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1883    1885

Sarah Orne Jewett Letters of 1884




SOJ to Emily Marshall Otis Eliot

148 Charles Street
Boston 2nd February [ 1884 ]*

My dear Mrs. Eliot

    Mrs. Fields* asks me to say that Mr. Wood, the English naturalist will read one of his illustrated lectures to us on Thursday afternoon at half-past three o'clock, and she hopes that you and Miss Eliot can come and share the pleasure with us.

Yours sincerely

Sarah O. Jewett

    Dear Mrs. Eliot: I must add a line to say that I hope Dr. Eliot will come also.*




Notes

1884:  This date is based upon J. G. Wood being present in Boston that spring to present the Lowell Lectures.

Mrs. Fields:  Annie Adams Fields.  See Correspondents.

Mr. Wood:  Almost certainly this is Rev. John George Wood (1827 - 3 March 1889).  He became a popular writer and lecturer on natural history, in addition to his Anglican church work.  In 1883-4, he presented the Lowell Lectures in Boston.

also:  Carlock notes that the post script is in the hand of Annie Adams Fields.  Dr. Eliot is Mrs. Eliot's husband, Samuel Eliot; their daughter also is Emily. See Correspondents.

This transcription appears in Nancy Ellen Carlock's 1939 Boston University thesis, S.O.J. A Biography of Sarah Orne Jewett.  Carlock says that the manuscript of this letter is held by the Boston Athenaeum, and, in fact, the Athenaeum catalog indicates that the letter is in the Emily Marshall Otis Papers: .L140.Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Mr. Holland*

[18 February 1884]

Dear Mr Holland

    I was sorry not to see you the other evening -- but I was compelled to have a session of one -- with closed doors.  I have been very busy indeed of late and as the spring comes on I find it harder to get through with my regular work -- So I do not believe I can promise anything for

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the Wheelman* for the present, though I have been thinking about it in these days and hoping that I could send a different answer -- I liked the magazine very much when I saw a copy or two of it last summer -- and I will certainly keep it in mind -- Thank you so much for the kind invitation you

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brought ------

    Will you please give my love to Mrs. Holland and say that I hoped to see her long before this, but until within a short time I have been going to and fro between Berwick and Boston and somehow never had an hour to myself in either

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place.  I just begin to make sure that it is winter!

Yours sincerely
Sarah O. Jewett

148 Charles St.
18 February, 1884


Notes

Holland:  The publisher of the Wheelman was W. B. Holland of Albany, NY.  Whether this person is Jewett's correspondent is not yet known, nor has any definite information about him been located.

Wheelman: Later renamed Outing, Wheelman began publication in 1882 as a bicycling magazine.  By 1884, it had broadened its scope to other sports and outdoor literature, with the name Outing and the Wheelman, under the editorship of Samuel McClure.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Small Library, University of Virginia, Special Collections MSS 6218, Sarah Orne Jewett Papers.  Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Eben Norton Horsford


148 Charles St.,

Wednesday  [March 1884]*

Dear Prof. Horsford

I have just received this new copy of the poem Banished from Whittier,* with another most beautiful verse which I know will please you and your dear people. He asked me to send it to you which I do at once. He says that he tried (after talking with you and writing it) to have it printed with the others but it was too late.

In haste your affectionate

S. O. J.

His address is Amesbury, Mass.

Notes

1882-1883:  Willoughby places this letter in his article between those of 1881 and 1884.  It seems clearly related to Jewett's 19 March 1884 letter to John Greenleaf Whittier.

Banished from Whittier:  Whittier's "Banished from Massachusetts."

According to transcriber John W. Willoughby, the manuscript of this letter is in the possession of the family of Andrew Fiske, Eben Norton Horsford's great-grandson, "heir to Sylvester Manor, Horsford's Shelter Island estate, who graciously offered to share with the public the letters from Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford and his family."  This letter was published in John W. Willoughby, "Sarah Orne Jewett and Her Shelter Island: Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford,"  Confrontation (Long Island University) 8 (1974): 72-86.  Annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.




SOJ to John Greenleaf Whittier


Wednesday 19 March 1884
148 Charles Street
Boston


My dear Friend

    You dont know how glad we were to get your letter yesterday.  It was a tenth part as good as seeing you and that is saying a great deal about it.  (I dont mean to be extravagant in my speech!)  And we have been thanking you for the new poem about the banished people* with all our hearts.  It is very beautiful and better than the picture which is very good and interesting in itself.

    Prof. Horsford* is greatly delighted with it and wrote me yesterday that he meant to try to buy it and keep it at Shelter Island* in the old house.  What a big hearted man he is!  I used to stay with his daughters a good deal before I was here so much and I am very fond of them all.  He is so busy now about the persecuted friends and their histories* and if he were aiming at a complete revenge he couldn’t be more painstaking.  I brought home from his library a week or two ago a worn copy of “New England Judged”* which I read with great profit and astonishment, and many thoughts of you and wishes that we could sit down and scold together.  Prof. Horsford has collected a great pile of books from the College library and the antiquarian book shops and is doing a grand piece of work which has led him on from page to page all winter.  He was very anxious to see you again and I was only too glad to have a chance, and so I am glad you will like to see us at Oak Knoll.*  I hope I shall not come down in the floods this time.  I was at home last week and I wished so much that I could go to see you at Amesbury.  Next time you are there I certainly must knock at your study door to be let in!


Notes

Prof. Horsford:  Eben Norton Horsford. See Correspondents.

new poem about the banished people:  According to The Friends' Intelligencer 41 (1884) pp. 436-7, the dedication of the Shelter Island monument on the Horsford property in Shelter Island, NY took place in July of 1884 (309-11).  Whittier's "Banished from Massachusetts" was read for the occasion.  Whittier had written the poem in 1883 and apparently shared it with Jewett and with Horsford, though it was not published until 1886, in St. Gregory's Guest and Recent Poems.

Shelter Island: A Long Island, New York village, the summer home of the Horsford family.

the persecuted friends and their histories:  Whittier's "Banished from Massachusetts" is a narrative of persecuted Quakers (friends) finding asylum at Shelter Island in 1660.

“New England Judged":  The full title of this book by George Bishop (d. 1668) is New-England Judged, by the spirit of the Lord: In two parts. First, containing a brief relation of the sufferings of the people call'd Quakers in New-England, from the time of their first arrival there, in the year 1656, to the year 1660 ... In answer to the declaration of their persecutors apologizing for the same, MDCLIX. Second part, being a farther relation of the cruel and bloody sufferings of the people call'd Quakers in New-England, continued from anno 1660, to anno 1665. Beginning with the sufferings of William Leddra, whom they put to death.

Oak Knoll: Richard Cary says: "In 1875 Whittier's cousins, the Misses Johnson and Abby J. Woodman, pur­chased a farm of sixty acres in Danvers and invited him to make his home there when­ever he wished. The place was notable for beautiful lawns, orchards, gardens, and grapevines. Whittier suggested the name of "Oak Knoll," which was immediately adopted."

Amesbury:  Whittier's family home was in Amesbury, MA.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, folder 63, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection. Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.


John Greenleaf Whittier to SOJ


Amesbury

3 Mo. 22
[ 1884  ]

My dear Sarah Jewett

I was heartily glad to get thy letter, bright and pleasant as thyself, in the storm of day before yesterday when the dismalest of nights was closing upon us.  It amused me to think of thy reading the quaint old volume of "Bishop's New England Judges".* 

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I read it by the kitchen firelight long ago.  I hope Prof. Horsford* will be able to get Abbey's drawing of the Banished Quakers* from which the engraving in Harper's was made. My little poem was written before I had seen Prof. C.* and heard his account of the Friends to whom the lord of Shelter Manor gave help.*  I afterwards wrote an additional sonnet but too late for the paper,

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in which I alluded to Sylvester & his isle of refuge. I shall send him a copy of it.  A friend of mine tells me that at a recent gathering of Vassar girls it was agreed to vote for such authors as they would wish to be, and every vote was given for Sarah O. Jewett.  This speak{s} well for Vassar.*

    Did I tell thee that we had in our place a few years ago a "New Parishioner" almost identical with thine.*  An old farmer who reads everything, told me he thought thee must have heard of our adventurer.

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I must have thee at Amesbury some time.

    A note from dear Annie Fields informs me that Prof Wood* is to be your guest on First day.*  I am glad of it for he is a reliable man, and his thought & experience must be worth knowing.

    I think thy heroine must make her profession a solemn & imperative duty-- an "enthusiasm of humanity" -- too potent for even love to overcome.*  It must awaken sacrifice & renunciation; and perhaps her very affection may hold her back from giving only a part of herself to the beloved object, and in the work & engrossment of her mission subjects even the

[ Written up the left margin of page 4 ]

patience of love to a hard strain. With love to A.F.
 
   thy affectionate friend

John G Whittier


Notes


3 Mo. 22, 1884:  The transcriber dates this letter tentatively in 1884 on 22 August (8 Mo. 22, in the Quaker style).  Ample evidence in the notes below confirms that 1884 is the correct year for this letter.  However, the manuscript is confusing; Whittier seems to have written a 3 with so much flourish that it looks very much like an 8.  March is the more likely month because Whittier seems to be assisting in the preparation of the Horsford monument to Sylvester, which was dedicated in July 1884. Almost certainly, this letter was composed in March 1884, soon after Jewett's letter to Horsford of Sunday morning, [March 1884]. 

"Bishop's New England Judges":  Presumably, Whittier refers to New-England Judged, by the Spirit of the Lord
by George Bishop (d. 1668).  This book offers an account of the persecution of Quakers in New England during 1656-1660.  The volume includes several references to Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick, Quakers exiled from Massachusetts, who went to Shelter Island, NY for refuge (see especially, pp. 413 and 486).  See following notes.

Prof. Horsford:  Eben Norton Horsford (see Correspondents) who inherited the Sylvester Manor on Shelter Island, off the east coast of Long Island, New York.  There a group of banished Quakers sought shelter from the English-born colonist, Nathaniel Sylvester (1610-1680) in 1660.  Horsford designed a monument to Sylvester, the emigrant from England to Shelter Island who gave his name to Sylvester Manor.  According to Mac Griswold in The Manor: Three Centuries at a Slave Plantation on Long Island (2013), the dedication of the Shelter Island monument took place in July of 1884 (309-11).  Whittier's discussion of his sonnets, the illustration, and Professor Horsford refers to the plans for this monument.

Abbey's drawing:  "Edwin Austin Abbey (April 1, 1852 - August 1, 1911) was an American muralist, illustrator, and painter." Wikipedia.
    His painting, "Banished from Massachusetts" has not been located, though the illustration appears with 3 sonnets in Whittier's sequence of the same title in  Harper's Weekly 28 (March 15, 1884).  The poem appears on p. 166; the double-page illustration on pp. 172-3.  The third sonnet in the final sequence of four did not appear in Harper's, but was added when the sequence was collected in St. Gregory's Guest and Recent Poems (1886).
    The illustration is "a historical painting of the Southwicks, a Quaker family given shelter on Shelter Island by Nathaniel Sylvester. "  The Publisher's Weekly 628 of 9 February 1884, p.  186 said: "Harper's Weekly will shortly publish a new poem by J. G. Whittier, entitled 'Banished,' to be accompanied by a beautiful drawing by Mr. Abbey, which represents a mournful group of Quakers driven from the Massachusetts shores by the persecutors of 1660."
    In "Persecution of the Quakers in Essex County" (1897) Sidney Perley tells the story of the Southwicks (pp. 139-40), an elderly couple banished from Boston, their arduous sea journey to Shelter Island, and their deaths there soon after they arrived.  Also among those prosecuted was Thomas Macy for giving hospitality to Quakers. (p. 140).  However, Whittier takes poetic liberty in his sequence when he places Macy with the Southwicks as they flee to Shelter Island.


Banished from Massachusetts
 St. Gregory's Guest and Recent Poems (1886).
            
1660
 
  On a painting by E. A. Abbey. The General Court of Massachusetts enacted Oct. 19, 1658, that “any person or persons of the cursed sect of Quakers” should, on conviction of the same, be banished, on pain of death, from the jurisdiction of the commonwealth.

OVER the threshold of his pleasant home   
  Set in green clearings passed the exiled Friend,   
  In simple trust, misdoubting not the end.   
“Dear heart of mine!” he said, “the time has come   
To trust the Lord for shelter.” One long gaze            5
  The goodwife turned on each familiar thing,  --    
  The lowing kine, the orchard blossoming,   
The open door that showed the hearth-fire’s blaze,  --    
And calmly answered, “Yes, He will provide.”   
Silent and slow they crossed the homestead’s bound,            10
Lingering the longest by their child’s grave-mound.   
“Move on, or stay and hang!” the sheriff cried.   
They left behind them more than home or land,   
And set sad faces to an alien strand.   
 
Safer with winds and waves than human wrath,            15
  With ravening wolves than those whose zeal for God   
  Was cruelty to man, the exiles trod   
Drear leagues of forest without guide or path,   
Or launching frail boats on the uncharted sea,   
  Round storm-vexed capes, whose teeth of granite ground            20
  The waves to foam, their perilous way they wound,   
Enduring all things so their souls were free.   
Oh, true confessors, shaming them who did   
  Anew the wrong their Pilgrim Fathers bore!   
  For you the Mayflower spread her sail once more,            25
Freighted with souls, to all that duty bid   
Faithful as they who sought an unknown land,   
O’er wintry seas, from Holland’s Hook of Sand!   
 
So from his lost home to the darkening main,   
  Bodeful of storm, stout Macy held his way,            30
  And, when the green shore blended with the gray,   
His poor wife moaned: “Let us turn back again.”   
“Nay, woman, weak of faith, kneel down,” said he,   
  “And say thy prayers: the Lord himself will steer;   
  And led by Him, nor man nor devils I fear!”             35
So the gray Southwicks, from a rainy sea,   
Saw, far and faint, the loom of land, and gave   
  With feeble voices thanks for friendly ground   
  Whereon to rest their weary feet, and found   
A peaceful death-bed and a quiet grave            40
Where, ocean-walled, and wiser than his age,   
The lord of Shelter scorned the bigot’s rage.   
 
Aquidneck’s isle, Nantucket’s lonely shores,   
  And Indian-haunted Narragansett saw   
  The way-worn travellers round their camp-fire draw,            45
Or heard the plashing of their weary oars.   
And every place whereon they rested grew   
  Happier for pure and gracious womanhood,   
  And men whose names for stainless honor stood,   
Founders of States and rulers wise and true.            50
The Muse of history yet shall make amends   
  To those who freedom, peace, and justice taught,   
  Beyond their dark age led the van of thought,   
And left unforfeited the name of Friends.   
O mother State, how foiled was thy design!            55
The gain was theirs, the loss alone was thine.   
 
Image of the Abbey illustration from Harper's Weekly

Abbey



Prof. C.: To date, Professor C has not been identified.  One wonders if examining the original manuscript would lead to re-reading this as Professor H, for Horsford, as he is fairly likely to be a recent source for information about the Shelter Island events.

speak{s} well for Vassar:  Details of this event at Vassar, the women's college founded in 1861, have not been located.  Assistance is welcome.  Whittier appears to have written "speak," but it is possible there is a very small "s" in the manuscript.

"New Parishioner":  Jewett's story, "A New Parishioner" appeared in Atlantic Monthly (51:475-493), April 1883, and was collected in The Mate of the Daylight the same year.

Annie Fields:  Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Prof. Wood: Though this cannot yet be certain, Jewett was acquainted with John George Wood (1827-1889).  Richard Cary notes that he wrote "some thirty books on botany, zoology, natural history, and Biblical animals, in which he studied minutely common objects of the country and seashore. In Man and Beast: Here and Hereafter (1874), Reverend Wood combined his vocation and avocation." See SOJ to Gertrude Van Rensselaer Wickham, 29 August 1886.

First day:  In the Quaker calendar, Sunday was "First Day."

thy heroine:  Whittier refers to Jewett's new novel, A Country Doctor, in which the protagonist, Nan Prince, foregoes the traditional married life for 19th-century American women in order to follow her calling as a physician.  "Enthusiasm of humanity" was a popular phrase in American religious writing in the late 19th century; the origin of the phrase is uncertain.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the South Berwick Public Library, South Berwick, ME.   Transcription by John Richardson.  Annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Eben Norton Horsford

Sunday morning, [March 1884]

148 Charles Street, Boston

Dear Prof. Horsford

We both thank you many times for the papers and your kind remembrance, and I am looking forward to our Danvers pilgrimage. Mr. Whittier is still at Amesbury. I should like to go there to see him although it is an hours journey beyond Danvers, and I hope within a week or so to tell you about the plan.

    I was sorry I did not see you yesterday for we were just going to Doll and Richard's to see the Ross Turner pictures,* and it would have been so nice if you had gone with us. The pictures are very Beautiful, and especially the great one of the Salute in Venice* which faces you as you go in the door. We fairly worshipped it! and Mrs. Fields said in a hurry that it was the most beautiful picture in Boston. It is so golden and so light! I do want Mrs. Horsford to see it. He asked me to tell her about this exhibition, but with all our admiration for Mr. Turner's work we had no idea he would have anything as fine as this.

    I have been at home this week and the snow was ever so deep! Do give my dear love to all.

Yours affectionately
Sarah O. Jewett

I have not said anything about the Abbey picture and the poem but we can talk about them.*


Notes

1884:  Willoughby places this letter in his article between those of 1881 and 1884.  Other letters to Horsford and Whittier from March 1884 suggest that this letter is part of a series dealing with Whittier's poem "Banished to Massachusetts."

Danvers ... Mr. Whittier ... Amesbury:  Danvers and Amesbury, MA both were homes of John Greenleaf Whittier.  See Correspondents.  It appears that Jewett has another reason for a pilgrimage to Danvers and hopes to add to this a visit with Whittier in Amesbury.

Doll and Richard's to see the Ross Turner pictures:  The Los Angeles County Museum of Art says:
Ross Sterling Turner [1847 - 1914] was a painter, watercolorist, and illustrator, active in the Boston area, known for his landscapes and floral subjects. ... Loosely associated with the "Duveneck boys" after about 1879, Turner painted in Venice and Florence, and he also worked in Rome. In 1882 he settled in Boston, exhibiting more watercolors than oil paintings. He was closely associated with Childe Hassam, becoming known for his impressionist watercolor paintings of gardens. He married in 1885 and moved to Salem, Massachusetts, but maintained a Boston studio until 1903.... He was active as an instructor in the Boston area, teaching privately, at Grundmann Studios, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and after 1909 at the Massachusetts Normal Art School. Turner wrote on watercolor technique and other art subjects. In 1899 he exhibited watercolors of Mexican scenes painted during a trip in 1898.
According to the Archives of American Art, the "Doll & Richards gallery originated in Boston in 1866 as an art gallery and framing shop owned by Charles E. Hendrickson, E. Adam Doll, and Joseph Dudley Richards. The gallery was a well-known Boston establishment for over 100 years that represented William Stanley Haseltine, Winslow Homer, William Morris Hunt, and Andrew Wyeth, among many other notable American painters, sculptors, and printmakers."

The Banks Gallery says: "In 1883, Turner settled in Boston, exhibiting his watercolors and oils at the Boston Art Club and annually at Doll and Richards gallery on Newbury Street. He entered the intimate circle of Childe Hassam and the artistic community surrounding Celia Thaxter at Appledore, where he painted gardens in short, quick, colorful strokes that are similar to Hassam's style."

Salute
: It is not yet certain which painting appeared in the Doll and Richard's exhibit Jewett and Fields saw.  "View to San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice," which is attributed to Turner, may give an idea of what they might have seen.

  R Turner

View to San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice
Attributed to Ross Sterling Turner
Courtesy of Skinner Auctions.


the Abbey picture and the poem:  Eben Horsford designed a monument to Nathaniel Sylvester, the emigrant from England to Shelter Island who gave his name to Sylvester Manor; the monument is referred to in this letter.
    Whittier's poem "Banished From Massachusetts" began with this epigraph: "On a painting by E. A. Abbey. The General Court of Massachusetts enacted Oct. 19, 1658, that “any person or persons of the cursed sect of Quakers” should, on conviction of the same, be banished, on pain of death, from the jurisdiction of the commonwealth."
    Described as "a historical painting of the Southwicks, a Quaker family given shelter on Shelter Island by Nathaniel Sylvester. "  In a related letter, Whittier says that the illustration based on the painting appeared in Harper's Monthly.  However, Whittier's poem did not appear in this magazine.  Perhaps Jewett and Whittier refer to another illustration by Abbey, such as "The Bible Reading," in Harper's 68: 404 (January 1884) p. 334. This illustration is associated with William Black's serial historical novel, Judith Shakespeare, which began in Harper's in January 1884.
    Whittier's poem reached his publishers too late to be included in The Bay of Seven Islands and Other Poems (1883), but it was included in St. Gregory's Guest and Recent Poems (1886).
    "Edwin Austin Abbey (April 1, 1852 - August 1, 1911) was an American muralist, illustrator, and painter." Wikipedia

According to transcriber John W. Willoughby, the manuscript of this letter is in the possession of the family of Andrew Fiske, Eben Norton Horsford's great-grandson, "heir to Sylvester Manor, Horsford's Shelter Island estate, who graciously offered to share with the public the letters from Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford and his family."  This letter was published in John W. Willoughby, "Sarah Orne Jewett and Her Shelter Island: Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford,"  Confrontation (Long Island University) 8 (1974): 72-86.  Annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Thursday morning
[ Spring 1884 ]

(Dear  Fuff*

    Thank you for your nice letter of this morning{.} I think that the table cover is too bright -- at least for another color in that room. It is certainly handsome for just the right place.

    Poor little Katie Coolidge!* I think that her fierce will makes her so many things but

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peace of mind is a great joy!) It is fretting and friction that wears out machinery, not working and spinning -- I am really eager to get a little closer to her ^to [our ?] friend^ to see how things are tending. I am too much interested and so are you not to know all that we can. I am always shy about it as you know for one who really believes in it a good deal.

[ Page 3 ]

    My plum trees haven't wintered very well which is a disappointment. It is strange to see what things have fared hard in the snow. Your relations* have gnawed the bark off roadside willows and wild apple trees as if good juicy bark had been all their living. Deep snows are hard on the mice -- poor little field mice -- (cousins of a dear friend!)*

    I must

[ Page 4 ]

(run to the post office with this so good bye --

from Pinny*


Notes

Spring 1884: That the season is spring seems clear from the content.  The year is written in another hand at the top right of page 1.  There seems to be no further support in the letter for that date.

Fuff:  A Jewett nickname for Annie Fields.  See Correspondents.

Katie Coolidge: Probably this is Katherine/Catherine Scollay Parkman Coolidge. See Correspondents.  The situation to which Jewett refers is not yet known.
    On the other hand, it is possible that Jewett refers to Sarah Chauncey Woolsey  (See Correspondents ), who wrote under the name of Susan Coolidge.  She produced a series of books about "Katy," two appearing 1872-3 and others in 1886, 1888 and 1890.

your relations:  As Jewett makes clear below, she refers to one of her nicknames for Fields, Mouse.

friend!): The parentheses marks around this phrase are Jewett's, while the others in this letter seem penciled in by another hand.  The dear friend is Fields, sometimes called "Mouse."

Pinny:  Pinny Lawson (Pin), one of Jewett's nicknames.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Louisa Loring Dresel


Thursday

[ April 1884 ]*

Dear Loulie

    This postcard came for you today --  I hope it is not about some thing which might have been done before you left town --  We missed you very much after you went away and it seemed quite odd without you last evening.  I did not get read to at all! -- though my having a big bundle

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of proofs was one reason.  Roger*came up and was very affectionate and interfered with the proofs a good deal until he grew sleepy.  We have not heard a mew and nobody seems to have seen the poor cat, but she may turn up yet -- Mrs.

[ Page 3 ]

Fields* and I both send a great deal of love to our neighbours and dear Loulie.  I most truly hope that you will have a pleasant summer.  I hope too that you 'country neighbours{'} will be made happy by you as I have been in the snow-stormy town this winter.

Yours affectionately

S. O. J.   

Notes

April 1884:  Other readers have placed speculative dates on this manuscript: 1885 and 1889.  The basis for these dates is not known.  Mentioning her dog Roger as being with her in Boston during a winter stay with Annie Fields indicates that the letter was composed between 1883 and 1889.  That Jewett has a large quantity of proofs to work on in the spring, would suggest that she is working on a longer work that appeared during this period.  The only book of the 1880s that Jewett finished during the spring was A Country Doctor, which appeared in June of 1884.

Roger: Jewett's Irish setter is mentioned in letters as early as 1881 and as late as 1889.

Mrs. Fields:  Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Columbia University (New York) Library in Special Collections, Jewett.  Transcription from a microfilm copy and annotation by Terry Heller, Coe College.




SOJ to John Greenleaf Whittier

Bethlehem, Pa.
22 April 1884


Dear friend

    We are still remaining away but your letter found us today, to our great pleasure and I was just making up my mind to send you Mrs. Oliphant’s story A Beleaguered City.*  Perhaps you have read it, but I am so amazed with the beauty of it that we wish to make certain that you see it too.  It is really great.  Don’t return it.  I wish you were here with us.  We have spoken of you so many times -- for though we were disappointed at first in finding such a bustling town where we expected a rural neighborhood, we are more and more delighted with what we find of the old Moravian settlement.*  We can easily pick it out from the newer town, and the church and community houses are very interesting but most of all the old burial ground.  On one little stone we saw an epitaph beside the record -- a very uncommon thing -- and found that after the child’s name it said “How did the Saviour look? ‘Right clean’ was his reply.”  It was an old stone and this touched us so very much.  It could only be a most simple and devout people who had cherished the vision, and kept the simple words.  Doesn’t it make you think of William Blake?*

    We have been this afternoon to the Sisters’ house* and saw some old embroideries of the nun’s manufacture and bought some candy of the quaint little creature whose sister made it.  They have an atom of a shop in one end of their prim and threadbare best room.  The window was full of plants and the hinges of the doors were fine old iron work and Sister Rose’s world* was so small that you could have walked round it in an afternoon if one side of it wasn’t bounded by heaven.  There are beautiful high hills covered with walnut and maple trees, but only the willows are very green yet.

    I finished A Country Doctor* the last day I was in New York but I was busy almost all the time I was there.  I do hope you will like it, but I am sometimes quite down hearted and need the next piece of work to cure me of worrying about this!  It keeps reminding me of itself too, but I am pretty tired just now.  The next is A Marsh Island* about the Essex neighborhood!  A. F. sends her dear love and thanks for your letter.  Mrs. Taylor is in Cambridge at Mr. Horace Scudder’s: & she thinks that she would like the letters.  The first she means A. F.  Good-night!  We send as much love as you will take.

Yours ever

S.O.J.*



Notes

Mrs. Oliphant’s story A Beleaguered City:  Scottish novelist Margaret Oliphant (1828-1897) published her long ghost story, A Beleaguered City in 1879.

Moravian settlementWikipedia says: "On Christmas Eve in 1741, David Nitschmann and Count Nicolaus von Zinzendorf, leading a small group of Moravians, founded the mission community of Bethlehem along the banks of the Monocacy Creek by the Lehigh River in the colony of Pennsylvania. They came to set up missionary communities among the Native Americans and unchurched German-speaking Christians. They named the settlement after the Biblical town Bethlehem of Judea, the birthplace of Jesus."

“How did the Saviour look? ‘Right clean’ was his reply.” ... William Blake:  According to Publications of the Pennsylvania-German Society 21 (1912)  p. 44, the grave with this marker in Bethlehem's Moravian cemetery is in Row VI: Boys and Men; it reads
    "Sam. Sidney Smith, 1814-19, son of John Jac. Smith.
    "How does our Savior Look?"
    "Right Clean," was his reply.

    The British Poet, William Blake (1747-1827) is the author of Songs of Innocence, in which a number of poems echo the tone of this epitaph.

the Sisters’ house:  Moravians in their mission endeavors maintained separate dormitories for single males and females.  It is not clear why Jewett characterizes them as nuns, though the "single sisters" at Bethlehem lived under "a special covenant of consecration to the service of the Lord," according to Elizabeth Fetter Lehman Myers in A Century of Moravian Sisters (1918), p. 19.

Sister Rose’s world: Myers mentions a Sister Rose, who worked at Bethlehem in the 18th Century.  Whether this is the person to whom Jewett refers is not clear.

A Country Doctor:  Jewett's novel, A Country Doctor, appeared in 1884.

A Marsh Island:  Jewett's novel, A Marsh Island, appeared in 1885, the Atlantic serialization beginning in January.

A.F.: Annie Adams Fields.  See Correspondents.

Mrs. TaylorMaria Hansen Taylor (1829- 1925), widow of the American poet Bayard Taylor (1825-1878), with Horace E. Scudder, edited Life and Letters of Bayard Taylor (1885).  It appears that Mrs. Taylor wanted to include letters between Taylor, Whittier and Fields that were in Whittier's possession.  Maria Taylor was the author of several books, notably on German literature.

Mr. Horace Scudder’s:  See Correspondents.

S.O.J.:  Part of this letter appears in Whittier's Relations to German Life and Thought, Americana Germanica Volume 20  by Iola Kay Eastburn (1915), pp. 59-60.  A note indicates that the original was then in the possession of S. T. Pickard.  The transcription varies in some details from the one provided here.  It reads:
I wish you were here with us, we have spoken of you so many times -- for though we were disappointed at first in finding such a bustling town where we expected a rural neighborhood -- we are more and more delighted with what we find of the old Moravian settlement.  One can easily pick it out from the newer town, and the church and community houses are very interesting, but most of all the old burial ground.  On one little stone we saw an epitaph beside the record -- a very uncommon thing -- and found that after the child’s name it said: 'How did the Saviour look? "Right clean" was his reply.'  It was an old stone and this touched us so very much.  It could only be a most simple and devout people who had cherished the vision, and kept the simple words.  Doesn’t it make you think of William Blake? We have been this afternoon to the sisters’ house and saw some old embroideries of the nun’s manufacture and bought some candy of the quaint little creature whose sister made it.  They have an atom of a shop in one end of their prim and threadbare best room.  The window was full of plants and the hinges of the doors were fine old iron work and Sister Rose’s world was so small that you could have walked around it in an afternoon, if one side of it wasn’t bounded by heaven.  There are beautiful high hills covered with walnut and maple trees, but only the willows are very green yet.
This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, folder 63, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection.  Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Emma Harding Claflin Ellis

Bethlehem, Pa
22 April
[ 1884 ]

Dear Mrs. Ellis

    Thank you for your note -- It was so pleasant to see you again though not to have one chance for particulars grieves me sore, when we were neighbors for such an uncommon length of time! -- I hardly feel as if I had been in New York at all, at least until the last day or two -- for I could think of nothing but A Country Doctor* and indeed I was writing almost every hour -- I think

[ Page 2 ]

we shall stop as we go back and I shall hope to see you then.

    It is so amazing to us here, for we hied us to Bethlehem because we '[were ?] of a notion' that it was a lovely rural neighborhood where we could be out of doors a great deal and here we are in a flourishing Pennsylvania town, and a first class suburban hotel with electric bells and gas and a 'lectric light ['forninst' ?] the windows!  But there is still the old Moravian Bethlehem*

[ Page 3 ]

around which this brisk place has gathered, and we can find all the pieces of it and [put corrected] it together again as soon as we go out to walk --

    Do give my dear love to Mrs. Claflin* and tell her that 'little Sarah'* thinks of her very often having so lately gone through exactly the same kind of misery.  But somehow life is a great deal pleasanter this side of it than it was before.  I look back at my long illness as if a night between two days --  Mrs. Fields* sends

[ Page 4 ]

a great deal of love to you both and so do I.

Yours always affectionately
Sarah O. Jewett

Notes

A Country Doctor:  Jewett's novel appeared in 1884.  That she is hard at work on it suggests that she composed this letter in that year.

Moravian BethlehemWikipedia says: "On Christmas Eve in 1741, David Nitschmann and Count Nicolaus von Zinzendorf, leading a small group of Moravians, founded the mission community of Bethlehem along the banks of the Monocacy Creek by the Lehigh River in the colony of Pennsylvania. They came to set up missionary communities among the Native Americans and unchurched German-speaking Christians. They named the settlement after the Biblical town Bethlehem of Judea, the birthplace of Jesus."

Mrs. Claflin:  Mary Bucklin Davenport Claflin. See Correspondents.

little Sarah:  Jewett refers to herself.

Mrs. Fields:  Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Te manuscript of this letter is held by Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center in the  Governor William and Mary Claflin Papers,  GA-9, Box 4, Miscellaneous Folder J, Ac 950.  Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Monday Evening
[ Spring 1884 ]*


My dear Darling

    You were quite right about the 'favoring gale' of today! I really finished the first chapter of The Marsh Island* -- it was not a very long one but I feel as if I had got fairly into the swing of the story and as if it might go off easily. I have taken a great fancy to the hero whose name I have at last remembered -- (Robert Dale sometimes called Bob -- ) and as for Doris, you will like her I know -- Dan Lester is the country 

[ Page 2 ]

lover and the best of the lot is Isr'el Owen the old farmer. Now I know them all so well I [ am corrected ] sure I can think of enough that is interesting to tell about them --  This morning I felt pretty tired but I worked awhile with Mary,* weeding the garden and after dinner I wrote a pile of letters and then got pinned down to the story -- and tonight, if you believe it I have been out horseback and had a long ride and a very good one{,} it was so cool and fresh. I am rapidly stiffening in consequence, but I expect that at

[ Page 3 ]

the first ride ---- (Tomorrow I must go to Rochester to have that naughty little broken front tooth put to rights, but I shall feel like sitting still after the ride, and I dont believe I shall be much hurt -- I shall be home again by four o'clock or five -- )

    (Oh, dont you think that this morning's mail brought me the most pathetic letter from Sandpiper* saying that she longed to see me and had been thinking of coming up to try to find me. She is going to the Shoals tomorrow and begged me to come out Wednesday, but I couldn't do that very well and

[ Page 4 ]

I have written her to come up here Thursday night when she gets in from the islands -- I believe it would be better -- a days real change may give a little different point of view and I felt it was right somehow to try that plan.  Her letter sounded perfectly heart-broken -- I think I can manage to have it quiet and pleasant for her here -- and perhaps I will drive her down next day and bring Cora* up -- Your letter was such a dear one and such a long one! I am so glad you went to the Horsfords* and I am so interested about the Hawthorne paper* -- But)

[ Manuscript breaks off. No signature. ]


Notes

Spring 1884: This date is based upon Jewett reporting that she has begun the composition of her novel, A Marsh Island, which began serialization in Atlantic Monthly in January 1885.
    Parenthesis marks after page one in this manuscript were penciled by Fields.

The Marsh Island: Jewett's A Marsh Island appeared in 1885.  By that time, her character Robert Dale had become Richard/Dick Dale.

Mary: Mary Rice Jewett. See Correspondents.

Sandpiper:  Celia Thaxter. See Correspondents.

Cora: Cora Clark Rice. See Correspondents.

Horsfords:  See Eben Norton Horsford in Correspondents.

Hawthorne paper: Annie Fields's book on Hawthorne did not appear until 1899. Perhaps Jewett refers to the 1884 biography of Hawthorne, Nathaniel Hawthorne and his Wife, by his son, Julian Hawthorne, though Jewett usually refers to an article rather than a book with the term "paper."

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields


Thursday 5 o'clock

Spring 1884


My dear Fuffy

    Thank you for the Critic and Nation* -- I found a good deal in the latter -- and read its politics until I was ready to cheer for Cleveland -- the Journal is so filled with vileness that I lose all respect for it. I think Blaine must be proud to have the chief weapons ^used^ in his behalf, of such a sort as these --

    Today I have been reading the story* through,and I like some of it very much but I am afraid there isn't enough "go" in it and that it will be only a third rate thing, with a kind of 

[ Page 2 ]

vagueness and feebleness about it -- Doris and Dick are not half vigorous enough and everybody will say again that nobody was in love* or ever heard of it. I know I could write a better story without a lover in it! but there is nothing to do now but finish it as fast and as well as I can--

    I was mad with the Nation for one thing; it was pleased to say that Carlyle* scolded people because they did no work and did nothing but talk himself.

[ Page 3 ]

When one remembers how he drudged, it certainly seems ungrateful of the Nation, but it isnt the fashion to call writing work! ---- a cross Pinny* ladies -- but a not very well Pinny and life drags a little.

Evening

    Oh my poor dear little Fuffy to be really ill in bed and I not there. I want to fly to you on the wings of the wind, but how can I and what in the world can I do about it? do tell me tomorrow that you are getting all right -- Do send for Dr. Morton*

[ Page 4 ]

if the cold hangs on and do every thing she says like a good Fuff. Perhaps you will get rested and certainly you are kept in this damp day -- that's the only comfort. Dear darling if I were there I would take such good care of you that you wouldn't [ think written over a word ] about being sick at all. If it hurts you to breathe tell Patrick* to get some fresh Bryonia* and take that every hour. I send this little letter because it amused me with its practical lesson from the little paper -- Oh Fuff dear do get better, but if you should still be badly off when this letter comes

[ Page 5 ]

do send me word so I can go right to you. I should hate to [ have corrected ] you needing me. I shall be worrying all the time until I hear again.

    That is very beautiful and helpful [ deleted word ] about doing ones work.* I believe in Carlyle more than I ever did before. Good night dear love { -- } I am afraid you are very lonely tonight -- and the pen would go either* when [ poor corrected ] little Fuffy wrote the letter -- Oh dear me! but I am your own    Pin --


Notes

Fuffy:  Nickname for Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Critic and Nation: The Critic: an illustrated monthly review of literature art, and life (1881-1906) and The Nation, a weekly magazine.  Jewett reads about the 1884 Presidential election, in which Democrat Grover Cleveland ran against Maine Republican, James G. Blaine.  Though Jewett and Fields were Lincoln Republicans, they and many of their friends favored Cleveland in this election because of his reputation for rectitude, as compared to Blaine, who had a reputation for political corruption.  During the campaign, however, it came out that Cleveland almost certainly had fathered an illegitimate child. Hence Jewett's noting that much of the campaigning and press coverage of the campaign were vile, as each side bruited the moral turpitude of the other.
    When Jewett refers to "the Journal," she probably means the Boston Journal newspaper.

story:  Jewett is working on her novel, A Marsh Island (1885), presumably anxious to finish it by January 1885, when the serial publication began, and to make it better than it seems to her as she writes this letter.

nobody was in love: An early common-place in commentary on Jewett was that she rarely depicted romance and conjugal love in her stories.

Carlyle scolded people: While there is a review of J. A. Froude's Thomas Carlyle: A History of His Life in London (1884) in The Nation 39 (20 November, 1884) pp. 438-9, that gives quite a negative portrait of Carlyle, this appeared after the presidential election and does not show Carlyle as a lazy hypocrite.  That Jewett's reference does not appear in issues of The Nation in July-December 1884, suggest that this letter was composed before July of 1884. At the time of this note, digital access to v. 38 of The Nation was not available; presumably the passage Jewett cites would be found in that volume.

P. L.:  Pinny Lawson (Pinny / Pin) was an affectionate nickname for Jewett, used by her and Annie Fields. See Correspondents.

Dr. Morton: Dr. Helen Morton (1834-1916) had offices successively on Marlboro, Boylston, and Chestnut streets in Boston. Richard Cary says that Jewett once characterized her as "touchy {touching?} in her doctorly heart and more devoted in her private capacity as a friend."

Patrick: Richard Cary identifies Patrick Lynch as Fields's "man of all work."

Bryonia:  A poisonous flowering plant sometimes used in herbal medicine.

one's work: Perhaps Jewett refers to Thomas Carlyle's (1795-1881) view that one needs only the kind and quantity of happiness that allows one to do his or her work.  He expresses this general idea in several of his works, including 'Characteristics' (1831) and Sartor Resartus (1833). Jewett probably refers to Past and Present (1843), p. 110.

pen would go either: What Jewett means here is not yet known.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

[ May 1884  ]*
[ missing material ]

and if we had waited until tomorrow our visit would have been very unsatisfactory. ).* I let Mary* leave me at the Barrell girls 'lane"* and after a nice call upon old Miss Mary I walked all the way down the harbour side to Norwoods* -- It is very pretty just at the edge of the river; the bank is high and steep with a wall at its foot -- the lilacs hang over the wall while higher up is a row of old houses -- overlooking the water -- The tide goes way out and leaves a fine broad pavement of little stones, and as I walk

[ Page 2 ]

along I always fancy that in the old days there was much parading of young men and maidens by this river wall on a summer night -- The house lanes come down steeply, very green with grass and bedecked with French pinks -- and there are two broader lanes with storehouses -- and battered boats and whole boats and lobster pots and iron kettles with holes in them: very big iron kettles indeed which may have gone whaling in the south seas in their young days -- I never saw such a

[ Page 3 ]

clutter of worn out boat and ship furniture as lies about on the river bank where these lanes come down from the main road! Yes, and the [schooner corrected ] John and Frank and the schooner Gal-nare! sometimes are in port alongside these tottering wharves, and make very picturesque appearance in the summer boarders' sketches --

    Cora* goes to town Tuesday. John was there, very nice too, and Mr. Clark was coming to spend Sunday -- He lent* me Vernon Lee's novel Miss Brown* and I read it last evening, sitting up until eleven o'clock ladies?

[ Page 4 ]

    I longed to talk to [you corrected ] about it -- it is so unconscionably long and needlessly nasty -- but my dear Fuff* -- there is a spark of greatness in [ it written over something ] and I am going to expect great things of Vernon Lee as Miss Preston* says we must -- The characters talk much alike -- Mifs Brown who is an educated all-of-a-sudden nursing maid expresses herself from the start as she Vernon Lee would. There is a ringing trumpet cry in the story to rouse [ idle corrected ] sensual mistaken educated people to leave their sickening follies and go to work at real life -- The aesthetics "catch it" well -- (but* I must

[ Up the left margin and across the top margin of the first page ]

tell you all the rest I have to say about it, this letter is growing so long and I must go over to make Uncle William* a call --

Goodnight darling darling [ unrecognized word ]

from your Pin --


Notes

May 1884: This date is speculative, based mainly upon Jewett reporting on her reading of Vernon Lee's Miss Brown, published that year.  See notes below.  Her visit to Mary Barrell shows that the letter could not have been composed later than June 1889. By then, Vernon Lee had published four more books.

unsatisfactory. ):  This parenthesis mark is double, once in black pencil, once in green, followed by the second period in black pencil. In green, Fields seems to have drawn a light line toward the top of the page.

Mary:  Mary Rice Jewett.  See Correspondents.

Barrell girls 'lane": The Barrell sisters, spinster friends of the Jewett family. See Paula Blanchard, Sarah Orne Jewett, especially p. 223.  Mary (c. 1804 - June 6, 1889) and Elizabeth Barrell (c. 1799 - November 12, 1883) lived in what is now the Sayward-Wheeler House in York Harbor, ME. for much of the 19th century.  See also James Henry Stark, The Loyalists of Massachusetts and the Other Side of the American Revolution.
    Jewett seems to have placed a single quotation mark before "lane" and a double quotation mark after.

Norwoods: There is now a Norwood's Farm Road on East Point in York, ME, but Jewett's walk seems not to be in that area, though she would walk toward it on her probable route.  She probably walks southeast from what is now the Sayward Wheeler House, along what is now called "Fisherman's Walk," on the north side of the York River.

Cora ... John:  Cora Clark Rice and her husband, John Hamilton Rice.  Mr. Clark is her father. See Correspondents.
    Fields has left a green line before "Cora," though she may have tried to erase it.

He lent:  Fields, in green pencil, has deleted "He" and inserted "Someone."

Vernon Lee's novel Miss BrownVernon Lee was the pseudonym of the British writer Violet Paget (1856 - 1935).  According to The Library of the World's Best Literature (1917), Miss Brown (1884) is a satirical novel, the object of which is "to expose the falseness of the æsthetic ideal and its tendency to debase all who follow it; and it aroused the indignation of all the 'æsthetes'.”

Fuff:  Nickname for Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Miss Preston:  Harriet Waters Preston. See Correspondents.

(but:  This parenthesis mark is by Fields, in green pencil.

Uncle William: William Durham Jewett. See Correspondents.

Pin:  Pinny Lawson (Pinny / Pin) was an affectionate nickname for Jewett, used by her and Annie Fields. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



Sarah Orne Jewett to unknown recipient


[Letterhead in red print]
148. Charles Street. [End letterhead line] 11 June [1884]*
            [Resume letterhead] Boston.
[End letterhead]


Dear Sir

    I hardly know what to say in answer to the questions -- it is not very easy to write about oneself --

    The book* has nearly all been written ^in Boston^ since late in January -- but it will be out so soon I must leave it to speak for itself -- My father was a physician and also* my grandfather.  Dr. Perry*

[ Page 2 ]

of Exeter -- who is now the oldest graduate of Harvard.  My home is South Berwick Maine, but I spend the winter months with Mrs. James T. Fields in Boston.

    -- I do not feel that this is what you wished to know -- and I am sorry to write so hastily but I am just leaving the city and am very much hurried this morning

    yours sincerely    S. O. Jewett.


Notes

1884:  It seems clear that Jewett refers to A Country Doctor, which appeared in June of 1884.
 
the book:  Almost certainly Jewett speaks of A Country Doctor, her only novel that was not serialized.  Jewett reports working intensely at it in April of 1884.  By the end of June, it had been published.

also:  Located outside the margin, this word appears to have been inserted.

Dr. Perry:  Jewett's grandfather, William Perry. See Correspondents.

This manuscript of this letter is held by Archives and Special Collections, Amherst College Library, in the Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection.  Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Sunday morning

[ Early Summer 1884 ]


My dear darling

    I dont think I ever felt so badly at leaving you. After you had really driven off I would have given a great deal if I could have pulled you back for one more word. It was pretty hot in the cars and they were crammed all up and down the aisle, but when we got to Wenham & Hamilton a good company 'lighted down to go to the camp meeting --

[ Page 2 ]

(Pinny* to be tooken to a camp meeting? {"}She never went !!" I read my History* but I didn't feel very much like it -- (and John* met me at the train. Every body but mother had gone to [ deleted word ] Carrie's to tea so I had a good chance to get rested for I was pretty tired.) To-day it is better weather so cool and fresh and mountain like -- the wind must be blowing from the north and coming right down

[ Page 3 ]

to Berwick from the big hills -- (you will have a lovely still day I hope. I know just how it all looks, and you are in 'the little room over the gate' making yourself wise and being very happy with your dear books.)

        I send you the Nation with a most noble compliment to Pinny -- Really, what could one ask more?  To have the Nation say that Pinny is the girl who has [ deleted word ] style !!* ladies!

[ Page 4 ]

(( that ought to make the 'ladies' spin round and round.

    The Foots* go away tomorrow. Russell is a perfectly charming boy of fifteen. I must keep hold of him now for I always liked him. Mrs. Foot (who has been there a good many years)* says that Appledore is very badly kept. There is a new steward, & she thinks Cedric's marriage* has had a bad effect in some ways -- But there are people & people there -- Good bye and the most loving [ deleted word] )

[ apparently unsigned ]



Notes

1884: As indicated by the notes below, this letter most likely was composed in 1884, at the time of year when rail cars could be hot and when outdoor camp meetings might take place -- early summer or in autumn.  It is a little odd, however, that Jewett would be noticing a positive book review several months after it appeared.

History: Jewett seems to have begun reading for her project The Story of the Normans (1887) as early as 1884.  If this letter is dated correctly, this probably is what she refers to and why she capitalizes the word.

John:  John Tucker.  See Correspondents.

Carrie's:  Caroline (Carrie) Augusta Jewett Eastman. See Correspondents.

Pinny:  Pinny Lawson (Pin), one of Jewett's nicknames.

Nation ... style:  While reviewers in The Nation more than once praised Jewett's style, probably -- because the praise is unreserved in this review -- Jewett refers to the review of The Mate of the Daylight that appeared in Nation 38 (17 January 1884) p. 59.

The Foots ... Russell: This family has not yet been identified.

years): The parentheses marks around this passage are by Jewett, whereas all the others in this letter appear to have been added in pencil by another hand.

Appledore ... Cedric's marriage: Cedric Laighton (1840-1899) was the brother of Celia Thaxter and with their brother, Oscar, was operator of the resort hotel on Appledore in the Isles of the Shoals.  Cedric married Julia Stowell (1859-1926) in 1881. See Celia Thaxter in Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



Annie Adams Fields to Eben Norton Horsford

June 23d 1884

148 Charles Street, Boston

Dear Professor Horsford:

I cannot let the season quite draw to a close without giving an account of my stewardship and telling you what a comfort the money you put into my hands has been to fall back upon and to "stop gaps" this winter. The list as follows:

To a dressmaker whose husband has been ill for long time until everything is gone and she is spent with nursing    10.00
For Liebig's beef for the same    1.60
Winter dress for a sick French teacher    6.00
Carriage for a sick man    1.00
For Epileptic to Baldwinsville*    3.00
To a superannuated dressmaker of the better class for whom we have made a little pension        5.00
Baby clothes      1.00
For visiting the poor by an intelligent woman thrown out of employment     12.00
To finding a troublesome beggar and dishonest and assisting to bring to court      7.00
For bringing diet kitchen food to a sick woman at ten cents a day         4.40
50.00 [sic]

This last money is not yet all spent and if the woman can make any other arrangement we shall use the surplus for advertising for work for a woman in the country.
    I hope you will feel that it has gone in ways that you approve of. I can only repeat that it has been a comfort to me to have it to fall back upon. I found Edith and all the family yesterday. Richard had been trying to relate a bible story to the children about the Garden of Eden,* but his powers of description were not sufficient to satisfy Dicky who protested that he didn't believe Eden was as beautiful as grandpapa's garden! I thought if we told all that was in our hearts, we should confess it could hardly be more beautiful than Cambridge yesterday. I enjoyed my visit to you all sincerely.

Believe me gratefully and affectionately yours,

Annie Fields

Notes

Transcriber note:  Richard Henry Dana III (1851-1931) married Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's daughter Edith and lived near the Longfellows and the Horsfords at 113 Brattle Street in Cambridge. "Grandpapa" is presumably Longfellow; Richard Henry Dana Jr. and Longfellow died before 1884.

Baldwinsville:  According to Philip L. Safford and  Elizabeth J. Safford in  A History of Childhood and Disability (1996), a private facility to treat epileptics under age 14 was founded in 1882 in Baldwinsville, MA (191).

Edith and all the family ... Richard ... the Garden of Eden ... not sufficient to satisfy Dicky:  See the Transcriber note above.  The Garden of Eden, the home of Adam and Eve before they ate the forbidden fruit, is described in Genesis, chapters 2 and 3, as well as in John Milton's Paradise Lost (1667).

According to transcriber John W. Willoughby, the manuscript of this letter is in the possession of the family of Andrew Fiske, Eben Norton Horsford's great-grandson, "heir to Sylvester Manor, Horsford's Shelter Island estate, who graciously offered to share with the public the letters from Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford and his family."  This letter was published in John W. Willoughby, "Sarah Orne Jewett and Her Shelter Island: Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford,"  Confrontation (Long Island University) 8 (1974): 72-86.  Annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Eben Norton Horsford

South Berwick,
June 29th [1884]*

My dear friend

    I was so glad to get your letter that I can't "stay written to" a minute and must answer it right away. And will you thank the lady of the manor for her dear note? I am so glad you like my Country Doctor.*
    I heard about you all from Mrs. Fields who enjoyed her call very much. She is so fond of you and is looking forward to our September visit with great pleasure which delights me. I am hoping to see her here the last of this week, and I should like to have somebody cut out the middle of the week and piece the ends together!
    I am busy writing again and hope to get the new story almost done before I see Shelter Island.
    I was so glad to know that Kate and Lilian were safe at home.* You dont know how often I think of you dear people! -- This is not going to be half so good a letter as yours: it is only to thank you for your summer at the dear old house. I wish I knew just what day you are going down but before I know it you will be there.

Yours lovingly

 Sarah.
 
Mrs. Thaxter spent Friday night here and I drove her down to Kittery yesterday -- such a hot day!



Notes

Transcriber note:  Sarah Orne Jewett's A Country Doctor was published in 1884 and her novel, "the new story," A Marsh Island in 1885, serial publication starting in January. By June of 1884 Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields were well along with plans to visit the Horsfords in Shelter Island September 6 through 13, 1884. Celia Laighton Thaxter (1835-1894), a New England poet associated particularly with Kittery Point, Maine, was another mutual friend of Sarah Orne Jewett, Annie Fields, and the Horsfords.
    Mrs. Stowe is Harriet Beecher Stowe, the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) and many others works.

1884:  See Transcriber's note.

Kate and Lilian:  Daughters in the Horsford family.  See Correspondents.

According to transcriber John W. Willoughby, the manuscript of this letter is in the possession of the family of Andrew Fiske, Eben Norton Horsford's great-grandson, "heir to Sylvester Manor, Horsford's Shelter Island estate, who graciously offered to share with the public the letters from Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford and his family."  This letter was published in John W. Willoughby, "Sarah Orne Jewett and Her Shelter Island: Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford,"  Confrontation (Long Island University) 8 (1974): 72-86.  Annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Wednesday

2 July 1884 ]*


Dear F~~~~~~f*

    (You made me laugh so -- it sounded just exactly like you!)

    -- I had a very pleasant long call at Exeter -- Grandpa was very well and bright and was quite on fire to come down with me and go to the circus in Dover today -- Discretion held him back at the last and I was glad

[ Page 2 ]

for it promises to be very hot -- I dont believe I shall go myself, for to my great relief Uncle William* thinks he will stay at home -- John* is going to take the rest of the family over to see the big parade and I am writing this in the interval between getting them [ deleted letters ] arranged and seeing them off -- the horse being

[ Page 3 ]

put in --        Dear Fuffy, did my ^to be!^ black jersey ever get back from Daloz's?* Dont bother to get it and bring it but ask Patrick* to go for it some day, please -- I must run! Only day after tomorrow now!

Your own Pin.*

Notes

2 July 1884: The Barnum and Bailey Circus performed in Dover, NH on Wednesday 2 July 1884 and Saturday 23 July 1887.  As Uncle William Jewett died on 4 August 1887, it seems unlikely that he was thinking of attending the circus that July.  Thus, the date of this letter almost certainly is 2 July 1884.
    The Dover Public Library has a collection of circus materials from performances in Dover, including this note:
1884, DAILY REPUBLICAN:
“Barnum’s agents are telling around that the sacred white elephant will eat and drink from the golden water jars and troughs which the priests who attend him in Siam insisted should be included in his purchase. The holy brute is to travel in a gorgeous palace car… The third section is to be set apart as a place of worship for the Burmese priests and will contain their idols. The priests have  been cautioned not to address each other as Mike and Paddy.”  The elephants were treated to a bath in the Cocheco at the Soap Factory on River Street, The huge fellows wallowed and rolled in the water and enjoyed themselves immensely.
F...f:  Fuff, a nickname for Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Uncle William:  William Durham Jewett. See Correspondents.

John: John Tucker. See Correspondents.

Daloz's: Albert Roland Daloz, son of French immigrant Laurent Hippolyte, operated a cleaning business at 11 Humphreys St. in Dorchester, MA beginning in 1899. Whether he or a family member operated a cleaner at another location in the 1880s is not yet known.

Patrick: Richard Cary identifies Patrick Lynch as Fields's "man of all work."

Pin:  Pinny Lawson (Pinny / Pin) was an affectionate nickname for Jewett, used by her and Annie Fields. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.


 

SOJ to Mr. Wentworth  [8 July 1884]*

Manchester Masstts
July 8th

Dear Mr. Wentworth
     Thank you very much for your note and its enclosures about the sleeping car for Quebec on July 14th. If you will kindly have three parlor car seats kept for us at Conway Junction I shall be very much obliged.

     Your most sincerely

     S. O. Jewett
 

Notes

Paula Blanchard in Sarah Orne Jewett reports one trip Sarah and Mary Jewett made to Canada in the autumn of 1884.

The ms. of this letter is held by the Berwick Academy Archives, item: 1993.0014.  Transcription and annotation by Terry Heller, Coe College.



Sarah Wyman Whitman to SOJ


July 10, (1884?).

     I think that I have never yet spoken of the Country Doctor to you, dear friend, though I declare to you that this is the third beginning I have made. . . . There have been many practical reasons for delay, but perhaps an unpractical one weighed heaviest in the scale; the fact that I wanted to say so much, apropos to the Country Doctor,* that no little scrap of statement would serve me! I think it delightful: written with that combination of pure literary style and aromatic individual flavor that gives one such especial pleasure, and the people live and breathe for me and take their place in the New England landscape. Then comes the moral of the situation, and that's what I want to know more about. Is it that Nan really loves her lover? or does she only feel the possibility and decide to reject it?
     Yet, after all, as I ask these questions I see what a foolish person I am; for if one begins to discuss this strange re-iterated problem, one must go into the depths of it and only come forth with the pearl of Truth which is hard to find.
     I suppose I think, in some crude, unformulated way, that if two souls really have found each other, in the Divine Economy (by some highest Mathematics) they will count for more together than they ever could apart; and that whatever loss is entailed in this fusion of interests, is more than made good by a new and more complete existence. But I will not bore you with this, when I may be speaking quite wide the mark of your opinion. . . .
     I want to tell you that I have had four days of sketching at Gloucester, and among dreams and visions, which has given me no mean lift, and provided much consolation.* There is not much to show for it, you might say: but I got something nevertheless.
     Dear friend, this is a most garrulous letter, but sometimes there's no fun in brevity.


Notes

Country Doctor: Sarah Orne Jewett's novel, A Country Doctor appeared in 1884.

Gloucester: a Massachusetts coastal town, north of Boston.

This transcription appears in Letters, Sarah Wyman Whitman.  Cambridge, MA:  Riverside Press, 1907, "Letters to Sarah Orne Jewett: 1882-1903," pp. 61-109.



John Greenleaf Whittier to Celia Thaxter

Holderness, N.H.
28 July, 1884

My dear Friend

    It is a long time since I have seen or heard from thee. Our friends, Annie Fields and Sarah Jewett, are here and we are greatly enjoying their company and we have wished thee could be with us. I came here as Chas Lamb* would say "ratherish unwell!" and have not yet found the benefit of the mountain air which I had hoped for, but on the whole am as comfortable as I have reason to expect. For I am beginning to understand that I am an old man, and, as they say of town-paupers, "past my usefulness." But Nature keeps her promise to me, and I have, I am glad to say, a greater capacity for simple enjoyment than for performance....

    Just now the other friends here say they are going to write also and finish out my letter. I am glad, for I am too stupid to write today.....

Ever and heartily thy old friend

John G. Whittier

Notes

Chas Lamb: British essayist and poet, Charles Lamb (1775-1834).

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University, MS Am 1211: John Greenleaf Whittier miscellaneous papers, 1831-1890.  The transcription of this selection appears in John B. Pickard, The Letters of John Greenleaf Whittier v. 3, pp. 487-8. Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to John Geenleaf Whittier


South Berwick

August 7, 1884 

My dear Friend:

     I am sorry this letter has been so late in going to you. At any rate I have been thinking of you and the pleasant days at Asquam1 a great deal. I have been so busy getting in my salt hay2 ever since A. F.* went away that there did not seem to be time for much else. I have done eighty-two pages so far this week and this is only Thursday. I wish I could keep on at that rate and it would be done in a month now except the last looking over and copying. I grow more and more interested in it, and it promises to be a "blooming" love story!!

     Thank you so much for the newspaper cuttings. I was glad to see them both and Mrs. Fields shall have the ghost story.3 The more I think of it, the more I believe in the truth of the Bishop of Carlisle's theory.4

     I didn't see the Greely reception.5 I could hardly hear about it without crying -- and it is all very real to me. So perhaps it is just as well I stayed away, but I don't believe a more thrilling sight ever was in Portsmouth, or "all along shore" for that matter.

     I can't help wishing that you and Mrs. Caldwell and Mrs. Cartland could stop over at S. Berwick on your way home. I want to thank you all again for your dear friendship and kindness. I have felt better in every way since I came home from Holderness.

     With love from my sister and myself,

Yours always lovingly,

Sarah O. Jewett

 

P.S. I was getting in the salt hay much too late in the season and had to start over again!

 
Notes

1. From the top of a high promontory between Squam and Little Squam lakes, the Asquam House affords an expansive view of Lake Winnipesaukee and the mountain ranges beyond it. On July 16, 1884, Whittier had asked Mrs. Fields: "Would it be possible for thee and Sarah to come here?" (Pickard, Life and Letters, II. 694.)

2. Reference is to her novel, A Marsh Island, the current work in progress.

3. Whittier had written: "I have just cut from the N. Y. Evening Post a notice of thy beautiful story of the Country Doctor . . . and also a very remarkable statement re­lating to spiritual visitations, which I think will interest thee and dear Annie Fields." (Cary, "Whittier Letters," p. 15) On the same day that this review appeared (Au­gust 2, 1884), a letter to the editor, cap­tioned "Another Ghost Story," recounted an experience similar to that of Sir Edward Hornby, an English Chief Justice, whose story was reported in "Visible Appari­tions," Nineteenth Century, XVI (July 1884), 68-95, and reprinted in the Post on July 29.

4. Harvey Goodwin (1818-1891), Bish­op of Carlisle from 1869 to his death, wrote prolifically in dynamics, statistics, biography, and religion. Miss Jewett seems to be referring to the assertion in his Walks in the Regions of Science and Faith (London, 1883), p. 6: "To drop all meta­phor, the progress of human knowledge during the present century compels everyone who thinks at all to think with his eyes open to the results of physical science. Morals and religion have, of course, still their own territory, and their territory should be carefully and courageously guarded against invasion. But the moral and religious values of men will generally be modified by the necessity of recognizing indubitable physical truths."

5. In August 1881 Lt. Adolphus W. Greely and a contingent of twenty-five men established a United States signal station for arctic observation and exploration in Grinnell Land. When, after two desperate winters, the expected relief ships did not come, Greely and his party set out by sea. They drifted ten months, cold and starvation reducing the group to six. They were finally rescued by a naval squadron, which dropped anchor in Portsmouth harbor on August 1, 1884. Formal ceremonies and impromptu festivities for the survivors proliferated. With the Secretary of the Navy and an admiral in attendance, the local press reported that "Never before in the history of Portsmouth has there been so grand and imposing an event as the celebration of the return of Greely and the survivors of his expedition." 

Editor's Notes

A.F.:  Annie Adams Fields.  See Correspondents.

Mrs. Caldwell and Mrs. Cartland: Cary identifies Adelaide Caldwell, wife of Whittier's nephew Lewis, who was noted for her sparkling personality at family gatherings.  And he says that Joseph Cartland (1810-1898) and Gertrude Cartland (1822-1911) ac­companied Whittier on his summer vaca­tions in Maine and New Hampshire for five decades, and Whittier lived in their home at New­buryport, Massachusetts most of his last fifteen winters.

This letter was transcribed and annotated by Richard Cary, and first published in  "'Yours Always Lovingly': Sarah Orne Jewett to John Greenleaf Whittier,"  Essex Institute Historical Collections 107 (1971): 412-50. This article was reprinted at the Sarah Orne Jewett Text Project by permission of the library of the American Antiquarian Society and the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Monday night

[ Summer 1884 ]*

My dear darling

    I have been sorry all day that I sent you such a wretched piece of a letter -- I did get very tired yesterday, and when I took my pen and wanted to say so much it wouldn't go very well -- I know you cant help feeling the love that goes in every one of my letters though.

    I wish our "wellness" had been equal to lasting more than a week! but indeed a week has asked a great deal for both of us and here we are living from hand to mouth again. Dont

[ Page 2 ]

over work dear love any more than you can help. (I worry about it a great deal, but I know you do such blessed things all the time -- ) ---

    (I felt very much disturbed about the Reade paper,* and was going to have something done about it right away. I wish you had put your price on it -- and I wonder they could offer you less than you had for the other -- the Longfellow. That was such a silly reason ^they gave^, but we shall grow wiser and wiser and I am afraid never grow any richer writing for

[ Page 3 ]

the magazines -- I imagine Scudder* sneaking and asking some Century person how much they paid you. I wish you would ask the Editors to please not mention the price to anyone as it is less than you [ have ? corrected ]-- but I dont know whether it would be wise{.})

    I have had a great worry over the Marsh Island* in these last two or th days. It seemed to run into the sand and disappear. I got ten pages done early this afternoon before the company came and worked away not hopelessly, but I feel uncertain

[ Page 4 ]

about it -- and wish it were a stronger sort of story -- We will let it tell itself and wait, wont we [ we repeated ] darling? As for the company the two lads are having a good time -- nineteen and twenty-one and big as houses! and tomorrow Grandpa* is coming to join these "fellows of his own age" -- which will give us a handful of entertaining -- and not much writing weather -- perhaps it is just as well. I did enjoy A Tale of Two Cities* most uncommon. The people in it seemed people of say ten years ago but the [ swing ? ] of the story -- the art of it is some

[ Up the left margin and then across the top margin of page 1 ]

thing marvellous -- What a wonderful [ picture ? ] and product of his own time Dickens was! -- I could feel him in the story and what you loved in him, more than ever before -- Good night dear mouse.* Dont let's get downhearted whatever happens. We have no French Revolution to tear

[ Up the left margin and then across the top margin of page 2 ]

us to pieces -- I was so glad to see Mifs Whittier's* note and oh your dear letters are such a delight. If you want me to look at the Pratt paper* really do send it down and we will

[ Up the left margin and then across the top margin of page 3 ]

have done with it [immejetly ? ] -- (You are only to be scolded about the cretonnes -- Leave them alone naughty Fuffy -- you are busy enough! and I can wait and must until fall.

Your own Pin* -- who thanks you for everything twenty times over.)


Notes

Summer 1884: In the upper right appear notes probably penciled by Fields: "188-- 5? 9?"  Given that Jewett is working on first draft of A Marsh Island, the year almost certainly is 1884, and as she mentions waiting until fall about the upholstery project, the letter probably was composed in the summer of that year.
    Parenthesis marks in this manuscript were penciled by Fields.

Reade paper: Annie Fields's "Acquaintance with Charles Reade" appeared in Century Magazine in November 1884.  Her "Glimpses of Longfellow in Social Life" also appeared in Century in April 1886.

Scudder: Horace Elisha Scudder. See Correspondents.  Richard Cary suggests that over all, Jewett's relationship with Scudder was cordial and beneficial to her, but clearly there were times when she was distrustful of him.
    Jewett's suggestion that Scudder is the person who paid too little for the Reade piece suggests that perhaps Fields withdrew it from Atlantic before publishing it in Century. The much later appearance of the Longfellow article suggests other complications that are as yet not understood.

Marsh Island:  Jewett's A Marsh Island (1885) began serialization in Atlantic Monthly in January 1885.  Jewett's other letters indicate that she worked hard to complete her first draft before the serial began.

Grandpa: Jewett speaks of Dr. William Perry, Sr., her vigorous and elderly maternal grandfather.  Presumably the visiting young men also are relatives, but which ones is not yet known. See Correspondents.

A Tale of Two Cities: British novelist Charles Dickens (1812-1870), who had been a special friend of Annie Fields, published A Tale of Two Cities in 1859.  The novel's subject was set in London and Paris during the French Revolution.

Mouse:  Nickname for Annie Adams Fields. Later in the letter, Jewett uses another Fields nickname: Fuffy.  See Correspondents.

Mifs Whittier's: One would naturally assume this to be a relative of close friend John Greenleaf Whittier. See Correspondents. However, he is not known to have any close living, unmarried, female relatives named Whittier and likely to be corresponding with Fields and Jewett at this time.

the Pratt paper: Eliza Pratt (See Correspondents) was at this time editor of Wide Awake magazine for young readers. Fields published two pieces there entitled "The Contributors and the Children": December 1886 and April 1887.  Though both appeared a considerable time after this letter, it seems that Fields was having difficulty completing them.

Pin:  Pinny Lawson (Pinny / Pin) was an affectionate nickname for Jewett, used by her and Annie Fields. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Lilian Woodman Aldrich

Thursday
[ 18 September 1884 ]

Dear Lily

    I meant to see you this morning but a headache sent me home again early in the day.

    -- I wished to ask you a business question: the address of the man in Sudbury M. who ^re-^silvers mirrors and re-guilds their frames. and [ If corrected from if ] I send him one [ possibly two deleted words ] will ^he^ put it in good order without special direction? I am going to Quebec with my

[ Page 2 ]

sister Mary* and start early tomorrow. If this note doesn't reach you tonight will you please send the answer to Mrs. Fields --*

Yours most lovingly

Sadie.*       

in such a hurry! now that the headache is over with! -----


Notes

1884:  Jewett writes the day before her Friday 19 September 1884 departure with her sister Mary to Montreal and Quebec.  See Annie Adams Fields to Eben Norton Horsford, 19 September 1884.

Mary:  Mary Rice Jewett. See Correspondents.

Sadie:  Sadie Martinot, after the American actress of that name, was a nickname for Jewett with the Aldriches. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Thomas Baily Aldrich Papers, 119 letters of Thomas Bailey and Lilian Woodman Aldrich. , 1837-1926. MS Am 1429 (117). Transcribed and annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.
    At the bottom left of page one, in another hand, is a circled number: 2681.



Annie Adams Fields to Eben Norton Horsford

Sep. 19th '84,

148 Charles Street
Boston

Dear Professor Horsford

    I promised dear Mrs Horsford a note from our poet and I send the enclosed because he thinks when it is written, that we are still with you.*

    I hope the peaches arrived safely and were of the best. We, Sarah and I, are full of tender remembrances of our visit -- Just here comes your note of the 17th which explains why Mrs Horsford could not hear us when we spoke through the telephone* to bid her welcome on the late afternoon of Wednesday.

    Sarah and her sister have gone this morning to Montreal and Quebec.* I feared a storm for them but instead they have a lovely autumn morning. She sends her love, as I do also, to your daughters. She means to write them while she is away.
Our visit to you was a real refreshment. We found Mrs. Stowe on Sunday in Hartford. She is very delicate in health but is talking of going to Florida as usual.

    My little home here is looking very pretty just now for the frosts spared the blossoms and the grass everywhere is doing itself great credit.

    The sketch has just gone to be mounted. It looked lovelier than ever when we took it out of the trunk and knew that the scene itself was now only a memory to us.
   
affectionately to you all
Annie Fields.

Notes

our poet:  Probably John Greenleaf Whittier.

telephone:  This letter suggests that Fields was an early adopter of the new telephone services, probably provided by the National Bell Telephone Company in New England.

Montreal and Quebec:  Jewett's biographers report that Quebec was a favorite destination for the Jewett family, but little has been written about their travels in Canada or the writing that resulted, such as "Mère Pochette" (1888).

Mrs. Stowe in Hartford:  Harriet Beecher Stowe was living at Nook Farm in Hartford, CT in 1884.

According to transcriber John W. Willoughby, the manuscript of this letter is in the possession of the family of Andrew Fiske, Eben Norton Horsford's great-grandson, "heir to Sylvester Manor, Horsford's Shelter Island estate, who graciously offered to share with the public the letters from Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford and his family."  This letter was published in John W. Willoughby, "Sarah Orne Jewett and Her Shelter Island: Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford,"  Confrontation (Long Island University) 8 (1974): 72-86.  Annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

 Thursday --

[ September 1884 ]*

My dear Fuff --*

            Who do you think has been passing the afternoon with me but Gen. Armstrong!* He was on his way to Prout's Neck and stopped over, which was very kind and very invigorating!  He was as much in a hurry and talked as fast as ever and on the whole I feel much the better for him.  He asked all about you and said he should go to see you next week on his way back -- he wants now to be in a place where

[ Page 2 ]

he can wear a flannel shirt and be very lazy --  He thought he might not like Prouts Neck and should run away and I suggested that it was better if he didn't like it and he had better be tied to a stout post in the middle of a desert place which seemed to amuse him highly --  Sometime he is coming here to have a good long horse back ride -- being delighted with Berwick, that is, he thinks he will.  He has been reading the Country

[ Page 3 ]

Doctor* and had it with him.  As he came up from Conway Junction I drove him back there and he was pleased with Sheila* -- and Grandpa* & he found great satisfaction in each other so it was all very nice.  I couldnt help thinking what an example it was for these rich boys.  The one who needed it most was not here though!

     = I think I shall have to let this week go, hook and sinker, but next week I must make up for it.  I suppose the interruption is the best thing, but there are

[ Page 4 ]

times when it seems the worst.  I have thought at the story a good deal -- and got out of the bog I was in the first of the week, at least I hope I have --

------------------------------------------

    Oh my kind dear Fuffy to send the peaches and the little [ note corrected ] at the top for a best bit of all! I think you are so dear a [ deleted letters ] F ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~f and I thank you ever so many times and wish I could write a quawking letter like Sandpiper.* I picked such a good big peach out of the basket -- and grudge them

[ Page 5 ]

very much to most people because they are to be keeped for best! There's a greedy grasping Pinny* for you. ---- What a naughty Marigold* to bloom elsewhere on lunch day! Dear me, wouldn't I go to lunch with you if I had promised! -- I am afraid I shall be very [ skimpy corrected ] about day's visits even to Rye and Marigold -- it is really going to be a great pull if I get this story done by the first of November. A week like this disheartens me. I must not let them happen, I must

[ Page 6 ]

keep part of my afternoons at any rate -- but you know how hard it is to do that and I like to make the most of Grandfathers visits. I am so afraid every one will be the last -- -- I began a letter to Marigold tonight but I was too tired to finish it and I must say good-night even to you. How lovely this is about the olive tree! -- But the dearest thing was your reminding me of our 'perhaps' going to Manchester by and by -- How I should love that! I contemplate a Manchester Pinny with admiration -- and she is Fuffs too!


Notes

September 1884:  This date has substantial.  This letter must have been composed between 1884 when A Country Doctor appeared and December 1889 when Mary Greenwood Lodge died. Jewett seems to be working on a novel she hopes to complete by November.  That is likely to be A Marsh Island, which began serial publication in January 1885. We have a letter of 19 September from Annie Fields to Eben Horsford, that mentions she has sent him peaches.

Fuff: Nickname for Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Gen. Armstrong: This probably is  Samuel Chapman Armstrong. See Correspondents

Prout's NeckProuts Neck is a peninsula, within the town of Scarborough, in southeastern Maine.

Country Doctor:  Jewett's novel, A Country Doctor, was published in 1884.

Sheila: Jewett's first horse, purchased in 1877.

Grandpa: Dr. William Perry (d. January 11, 1887). See Correspondents.

Sandpiper: Celia Thaxter. See Correspondents.

Pinny:  Pinny Lawson (Pinny / Pin) was an affectionate nickname for Jewett, used by her and Annie Fields. See Correspondents.

Marigold:  Mary Langdon Greenwood (Mrs. James) Lodge.  See Correspondents.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories in the Maine Women Writer's Collection, University of New England, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, Folder 72, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection.  Preparation by Linda Heller.  Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



Annie Adams Fields to Eben Norton Horsford

Monday evening [October 1884]*

148 Charles Street, Boston

My dear friends:

I was more than sorry to pass your door today without knocking, but seeing both "Mamma" and Lilian* on my way, (the first driving and at a distance) I concluded to defer my visit. After a word with Frü Ole* I found myself late and tired and so, ignominiously, returned home. Sarah gave me her love to bring to you all.
    We have been passing the month at my cottage in Manchester by the Sea and I only returned this morning, leaving Sarah at South Berwick. We drove from Manchester to Berwick passing one night with Mr. Whittier at Amesbury. He is uncommonly well again! and as full of the coming Election, Quarterly meetings, the last new books and his orchard and grape-vines, as he ever was.*
    He again said how sorry he was that he did not feel equal to the journey to Shelter Island.*
    This afternoon was beautiful indeed in Cambridge and it was fitting that everybody should be out to see something of it at least. I wanted to see the Longfellows and give them a word of welcome before looking about at the crowd of things which should keep me here for a while, but missing you I had a sense of disappointment after all.
    Sarah will feel the death of your favorite and I feel it for you and with you.*
    Good-bye and please return good for evil in not passing by my door.

Affectionately  yours
Annie Fields.

Notes

Transcriber note:  Frü Ole is Sara Chapman Thorp Bull (1850-1911) the widow of famed Norwegian violinist Ole Bull (1810-1880); she lived near the Horsfords at 168 Brattle Street in Cambridge.

October 1884:  If the reference to the "death of your favorite" refers to the death of Trofarts, a family dog, then this letter from Annie must be close in time to the Jewett's letter of 29 October 1884, which includes condolence for this loss.

"Mamma" and Lilian:  Horsford wife and daughter.  See Correspondents.

Whittier:  John Greenleaf Whittier. See Correspondents.

coming Election, Quarterly meetings:  The Presidential election of 1884 was hotly contested, pitting Republican James G. Blaine against Democrat Grover Cleveland.  Blaine was hampered by a political corruption scandal resulting from documentary evidence that he had sold his influence while in Congress.  Cleveland was able to take the higher moral position until it was revealed that he had fathered (or at least taken responsibility for) an illegitimate child.  The election was held on 4 November.  As abolitionists and Republicans, Whittier and Fields and Jewett would have found the campaign upsetting.
    Whittier was a member of the Society of Friends (Quakers).  Quarterly meetings of the Society of Friends are gatherings of regional representatives to worship and conduct business.

the journey to Shelter Island:  According to Mac Griswold in The Manor: Three Centuries at a Slave Plantation on Long Island (2013), the dedication of the Shelter Island monument took place in July of 1884 (309-11).  He reports that Whittier was present to read a poem he composed for the occasion, but this letter and others to the Horsfords would seem to contradict both facts.  Contemporary accounts indicate that Whittier's poem was read, but do not specify that he read it or that it was composed for this occasion.  It is possible, though, that Fields refers to a different gathering.  See the Friends Intelligenceer v. 41 (August 1884) pp. 436-7.  Further assistance is welcome.

Longfellows:  Willoughby says that "the Horsfords lived at 27 Craigie Street [in Cambridge, MA], a few doors from the Longfellows."  See Mary Melvin Petronella, Victorian Boston Today: Twelve Walking Tours (225).

death of your favorite:  Probably Trofarts, a Horsford family dog.

According to transcriber John W. Willoughby, the manuscript of this letter is in the possession of the family of Andrew Fiske, Eben Norton Horsford's great-grandson, "heir to Sylvester Manor, Horsford's Shelter Island estate, who graciously offered to share with the public the letters from Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford and his family."  This letter was published in John W. Willoughby, "Sarah Orne Jewett and Her Shelter Island: Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford,"  Confrontation (Long Island University) 8 (1974): 72-86.  Annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Monday night

[ 1884  ]*

(Dear Fuffy

    What a dear letter came from you tonight! but I am afraid this will be a sleepy answer, since it is getting late).  I wrote until after dark this afternoon and then went out to walk in the early moonlight, way down the street by the Academy and even up on the hill back of the Academy itself.* There was a great grey cloud in the west but all the rest of the sky was clear and

[ Page 2 ]

it was very beautiful --. When one goes out of doors and wanders about alone at such a time, how wonderfully one becomes part of nature itself -- like an atom of quick-silver against a great mass -- I hardly keep my separate consciousness but go on and on until the mood has spent itself.* I don't know when I have ever enjoyed the fresh air as I did Saturday -- (I am glad you have the

[ Page 3 ]

new Browning book.* I shall be so glad to hear it by and by -- and how do you like the Lanier?* I have been looking over the Parkman books* a little and I also read a good deal of Lord Ronald Gowers* bookatee -- some of it is quite inconsequent but he is very charming in many ways -- a most [ loveable so spelled ] person I should think. Everything about his mother and sisters is perfectly charming and his love [ several deleted words ] for Dunrobin castle and

[ Page 4 ]

a Chiswick house is quite delightful{.}

    I think you will like to look it over a little -- He seems to have been very sorry when he was in America before to have missed seeing Mrs. Stowe.* I hope that he saw her this time. Only think of our Crimean heroine!* that is really fine! Where next?

    Good night my own darling. I think of you so often and so lovingly

Yours always

Pin* --


Notes

1884:  This is a guess between two highly likely years, 1883 and 1884, based on the publication dates of books Jewett mentions. I chose 1884 on the fair probability that she refers to a friend's book on Sidney Lanier.  See notes below.
    Parenthesis marks in this manuscript were penciled by Fields.

Fuffy:  Nickname for Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

the Academy: The Berwick Academy in South Berwick, Maine. See Jewett's "The Old Town of Berwick," for information and illustrations.

the mood had spent itself: see the opening of R. W. Emerson's, "Nature."

new Browning book:  This is difficult to determine, but perhaps Jewett writes of Bancroft Cooke's An Introduction to Robert Browning (1883), or W. L. Courtney, Robert Browning, Writer of Plays (1883).

the Lanier:  It seems likely that this would be Sidney Lanier, Poet (1884) by William Hayes Ward, friend of Fields and Jewett. See Correspondents.

the Parkman books:  Probably Jewett means the popular American historian Francis Parkman Jr. (1823 - 1893). Which books she has in mind is hard to know. New in 1884 was Montcalm and Wolfe, which was volume 6 of his 7 volume France and England in North America (1865–1892).

Lord Ronald Gowers: Lord Ronald Charles Sutherland-Leveson-Gower (1845 - 1916), was a Scottish politician, sculptor and writer. Jewett is likely to be reading My Reminiscences (1883)

Mrs. Stowe: Harriet Beecher Stowe. See Correspondents.

our Crimean heroine:  This person remains unidentified, though the term's association with British nurse and social reformer, Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) is difficult to ignore.

Pin:  Pinny Lawson (Pinny / Pin) was an affectionate nickname for Jewett, used by her and Annie Fields. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.


Annie Fields Transcription

This appears in Annie Fields, Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911), p. 51.

     I wrote until after dark this afternoon, and then went out to walk in the early moonlight, down the street by the Academy, and even up on the hill back of the Academy itself. There was a great grey cloud in the west, but all the rest of the sky was clear, and it was very beautiful. When one goes out of doors and wanders about alone at such a time, how wonderfully one becomes part of nature, like an atom of quick-silver against a great mass. I hardly keep my separate consciousness, but go on and on until the mood has spent itself.



SOJ to Eben Norton Horsford


South Berwick, 29 October 1884

Dear Professor Horsford

I meant to tell you long ago that I will send you Cornelia's water colour sketch* whenever you want it. It has been mounted, so there will be no danger of its getting hurt if the expressmen are decently careful. I shall not be in Boston for some time yet so if you will write me here I will follow orders.

    I was much grieved, but not surprised to hear of dear Trofarts departure.* He was a dear old fellow and I shall miss him so much. I suppose the cherry leaves and the maple leaves are covering his little grave at Shelter Island but I am so glad he could go to Cambridge with you. It would have broken his heart to be left behind. You will all have to come and play with Roger* this winter.

    I am very busy writing now and hope to get done by the first of December. I don't wish to write another long story* for a good while and I am afraid it would have been wiser not to try this last one! I so often think of my lovely visit at Shelter Island -- it was so pleasant there this summer, and the bright hot days are beautiful to look back at now that the weather is growing so cold. Didn't we have a good time at East Hampton? But I must say good night now with dear love to all.

Yours affectionately
Sarah.

Notes

Cornelia's watercolor:   A Horsford daughter.  See Correspondents.

Trofarts:  A Horsford family dog.

Roger:  Jewett's Irish setter.

long story:  In fall 1884, Jewett was working on A Marsh Island (1885).

According to transcriber John W. Willoughby, the manuscript of this letter is in the possession of the family of Andrew Fiske, Eben Norton Horsford's great-grandson, "heir to Sylvester Manor, Horsford's Shelter Island estate, who graciously offered to share with the public the letters from Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford and his family."  This letter was published in John W. Willoughby, "Sarah Orne Jewett and Her Shelter Island: Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford,"  Confrontation (Long Island University) 8 (1974): 72-86.  Annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.




SOJ to Annie Adams Fields


[ Autumn 1884 ]*

 Monday evening

Dear Darling

     I had a good long afternoon's work and a mile's walk afterward and I hope I shall be able to tell the same story every night this week! Thank you for the dear letter tonight and for sending the two notes. I hope you won’t mind my teasing you about calling on the Gosses* -- I am only anxious for you to be able to mark that off the list of things to be done -- it tires you to think it is waiting. How it must help Miss Butler* to have these days with you. When you are sad and life seems long I wish you could have a sense of the help you give and the good you do. I feel sometimes that I never can give you back any thing my own beloved darling. You seem like something unlike the  rest of humanity -- not an angel because I see you and touch you, but not made of my own native soil! I think a little whirl of dust blew down from the heavenly streets, and it couldn't go back, so they made Fuff out of it. (dear Fuff -- and Pin* having a beautiful chance to say things, but will stop now!)

 -- I found some lovely sonnets in these books I brought from Montreal. One I had read before and forgotten, by Charles Tennyson Turner -- I  am  sure it must be in your Maine book -- about the little  girl and the Globe? -- Good-night  dear --
     Yours with all my heart

 S.   O.   J.

Don’t forget about Mrs. Arnold's address please -- I suppose the things must go either by the Wednesdays or Fridays steamer -- Could not Mr. Mifflin see about the Omar Khayyam? Though I suppose Mr. Millet will send word for one now -- I hope he is better --*

I have ordered a box of cologne sent to the house for winter supplies -- so Fuff not to think it is Dynamite!

Tuesday morning
    I put in this bit of verse which I have just written dear Fuff -- not because it is done or because it is good - I have always remembered meeting Emerson in Washington St.* long ago, and his looking so apart from every thing about  him
 

Notes

Autumn 1884:  In Sarah Orne Jewett, Blanchard (p. 161) says that Mary and Sarah Jewett made a trip to Canada, in September 1884.   She reports an earlier trip in 1873 (108).  Silverthorne, in her Sarah Orne Jewett, reports  stilln earlier trip in 1868, when Dr. Jewett took both Mary and Sarah (47), but we currently know of no trips to Canada after 1884.  This letter likely was written soon after that trip. However, the note below on Mrs. Arnold suggests that the letter may have been written after April 1888, the month of Matthew Arnold's death.

the GossesIt is possible that Jewett refers to Edmund and Ellen Gosse. Edmund Gosse (1849 - 1928) was an English poet, author and critic.  He made a popular lecture tour of the United States in late 1884.

Miss Butler:  The identity of Miss Butler is unknown.  Assistance is welcome.

Fuff ... Pin:  Jewett and Fields used these terms of endearment for each other.  Fields was Fuff and Fuffatee; Jewett was Pinny Lawson and Pinny and Pin.

Charles Tennyson Turner ... your Maine book -- about the little  girl and the GlobeCharles Tennyson Turner (1808 - 1879) was an English poet, the older brother of Alfred Lord Tennyson.   The reference to a Maine book is unidentified.  The poem is "Letty's Globe."
 
WHEN Letty had scarce pass'd her third glad year,     
  And her young artless words began to flow,     
One day we gave the child a colour'd sphere     
  Of the wide earth, that she might mark and know,     
By tint and outline, all its sea and land.
  She patted all the world; old empires peep'd     
Between her baby fingers; her soft hand     
  Was welcome at all frontiers. How she leap'd,     
  And laugh'd and prattled in her world-wide bliss;     
But when we turn'd her sweet unlearnèd eye
On our own isle, she raised a joyous cry—     
'Oh! yes, I see it, Letty's home is there!'     
  And while she hid all England with a kiss,     
Bright over Europe fell her golden hair.


Mrs. Arnold's address:  It is likely Jewett refers to the wife of Matthew Arnold (1822 - 15 April 1888), Frances Lucy Wightman (1825-1901).  Arnold was an English poet and cultural critic who worked as an inspector of schools.  Because Jewett refers only to Mrs. Arnold, one may suspect that this letter was written after his death.

Mr. Mifflin see about the Omar Khayyam:  J.R. Osgood & Company published an edition of Edward FitzGerald's Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam in 1877.  Osgood and Company became Houghton, Mifflin Co. in 1880.  George Mifflin was an early partner. 

Mr. Millet: It seems probable that this is Josiah Byram Millet (1853-1938) who married Emily Adams McCleary (1856-1941) on 30 Oct 1883 in Boston. They had two daughters: Hilda, Mrs. William Harris Booth (November 1885-1966) and Elizabeth Foster, Mrs. Arthur Graham Carey, (November 1889 - 1955). He was a journalist and publisher, who managed the art department of Houghton, Mifflin and Company before becoming art editor at Scribner's and then beginning his own publishing business. In 1890, they were near neighbors of Fields at 150 Charles Street.  See also Harvard Class of 1877 Secretary's Report, pp. 43-4.

meeting Emerson in Washington St: Jewett wrote a sonnet on this meeting and included it this letter; it appears also in Jewett's unpublished story, "Carlyle in America" c. 1894-1890.

The manuscript of this letter is at the University of New England,  Maine Women Writers Collection,  Jewett Collection  correspondence corr-055-soj-af.04. Transcription and notes by Terry & Linda Heller, Coe College





SOJ to John Greenleaf Whittier

148 Charles St.
Friday evening  [Autumn 1884]

My dear friend

    "I have been long a reader and admirer of your writings, and I take my pen at this time to ask you to furnish me with your autograph and any sentiment you please".  If I could choose I should like best to know if you found Amesbury had wintered well, and if the snow is as nearly gone as it is here, and if you have missed us a little and have had any idea how often we have thought of you and spoken of you, here in Charles St.

    I have not much news to tell you, only that our A. F. is better than when you saw her last, and yesterday she and Mary and I went out to Mrs. Ole Bull’s to lunch and had a very pleasant time.  Miss Longfellow was there too.  And what delighted us more than anything were the blue birds in the Elmwood trees, singing as if it were going to be as warm as July today instead of cold enough to bite one’s ears off!!  --  Coming home we stopped at the college to see Boylston Beal’s room, and we had a great deal of fun, for he is a proud freshman and his Aunt Annie has not been out to visit him before.

    Mary went away from us this afternoon to make another visit in town and we miss her very much.  It was so pleasant too, for me to have her here.  I must tell you that Farmer Finch has got into port at Harper’s, and now I am writing a Christmas story which they wanted for the Wide-Awake, and I am trying to see it in a proper frame of mind!  I should as soon get a sleigh out to go to the beach in August -- but we will hope for luck!  Good-bye! And “T. E.” sends her dear love to you with mine.

Yours affectionately

Sarah



Notes

any sentiment you please:  It seems likely Jewett quotes from the standard autograph request letter to hint to Whittier that she would like to receive a letter from him.

A.F.: Annie Adams Fields.  See Correspondents.

Mary ... Mrs. Ole Bull: Mary Rice Jewett and Sara Chapman Thorp Bull. See Correspondents.

Miss Longfellow:  While one cannot be certain which of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's daughters Jewett refers to, this presumably would be the eldest of his unmarried daughters in 1884, Alice.  See Correspondents.

Elmwood trees:  Jewett refers to the birthplace and estate of American poet, James Russell Lowell (1819-1891).

Boylston Beal’s room:  Bolyston Adams Beal (1865-1944) was the son of Annie Fields's sister, Louisa Jane Adams Fields (1836-1920) and James Henry Beal (1823-1904).  After graduating from Harvard, Beal became an influential Boston lawyer.

Farmer Finch has got into port at Harper’s: Jewett's "Farmer Finch" appeared in Harper's 70 (January 1885).

a Christmas story which they wanted for the Wide-Awake:  Jewett's bibliography shows no Christmas story or, indeed, any story appearing in Wide Awake near the end of 1884.  Her story "The Church Mouse" was in Wide Awake 18 (February 1884).

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, folder 63, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection. Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.
 


SOJ to Annie Adams Fields


Sunday evening. [Autumn 1884]*


     I wonder if your pine boughs smell as sweet as mine tonight? Also I wonder if it is going to rain! I went to church this morning, and have been reading all the afternoon, chiefly the last volume of Dickens' Letters,* and I thought of you at every turn. What a lovely spirit there is in them! I think his letters to his sons, as they went away to the army or to Australia, are wonderfully beautiful. It was good to have the book fresh in my mind again. Now, dear, I have at last, after much grumbling and groaning, got my next two numbers of the "Marsh Island" ready for the printer, and I take a long breath, being free until February. The second of the two was not half so bad as I expected, and some day or two in town will work wonders with the rest. If I had another week I would write the McClure story,* and what a triumphant Pinny# that would be, ladies.

     Mother is reading the Parson Hawker book,* with seeming joy, and I don't think she will mind in the least being left alone. I begin to feel dreadfully confused about Christmas now that the story is off my mind for a little while, but we shall soon talk about things, shan't we? and in this next week I shall come quite to my senses.

     Does Sandpiper# play with you, or has she married a ghost* and therefore she cannot come? (Marigold being "excused" on account of following after Clark and Brown's Oxen.)* Did you see the interview with "thy friend"# and the remark that the best parlor was stiff and prim? I think that was quite an unnecessary comment, but a very observing interviewer, ladies*

     I wonder how far you have got in the Swedenborg book?* I keep a sense of it under everything else. How such a bit of foundation lifts up all one's other thoughts together, and makes us feel as if we really stood higher and could see more of the world. I am going to hunt up some of the smaller books of extracts, etc., that Professor Parsons gave me.* Oh! the garden is so splendid! I never dreamed of so many hollyhocks in a double row and all my own!

Fields's Notes

Pinny: She was called "'Pinny,' Ladies," she once wrote, "because she was so straight and thin and her head no bigger than a pin's."*

Sandpiper: Her pet name for Celia Thaxter.

thy friend: Whittier.*

Notes

Autumn 1884:  As the notes below indicate, this letter is problematic regarding dating, making one wonder whether it may be a composite.  The blooming hollyhocks Jewett mentions indicate that the letter almost certainly was composed between June and first frost.  Her reference to the "next two numbers" of A Marsh Island for Atlantic suggest that she probably has submitted at least two of the 6 monthly numbers  (January - June 1885) earlier, and would not have to submit the March or more likely April number until February.  Her suggestion that Christmas is not far off along with the likely dates of her submitting parts of her new novel suggest a December date.  Given this seemingly contradictory evidence, I have placed the letter in autumn of 1884.

last volume of Dickens' Letters
: Charles Dickens (1812-1870), British author of such novels as David Copperfield (1850). Jewett could have been reading The Letters of Charles Dickens (1879, 1881) in three volumes from Scribner's.

McClure story: The date of this letter is problematic, and there is also a mystery about this McClure story. Jewett's mother died in 1891. The first Jewett piece known to appear in McClure's Magazine is "Human Documents," in June 1893, the year in which S. S. McClure (1857-1949) founded his magazine. Jewett's novel, A Marsh Island appeared in Atlantic Monthly in January - June, 1885. McClure may have had contact with Jewett between 1884 and 1890, through his associations with Century Magazine -- which first published a Jewett story, "In Dark New England Days," in 1890 -- and with his own news syndicate. Probably this part of the letter is presented out of chronological order, and we cannot be sure what McClure story Jewett refers to.

Parson Hawker book: Probably a book by or about the Cornish vicar and poet, Robert Stephen Hawker (1803-1875). Hawker was the subject of Baring-Gould's The Vicar of Morwenstow (1875).

Sandpiper: Celia Thaxter (1835-1894), popular poet, author of An Island Garden (1894), close friend of Jewett and Fields.
     Her nickname may be connected with the following Thaxter poem, often anthologized, which appears in Stories and Poems for Children (1895) and other Thaxter collections, as well as in McGuffy's Fourth Eclectic Reader: Revised Edition (1879, 1920). A sandpiper is a bird of the snipe family, found along the seacoast.

Jewett wrote the preface to Thaxter's Stories and Poems for Children. That text, which precedes the poem below, reflects something of Jewett and Thaxter's relationship.

    Preface to Stories and Poems for Children

I am sure that if Mrs. Thaxter had lived to complete the arrangement of this book of stories and verses for children, she would have dedicated it to her dear grandchildren and to the little nieces so near to her heart. I know that she would like to have me stand in her place and say that this book is made for them first of all, and I am sure that it will help those who cannot well remember her to know something of her beautiful generous kindness and delightful gayety, her gift of teaching young eyes to see the flowers and birds; to know her island of Appledore and its sea and sky.     S.O.J.

"The Sandpiper" from Stories and Poems for Children by Celia Thaxter

Across the narrow beach we flit,
   One little sandpiper and I;
And fast I gather, bit by bit,
   The scattered driftwood bleached and dry.
The wild waves reach their hands for it,
   The wild wind raves, the tide runs high,
As up and down the beach we flit, --
   One little sandpiper and I.
Above our heads the sullen clouds
   Scud black and swift, across the sky;
Like silent ghosts in misty shrouds
   Stand out the white light-houses high.
Almost as far as eye can reach
   I see the close-reefed vessels fly,
As fast we flit across the beach,--
   One little sandpiper and I.

I watch him as he skims along
   Uttering his sweet and mournful cry;
He starts not at my fitful song,
   Nor flash of fluttering drapery.
He has no thought of any wrong;
   He scans me with a fearless eye.
Stanch friends are we, well tried and strong,
   The little sandpiper and I.
Comrade, where wilt thou be to-night
   When the loosed storm breaks furiously?
My driftwood fire will burn so bright!
   To what warm shelter canst thou fly?
I do not fear for thee, though wroth
   The tempest rushes through the sky:
For are we not God's children both,
   Thou, little sandpiper, and I?
 

married a ghost: Celia Thaxter was intensely interested in Spiritualism in 1882-83, under the influence of the medium, Rose Darrah. Paula Blanchard (Sarah Orne Jewett) reports that Jewett and Fields also showed some interest, but were more skeptical, as Jewett seems in this letter. See Blanchard, pp. 181-82.

Marigold ... Clark and Brown's Oxen: Mary (Mrs. James) Lodge.  See Correspondents.  "Clark and Brown's Oxen" apparently refers to a notorious 1833 court case involving oxen belonging to Mr. Clark that broke through a fence onto Mr. Brown's property, where they ate Brown's corn and then died.  How this relates to Mary Lodge not writing letters recently is not clear; assistance is welcome.

Swedenborg: Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772), Swedish philosopher, scientist and mystic. He developed an elaborate theosophic system, and his followers formed the New Church on his beliefs after his death. One of Jewett's mentors, Theophilus Parsons (1797-1882), was a Christian Swedenborgian.

Professor Parsons: Theophilus Parsons (1797-1882), one of Jewett's mentors.  See Correspondents.

Pin's:  Jewett and Fields used these terms of endearment for each other.  Fields was Fuff and Fuffatee; Jewett was Pinny Lawson and Pinny and Pin.

best parlor ... Whittier: John Greenleaf Whittier (1807-1892), the Quaker poet of Amesbury, Massachusetts, best known for his narrative poem, Snow-bound (1866).   See Correspondents.  The interview with Whittier that described his "stiff and prim" parlor has not been located; assistance is welcome.

This letter appears in Annie Fields, Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911),  Transcribed by Annie Adams Fields, with notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Thursday 5 O'clock
[ October-November 1884 ]

My dear Fuffy

         . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I think Blaine must be proud to have the chief weapon used in his behalf, of such a sort as these.  Today I have been reading the story through, and I like some of it very much but I am afraid there isn't enough "go" in it and that it will be only a third rate thing, with a kind of vagueness and feebleness about it.  Doris and Dick* are not half vigorous enough and every body will say again that nobody was in love or ever heard of it.  I know I could write a better story without a lover in it!  but there is nothing to do now but finish it as fast and as well as I can.  I was mad with the Nation for one thing;  it was pleased to say that Carlyle scolded people because they did no work and did nothing but talk himself.

            When one remembers how he drudged, it certainly seems ungrateful of the Nation  --  but it isn't the fashing [so transcribed] to call writing work!  --  A cross Pinny* ladies  --  but a not very well Pinny and life drags a little . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Notes

The ellipses in the transcription indicate that this is a selection from the manuscript.

October-November 1884:  As the notes below indicate, Jewett must have composed this letter in fall of 1884, after the appearance of the 23 October issue of The Nation.

Fuffy: Nickname for Annie Adams Fields.    See Correspondents.

BlaineJames Gillespie Blaine (1830-1893), of Maine, served as U.S. congressman, senator, and secretary of state.  He was nominated as the Republican party's presidential candidate in 1884, but lost to Grover Cleveland.

Doris and Dick:  This pair of characters appears in Jewett's A Marsh Island, which began as an Atlantic Monthly serial in January 1885 and appeared in book form later that year.

Nation ... Carlyle: The passage to which Jewett refers appears in a brief notice of the publication of Carlyle's diary in James Anthony Froude's Life of Carlyle. See The Nation, v 39  (October 23, 1884), p. 343.

Pinny: Nickname for Sarah Orne Jewett.    See Correspondents.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories in the Maine Women Writer's Collection, University of New England, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, Folder 72, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection.  Preparation by Linda Heller.  Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Thomas Bailey Aldrich

South Berwick
5 November [ 1884 ]

Dear Mr. Aldrich

    Dont be disheartened with A Marsh Island!* I am afraid you will think the beginning is dull, but I really believe it is better as it goes on. I shall have the next part ready in a few days; I have been finishing the story this last week and now I will put it in order as fast as I can -- Then, if you please Mifs Martinot* will forsake the paths of literature for

[ Page 2 ]

a time -- Oddly enough the rival authoress who calls herself  the Duchess has published a tale of English life named Doris.*  I see now the cause of forsaking certain plans of travel in Russia.

    but I am yours most affectionately

S. O. J.       

I remember that you gave the preference to the name of A Marsh Island when I was [ deleted word ] leaning toward Doris, in the spring!

    I have returned the proofs to the Press --



Notes

Marsh Island: Jewett's A Marsh Island was serialized in Atlantic Monthly, January - June 1885.  Though Jewett has only partially underlined "Marsh," it seems reasonable to assume she meant to underline the whole title.  It also seems likely that she has just sent Aldrich the first installment of her new novel at the beginning of November.

Mifs Martinot: Sadie Martinot, after the American actress of that name, was a nickname for Jewett with the Aldriches. See Correspondents.

Duchess ... DorisMargaret Wolfe Hamilton Hungerford (1855- 1897) was an Irish author of light romantic fiction. Her novel, Doris, appeared in 1884, making it fortuitous that Aldrich had recommended another title for Jewett's novel. Doris Owen is the protagonist of A Marsh Island.
      In the United States, Hungerford's novels were published under the pen name, "The Duchess." The "rival authoress who calls herself the Duchess," would be an "in joke" for the friends of Aldrich, who affectionately nick-named him and his wife the Duke and Duchess of Ponkapog.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Thomas Baily Aldrich Papers, 119 letters of Thomas Bailey and Lilian Woodman Aldrich. , 1837-1926. MS Am 1429 (117). Transcribed and annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.
    At the bottom left of page one, in another hand, is a circled number: 2705.



Anna Harriette Leonowens* to SOJ


"Sunnyside." Halifax, Nova Scotia
8th November 1884

Dear Miss Jewitt [spelled incorrectly]

    How very kind it is of you to have so long remembered my wish. I thank you very very much. I have already got from London a copy of "Esoteric Buddhism"* and have not only read it with deep interest, but have jotted down some notes on it which I intend later on to send to some magazine. But I am afraid I am too much a child of the East always to please Western Editors and readers. We have read "The Country Doctor" with real pleasure. It is charming from end to end, and I am sure your new story will be equally delightful.*

    Some young travellers brought us this summer a card from our dear Mrs. Fields. I some how read only her name, and rushed into the drawing room to greet her, to be sorely disappointed for the moment. However, it was soon explained and we were very glad to meet the young girls, they seemed full of appreciation.

    My little book "Life and Travel in India" has been published, but I have not as yet seen a copy of it. I am now busy with the papers for "The Wide Awake."*

    Your summer trips with dear Mrs. Fields must have been delightful. I can picture the Evening when you two talked deep into the heart of the night with dear Whittier. I wish I could have been there. I am always better than myself whenever I am in the atmosphere of good and great minds.

    My visit to Boston this winter is still uncertain.

    My dear daughter needs a change. And if she should go to New York in the Spring, I shall stay at home with the dear babes. Moreover the memory of my last visit to Boston especially to Charles Street must serve to cover with beauty many weary months of the Winter here.*

    Pray give our grateful love to dear Mrs. Fields. My daughter desires most cordially to be remembered to you; and with my dear love and thanks,

    I am very Sincerely yours

A H Leonowens
 

Notes

LeonowensAnna Harriette Leonowens (1834-1914) was the author of The English governess at the Siamese court: being recollections of six years in the royal palace at Bangkok (1870), which provided the source materials for Anna and the King of Siam (1944) by Margaret Landon, which eventually became the musical, The King and I (1951) by Oscar Hammerstein and Richard Rogers. She also wrote The Romance of the Harem (1873) and Life & Travel in India, being recollections of a journey before the days of railroads (1884).  Her daughter, Avis Annie, was born in 1855.  Wikipedia says: "In 1878, Leonowens’s daughter Avis Annie Crawford Connybeare married Thomas Fyshe, a Scottish banker and the cashier (general manager) of the Bank of Nova Scotia in Halifax, where [Leonowens] resided for nineteen years as she continued to travel the world."

Esoteric BuddhismA. P. Sinnett, Esoteric Buddhism, 1884. Mrs. Leonowens's review of the book -- if it was published -- has not been located. Assistance is welcome.

Country Doctor:  Jewett's A Country Doctor appeared in 1884. Her next novel was A Marsh Island, 1885.

Wide Awake:  Leonowens apparently refers to work she is preparing for Wide Awake, a children's magazine in which Jewett also published. It is possible she refers to her series of essays, "Our Asiatic Cousins," which appeared in Wide Awake 26 and 27, from December 1887 to November 1888, and collected in 1889.

Charles Street:  Annie Fields lived on Charles Street in Cambridge, MA.

The ms. of this letter is held by Colby College Special Collections, Waterville, METranscription and notes by Terry Heller, with assistance from Alfred Habegger.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

     Sunday night, November, 1884*


     I am getting sleepy, for I must confess that it is past bedtime. I went to church this morning, but this afternoon I have been far afield, way over the hill and beyond, to an unusual distance. Alas, when I went to see my beloved big pitch-pine tree that I loved best of all the wild trees that lived in Berwick, I found only the broad stump of it beside the spring, and the top boughs of it scattered far and wide. It was a real affliction, and I thought you would be sorry, too, for such a mournful friend as sat down and counted the rings to see how many years old her tree was, and saw the broad rings when good wet summers had helped it grow and narrow ones when there had been a drought, and read as much of its long biography as she could. But the day was very lovely, and I found many pleasures by the way and came home feeling much refreshed. I found such a good little yellow apple on one of the pasture trees, and I laughed to think how you would be looking at the next bite. It was very small, but I nibbled it like a squirrel. I found a white-weed daisy* fully blown, but only an inch high, so that it looked as if somebody had snapped it off and dropped it on the ground; and I was in some underbrush, going along the slope, and saw a crow come toward me flying low, and when I stood still he did not see me and came so close that I could hear his wings creak their feathers -- and nearly in the same spot I thought I heard the last of the "creakits."* I wished for you so much, it was a day you would have loved.

Notes

1884:  Fields provides the date, but November in Maine seems somewhat late for blooming flowers and edible apples still on trees.

white-weed daisy
: any weed with a white or whitish flower, specifically the daisy, according to a contemporary dictionary.

"creakits":  Presumably she refers to crickets.
 
This letter appears in Annie Fields, Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911),  Transcribed by Annie Adams Fields, with notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

[ November 1884 ]

[ Horsfords will want it this ? ] winter sometime and I must write and ask him -- Poor little Millets! the second year of being married always seems to be plain prose and the more glamour there was at first, the more determination there seems to be on the part of the Elements to dispel it -- I think he feels very dissatisfied at Houghton's, but I hope you will make a chance to say to him "Dont be modest -- be just to yourself and take


Notes

November 1884:  This letter is a fragment of one page.  The top of the page is torn away, and the first line visible is mostly missing. The date is inferred from Jewett saying that the Millets have finished their first year of marriage.  As the note below indicates, they were married at the end of October in 1883.

Horsfords: See Eben Norton Horsford in Correspondents.

Millets ... Houghton's:  It seems probable that the Millets are Josiah Byram Millet (1853-1938) and Emily Adams McCleary (1856-1941).  They were married on 30 Oct 1883 in Boston. They had two daughters: Hilda, Mrs. William Harris Booth (November 1885-1966) and Elizabeth Foster, Mrs. Arthur Graham Carey, (November 1889 - 1955). He was a journalist and publisher, who managed the art department of Houghton, Mifflin and Company before becoming art editor at Scribner's and then beginning his own publishing business. In 1890, they were near neighbors of Fields at 150 Charles Street.  See also Harvard Class of 1877 Secretary's Report, pp. 43-4.

  The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

[ November 1884 ]


Oh Fuff* -- was there ever anything so delicious as Carlyle's calling M. Fuller "that strange lilting, lean old maid"!! I think lilting is too funny and how many times do you suppose he 'laffed' after he wrote her down? I never loved the Carlyles before as I do in this book. Dont you wonder at him more and more? Froude is always the lover of his heroes, but I can't help thinking he is only just to Carlyle.* I wish

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we may have a chance to go to the Athenæum* next month and see some of the English reviews of the book. I want to read about it. I hope I shall get to town with the story all done before the first of November ^December^ but it has seemed to hold me off lately until I thought more about it. I think anyway I shall run up to town within three or four weeks just to see you and come back again.

    (I was so glad to see The Weft.* Wont you keep it darling till I do see you? I [ or I'd ] want to hear you read it again before I am

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sure about something -- But it is so lovely.  I dont know why am so particularly fond of it, it is one of the fondnesses that went up into the air out of the reach of reasons.)

    I have been finding a good deal in the Bayard Taylor* books but I believe I like them best for the sake of what I find about you.  The Carlyle makes other books seem trivial, as books, just now. That cross Scotchman seemed to carry an exact, inexorable [ deleted letters ] yardstick and to measure with it as if he were

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a commissioner from the Book of Judgment,* though everybody else ran about with too short yardsticks and too long ones.  I know a Pinny and T.L.* who will go someday to Scotsbrig and Mainhill and Ecclefechan and Haddington and Craigenfuttock,* that's certain -- ( Mifs* Ward has gone and we miss her very much, being such a dear visitor: she is down at Mrs. Goodwins and tomorrow Mary* and I are going there to her. I hope there will be a moon and a south wind, and not a frozen Pinny who desires only not to have to go

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down stairs and to keep her poor bones in the house. I haven't creaked so for a good while! and altogether it has been a bad time.)

( ---------------------------------

[ Later in the left margin. ] There I wrote a little hour or two at the story -- this a very hard chapter about Doris and her father* when they go to drive! I am trying hard to manage it well. (Uncle William* came and stayed an hour and brought your letter and has just gone away. I am so glad you had such a nice time with Howells.* Of course he liked the paper but how dear of him to come and say so! Pinny to Mother has come home and I must write a little more and then put up my papers and go to bed. Heaven bless you dear darling -- yours alwasys

S. O. J.


Notes

November 1884
: Fields penciled 1891 in the upper right of page 1. However, as the notes below indicate, Jewett composed this letter late in 1884.
     The top of the first  page is torn away, removing most of a word in the upper left corner of the page. It is possible that preceding pages are missing.

Fuff:  Nickname for Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Carlyle's calling Margaret Fuller "that strange lilting, lean old maid!": In volume one of Thomas Carlyle: A History of His Life in London, Chapter 15, James Anthony Froude (1818-1894) quotes Carlyle's report of meeting Margaret Fuller (1810-1850), American journalist and essayist. Carlyle describes her: "a strange, lilting lean old maid, not nearly such a bore as I expected."

AthenæumThe Boston Athenæum is an independent membership library in Boston.

Book of Judgment:  Possibly Jewett refers to Oahspe: A New Bible, which contains "The Book of Judgment," "being the grades and rates of mortals and angels in the light of god, as the word came to Es, daughter of Jehovih."  Wikipedia says the book was "published in 1882, purporting to contain "new revelations" from "... the Embassadors of the angel hosts of heaven prepared and revealed unto man in the name of Jehovih...." It was produced by an American dentist, John Ballou Newbrough (1828–1891), who reported it to have been written by automatic writing, making it one of a number of 19th-century spiritualist works attributed to that practice."
    In Chapter 16, the voice of Jehovih speaks to Moses of sending 33 commissioners to inspect "the countries whither I will lead thee" and report on them.

The Weft: It sounds as if Jewett is speaking of a work by Fields, possibly a poem.  A work of this title by Fields is not yet known.

(I:  This parenthesis mark was penciled in blue by Fields.

reasons.) This parenthesis mark was penciled by Fields, but not in blue.

Bayard Taylor ... about you: Baryard Taylor (1825-1878) was an American poet, critic, diplomat and travel writer.
    It is likely that Jewett was reading the two volumes of Life and Letters of Bayard Taylor (1884), which include a number of letters to Mr. and Mrs. James T. Fields, including several addressed to Annie Fields.

Pinny and T.L.:  Pinny Lawson is a nickname for Jewett.  T.L. is a nickname for Fields. See Correspondents.

Scotsbrig ... Mainhill ... Ecclefechan ...Haddington ... Craigenfuttock: All are locations in Scotland often mentioned in Froude's Thomas Carlyle: A History of His Life in London.

( Mifs Ward:  This parenthesis mark and the next are penciled in blue by Fields. The first has multiple pencil strokes, and they may cross out some letters.
    "Miss Ward" probably is Susan Hayes Ward. See Correspondents.

Mrs. Goodwins ... Mary: Sophia Elizabeth Hayes Goodwin and Mary Rice Jewett. See Correspondents.

time.):  This parenthesis mark was penciled in blue by Fields. The remaining parenthesis marks are by Fields and  -- except for the last one --  in blue.

Doris and her father:  Jewett refers to her novel, A Marsh Island, which began to appear in Atlantic Monthly in January of 1885.  Jewett was working on Chapter 19, which was in the final, June segment of the serialization.

Uncle William:  Jewett has two uncles named William,  Almost certainly this is William Durham Jewett. See Correspondents.

Howells:  William Dean Howells. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.


Annie Fields transcription

This passage appears in Annie Fields, Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911), p. 83.

     Was there ever anything so delicious as Carlyle's calling Margaret Fuller "that strange lilting, lean old maid!" I think "lilting" is too funny, and how many times do you suppose he "laffed" after he wrote her down? I never loved the Carlyles before as I do in this book. Don't you wonder at him more and more? Froude is always the lover of his heroes, but I can't help thinking he is only just to Carlyle. I wish we may have a chance to go to the Athenæum next month, and see some of the English reviews of the book. I want to read about it. The Carlyle makes other books seem trivial, as books, just now. That cross Scotchman seemed to carry an exact, inexorable yardstick, and to measure with it as if he were a commissioner from the Book of Judgment, though everybody else ran about with too short yardsticks and too long ones.



SOJ to  Sophia Elizabeth Hayes Goodwin


148 Charles St.
Boston 27th Dec. [1884]

Dear Mrs. Goodwin

    This morning while we were at breakfast your pretty box came in and I forsook everything else in my delight and must confess that the first bite of the first rose-cake brought great pleasure.  Mrs. Fields* thought they were almost too good for an every day breakfast! -- and as charming to look at as they were good to taste.  But she did not know as I did, how many pleasant associations belong to them.  I could see myself sitting, years and years ago, in your mother's sunshiny parlour, and being entertained with the remote ancestors of these present rosecakes, in a fashion and with a kindness that were dear to my young heart.  I think these are the flower of their family -- for none ever tasted better.  So you see I am not thinking the past better than the present as we have frequent temptations to --

    I have been thinking of you often in these last few days, and feeling so sorry for Minnie.*  It is indeed a sad Christmas for her -- and I am glad to have this chance for sending a message of love and sympathy to her.  I have been shut up in the house by a bad cold or I would have tried to see Fanny or some other member of the family.  Goodbye dear Mrs. Goodwin and thank you so much for your kindness and do not forget that I am your loving friend

Sarah O. Jewett


Notes

1884:  The transcriber dates this letter from 1883, but I speculate that it was composed in 1884 on the grounds that Jewett comments on what a sad Christmas this one has been for Minnie.  See note on Minnie below.

Mrs. Fields: Annie Adams Fields.  See Correspondents.

Minnie:  As Jewett is writing to Sophia Goodwin, she probably refers to her daughter-in-law, Minnie Lord Weeks Goodwin (1856-1919), wife of William Allen Hayes Goodwin (1853-1930).  Their first daughter, Mary Lord Goodwin was born 19 January 1884 and died three days later, on 22 January.  It seems likely that Jewett refers to the contrast between the couple's hopeful Christmas of 1883 and this bereft Christmas of 1884.  Their next child, Wallingford Goodwin, was born in 1885 (d. 1958).

Fanny:  Fanny's identity is uncertain.  Frances Goodwin (1854-1932) of nearby Kittery Point, ME is a possibility, but how she may be related to Sophia Goodwin has not been determined .  Assistance is welcome.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, folder 63, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection. Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.  The transcriber identifies this letter as from the Goodwin Collection:  [Letter from S. O. J. to  Sophia Elizabeth Hayes Goodwin (Mrs. Ichabod) of "Old Fields," South Berwick, Me., now owned by Miss Elizabeth Goodwin of "Old Fields," South Berwick].



Undated Letters possibly from 1884



[ 1884 ]*

SOJ to Lilian Woodman Aldrich

Yes dear Lilian, and A.F.* says yes too with greatest pleasure, for we both want to see you both ever so much and should like to know Mr. Mabie* --

Yours always

Sadie*   

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We shall have to run home just as fast as we can and cant stop a minute after breakfast -- at least I cant!


Notes

1884: This date is completely a guess, supported by 1884 being significant in Hamilton Mabie's career, the year he became associate editor of the Christian Union and a member of the Boston Author's Club.  This would have been a good time for T. B. Aldrich to introduce him to Jewett and Fields, whom he would thereafter see at the club.

A. F.: Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Mr. Mabie: "Hamilton Wright Mabie (1846 -1916) was an American essayist, editor, critic, and lecturer."  He was long associated with The Christian Union which later became The Outlook and published several of Jewett's works. Jewett published several poems and stories in The Christian Union from 1880 to 1885. She contributed to The Outlook from 1894 to 1902.

Sadie: Sadie Martinot was a Jewett nickname with the Aldriches, presumably after the American actress and singer, Sarah/Sadie Martinot. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Thomas Baily Aldrich Papers, 119 letters of Thomas Bailey and Lilian Woodman Aldrich. , 1837-1926. MS Am 1429 (117). Transcribed and annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.
    At the bottom left of page one, in another hand, is a circled number: 2658.





Edited by Terry Heller, Coe College.



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