrs. Charles H. Bell and Mary Long. According to "Find a Grave," the first wife of Charles H. Bell (1823 - 1893), a New Hampshire politician, was Mary Long's niece, Sarah Almira Gilman Bell (1827 - 1850), daughter of her older brother, Nicholas Gilman (1799 - 1840). After her death, C. H. Bell married Mary E. Gray Bell (1826 - 1904). Aunt Mary Long almost certainly was staying with this woman, who was related to her only by marriage, in March of 1903.
She is the daughter of Nathaniel and Dorothy (Folsom) Gilman. On June 1, 1829, she was married to the late John C. Long, a commodore in the United States navy, who began his career as a midshipman on the Constitution in its engagement with the Java. Mrs. Long can doubtless claim the distinction of being the sole survivor of an officer who served on "Old Ironsides" during the War of 1812.
Commodore Long saw much other naval service. He commanded the Mississippi, which brought Kossuth to this country, and his firm stand in preventing the Hungarian leader from compromising out government by revolutionary harangues at Marseille was warmly commended by his superiors.
He circumnavigated the globe in 1840-43 in command of the sloop of war Boston and closed his active career as commander of the Pacific squadron. He died childless, at North Conway, Sept 2, 1865.
Mrs. Long's home is filled with art treasures and curios collected by her husband in every quarter of the globe.
Alice Mary Longfellow (September 22, 1850 - December 7, 1928) "was a philanthropist, preservationist, and the eldest surviving daughter of the American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807- 24 March 1882). She is best known as "grave Alice" from her father's poem "The Children's Hour." According to Wikipedia, in the 1920s, Longfellow met the Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini (1883-1945), and became attracted to Fascism.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807 - March 24, 1882) was, during Jewett's lifetime, widely considered one of the two or three most important living American poets. He became Professor of Modern Languages at Harvard University in 1836. Poems such as "Paul Revere's Ride," "The Song of Hiawatha" and "The Village Blacksmith" became staples of American culture. Wikipedia.
Katharine/Katherine Peabody Loring (1849 - 1943). older sister of another close Jewett friend, Louisa Putnam Loring. Both women were prominent members of Beverly [Massachusetts] society. Their parents were a prominent Boston lawyer, Caleb William Loring (1819 - 1897), and Elizabeth Smith Peabody (1822-1869). Their aunt, Jane Lathrop (Loring) Gray (1821 - 1909), "was married to the Harvard University botanist Asa Gray (1810-1888)."
Jewett and Fields became acquainted the sisters and their father in the spring of 1888, when they were traveling in Florida and South Carolina.
"Katharine served as the President of the Beverly Historical Society for twenty-three years (1918 - 1941), and helped to shape the organization as it exists today." Beverly Historical Society and Museum
Katharine was also "a founder of and for twenty years a teacher in the Society to Encourage Studies at Home. A trustee of the Beverly Public Library, Red Cross worker, and officer in the Woman's Education Association and in the Massachusetts Library Club, she was also a close friend of Alice James (1848-1892), sister of Henry James and William James. She wrote The Earliest Summer Residents of the North Shore and Their Houses (1932) and assisted in the preparation of Loring Genealogy (1917)." Papers of the Loring Family.
Katharine Loring probably is best known as the domestic partner of Alice James (1873-92), sister of Henry and William James. Henry James, according to Leon Edel, loosely based his characters Olive Chancellor and Verena Tarrant (The Bostonians, 1885-6) upon Katharine and his sister (Henry James: A Life, pp. 308-314; see also Edel's introduction to The Diary of Alice James).
Louisa Putnam Loring (1854 - 1924) was a musician, and poet, as well as a social reformer. "The founder (and president) of the Aiken, South Carolina, Sanitarium, also called Aiken Cottages, and the Beverly Anti-Tuberculosis Society, she also held offices in the Beverly Hospital and the Essex County Chapter of the American Red Cross. She compiled The Hymns of the Ages (American Unitarian Association, 1906). After 1872 she lived at Pride's Crossing, Massachusetts, until her death on May 18, 1924." Papers of the Loring Family.
James Russell Lowell (1819 - 12 August 1891) was an American poet, critic, editor and diplomat, a close friend of James T. and Annie Adams Fields, who introduced him to Jewett. Wikipedia
Miss Lowell: Jewett wrote to a "Miss Lowell" in a letter dated 1896 or later. This person remains unknown, though it is possible the recipient was Georgina “Nina” Lowell (1836-1922), the daughter of Francis Cabot Lowell (1803-1874) and Mary Gardner Lowell, and the sister of Mary Lowell Coolidge.
Olivia Wentworth Cushing Mansfield (c. 1840 - ?) married Ezra Abbott Mansfield (1842 - ) a leather dealer in Hyde Park, MA (1880 census information). She may have been married previously to a Wentworth. Her parents were Eliza Clarkson Parker Hale(1804 - 1879) and Samuel Thomas Cushing (1801 - 1873), Information gathered from Ancestry.com and Geni.com. The Old Berwick Historical Society provides a history of her parents' families in an account of the John S. T. Cushing House in South Berwick.
Annie Russell Marble (August 10, 1864 - November 23, 1936) "was an American essayist, whose work dealt with early American historical figures, authors of the Transcendental movement, some of whom she knew personally, and commentary on literature in general." While Wikipedia dates her marriage in 1895, all contemporary sources, such as Woman's Who's Who of America (1914-1915), indicate that she married Charles Francis Marble of Worcester on 18 November, 1890. Marble was a partner in Curtis & Marble Machine Company, which produced machinery used in the textile industry. Jewett is listed among Marble's correspondents at the American Antiquarian Society. Marble wrote a review of the Annie Fields collection of Jewett's letters: "A True Daughter of New England." Dial 51:1 (November 1911), pp. 337-9.
John Marr (1823 - after 1903) of Rochester, NY, identifies himself as a descendant from the Thomas Hammett who served under John Paul Jones during the American Revolution. Ancestry.com traces this line Thomas Hammett to John Marr. Thomas Hammett was the father of Sarah (1732-1762). Sarah and Surplus Marr (1729-1816) were parents of Thomas Marr (1765-1829). Thomas was the father of Oliver (1792-1849), who was the father of John. Tracing John Marr to the Ichabod Lord who sailed with Jones on the Ranger is difficult, because the Lord family in Maine and New Hampshire is so extensive and because they repeat names within as well as across generations. Marr clearly is connected with the Lord family through his mother, Keziah Neal (1800-1879), whose mother was Shuah Lord (1761 - ?). John Marr of South Berwick married Miss Elizabeth E. Perry (1822-1861) of Keene, N.H. in January 1848.
Samuel Wesley Marvin (1845-1923) was an editor at Charles Scribner & Sons (1868-1918). Some sources give his birth year as 1846.Ellen Francis Mason (1846 - 1930), who lived on Beacon Hill in Boston and in Newport, RI. Partnering with her sister, Ida, she devoted much of her time to charitable enterprises and to sponsorship of the arts, particularly music. She was an author, civic leader, trustee, and philanthropist, remembered for her translations of Plato. (Cary and Wikipedia).
Elizabeth McCracken (1876 - 1964) was the author of The Women of America (1904), Love Stories of Some Eminent Women (1906), and The American Child (1913).
Jessie McDermott (b. 1857) began to appear as an illustrator of juvenile stories and poems in magazines around 1878 as JMcD. In 1891she married Charles Hosmer Walcott, Concord lawyer and historian of the town. After his death in 1901 she appended her marriage name to her professional signature. She most often embellished the children's tales and jingles of Margaret Johnson in St. Nicholas, and not infrequently provided drawings for her own verses. (Cary)
Helen Bigelow Merriman. Richard Cary says: "Helen Bigelow Merriman (1844-1933), [was an] artist and author of books and essays on painting and painters. She summered at Stonehurst, the Bigelow estate at Intervale, New Hampshire. En route between here and Boston she occasionally dropped in on the Jewetts without notice." She was the daughter of Erastus Bigelow, "the inventor of the power loom, which revolutionized weaving." She married the Rev. Daniel Merriman. Their son became the American historian Roger Bigelow Merriman (1876 -1945). She married the Congregational minister, Daniel Merriman (1838-1912) in 1874. Together, they founded the Worcester (MA) Art Museum.
Alice Meynell (1847- 1922). "Alice Christiana Gertrude Meynell (née Thompson) ... was an English writer, editor, critic, and suffragist, now remembered mainly as a poet." Mrs. Meynell visited the United States, meeting Jewett and Fields, in March 1902. Wikipedia
Silas Weir Mitchell. Mitchell (1829 - 1914) was an American physician and writer, remembered for his "rest cure" for nervous diseases. "His historical novels, Hugh Wynne, Free Quaker (1897), The Adventures of François (1898), The Youth of Washington (1904) and The Red City (1909), take high rank in this branch of fiction." His second wife was Mary Cadwalader (1835-1914). Their daughter was Marie Gouverneur Mitchell (1876-1898) Wikipedia, Find-a-Grave
Edwin W. Morse. The Book Buyer (1867 - 1918) was the monthly house organ of Scribner's, originally devoted to announcements of the firm's publications, later admitting notices of other publishers. Edwin Wilson Morse (1855-1924) succeeded Frank Nelson Doubleday as editor in 1887 and remained in that position until 1894. (Cary)
Frances (Fanny) Morse. Frances Rollins Morse (1850-1928) "was the daughter of Samuel Tapley and Harriet Jackson (Lee) Morse. She was very active in the field of social work. She helped establish Associated Charities of Boston and was associated with the School of Social Work at Simmons College." The Massachusetts Historical Society provides this biography of Mr. Morse:
Samuel Torrey Morse (1816-1890), third son of John A. H. Morse (1789-1817) and Frances Hicks Torrey (1792-1865) after John Torrey (1813-?) and Benjamin Eddy (1814-1894), was a commission merchant in Boston, Massachusetts. He was a partner in the shipping firm Gray and Morse with Frederic Gray, which operated from 1843 to 1862. He was also involved in the shipping firm Gorham and Gray, owned by Frederic Gray and William Gorham, which preceded Gray and Morse. Samuel T. Morse married Harriet Jackson (Lee) Morse (1826-1911), daughter of Henry and Mary Lee, in 1848, and they had three children: Frances Rollins (1850-1928), Henry Lee (1852-?), and Mary Lee (1855-?).
Johnson Morton (c. 1862-1922) was an author and editor, from the Harvard class of 1886. He served as editor of the Youth's Companion (1893-1907).
Louise Chandler Moulton (April 10, 1835 - August 10, 1908) was an American poet, fiction writer and critic. Wikipedia
Mrs. Annie Elizabeth Caldwell Mower (1848 - 1932), wife of the Reverend Irving B. Mower, was a close friend of the Jewett sisters during his pastorate in South Berwick. She wrote the introduction to the 1930 Colby College Press edition of Lady Ferry. (Cary)
Reverend Irving Bemis Mower (1856 - 1929), minister of the South Berwick Baptist Church from 1893 to 1903, was an honorary graduate and trustee of Colby College, and for many years Secretary of the United Baptist Convention. (Cary)
Lillian/Lilian May Munger (born c. 1856 - died after 1906) was the fifth of seven children of Charles Munger (1818-98) and Ann Celia (Anderson) (c. 1818 - 1885), who were married in 1841. Her father achieved some fame as a minister, a scholar of Biblical chronology, and author of The Chronology of Bible History and How to Remember (1876). Lillian and Jewett became acquainted during 1874-6, when Rev. Munger was serving in South Berwick, and, according to Marti Hohmann, kept up a correspondence at least until 1882. Lillian graduated from Farmington State Normal School on June 28, 1878. According to History of the State Normal School, Farmington, Maine (1889), by George C. Purington, she then taught for a year at Tileston Normal School in Wilmington, NC, three at Millbury, MA High School, and one at Farmington Normal until her illness and the death of her mother led to three years recovering. Purington adds: "For nearly two years has been a teacher in a Boston family. Took a two years course at Wellesley College, and has been especially interested in the history of Art during the Renaissance. Has written and delivered several parlor lectures on that subject, supplementing this work by a thorough study of the Louvre Gallery during the winter of 1887-8." Her address in 1889 is given as 86 Marlborough Street, Boston, MA (p. 110). The Journal of Education 21 (1884) reports positively on her lecture on Michael Angelo and notes that she is well-known to readers of the journal (p. 348). In 1905, she partnered briefly with Constance Williston to operate the Berkeley Street college preparatory school for girls in Cambridge. MA. In 1906, she published a school edition of Sir Walter Scott's Quentin Durward.
Mary E. Mulholland was born and grew up in Bay City, Michigan. Her mother, a native of Belfast, Maine, was an enthusiast of Miss Jewett's work and early brought it to her daughter's attention. Miss Mulholland became acquainted with Maine at the age of three, vacationed there often, later purchased a cottage at Ash Point and spent every summer there. (Cary)
N - O
Elizabeth (Lily) Gaskell Norton (1866-1958), daughter of Charles Eliot Norton (1827-1908).
Grace Norton (7 April 1834 - 5 May 1926) "was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the daughter of Andrew Norton and Catherine Eliot Norton, and the sister of American author and Harvard professor, Charles Eliot Norton (1827-1908). She was privately educated in Cambridge, and developed a great love for the literature of France, especially that of the French essayist, Montaigne. Norton became a Montaigne expert, translating, writing, and lecturing on his works, as well as those of other French authors. Many of her articles appeared in World Literature, Nation, and other publications." Harvard University Library.Sara Norton (1864 - 1922), oldest daughter of Harvard professor Charles Eliot Norton ((November 16, 1827 - October 21, 1908) and niece of James Russell Lowell. Her mother died after bearing her 6th child in 1872. Sara (also called Sally) became an accomplished cellist and one of Jewett's closest friends, visiting at her own home in Cambridge, as well as in South Berwick, and at the homes of Annie Fields. With M. A. De Wolfe Howe, she edited Letters of Charles Eliot Norton (Boston, 1913), 2 vols. Richard Cary notes "Miss Jewett often visited Norton and his daughters at Shady Hill, their Cambridge residence, as well as at Ashfield, their summer home in the Massachusetts Berkshire hills. Sara Norton's sisters were: Elizabeth (Lily) Gaskell (1866-1958) and Margaret (1870-1947). Her brother, Eliot Norton (1863-1932), married Margaret Palmer Meyer.
James Ripley Osgood (1836 - 1892), of Fryeburg, Maine, was first a clerk for Ticknor & Fields, then by several steps partner and owner of the publishing house -- James R. Osgood & Company -- which eventually became Houghton Mifflin Company. In 1885 Osgood went to England as agent of Harper & Brothers, but soon founded his own firm there. Active and enterprising, Osgood published nearly all the outstanding American and British authors of his time. He had a hand in the issuance of Miss Jewett's first three books. (Cary and Wikipedia)
Violet Paget (1856 - 1935), a writer of English parentage, lived most of her life in and around Florence, Italy. Under the pen name of Vernon Lee she turned out some thirty volumes of fiction, drama and essays on philosophy, esthetics, and the Italian Renaissance. A brilliant and sensitive personality, she cut a conspicuous figure with her short hair and tailored clothes. (Cary and Wikipedia)
Mary Frances Parker Parkman (1855 - 1942) was the daughter of Cortlandt Parker and Elizabeth Wolcott Stites of Essex, NJ. She married Henry Parkman (1850-1924) "a Boston lawyer, banker, and a Representative to the Mass. State Legislature in 1888." They had four children. Her daughter, Mary Parkman Peabody (1891-1981) became a prominent civil rights activist. Wikipedia
Theophilus Parsons (17 May, 1797 - 26 January 1882), who was Dane professor of law at Harvard from 1848 to 1870, is remembered chiefly as the author of a series of legal treatises, and some books in support of Swedenborgian doctrines. He was the son of Theophilus Parsons (1750-1813), who served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts (1806-1813). An abolitionist, the younger Parsons published an essay opposing slavery, Slavery: Its origin, influence, and destiny (1863). He also wrote a life of his father (Boston, 1859).Andrew Preston Peabody (1811 - 1893) was pastor of the South Parish Unitarian Church in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, for twenty-seven years, then professor of Christian Morals and twice acting president of Harvard. Editor and proprietor of the North American Review from 1853 to 1863, he contributed some 1600 pages of writing to it, besides publishing about 190 books and pamphlets on subjects ranging from travel and taxation to ethics, and translations of classic literature. (Cary) Wikipedia
Often mentioned in the letters between SOJ and Parsons are his wife, Catherine Chandler (1805-1886), and one of their four daughters, Mary Sabra Parsons (1842-1910) [1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 20] Wikipedia
Mrs. Edith Forbes Perkins (1843 - 1925), of Westwood, Massachusetts, and Burlington, Iowa. In September 1864, she married Charles Elliott Perkins (1840-1907), president of the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad. They had seven children, Robert Forbes (1865), Elsie Alice (1867- ), Edith Forbes (1873- ) , Margaret (1876-), Charles Elliot Jr. (1881-), Mary Russell (1883-1970), and Samuel George (1889-)." In 1931, daughter Edith Perkins Cunningham edited the Letters and Journals of Edith Forbes Perkins, 1908-1925, in four volumes. Mrs. Perkins, a niece of John M. Forbes, also corresponded with Annie Fields, Susan Burley Cabot, Helen Choate Bell, Rose Lamb, and Mary Jewett. See also Ward Family Genealogy (1910, p. 292) and Biographical Dictionary of Iowa.
Lucretia Morse Fisk Perry (1826-1896) of Exeter, New Hampshire, was the wife of Dr. William Gilman Perry (1823-1910), Miss Jewett's maternal uncle. Their daughter, Jewett's cousin, was Frances Fisk Perry (1861-1953), known as Fanny/Fannie. A chronic victim of asthma, which restricted her traveling and visiting, Aunty Lucretia compensated by writing lively, descriptive letters, and entertaining a steady stream of friends who sometimes called for the day and stayed for a week. "A wise and constant lover of good books," she conveyed her approval of Dickens, Browning, and a score of others to her eager young niece. Miss Jewett attributed much of her desire to improve intellectually to this aunt. (Cary)
Dr. William Gilman Perry (1823-1910), husband of Lucretia Morse Fisk Perry (1826-1896). His first wife was Augusta Maria Willard Rice (1819-1857). In addition to Jewett's mother, his siblings included: Abby Gilman (1824-1868) who married Francis Allen Fiske (1819-1887) -- their daughter was Abby --, Nathaniel Gilman (1826-1855), and John Taylor Gilman (1832-1901), who married Sarah Chandler (1833-1897).
Bliss Perry (1860 - 1954), essayist, professor of English literature successively at Princeton and Harvard universities, was editor of the Atlantic Monthly from 1899 to 1909. (Cary) Wikipedia
Lilla Cabot Perry (1848-1933) was a painter and author. Born in Boston, Perry studied painting in Paris at Julian's and Colarossi's studios in 1887. She exhibited her paintings for the first time at the Paris Salon in 1889. She won many awards, including a silver medal at the Massachusetts Mechanics' Association (1892), a bronze medal at the St. Louis Exhibition (1904) and a bronze medal at the Panama P. I. Exposition (1915). She also authored three collections of poetry. Heart of the Weed (1886), Garden of Hellas (1891) and Impressions, (1898). (Stoddart, Wikipedia)
Sarah Chandler Perry (1833 - 1897) was the wife of John T. Perry, Miss Jewett's maternal uncle in Cincinnati. Cary says: John Taylor Perry (1832-1901), "After twenty-five years as editor and part owner of the Cincinnati Gazette, ... returned to his birthplace, Exeter, New Hampshire, where he resided until his death." In 1898, he authored The First church in Exeter, New Hampshire. He was the author of a number of genealogical and historical documents. See the Granite Monthly 32 (1901), p. 61.
Dr. William Perry (December 20, 1788 - January 11, 1887). Miss Jewett's maternal grandfather from Exeter, New Hampshire, was universally acknowledged an original character. A farm boy, he struck out resolutely on his own and achieved his objective, a degree from the Harvard Medical School. At 80 he was still testing mettlesome horses by racing them pellmell along the beaches, and at 92 still performing surgery. A man of tart, intransigent tongue and liberal disposition, he abhorred indecision and constantly devised colorful admonitions to spur his relatives and patients to positive action. He saw talent in his granddaughter at an early date and urged her to give it "proper attention." Miss Jewett dedicated The Story of the Normans "To my dear grandfather, Doctor William Perry, of Exeter." (Cary)
Samuel Thomas Pickard (1828-1915) was a friend and biographer of John Greenleaf Whittier and close friend of Jewett and Fields. According to Richard Cary, Pickard was editor and part owner of the Portland Transcript. Married to Whittier's niece, Elizabeth Hussey Whittier, he became the literary executor of the poet's estate and curator of the Whittier home in Amesbury, MA. See John Greenleaf Whittier, from the Parkman Dexter Library, pp. 9-10.
Eliza Pratt (1837-1907). Under the name "Ella Farman," Pratt wrote children's fiction and, with her husband, Charles Stuart Pratt (1854-1921), edited periodicals for children, including Wide Awake (where Jewett published a number of stories and poems), Babyland (which became Little Men and Women) and Little Folks.
Harriet Waters Preston (1836-1911), a writer and translator, was one of those from whom Jewett sought advice early in her career. See Blanchard, pp. 108-9. Her books include Love in the Nineteenth Century (1873) and Private Life of the Romans (1893). Encyclopedia.com
Helen Choate Pratt Prince (1857-1943). Prince was a novelist, author of The story of Christine Rochefort (1895), A Transatlantic Chatelaine (1897), and At the Sign of the Silver Crescent (1898). She married Charles Albert Prince (1852 - 1942); their daughter was Helen/Nelly Prince (1882 - 1909).
George Haven Putnam (1844 - 1930) "was an American soldier, publisher, and author....On his father's death in 1872, George H. Putnam and his brothers John Bishop Putnam and Irving took over [their father's publishing] business, renaming it G. P. Putnam's Sons. George H. Putnam would be made president of the firm, a position he held for the next fifty-two years." Wikipedia
Cora Lee Clark Rice (1849-1925) was one of Miss Jewett's earliest Boston friends who introduced her to the social and cultural life of the city. Married to John Rice, the son of a Massachusetts governor, she devoted much time to philanthropies and the Home for Incurables in Boston.
John Hamilton Rice (July 6, 1849 - September 25, 1899) was the son of Alexander Hamilton Rice (1818-1895), former governor of Massachusetts, and Augusta E. McKim. Cora and John's children were: Alexander Hamilton Rice, Jr. (1875-1956); John Clark Rice (1876- ); and Arthur Noble Rice (1878- ). (Cary)
Laura Elizabeth Howe Richards (1850-1943), daughter of poet Julia Ward Howe, author of "The Battle Hymn of the Republic," and Dr, Samuel G. Howe, founder of the Perkins Institution and Massachusetts School for the Blind. She married Henry Richards in 1871, and they eventually resided Gardiner, Maine, with their three children. "In 1917 Laura won a Pulitzer Prize for Julia Ward Howe, 1819-1910, a biography, which she co-authored with her sister, Maud Howe Elliott." Wikipedia
The Richards children included: Rosalind Richards; Alice Maud Richards; Julia Ward Shaw; John Richards; Laura Elizabeth Wiggin; and Maud Richards.
Mr. Richardson: This recipient of an 1882 letter has not be identified with certainty. He may be Charles Addison Richardson (1829-1891), editor of The Congregationalist (1856-1891). Memorial Biographies of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, Towne Memorial Fund. pp. 33-4.
William Henry Rideing (1853 - 1918), an English-born journalist, came to the United States when he was sixteen. Frequent contributor to periodicals and author of fifteen books of travel, biography, and fiction, he served as associate editor of Youth's Companion from 1881 to 1918 and of the North American Review from 1888 to 1899. (Cary) Wikipedia
James Jeffrey Roche (1847 -1908) "was an Irish-American poet, journalist and diplomat. Roche emigrated as a young child, and grew up in Prince Edward Island, Canada. He came to Boston in 1866, and joined the staff of the Irish newspaper. He became editor-in-chief in 1890, and was a leading spokesman for Catholic intellectuals in New England." Moving to Boston in 1866. Roche became assistant editor (1883) and later editor (1890) of The Pilot. He published poetry and other literary works. He was United States Consul in Italy and Switzerland. Wikipedia
Mrs. Rogers. This recipient of an 1895 letter has not been identified.
Edward Henry Rollins (1824-1889) was a U.S. politician from New Hampshire. He served in the House of Representatives (1861-1867) and in the Senate (1877-1883). He also served a term in the New Hampshire House of Representatives (1855-1857). He was a neighbor of the Jewetts, residing most of his life in what is now Rollinsford, NH. Wikipedia
Horace Elisha Scudder (1838 - 1902), biographer of James Russell Lowell and Bayard Taylor, started as manuscript reader in 1866 and remained to the end of his life in supervisory editorial positions with the publishing firms which eventually developed into Houghton Mifflin Company. Editor of the Riverside Magazine for Young People from 1867 to 1870, and of the Atlantic Monthly from 1890 to 1898, he displayed critical acumen and unfailing kindness in his dealings with fledgling authors. Of Miss Jewett's numerous relationships with editors, this was the longest and most fruitful. (Cary) Wikipedia
Francis Hopkinson Smith (1838-1915), artist, engineer, and architect, turned to literature when he was nearly fifty. Like Miss Jewett, he concentrated on regional characteristics, often supplying the illustrations for his attractive volumes. (Cary) Wikipedia He married Josephine Van Deventer (1841-1821), with whom he had two children.
Joseph Lindon Smith (October 11, 1863 - October 18, 1950). Wikipedia says Smith "was an American painter, best known for his extraordinarily faithful and lively representations of antiquities, especially Egyptian tomb reliefs. He was a founding member of the art colony at Dublin, New Hampshire.... Smith was noted in the community for his love of theatricals, and part of his Loon Point property was landscaped and decorated for these performances."
Monadnock Art says of Smith: "Beginning in the 1890s, if not earlier, he designed and produced pageants for countless private parties, civic occasions, and fundraising benefits. Wealthy individuals in Boston, Newport, New York, and elsewhere would hire him to devise theatrical interludes to entertain their guests....Smith produced several pageants for Isabella Stewart Gardner at Fenway Court, the grand home she built in Boston for the eventual public display of her art collection."
The introduction to the Joseph Lindon Smith papers in the Archives of American Art says: "Making his first trip to Egypt in 1898, Smith became enthralled with the art work of the ancient civilization and devoted himself to painting copies of the tomb sculptures and murals for educational uses in museums and other public institutions. In 1899, he married Corinna Haven Putnam and the couple spent much of their married life traveling between the United States and the Middle East, especially Egypt. From 1910 to 1939, Smith was a member of the Joint Expedition of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts and Harvard University directed by Dr. George A. Reisner."
Sophia Wallingford Smith (1820 - ?] reports in her 1901 letter to Jewett that she is the grand-daughter of Samuel R. Wallingford, the model for Jewett's character, Roger Wallingford, in The Tory Lover (1901). "Sophia Cogswell Wallingford was born probably in Wells, Maine 2 May 1820. She married Benjamin Smith, 31 October 1839, in Kennebunk, York County, Maine. They were both from Kennebunk at the time of their marriage. She was living in Bangor, Maine in 1887. They had no children. On May 10, 1901 she was living at 15 Ohio St. in Bangor when she wrote a letter to the novelist Sarah Orne Jewett commenting on her recently published story The Tory Lover, ..." Ancestry.com
Harriet Elizabeth Prescott Spofford (1835 - 1921), born in Calais, Maine, was a prolific contributor of poems, stories, and articles to popular magazines. She was at her best in presenting picturesque New England locales, but she also ventured into literary criticism; her appreciative review of Miss Jewett's work appeared in The Book Buyer for August 1894. She spent many winters in Boston, became a member of the literary circle there, and was customarily called "Hally." In her memoir of ten female contemporaries, A Little Book of Friends (Boston, 1916), the first two chapters are devoted respectively to Mrs. Fields and Miss Jewett. Wikipedia
Jennie O. Starkey (1863 - 1918) was the first professional female journalist in Detroit. Originally a staff writer, she later conducted several departments in the women's page and was society editor of the Detroit Free Press for thirty years. (Cary)
Arthur Griffin Stedman (1859-1908), according to David Bonnell Green, was the second son of Edmund Clarence Stedman (1833-1908). Arthur Stedman, in addition to authoring fiction and other writing, assisted his father in literary enterprises, including the eleven volume Library of American Literature (1888-1890). Stedman acted as a literary agent for the Bacheller Syndicate, placing a number of Jewett's stories in newspapers across the United States.
Edmund Clarence Stedman (1833-1908), was an American author, editor, banker and scientist. He corresponded with Jewett about including selections from her work in part 10 of his eleven volume Library of American Literature (1888-1890). Stedman also produced the Victorian Anthology (1895), which provided important reading during the 1896 winter cruise on which Jewett, Fields, and T. B. Aldrich were guests of Henry L. Pierce. Wikipedia
Harriet Elisabeth Beecher Stowe (1811 - 1896) "was an American abolitionist and author. She came from a famous religious family and is best known for her novel Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852)." WikipediaThomas Russell Sullivan (1849 - 1916), novelist and playwright, is best remembered for his dramatization of Robert Louis Stevenson's Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, which premiered in Boston in 1887. He married Lucy Goodwin Wadsworth in 1899. His father was Thomas Russell Sullivan (1799-1862); his grandfather was John Langdon Sullivan (1777-1865); and his great-grandfather was James Sullivan (1744-1808), 6th governor of Massachusetts. His great-great grandfather was John Sullivan (1692-1796), the "Master Sullivan," who is a main character in Jewett's The Tory Lover (1901). Boston Athenaeum
Ida Minerva Tarbell (1857 - 1944) "was an American teacher, author and journalist. She was one of the leading "muckrakers" of the progressive era of the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is thought to have pioneered investigative journalism. She is best known for her 1904 book, The History of the Standard Oil Company." Wikipedia
Celia Laighton Thaxter (1835 - 25 August 1894), was popular painter and poet, author of An Island Garden (1894). See Sandpiper: The Life of Celia Thaxter by Rosamund Thaxter. Jewett edited a posthumous collection, The Poems of Celia Thaxter (1896). In letters, she often is called "Sandpiper," after her poem, "The Sandpiper." Her husband was Levi Lincoln Thaxter (1824-1884). Their sons were Karl (1852-1912), John (1854-1929) and Roland (1858-1932). Karl apparently was injured in childbirth and suffered through his life from a limp and emotional disorders. Celia was his life-long care-taker. Roland Thaxter studied at Harvard University, where he became a professor of biology.
Her marriage was not successful, and she lived often apart from her husband on the Isles of the Shoals, where she was hostess at the summer hotel of her parents, Thomas Laighton (1805-1866) and Eliza Rhymes (1804-1877), which became for her a kind of salon, frequented by musicians, painters and writers. Her brothers, Oscar (1839-1939) and Cedric (1840-1899), eventually took over the hotel business. Find a Grave, Wikipedia, Deborah S. Derrick, "Constructing Identity in Place: Celia Thaxter and the Isles of Shoals.
John Thaxter (1854 - 1929), son of Celia Thaxter, worked Champernowne Farm, the family home at Kittery Point, Maine. Miss Jewett visited his mother during her short stays here en route to Appledore Island, and after Mrs. Thaxter's death John maintained his ties with Miss Jewett via the trolley line then extant between Kittery Point and South Berwick. He wrote diligently and prolifically but failed to achieve publication except for minutiae in local newspapers.(Cary)
Charles Miner Thompson (1864 - 1941) was an American author and journalist, who served as editor of the Youth’s Companion after Jewett's death. Among his best remembered works is The Calico Cat (1908). He published an early appreciation of Jewett's work, "The Art of Miss Jewett," Atlantic Monthly 94 (Oct. 1904): 485-497.
Samuel Thurber (1879 - 1943),was a teacher of English at Newton (Mass.) High School. He assigned his senior class to read and write reviews of some Jewett stories, then sent the critiques to her. (Cary)
Bradford Torrey (1843 - 1912) was a United States ornithologist. "He was educated in the public schools of Weymouth, MA, taught for two years, and subsequently engaged in business in Boston. In 1886, he became an assistant editor of the Youth's Companion. He was also a frequent contributor to periodicals. Torrey devoted much time to the study of birds, their habits, peculiarities, and domestic traits. He wrote numerous papers on this subject, and published Birds in the Bush (Boston, 1885)" Wikipedia
Susan B. Travers (d. 1904) of Newport, RI, was the daughter of William Riggin Travers (1819-1887). Her sister, Matilda (d. 1943), married the artist, Walter Gay (1856-1937). Though a biographical sketch is difficult to locate, Internet searches indicate that she was an art collector and a patron of the Boston Museum of Art, the New York Botanical Garden, and various philanthropic organizations. See Wikipedia for more information about her family.
John Tucker (1845 - 4 December 1902) was the Jewetts' hostler and general factotum. He came to work for Dr. Jewett on a temporary arrangement around 1875 but remained for the rest of his life, trusted and treated like a member of the family. Tucker died on December 4, 1902. During the Civil War he served in the 17th Maine Regiment and was wounded by a shell at the Battle of Chancellorsville, May 3, 1863. (Cary), Find a GraveFrederic Allison Tupper (1858-1942) wrote poetry, a novel entitled Moonshine about the Reconstruction era, and books on teaching and education administration. He was principal of Arms Academy in Shelburne Falls, Massachusetts. (Cary)
Augusta Maria Denny Tyler (1825 - 15 December 1899) married Dr. John Eugene Tyler (1819-1878), whose medical practice in Salmon Falls, NH contributed to his family's friendship with Jewett's father, Dr. Theodore Herman Jewett in neighboring South Berwick, ME. Dr. Tyler came to specialize in mental illness and served as superintendent of the McLean Asylum in Somerville, MA. In her 1879 diary, Jewett recorded a tribute to her father from a letter by Dr. Tyler. In at least one letter Jewett indicates that when visiting with, she also enjoyed seeing "Hattie." This is likely to be Augusta's unmarried sister, Mary Harriet Denny (1840-1913). According to Back Bay Houses, the sisters resided together in Boston in the 1890s, for at least part of that time with their brother, the wool merchant Robert Breck Denny and his wife, Valeria Kendall Titcomb Denny. See also Samuel Adams Drake, History of Middlesex County Massachusetts, Volume 2, pp. 334-5.
Emily Davis Tyson (c.1846-1922) was the second wife George Tyson (1831-1881), a successful businessman. His early death left her with three young step-children and a large fortune. She had two homes, summering at Pride's Crossing, north of Boston, and wintering in Boston. With encouragement from Jewett, she and her step-daughter, Elizabeth Russell Tyson/ Elise (1871-1949), purchased the 18th-century Hamilton House in South Berwick in 1898 and undertook a restoration project that was virtually completed by 1900. Elise married Henry Goodwin Vaughan (1868-1938) in 1915. Vaughan was previously married to Olea Bull (1871 - 1911), daughter of Ole and Sara Chapman Thorp Bull.
Baroness Eva von Blomberg (c. 1856-1937). The Baroness was a friend of James T. and Annie Fields, according to Rita K. Gollin in Annie Adams Fields (2002), p. 206. Though no correspondence between her and Jewett has yet been located, Jewett mentions "Eva" frequently in her letters to Fields.
Little has been learned about her. This notice appeared in the New York Times: 26 June 1937, p. 17.
KAISER'S COUSIN DIESBaroness Eva von Blomberg, Long a Resident of Boston, Was 81
BOSTON, June 25. -- The Baroness Eva von Blomberg, cousin of former Kaiser Wilhelm, died today after a brief illness at her home in Roxbury.
Born in Germany, 81 years ago, she came to this country as a young woman with her sister. For twenty-nine years she taught German at the Winsor School, and also had a number of private pupils.
When her sister, the Baroness Adelheid, announced her decision to adopt William Frary, a Lynn press agent more than forty years her junior, the Baroness Eva petitioned the Probate Court to have a conservator appointed for her sister's estate, but without success.
Census information suggests that she and her sister Baroness Adelheid Maria von Blomberg both resided in Boston in 1910.
Olga von Radecki (1858-1933) was a pianist, piano teacher, vocalist and composer. Born in Riga, Latvia, von Radecki studied in Latvia and Germany, becoming a pupil of Clara Schumann. In the early 1880s she immigrated to Boston, MA where she debuted with the Boston Symphony Orchestra in November 1882. For the rest of her career, she performed regularly in Boston, the United States and Europe. Among von Radecki's compositions is a setting of Jewett's poem, "Boat Song"(1885). Jewett is not known to have corresponded with von Radecki, but there is in this collection a letter from von Radecki to Annie Fields.
Grace Gordon Treadwell Walden (10 Sep 1842 - 1 April 1918) was one of Jewett's early friends. The daughter of George W. and Katherine P. Sleeper, she became the second wife of the Protestant Episcopal clergyman Jacob Treadwell Walden (1830-1918) in 1885. He had served a number of parishes before their marriage, but in the 1880s was concentrating on scholarship and writing, residing London and New Hampshire. Sources: Who's Who in New England and Cow New Hampshire blog.
Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward ( 1844-1911), an American author, perhaps best remembered for her novel about the Christian afterlife, The Gates Ajar (1868). In 1888, she married Herbert Dickinson Ward (1861-1932), the son of Jewett's correspondent, William Hayes Ward. Wikipedia
Mrs. Humphry Ward is Mary Augusta Ward (1851 - 1920), "a British novelist who wrote under her married name as Mrs Humphry Ward.... Mary was the daughter of Tom Arnold, a professor of literature, and Julia Sorrell. Her uncle was the poet Matthew Arnold and her grandfather Thomas Arnold, the famous headmaster of Rugby School. Her sister Julia married Leonard Huxley, the son of Thomas Huxley, and their sons were Julian and Aldous Huxley. Wikipedia.
Her daughter, Dorothy Ward (1874-1964), "helped with the work of the Passmore Edwards Settlement (now Mary Ward House) which her mother founded, and with children's play centres and a school for invalid children. She accompanied her mother to visit war zones in France during the First World War." Elizabeth Silverthorne in Sarah Orne Jewett (1993), says that Dorothy Ward paid a long visit to Jewett and Fields in the early spring of 1902 (p. 194). Ward Family Papers: University College London.
Susan Hayes Ward (1838-1924), writer on religious topics, was an art critic and office editor of the Independent, of which her brother William Hayes Ward was editor. In earlier days the Wards visited frequently with a friend of Miss Jewett, their Aunt Mary [Osgood] Hayes [b. 1830], who lived in the house next to Berwick Academy. The Wards were alumni of the Academy, as was Miss Jewett. (Cary) Wikipedia See also "Hayes Family," by the Old Berwick Historical Society.
William Hayes Ward (1835 - 1916), brother of Susan Hayes Ward, was an early Berwick friend of the Jewetts. He was successively associate editor, superintending editor, editor, and honorary editor of the Independent from 1868 to 1916. Miss Jewett's work began to appear in this semireligious weekly in 1871. He married Ellen Maria Dickinson (1836-1873), and their son was the journalist, Herbert Dickinson Ward (1861-1932).. William and Susan's sister, Hetta Lord Hayes Ward (1842-1921), reported on architecture, exhibitions of painting, the applied and domestic arts for the Independent, as well as publishing delightful stories and verses for children, according to Richard Cary.
See Morris Jastrow, Jr., "William Hayes Ward (1835-1916)," Journal of the American Oriental Society 36 (1916), pp. 233-241. Wikipedia
Charles Dudley Warner (September 12, 1829 - October 20, 1900) "was an American essayist, novelist, and friend of Mark Twain, with whom he co-authored [with Samuel Clemens] the novel The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today." Wikipedia
Reverend Thomas Franklin Waters (1851 - 1919), pastor of the South Church in Ipswich, Massachusetts, was president of the Ipswich Historical Society and author of a score of books and pamphlets on local history. In 1884 he served as toastmaster at the 250th anniversary of the incorporation of the town. (Cary)
Mr. Wentworth apparently was a station agent who helped Jewett obtain train tickets for an 1884 trip to Canada.
Sarah Perkins Cabot Wheelwright (1835 - 1917) was a "Boston socialite and philanthropist," the wife of Andrew Cunningham Wheelwright (26 June 1824 - 15 June 1908), an attorney and real estate dealer, according to Back Bay Houses (some sources give 1827 as his birth year). In a manuscript memoir, Mrs. Wheelwright describes her "childhood in Boston, Nahant, and Brookline, Mass.; social life in Washington, D.C. in the 1880s; and memorable events such as meetings with Ralph Waldo Emerson and Amos Bronson Alcott, with Charles Sumner, and with President Grover Cleveland. Wheelwright writes of her role in founding a nursing school at the Boston Hospital for Women and her organization of a women's club in Brookline called the Emery Bag. Throughout are comments on the Cabot family, particularly her brother, Dr. Samuel Cabot [III, 1815-1885], and her parents, Samuel [Jr. 1784-1863] and Elizabeth Perkins Cabot [1791-1885], and Andrew Cunningham Wheelwright." Group portrait of (probably) Mrs. Andrew C. Wheelwright's Sewing Circle.
Their daughter, Mary Cabot Wheelwright (1878-1958) was a founder of the Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian in Santa Fe, NM. Wikipedia At the 75th anniversary of the nursing school, Mary said this about her mother: "She was a painter and a musician, a pupil of William Morris Hunt, a pianist, and a member of the Handel and Hayden Society when was sung for the first time in the country Beethoven’s 9th Symphony."
Sarah Wyman Whitman (1842 - June 25, 1904) was one of the Charles Street coterie of talented women which included Celia Thaxter, Lilian Aldrich, Alice Howe, Helen Bell, Miriam Pratt, Rose Lamb, and Mary Lodge. Mrs. Whitman was a professional designer of stained glass windows, a painter, and an illustrator of books. She provided the decorations for the covers of Miss Jewett's The King of Folly Island, Betty Leicester, Strangers and Wayfarers, and The Queen's Twin. Miss Jewett dedicated Strangers and Wayfarers "To S. W., Painter of New England men and women, New England fields and shores." As one of her last literary endeavors Miss Jewett edited and wrote an unsigned preface to the Letters of Sarah Wyman Whitman (Cambridge, Mass., 1907). (Cary) In letters, she often is called "S. W."
In A Studio of Her Own (MFA: Boston, 2001), Erica E. Hirshler says that after 1892, Whitman maintained the Lily Glass Works at 184 Boyston St., near Park Square, about half a mile from the Fields house at 148 Charles St. (p. 39). Jewett and others referred to this workplace as "the studio."
Whitman's husband, Henry Whitman (1839-1901), was a successful wool merchant in Boston and Cambridge. Wikipedia
John Greenleaf Whittier (December 17, 1807 - September 7, 1892) was "an American Quaker poet and advocate of the abolition of slavery in the United States." Wikipedia In letters, he often is called "thy Friend." Wikipedia
Gertrude Van Rensselaer Wickham (18 Mar 1844 - 20 May 1930). The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History says she was a "journalist and local historian, was born in Huron, daughter of Sanders and Malinda Woodruff (Hayward) Van Rensselaer. She attended public schools and married Capt. Samuel Wickham on 1 Aug. 1864, with whom she had a daughter, Katherine. After his death in 1869, Wickham for a few years was a principal of the lower grades at Huron High School. Wickham entered journalism when a letter she wrote to the SUNDAY POST was published and drew a positive public response, so that she was asked to contribute weekly. When the paper folded in 1878, she joined the CLEVELAND HERALD, persuading the editors to hire her by suggesting she write a fashion column which, she pointed out, would bring more women into Cleveland to shop, subsequently attracting more advertisers.
"In 1881, Wickham joined the editorial staff of the CLEVELAND LEADER when the Herald was merged into that paper. Her columns grew increasingly oriented toward women and children, especially the needy, using letters from indigent women and underprivileged children. She established the Woman's Repository, where destitute women could sell handicrafts. Wickham left the Leader in 1884 because of poor health, although she continued occasional newspaper writing. In 1886 she was a charter member of the Women's Press Club (later CLEVELAND WRITERS' CLUB). In the 1890s, her interests turned to the history of the WESTERN RESERVE. In 1896 she was chosen historian of the women's department by the Cleveland Centennial Commission; she published Pioneer Women of the Western Reserve and Pioneer Families of the Western Reserve."
Kate Douglas Wiggin (September 28, 1856 - August 24, 1923) "was an American educator and author of children's stories, most notably the classic children's novel Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm. She started the first free kindergarten in San Francisco in 1878 (the Silver Street Free Kindergarten). With her sister during the 1880s, she also established a training school for kindergarten teachers. Kate Wiggin devoted her adult life to the welfare of children in an era when children were commonly thought of as cheap labour."
Mrs. George C. Riggs is Kate Douglas Wiggin's name by her second marriage. She also wrote a series of stories for young readers based on her travels in Britain. Three of these published during Jewett's lifetime were: A Cathedral Courtship and Penelope's English Experiences (1893), Penelope's Experiences in Scotland (1896), and Penelope's Irish Experiences (1901). Wikipedia
Frances Willard (1839-1898) was a American educator, temperance leader, and suffragist. Wikipedia
John Howard Wills (1857 - ?) probably is the person who wrote to Jewett in 1895 to express appreciation for her short story, "A War Debt." He graduated from the Alabama Polytechnic Institute (Auburn) in 1881. His son, Major John Howard Wills, received the Medal of Honor after his death in battle in 1918.
Owen Wister (1860 - 1938) "was an American writer and "father" of western fiction. He is best remembered for writing The Virginian (1902) ... In 1898, Wister married Mary "Molly" Channing, [1870-1913)] his cousin. The couple had six children." Wikipedia. The Wisters lived in Philadelphia, where Molly was active in education and women's rights.
Edith Prescott Wolcott (1853-1934) was the great-granddaughter of Colonel William Prescott, a hero of the American Revolution, and she married Roger Wolcott (1847-1900), a lawyer and Republican politician who served in several elective offices, including Governor of Massachusetts (1896-1900). Find-a-Grave
Sarah Chauncey Woolsey (1835 - 1905) wrote under the name of Susan Coolidge. She authored the popular "Katy" series of children's books.
George E. Woodberry (1855 - 1930) was an American literary critic and poet. He was a frequent contributor of essays and poetry to The Nation, Atlantic Monthly, and other magazines. Wikipedia
Charles H. Woodbury (1864 - 1940), with his wife, Marcia Oakes, designed illustrations for a Holiday Edition of Deephaven that appeared in 1893. Wikipedia
Susan Marcia Oakes Woodbury (1865 - 1913), like Jewett, was born in South Berwick, Maine, she studied painting in New York and Paris. Her paintings, "Triptych" and "Mother and Daughter," belong to the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. Though Woodbury signed her work "Marcia," her friends typically called her "Susy."
Katherine Prescott Wormeley (1830 - 1908), daughter of the British admiral, Ralph Randolph Wormeley, was an American nurse in the Civil War as well as an author, editor, and translator. She is best known, perhaps, for her translations of the complete works of Honoré de Balzac in 40 volumes. Her first name is frequently spelled "Katharine." Wikipedia
Rebecca Young (1847-1927). In Sarah Orne Jewett: her World and her Work (2002), Paula Blanchard says: "Rebecca Young, who lived a few doors from the Jewetts, was an old classmate of the [Jewett] sisters from the days of Miss Raynes's school and Berwick Academy and an intimate friend of both Mary and Carrie. She was for many years treasurer of the South Berwick Savings Bank" (p. 203). Young was riding with Sarah Orne Jewett on 3 September 1902, when a stumbling horse threw both of them from the carriage.
Edited by Terry Heller, Coe College.
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