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1885    1887
Sarah Orne Jewett Letters of 1886



SOJ to Thomas Bailey Aldrich

148 Charles Street
Monday Morning
[ Winter 1886 ]

My dear friend

    I send you by this conveyance The King of Folly Island* and another story or sketch which I wrote last summer and have finished since you went away. I meant to work over both of them even more, but I am afraid I cant do much better now with my head so full of the Normans* and my first historical enterprise. Will

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you please look them both over at your leisure if your are lucky enough to have any and take the best, if you think them either of them best enough for the Atlantic?

    I should like to have the Folly Island back again for next Monday evening, for I have promised to read it to somebody who is to be here [then corrected ] --

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-- I hope that Lilian told you how pleased I am with your new picture and how proud and delighted because you gave it to me yourself.  I thought that you would would [repeated]  only miss a letter that was sent to New York and so I waited to see you and thank you myself, and all the week and two days since it ^the picture^ came I have been feeling basely ungrateful, and wished that I had sent the

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letter off directly --

    I had another charming letter from Mme Blanc* yesterday in which she asks me to give you her affectionate remembrance, poor lady! She who [ intended is ? ] ill in bed and wrote at two separate times -- I am afraid she is really very ill from what she says -- I must tell you that I wanted a little book to send her for Christmas and chose Under the Olive* (all on the sly!) and she writes back in such admiring fashion and praise [ intended praises ? ] the poems and translations so heartily that I am much rewarded and T.L.* is pleased too and surprised

[Up the left margin and then down the top margin of page 1 ]

when she comes to that part of the letter -- and so I enjoy myself very much -- Forgive this long letter. You know I should have stayed longer if I had come to call in business hours!

Yours always gratefully and affectionately

Sadie --


Notes

Winter 1886:  This date is inferred from the publication of "The King of Folly Island" in December 1886 and from Jewett's account of correspondence with Madame Blanc.  Jewett must have shown her story to Aldrich not long after Christmas 1885, but after hearing back from Madame Blanc about Under the Olive.

The King of Folly Island: Jewett's story, "The King of Folly Island," did not appear in Atlantic, but in Harper's Magazine in December 1886.

Normans:  Jewett probably began work on her popular history, The Story of the Normans (1887) in 1884.

Mme Blanc: Marie Thérèse de Solms Blanc. See Correspondents.

Under the Olive:  Annie Adams Fields's volume of poetry and translations appeared in 1881.

T.L.: Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Thomas Baily Aldrich Papers, 119 letters of Thomas Bailey and Lilian Woodman Aldrich, 1837-1926. MS Am 1429 (117). Transcribed and annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.
    At the bottom left of page one, in another hand, is a circled number: 2675.



SOJ to Thomas Bailey Aldrich

Monday morning   
148 Charles St.
[ Early 1886 ]

Dear Friend

    I send back the story* with many thanks. It is full of beautiful things and great promises. All that you left out might have easily been like one of the homeliest French pictures, but is as modest and humble in its way as one of the old

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statues instead -- At least I felt this as I read it, but there creeps over me more and more a sorrow and mildest rage that so young a girl should have dealt with the story at all -- not in her thoughts but on paper and to send out to the whole world

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on printed pages -- Surely, however flowerlike her thoughts may be she would shrink from talking to you or to me in that way. "One is never so confidential as when one addresses the whole world" to be sure -- but! -- I am more than eager to see what she will do next; do ask her to send something about the plantation

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life and Virginian episodes, now that we know her on the romantic side!

Yours most affectionately,

"Sadie" --*


Notes

Early 1886:  This very tentative date is based upon the possibility that Aldrich shared with Jewett his interest and troubles in publishing the debut story by a young woman author, then known as Amélie Rives.  See note below.

the story:  Jewett's response to "the story" seems ambiguous, implying that Aldrich himself is the author.  However, her responses also fit well with an incident described by Ellery Sedgwick in The Atlantic Monthly, 1857-1909 (pp. 174-5), regarding the March 1886 publication of "A Brother to Dragons," by Amélie Rives Troubetzkoy (1863-1945).  Jewett's reference to Virginia plantation experience points toward Troubetzkoy's first novel, The Quick or the Dead? (1888) as well as to her biography, and Jewett's response to the idea of a "young girl" writing such a story also squares with the then scandalous topics of her work.  It seems likely, therefore, that Aldrich may have consulted Jewett about this new author's work.

Sadie:  One of Jewett's nicknames.  With the Aldriches, this would have been Sadie Martinot, after the actress of that name. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Thomas Baily Aldrich Papers, 119 letters of Thomas Bailey and Lilian Woodman Aldrich, 1837-1926. MS Am 1429 (117). Transcribed and annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.
    At the bottom left of page one, in another hand, is a circled number: 26**.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

          Home Saturday afternoon [March 1886]*

Dear Fuff*

    (Mary* and I are just going to start for [ unrecognized word, intended Boston ?] and I shall spend the night with Cora* and come up to-morrow afternoon.)*

    What balls and routs upon Thunderbolt Hill!* The sedan chairs must be all out there moonlight nights and such singing and junketing -- and a rural Pinny* sits under her ellum tree and admires

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it from afar --

     Mr. Howells* thinks that this age frowns upon the romantic, that it is no use to write them romance any more, but dear me, how much of it there is left in every-day life after all! It must be the fault of the writers that such writing is dull, but what shall I do with my "White Heron* now she

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is written? She isn't a very good magazine story, but I love her and I mean to keep her for the beginning ^of my next book^ and ^the^ reason for Mrs. Whitman's* pretty cover --  In the meantime I will simply state that the next story is called Marsh Rosemary,* and I made it up as I drove to the station in Wells this morning. It deals with real life. Somehow dear, dull old Wells is

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a first-rate place to find stories in -- Do you remember how we drove up that long straight road across the marshes last summer? It was along there the Marsh Rosemary grew --

    (Carrie* is nicely settled and great friends with Mrs. Howells [ already corrected ] -- [ deleted word ] not to speak of others -- I went out sailing with Carrie yesterday and was howling seasick, but I think my cold is much)

[ Up the left margin and part way across the top margin of page 1 ]

improved !! It has been a hot cold and quite a misery in a small way, but I feel as if it were a thing of the past.)

[ Up the left margin of page 2 ]

It has been perfectly delightful to see so much of the Howells's and I was so carried back

[ Up the left margin and cross-written at the top of page 3 ]

to those old days in Cambridge when I used to see them more.  (Good by dear dear Fuff. Please give my love to Marigold,* and tell me all about her --)

[ no signature ]

Notes

1886:  The date 1883? appears in the upper right of page 1, but clearly this letter is from early 1886, when Jewett's 1886 collection, A White Heron, was in preparation, and well before May 1, by which time "Marsh Rosemary" would appear in Atlantic.  However, it must be from late enough in the year for Fields to be at Manchester.  Or, it is possible the letter was composed in the fall of 1885, before Fields returned to Boston from Manchester.

Fuff
:  A Jewett nickname for Annie Fields.  See Correspondents.

Mary
: Mary Rice Jewett.   See Correspondents.

Cora
:  Cora Clark Rice.  See Correspondents.

Thunderbolt Hill: The bluff upon which Fields's summer cottage stands in Manchester-by-the-Sea, MA.

Pinny:  Pinny Lawson (Pin), one of Jewett's nicknames.

afternoon)
:  Parenthesis marks in pencil and probably another hand. This is the case for all parenthesis marks in this letter.

Mr. Howells: William Dean Howells. See Correspondents.

White Heron: A White Heron and Other Stories appeared in 1886; the volume included the title story and "Marsh Rosemary," which had appeared first in May 1886.

Mrs. Whitman
's:  Sarah Wyman Whitman. See Correspondents.

Marsh Rosemary: Jewett's "Marsh Rosemary" appeared in Atlantic Monthly in May 1886.

Carrie: Caroline (Carrie) Augusta Jewett Eastman. See Correspondents.

Marigold:  A nickname for Mary Langdon Greenwood (Mrs. James) Lodge.  See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.


Annie Fields's Transcription

A part of this letter appears in Annie Fields, Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911), p. 59.

          Home, Saturday afternoon

     Mr. Howells thinks that this age frowns upon the romantic, that it is no use to write romance any more; but dear me, how much of it there is left in every-day life after all. It must be the fault of the writers that such writing is dull, but what shall I do with my "White Heron"* now she is written? She isn't a very good magazine story, but I love her, and I mean to keep her for the beginning of my next book and the reason for Mrs. Whitman's pretty cover. In the meantime I will simply state that the next story is called "Marsh Rosemary," and I made it up as I drove to the station in Wells this morning. It deals with real life. Somehow dear, dull old Wells is a first-rate place to find stories in. Do you remember how we drove up that long straight road across the marshes last summer? It was along there the Marsh Rosemary grew.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Tuesday morning

[ March 1886 ]*


Dear Fuff --*

Thank you so much for Thy friends* letter -- how dear he is to you and how much he loves you! We mustn't let any more chances slip than we can help of being with him, and must look at it from his side just as much as we can. There never was anything more touching than what he says to you about his [ autumn corrected ] being as beautiful as spring ( -- And Mrs. Dresel's* belief about the medium was so true and lovely. Dear Fuff you do give such good gifts to all of us!)

    I have been reading and

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writing this rainy morning -- and look forward to a blessed long afternoon. I would sell my mornings cheap for all the good I or anybody else ever gets out of them -- It is a great pity to lose so much of the day -- I used to like to sit up half the night, but I am getting to be a sleepyhead like you, and so I have come into a land in which it seeméd always afternoon* ---- (Such a good letter from Carrie* this morning. She is so well and having such a good time with

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several new friends, and thinks more and more highly of Mrs. Howells* -- They are such friends! it is too funny to watch their goings on -- [ Taddy* corrected ] appears rather the elder and more experienced of the two at times. What a good thing! I wish Mrs. Howells would like to stay and play longer and not hurry on to the next place for Howells himself likes it so much. They thought of going to the Mountains tomorrow but there couldn't be a worse time than in this foggy weather. Really Mrs. Howells is a different creature there from what we

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ever see her nowadays in town. I suppose the fret and worry over everyday cares [ are corrected from is ? ] more than she can carry ---

    What a downpour of rain! ) It has been so dark sometimes this morning that one really needed a lamp -- I must go and look down the garden to see my pink hollyhocks with their clean faces. What colours are yours down by the gate? Dont you want some pink and red ones and did you ever tell Mrs. Howe?*  Oh about the Kitten that came to the window !!! Was Fuff frightened?* or was it such a little kitten that [ she or her ? ] didn't mind much?  Pinny*


Notes

March 1886: The date range of  1883-1892 is limited by the early childhood of Theodore Jewett Eastman (b. 1879) and the death of John Greenleaf Whittier in 1892.
    Jewett and Fields first began using the "Fuff" and "Pinny" nicknames while in Europe in summer 1882.
    Most telling for the choice of March 1886 is a letter to Fields believed to be from that time, reporting that Carrie Jewett Eastman is staying the Mrs. William Dean Howells (Home Saturday afternoon [March 1886]).
    Parenthesis marks in this manuscript were penciled by Fields.

Fuff:  Nickname for Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Thy friends:  Fields has penciled notes at this point indicating correcting the possessive to "Friend's" and placing an "x" that points to her note at the bottom of page 1: "x Whittier".

Mrs. Dresel's ... the medium: For Mrs. Dresel see Louisa Loring Dresel in Correspondents.  Probably "the medium" is a spirit medium.

always afternoon: Jewett quotes from British poet Alfred Lord Tennyson's (1809-1892) "The Lotos-eaters":
    In the afternoon they came unto a land
    In which it seemed always afternoon.

Carrie: Carrie Jewett Eastman. See Correspondents.

Mrs. Howells: See William Dean Howells in Correspondents.

Taddy: Theodore Jewett Eastman. See Correspondents.

Howe: Probably Alice Greenwood Howe. See Correspondents.

frightened:  Jewett has written "frightened" extra large and the second "kitten" extra small.

Pinny:  Pinny Lawson (Pinny / Pin) was an affectionate nickname for Jewett, used by her and Annie Fields. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Mellen Chamberlain

Charles Street, Boston, May 1, 1886 to Mellen Chamberlain

            I was much shocked to see the notice of Mrs. Chamberlain's death for I did not know that she had been ill. At such a time your friends can only offer their sympathy and dare to say little else but I hope that you will let me tell you how sorry I am for your great loss and sorrow ...


Note


This letter, transcribed by John Alden, originally appeared in Boston Public Library Quarterly 9 (1957): 86-96.  It is reprinted here courtesy of the Trustees of the Boston Public Library/Rare Books.



SOJ to Louisa Loring Dresel

May 1886
[In another hand]*

Manchester
                Monday afternoon

My dear Loulie

    I have been hoping ever since I came down that I should either see you here or at Beverly but I unfortunately brought an attack of sciatica with me and was very lame with it the first few days and lately Mrs. Fields* has had a very bad cold (which she got in town not here) and we have only been able to take one short drive.

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    I had forgotten that you were to sail so soon, and we have been thinking that we should see you in town once more after we got back.  I shall indeed send many good wishes after you dear Loulie, and I hope that you will be able to gain a great deal and give a great deal too in this summer of rest and change.  You are very lucky to be so sensible and resigned about going -- I was in

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a sad state of mind when I went over but then that was my first voyage and it seemed a great step!  It is so pleasant to hear about the new house and I hope the thriving relatives of the little trees will not be so few as you expect --  Jack* was quite pathetic wasnt he?  I think Roger* will be dreadfully disappointed not to to see him as he had the promise of going over.  Patrick* has not been

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with us and Roger has been perfectly devoted and delightful.  I think his friendship with Patrick has been a great education of his sympathies ! ! !

    Dear girl there are a great many things that I should like to say, but not with pen and ink, somehow though they can say a great deal.  Mrs. Fields and I both send much love to Mrs. Dresel and you must please to tell her that I will attend to the [ stove's ?] being sent within a day or two when I am writing my sister and can

[ Up the left margin of page 1]

send a message by her.  Much love to yourself from A. F. & me and a pleasant voyage to you.

Yours always affectionately.

Sarah O. Jewett

[ Up the left margin of page 2]

And thank your mother for her dear letter to me.


Notes

May 1886:  The rationale for this date is not known, but it is a reasonable choice, there being other reports in letters more certainly from 1886 of the relationship between the Fields and Jewett dogs.

Mrs. Fields:  Annie Adams Fields, A. F. See Correspondents.

Jack ... Roger ... Patrick:  Jack would appear to be the Dresel dog; Roger is Jewett's dog.  Patrick Lynch, according to Richard Cary, was an employee of Annie Fields.

The manuscript of this letter is held by Columbia University Libraries Special Collections in the Sarah Orne Jewett letters,  Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College, from a Columbia University Libraries microfilm copy of the manuscript.




SOJ to Mellen Chamberlain


South Ber­wick, June 9, 1886

            Do you think that I could have one of the students desks at the Library next week to look over some books about Normandy etc? I have been doing one of the "Stories of the Nations" series for the Putnams in N. Y. and meant to have it done long ago, but I was sick all the latter part of the winter. Now I must hurry and it would save so much time if I could have the rest of the books I want in a nice heap instead of getting them here with more or less difficulty.
            Will it give you too much trouble to tell me who [sic] I shall go to at the Library to ask about the books, etc.   I want particularly to see the plates from the Bayeux tapestry (there are some edited by Bruce I believe) and Cotman's Architectural Antiquities of Nor­mandy.*
            But I will not trouble you with the whole list now.
            I hope that you and Mrs. Chamberlain are well. It seems a long time since we had a meeting at the Cove! ...


Notes
the Bayeux tapestry ... edited by Bruce ... Cotman's Architectural Antiquities of Nor­mandy: Jewett is working on The Story of the Normans.  

The Bayeux Tapestry Elucidated by John Collingwood Bruce appeared in 1856.  Architectural Antiquities of Nor­mandy by John Sell Cotman appeared in 1822.

This letter, transcribed by John Alden, originally appeared in Boston Public Library Quarterly 9 (1957): 86-96.  It is reprinted here courtesy of the Trustees of the Boston Public Library/Rare Books.  Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Friday morning

[ Early Summer 1886 ]



Dear Mouse

    Such a day's work yesterday -- straight through the battle of Hastings* so that I am ready to say Hooray and think that I have broken the back of my piece of work -- if I could go straight on now I should soon finish the first writing, but next week I shall have to be going to and fro crab fashion.  If you dont hear from me to the contrary I

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shall make my appearance tomorrow but if I find that it is best to wait until Monday as I very likely may I will send you a dispatch in the morning.

    It is a great temptation when I think of seeing Mrs. Custer* and you know how much I want to see somebody else!

    And the circus will be going by, Monday in the morning ! ~~~~~~~~

[ Page 3 ]

I am as busy as a bee today and hardly know which way to hop first -- but here is my dear love to make up for what the letter lacks -- and Edith Thomas's* letter with her lovely poem --

Your own

Pinny*

Notes

Early Summer 1886: This date is supported by Jewett's report of her work on The Story of the Norman and the coming of a circus to South Berwick.  See notes below.

Mouse:  Nickname for Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

battle of Hastings: "The Battle of Hastings" in which William the Conqueror invades England in 1066 is the subject of chapter 15 of the 18 chapters in Jewett's The Story of the Normans (1887).

Mrs. Custer: A wild, but not impossible guess, is that this is Elizabeth Clift Bacon Custer (1842-1933), widow of Brevet Major General George Armstrong Custer (1839-1876), best remembered for his defeat and death at the Battle of Little Bighorn. By 1886, Mrs. Custer was a successful author and public speaker.

Edith Thomas: Edith Thomas's (1854-1925) poem to Sarah Orne Jewett, "Invitation to a Walk," appeared in The Atlantic in December 1885, pp. 805-6.  The poem Jewett mentions here, probably is a different one, however.

Pinny:  Pinny Lawson (Pinny / Pin) was an affectionate nickname for Jewett, used by her and Annie Fields. See Correspondents.
    Jewett's final two lines are scrawled and almost unreadable, but she seems fairly clearly to intend what is given here.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Friday Morning

[ Early Summer 1886 ]*
Dearest Fuff --*

    I am sorry that this letter will not get into the morning post and so you will not have a word from your affectionate and lazy Pinny this rainy day -- I was tempted to sleep [overly ? ] late this morning -- It is a circus day too and I might have been on my way to Dover by this time.

[ Page 2 ]

(Carrie* and I meant to go and convey her son -- [ deleted word ] by which statement you will understand that Mother & Carrie came home from Wells yesterday. They are both bright and well and in the best of spirits -- & I believe they mean to go again by and by. I have not seen Mother so well in a long time. Fuff dear, you know about

[ Page 3 ]

The Working Girls Vacation Fund* dont you? and may I send a bit of money to it? It is Mr. Allen's ^ F. B.'s^ and I was so much interested in the appeal for it this morning in an old news-paper that I saw{.}

    I am beginning to think about coming! If all goes well I mean to go to town Tuesday and hunt for a girl again with renewed zest, and

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determination -- I think the best way is to go early to the C. Union or the E. & I.* and [ dwell corrected ] there until the right one appears. That seems to be the fashion -- The bright little woman at the C. Union told me so I believe -- at any rate I was too early one day and too late another.

    But you must not think that we have been in despair. I have so confidently expected news of Miss M's woman* that I hated to commit myself

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afternoon
to anybody else -- )

    This day there has been a high enterprise of currant wine and we have been much engaged as a family.  Uncle William* sits by (it was in the old house kitchen)* and talks about what he means to do next year -- and is not satisfied [exactly corrected ] because we are not making [ a period appears here ] enough for this year -- Poor hopeful human nature! it seems to utterly

[ Page 6 ]

improbable that he will be here at all next year --

    [An X is penciled in here ] I have finished Pendennis* with deep regret for I have enjoyed it enormously -- It is truly a great story -- more simple and sincere and inevitable than Vanity Fair.  It seems as much greater than Tolstoi's Anna Karenina* as it is more full of true humanity -- it belongs to a more developed civilization, to a far larger interpretation

[ Page 7 ]

of Christianity -- But people are not contented at reading Pendennis every few years and with finding it ^always^ new as they grow more able to understand it -- Thackeray is so great -- a great Christian. He does not affect -- he humbly learns and reverently tries to teach out of his own experience. Pendennis belongs to America just now more than it belongs to England -- but we must

[ Page 7 ]

forget it and go and read our Russian -- yet he has a message too, but most people understand it so little that he amuses them and excites their wonder like Jules Verne --* (What a long letter to a dear busy Mouse. I long to see you and to say all sorts of foolish things, and to be as bad a Pinny as can be! and to kiss you ever so many times and watch you going about and to be your own

P. L.


Notes

1886:  Fields dates this letter from 1886 in the upper right of page 1, though she has erased 1889.  1886 seems a likely date, because in other letters of this year, Jewett reports re-reading favorite Thackeray novels.  See notes below.

Fuff:  Fuff and Mouse are nicknames that Jewett and Fields used with each other.  Jewett signs the letter with one of her nicknames, P.L., for Pinny Lawson.  See Correspondents.

Carrie: Carrie Jewett Eastman. See Correspondents.
    This parenthesis mark and all others in this letter are by Fields in green pencil.

Working Girls Vacation Fund:  An organization that helped New York City single working women to take rural vacations during their summers from about 1889.  A history of its founding in The Outlook 51 (25 May 1895) pp. 860-2, traces the beginnings to 1886, when contributions to the Christian Union -- a previous name of The Outlook -- funded a few such vacations.
    Jewett published two stories during her career on the theme of providing vacations for women and children in need of rest or fresh air in the country: "A Visit Next Door" (1884) and "Miss Esther's Guest" (1890).

Mr. Allen'sRev. Frederick Baylies Allen (1840-1925) was an Episcopalian clergyman who became involved in multiple social and moral reform organizations in Boston, including the local Shamut Working Girls Club.

C. Union or the E. & I:  It is not clear whether Jewett is seeking a woman to work for her family or a "working girl" to take a vacation in South Berwick.  The C. Union may be the Women's Christian Union, with which Annie Fields had connections (Gollin, Annie Adams Fields, p. 180), but its location and purpose have not been discovered. The E & I was the Women's Educational and Industrial Union, founded in Boston in 1877; Annie Fields was a founding member (Gollin p. 179).  Jewett could have gone there either to hire someone or to choose someone to vacation in South Berwick.

Miss M's woman: Miss M has not been identified.

Uncle William:  William Durham Jewett died in August 1887.

old house kitchen):  The parentheses around this phrase are Jewett's.  The old house is now the Sarah Orne Jewett House Museum in South Berwick. Next door is the house her father built for his family, now a part of the museum complex.  At this time, Jewett's uncle lived in the old house, while Jewett, her sister, Mary, and her mother lived in her mother's house.

Pendennis ... Vanity Fair: William Makepeace Thackeray, an English fiction writer, published Vanity Fair in 1847-8 and Pendennis in 1848-50.

Tolstoi's "Anna Karenina": The Russian novelist, Count Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) published his novel, Anna Karenina 1875-1877.

Jules Verne: French author Jules Verne (1828-1905) is considered one of the inventors of science fiction. Many of his novels have been adapted to film, including Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (1870, Eng. trans. 1873) and Around the World in Eighty Days (1873, Eng. trans. 1873).

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.


Annie Adams Fields Transcription

Field's presentation clearly brings together fragments from several letters.  To date, paragraph three has been discovered to be part of the letter above, composed in 1886, probably in late spring or early summer.  The remaining parts have not yet been located.
    This letter appears in Annie Fields, Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911), 


     Thursday evening, [probably June 1886 and/or October 1897].*

     This table is so overspread with the story of the Normans that I can hardly find room to put my paper down on it. I started in for work this afternoon, having been on the strike long enough, as one might say; but I only did a little writing, for I found that I must read the whole thing through, I have forgotten so much of it.

     Do read Miss Preston's paper about Pliny the younger in the "Atlantic." It is full of charming things, and as readable as possible. It sent me to my old favorite, the elder Pliny's "Natural History," but I couldn't find it in any of the book-cases downstairs, and I was too lazy to go up for it. Oh, you should see the old robin by my bed-room window a-fetching up her young family! I long to have you here to watch the proceedings. She is a slack housekeeper that robin, for the blown-away ruffles that she wove into her nest have suffered so much from neglect, combined with wind and weather, that they ravel out in unsightly strings. But oh, the wide mouths of the three young ones, -- how they do reach up and gape altogether when she comes near the nest with a worm! How can she attend to the mural decorations of her home? I am getting to be very intimate with the growing family. I hate every pussy when I think what a paw might do. I waited by the window an hour at tea-time, spying them.

     I have finished "Pendennis" with deep regret, for I have enjoyed it enormously. It is truly a great story, more simple and sincere and inevitable than "Vanity Fair."* It seems as much greater than Tolstoi's "Anna Karenina"* as it is more full of true humanity. It belongs to a more developed civilization, to a far larger interpretation of Christianity. But people are not contented at reading "Pendennis" every few years and with finding it always new as they grow more able to understand it. Thackeray is so great, a great Christian. He does not affect, he humbly learns and reverently tries to teach out of his own experience. "Pendennis" belongs to America just now more than it belongs to England, but we must forget it and go and read our Russian. Yes, he has a message too, but most people understand it so little that he amuses them and excites their wonder like Jules Verne.*

     I am writing before breakfast. I have finished "Hugh Wynne"* and loved it, with its fresh air and manliness, and -- to me -- exquisite charm. Don't you know what Tennyson said: "I love those large still books!"

Notes for Fields's Transcription

1896:  Annie Fields dates this letter in 1886.  David Schuster points out the inconsistency between the publication date of Mitchell's Hugh Wynne (1896) and the apparent date of this letter.  Furthermore, the quotation from Tennyson at the end of the letter comes from letters of Edward Fizgerald published in 1895 (see below). Mitchell's novel was serialized in Century Magazine (November 1896 through October 1897). Jewett seems quite definite that she has finished reading the whole book; therefore the final two paragraphs could not have been written before October of 1897.
    However, the first two paragraphs could come from spring of 1886.  Jewett reports trying to return to work on The Normans, which appeared at the end of 1886, and the Preston paper she recommends appeared in June 1886.  Jewett reports researching on Normans as early as 1885 in a "Monday Evening" letter to Fields. 
    While it is possible that she has forgotten work she was doing a year or more earlier, she sounds as if she is returning to writing she has completed before after being "on strike."  This might suggest that she is working not on the original book, but on a later related piece, such as "England After the Norman Conquest," prepared for an 1891 Chautauqua course on British History and Literature. Based on her history, this piece appeared in The Chautauquan 12 (1891):438-442, 574-578, 707-711,  for an 1891 Chautauqua course on British History and Literature.
    However, the first two paragraphs seem clearly to have been written in the spring, when robin hatchlings are being fed.  It is possible that Jewett was working on the Chautauqua piece six months before it was due, but we know that she did not start work on minor revisions to The Normans until December of 1890 (See G. H. Putnam's letter to Jewett of December 17, 1890).
    To add to this confusion, Jewett again reports reading Thackeray's Pendennis in what seems almost certainly to be the autumn of 1887, when she is reading proof for "Law Lane," which appeared in December 1887: See her letter, Sunday evening, [Autumn] 1887.

    Until we are able to see the original manuscripts, it would seem we cannot confidently explain this letter.  For this reason, the whole of this transcription appears in two different years: 1886 and 1897.

Miss Preston's paper about Pliny the younger in the "Atlantic": Harriet Waters Preston (1836-1911), a writer and translator, was one of those from whom Jewett sought advice early in her career. See Blanchard, pp. 108-9. Pliny, the Younger (62-113) was a Roman official who published several volumes of official and private letters that provide rich pictures of aspects of Roman life. Preston's article was "A Roman Gentleman under the Empire," Atlantic 57 (June 1886) 741-761.

Pliny's "Natural History": Pliny the Elder (c. 23-79) was a Roman encyclopedist. His "Natural History" consisted of 37 books, ten published in his lifetime, on all aspects of contemporary science.

Pendennis ... Vanity Fair: William Makepeace Thackeray, an English fiction writer, published Vanity Fair in 1847-8 and Pendennis in 1848-50.

Tolstoi's "Anna Karenina": The Russian novelist, Count Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) published his novel, Anna Karenina 1875-1877.

Jules Verne: French author Jules Verne (1828-1905) is considered one of the inventors of science fiction. Many of his novels have been adapted to film, including Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (1870, Eng. trans. 1873) and Around the World in Eighty Days (1873, Eng. trans. 1873).

"Hugh Wynne": Hugh Wynne, Free Quaker (1896) is a novel by Silas Weir Mitchell, M.D. (1829-1914), perhaps best remembered for his "rest cure" for hysteria.   This novel was first published as a serial in Century Magazine, November 1896 - October 1897.
    The quotation from Tennyson appears in Letters of Edward FitzGerald to Fanny Kemble (1871-1883), by Edward FitzGerald (1895), p. 138.




SOJ to Thomas Bailey Aldrich

South Berwick
Saturday [ 23 May 1886 ]

My dear friend

    I only heard of Mrs. Frost's death yesterday and I wrote at once to your mother for I felt so much for her, and indeed for all who shared in such a great sorrow --  I knew what a grief if must be to you and I thought how glad you must be to have been with her earlier in the

[ Page 2 ]

winter.  Indeed it was the last holidays in which she could have any share here and make one of your dear circle. You and I are old enough now to dread such things doubly -- I look at my dear old uncle* here at home with such eagerness to hold him back and to keep the two houses going on just the same as when I was a child, when he leaves us there

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will be such a difference, and I know that your aunt stood to you in much the same way and when you were with her it was like keeping hold on the best of your earlier life and association. Nobody can feel so near the next work as I did once or twice last winter without a new certainty of the limit set to our life here. And dying seems a more natural thing [ always corrected ] afterward. I grow more and more

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certain that a happy surprise waits for those who go -- and that all the vagueness and loneliness [ belongs corrected ] to this world -- not to the other. After all 'this world' is only what I can see and feel this moment, in these present surroundings -- You are in another place and I have no evidence of that, except that I believe it. I know that you exist and are not blotted out because I cannot see you -- If I go where you are I find you [unrecognized marks ] Exactly! and when I

[ Page 5 ]

go to the world beyond this I shall find those whom I know and love.  Life must live because it is life and all the bewilderment that has been thrown about Death [ deleted letters ] fades away when I remember that Christ told the thief on the cross that "this day thou shalt be with me in Paradise" --*

    But why need I write all this -- my letter is like many sermons that hammer away to explain things that

[ Page 6 ]

are plain enough to the congregation already -- I only have a new sense of the separation that comes between households because it is brought afresh to friends whom I love dearly.

    -- I do not want you and Lilian to forget that I cannot help sharing your sorrows and your pleasures because I am always

Your sincere friend

S.O.J.       


Notes

23 May 1886:  This date is based upon the death date for Caroline Augusta Bailey Frost.  See below.

Mrs. Frost's:  Thomas Bailey Aldrich's mother was Sarah Abba/Abra Bailey (1814-1896), who married Elias Taft Aldrich (1807-1850). Her sister, Caroline Augusta Bailey (1827- 21 May 1886) married Charles Leonard Frost (1815-1880), according to Ancestry.com. See also Find-a-Grave.

dear old uncle: William Durham Jewett.  See Correspondents.
Before his death, William Jewett occupied that ancestral Jewett home now known as the Sarah Orne Jewett House, while Jewett and her unmarried sister, Mary Rice, occupied her family home next door, now known as the Jewett-Eastman House in South Berwick, ME.

Paradise:  See the Bible, Luke 23:39-43.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Thomas Baily Aldrich Papers, 119 letters of Thomas Bailey and Lilian Woodman Aldrich, 1837-1926. MS Am 1429 (117). Transcribed and annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.
    At the bottom left of page one, in another hand, is a circled number: 2662. This note appears again at the bottom left of page 5.




SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

     Thursday morning.[ June 1886 ]*

    

     I shall have to write you the same sort of letter as Selborne's White wrote to the Hon. Daines Barrington,* for there doesn't seem to be anything to tell, except how things grow and what birds have come and how things don't grow and what the birds do. There is one adorable golden robin in one of the garden elms, who shouts "Pitty, pitty, pitty!" all day long like a delighted child, -- you will be so pleased to make that cheerful bird's acquaintance when you come. (I don't feel very certain about the time when I shall go to you. It depends upon how much I can do today and tomorrow, and it also depends upon how things are here, and what news I get from Judge Chamberlain,* to whom I have been writing about a desk at the Public Library. But if I don't go Saturday, I certainly must be no later than Monday, for I must get a good deal done next week. I am trying to get to a certain point in the story here, and then be free to forget that part and to do the chapters about the cathedral, etc., while I am away.) I can't say enough about the Ruskin biography.* I can hardly wait to have you know it, too. He is after our own heart in his affection for Dr. Johnson. Next week, if we have some time for reading, do let us take some of Mr. Arnold's papers that we have been putting off, and some of the poems. It seems like cramming, but I was so sorry I was not more familiar with certain parts of his work when I saw him before.* But some things of his we know as well as we know anything -- thank goodness!

     Yesterday I was busy both morning and afternoon, and got on much better than the day before, and I hope it will be the same to-day. I was reading "Two Years Before the Mast"* in the evening, with new admiration for its gifts. It seems to me as much a classic as anything we have to give, -- it has exceptional charm in the way it is done, with perfectly genuine qualities. There is so little that is usually thought interesting to tell, and yet I could hardly skip a page.

     What did you think of G. Sand's letter to Madame d'Agoult,* -- that long letter at the beginning of the book? I couldn't bear to have you read it without standing by and seeing how you liked it. Nothing ever made me feel that I really know Madame Sand as that letter did.

Notes

[June 1886]:  Jewett had written to Judge Mellen Chamberlain (see note below) about securing a desk at the Boston Public Library for her research on The Story of the Normans (1887) on June 9.

Selborne's White wrote to the Hon. Daines Barrington
: Gilbert White (1720-1793), though a fellow at Oriel College, Oxford, lived most of his life at Selbourne, in England, as a curate, where he could follow his avocations of naturalist and writer. His correspondence with Daines Barrington grew into the Natural History and Antiquities of Selbourne (1788). Daines Barrington (1727-1800) was a naturalist and historian interested in the exploration of the North Pole. His publications include Miscellanies (c. 1900), essays on various subjects, and several books on North Pole exploration.

Judge Chamberlain ... a desk at the Public Library: Mellen Chamberlain, according to Paula Blanchard, was a Boston municipal judge and an amateur historian to whom Jewett turned for advice about her writing early in her career. He was director of the Boston Public Library from 1878 to 1890. (See Blanchard 63)

the Ruskin biography: John Ruskin (1819-1900) was an English art and literary critic and social reformer. It is difficult to know which Ruskin biography she was reading. Ruskin's partial autobiography is Praeterita (1886-89). But it is possible Jewett was reading William Smart (1853-1915), John Ruskin: His Life and Work: Inaugural Address Delivered Before the Ruskin Society of Glasgow (1879).

Mr. Arnold's papers ... when I saw him before:  Matthew Arnold (24 December 1822 - 15 April 1888) visited the United States and Annie Fields in 1883-4 and again in 1886.

"Two Years Before the Mast": Richard Henry Dana (1815-1882) published Two Years Before the Mast in 1840. He was a lawyer by profession and a graduate of Harvard College.

G. Sand's letter to Madame d'Agoult: This letter appears in George Sand's Correspondance 1812-1876 (Paris 1882), in six volumes. Richard Cary says in "Jewett to Dresel: 33 Letters," Colby Quarterly 11 (March 1975) 13-49, "Countess Marie de Flavigny d'Agoult is remembered for eloping with Franz Liszt and bearing his child, and as the author of History of the Revolution of 1848 under her pseudonym Daniel Stern."   Though it is not impossible that Jewett and Fields read Sand's letters in French, they are more likely to have read the English translation, Letters of George Sand, translated by Raphael Ledos de Beaufort, (London: Ward and Downey, 1886).

This letter appears in Annie Fields, Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911),  Transcribed by Annie Adams Fields, with notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Monday Evening

[ Summer 1886 ]*

My dear darling

    Thank you over and over again for your letter which came this morning -- and brought so much that I couldn't do without -- ( I had one beside from A Howe* which I send you and mean to answer very soon -- ) There is some thing touching about it -- and only to think of Figgy's*

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having died! -- She sent you a beautiful olive twig which I will bring carefully when I come -- I am afraid that I should break it by putting into an envelope again for it is pretty dry -- When shall I come? dear Fuff* I fear that it will not be until the first of the week unless you have decided to go to Manchester Tuesday or Wednesday. Dont you think too that we had [ better corrected ] have the extra

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day or two in Manchester than in town? I will wait though and see how things go on -- Cora* comes tomorrow to stay until Friday -- I am so glad it is now instead of later in the summer.  Edward* will stay a few days longer too, and perhaps Frances Perry* will appear though that is doubtful -- Here is a little snip of your sweet briar -- I hope there will be a little of the sweetness left when

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it gets to you --

    The lessons for the memory came today but I am afraid I shall be none the better for them -- though I was tired and didn't give them quite a fair look -- I am afraid I shall give you a chance to say a fool and her money. but I can imagine Mr. Joe Quincy* learning the rules faithfully -- Oh it is so dusty! and we wish more than ever that it would rain. Yet the fields are very soppy

[ Up the left margin and across the top margin of page 1 ]

and you can get a wet foot with ease. The woods are all afire on Agamenticus.  I feel so much better today and life looks brighter. There was been a queer dull cold going about and I think I had a touch of it, for my

[ Up the left margin and across the top margin of page 2 ]

throat was sore and I could hardly crawl about, & I have heard others complain of the

[ Up the left margin and across the top margin of page 3 ]

same thing -- Dear Fuff* good night -- indeed -- indeed* I thought I was right about Mrs. Waters* but I am so sorry if it was wrong -- and that you have had

[ Up the left margin and across the top margin of page 4 ]

the least feeling about it -- Have you heard anything about thy friend* lately. Your ever most loving

S. O. J.



Notes

1886: This date is merely a guess, supported slightly by Jewett reporting that she is making an effort to improve her memory. As the note on that below indicates, Jewett said late in 1885 that she would like to improve her memory while working on The Story of the Normans.
    Parenthesis marks in this manuscript were penciled by Fields.

A. Howe:  Alice Greenwood Howe. See Correspondents.

Figgy's: It seems likely that this is Alice Howe's pet, but this is not certain.

Cora: Cora Clark Rice. See Correspondents.

Edward:  This person has not yet been identified.

Frances Perry:  Frances Fisk Perry, daughter of Lucretia Morse Fisk Perry. See Correspondents.

lessons for the memory:  Jewett may have purchased one of several available books on developing one's memory.  A likely possibility is Memory manual. Explaining, in Short and Simple Lessons, a System of ... Developing the Memory (1883) by George Yule.  Another may be The Natural Method of Memorizing and Memory Training Based on the Four Laws of Logical Connection, Co-Existence, Resemblance, and Contrast in Eight Lessons (1888) by Wilbert Webster White, though it appeared after the speculative date of this letter.
    When Jewett was doing her research for The Story of the Normans (1887), she lamented her inability to remember and, therefore, to easily order her extensive reading for the project. See SOJ to Annie Adams Fields, Tuesday evening, November 1885.

a fool and her money: Referring to the proverb: "A fool and his money are soon parted." While it echoes the Bible, Proverbs 21:20, the saying in this form has been attributed to Dr. John Bridges' Defence of the Government of the Church of England, 1587.

Joe Quincy:  This person has not yet been identified.

Agamenticus:  Mount Agamenticus is the highest point in the South Berwick area.

Fuff:  Nickname for Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Mrs. Waters: This person has not yet been identified.

indeed: This word is underlined twice.

you:  This word is underlined twice.

thy friend:  John Greenleaf Whittier. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.


       
SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

 
Thursday night,   [June 1886]*


     This morning I read Mr. Arnold's "Nineteenth Century" paper* with great joy. What a great man he is! That holds the truth of the matter if anything does. It is all very well to say, as Mr. Blaine does, "What business has England?"* The association of different peoples is after all beyond human control: we are "mixed and sorted" by a higher power. And looked at from the human side, what business has one nation to keep another under her authority, but the business of the stronger keeping the weaker in check when the weaker is an enemy? It had to be settled between England and Ireland certainly -- for the two races were antagonistic, and England could not have said "no matter, she may plague me and fight me as she pleases." Law and order come in, and Ireland has a right to complain of being badly governed, -- so has a child or any irresponsible person, but we can't question the fact that they must be governed. Ireland is backward, and when she is equal to being independent, and free to make her own laws, I suppose the way will be opened, and she will be under grace of herself, instead of tutors and governors in England. Everybody who studies the case, as Mr. Arnold has, believes that she must still be governed. I don't grow very sentimental about Ireland's past wrongs and miseries. If we look into the history of any subject country, or indeed of any country at all, the suffering is more likely to be extreme that length of time ago, and I think as Mr. Arnold does, and as Mr. Lowell did, that the mistake of our time is in being governed by the ignorant mass of opinion, instead of by thinkers and men who know something. How great that was of Gladstone, "He has no foresight because he has no insight." Mr. Arnold never said a wiser thing, and when he says that Gladstone will lead his party (after describing what the party lacks) by watching their minds and adapting his programme and using his ease of speech to gain the end -- He is a party leader, and not a statesman. Doesn't it seem as if it must fret a man like Arnold to the quick to go on saying things as he has and seeing people ignore them, then dispute them, then say that they were God's truth, when the whole thing has become a matter of history and it is too late to have them do the immediate good be hoped to effect?

Notes

1886:  Fields places this letter in 1884.  However as the notes below indicate, Jewett must have written it after the appearance in May 1886 of the Matthew Arnold essay she mentions and probably after James G. Blaine's June 1 speech on Irish home-rule.

Mr. Arnold's "Nineteenth Century" paper
: Jewett quotes from Matthew Arnold (1822-1888), "The Nadir of Liberalism," Nineteenth Century 19:111 (May 1886), 645-663, when she admires his observation that Gladstone lacks foresight because he lacks insight.  Therefore, it is virtually certain that Fields has incorrectly dated this letter.  Almost certainly it was written after 1 June 1886.

     In "The Nadir of Liberalism," Arnold critiques the Irish home rule proposal of William E. Gladstone (1809-1898), who was Liberal prime minister of England four times during a long and illustrious political career.  Arnold wrote his essay in the context of Gladstone's third, short term as prime minister in 1886, when he came to power by uniting the Liberal and the Irish members of parliament around a proposal for Irish home rule.  In the essay, Arnold argues that the proposal for home rule was deeply flawed for several reasons.  A better long-term solution to the antagonism between Ireland and England would be to develop and follow policies that would create friendship between the two peoples, and that such policies must recognize the festering injustices resulting from past English failures to curb the abuses of absentee landlords and to allow the Irish to have their own established church.
    Jewett's reading of this essay may have been colored by her current work on The Story of the Normans (1887), so that she saw contemporary England and Ireland as replaying the 11th-century antagonism between Normans and Saxons.  Her assertions that the Irish are backward, childish, and incapable of self-rule, do not in fact square with Arnold's opinions in the essay, and particularly with his views in an earlier two-part essay, "The Incompatibles" which appeared in The Nineteenth Century in April and June of 1881 and was collected in Irish Essays and Others in 1882.  In that earlier essay, Arnold argues that in many cases, as decades and centuries pass after a military conquest, like the Norman conquest of 1066, affairs settle down, the injustices of conquest are forgotten, and the conquered and conquerors come to live together amicably.  This, however, is not what has happened in Ireland, because the English have for centuries renewed the original pain of conquest, keeping the wounds fresh.  Jewett seems to misunderstand Arnold's argument at this time.  Perhaps by the time she began her series of Irish stories with "The Luck of the Bogans" (1889), her thinking about the Irish as a people had changed.

Mr. Blaine ... "What business has England?": The Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia says, "The most popular Republican of his time, James Gillespie Blaine (1830-1893), of Maine, served as U.S. congressman, senator, secretary of state, and presidential candidate. He was an important architect of his party's electoral success during the 1880s and '90s." On June 1, 1886, Blaine gave a speech in Portland, Me. in which he advocated passage of Gladstone's Irish home-rule bill then being debated in the English parliament.  In that speech, Blaine does not ask literally "What business has England" to rule Ireland, but that question summarizes well one of his main points.  The text of his speech, as printed in a New Zealand newspaper appears here.

This letter appears in Annie Fields, Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911),  Transcribed by Annie Adams Fields, with notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to John Geenleaf Whittier

South Berwick

Thursday morning

[Summer 1886]

My dear Friend:

     A. F. has sent me your letter and I wish so much that I could go at once and make you a little visit, but I have just come back from town after finishing the history1 (very badly!) and now my sister is going away. We do not like to be away together this summer. Why can’t you stop here as you go back? There are hills enough for a gentle let­down from Holderness and you and I would have a beautiful quiet time and take a drive down Sligo way and across the Sligo bridge and home by Pound Hill. Mother and I are alone and it would be such a pleasure. You should not do anything you did not want to do, and our good John Tucker, and my Uncle William2 over in the old house, would save you from keeping company altogether with "the women folks." Do come! You shall have some cherries like Mrs. Fields's for every meal!

     I am so sorry to disappoint you about coming to Asquam. I really would go if I could.

 Yours affectionately,

S. O. J.

 You need not stop to give notice -- just "drop down" any day. I shall love my dear old home all the more if you will come to it once and then again.

 
Notes

1 The Story of the Normans, Told Chiefly in Relation to Their Conquest of England (New York and London, 1887). Despite Miss Jewett's demurrer, the book proved to be popular, running into several editions in both the United States and England.

2 William Durham Jewett (1813-­1887), her father's brother, was a childless widower who made much of his nieces. He kept the West Indian Store on Main Street in South Berwick and was later president of two banks.

 This letter was transcribed and annotated by Richard Cary, and first published in  "'Yours Always Lovingly': Sarah Orne Jewett to John Greenleaf Whittier,"  Essex Institute Historical Collections 107 (1971): 412-50. This article was reprinted at the Sarah Orne Jewett Text Project by permission of the library of the American Antiquarian Society and the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.




SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

     Friday evening, South Berwick [Summer 1886]. 

     Today has been very hot and I have read with great delight the book of Edwin Arnold's,* which I didn't send back after all, and I am most glad to have it. More than that I want you to read parts of it, for it is charmingly done, so modest and manly and wise, and when he gets to Ceylon all the Buddhists turn out to do him honor. He has a grave conference with an old priest, who thanks him for what he has done for Buddhism, and then Arnold asks him if there are any Mahatmas, to which the priest answers no, none at all! If we had better interpreters of Buddha's teaching we might reach heights and depths of power and goodness that are now impossible; but we have fallen from the old wisdom and none of us today are so advanced. There are all sorts of interesting things in this "India Revisited"; one is that the Mayflower was chartered for the East Indian trade after her Pilgrim experiences, and was sunk on her last voyage with a cargo of rice!!* I don't know why I found that so wildly interesting!!

Notes

1886:  Fields gives this letter an 1885 date, but as the note on Edwin Arnold indicates, Jewett could not have read his book on India until 1886.

book of Edwin Arnold's: Sir Edwin Arnold (1832-1904) published India Revisited in 1886.

Mayflower: The Mayflower is best known as the ship in which the Pilgrims traveled to form their colony at Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620.

This letter appears in Annie Fields, Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911),  Transcribed by Annie Adams Fields, with notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

[ Green ink ] Monday afternoon

[ 5 July 1886 ]


Dear Fuff*

    A Pinny* playing with inks is a splendid sight but I got a pretty collection [ Gray ink ] for making different [ Green ink ] notes and references in the history* that I could see at a glance [ Gray ink ] whence [ Green ink ] this lively green!  I dont know [ it corrected ] should dazzle ones eyes so, when green is already suffered to be so good for the eyes [ Black ink ] -- I am beginning my letter before I do any work for I mean to go

[ Page 2 ]

drive tonight after the sun gets very low. ( Your dear letter came this morning and I had a great round wish to be there last night to the pelouse party. )  Playing with twins* is even a greater diversion than playing with inks and I am so glad you had the music. It does me good even to hear about it. So she dont like your golden lilies of France? There is nothing so splendid as the

[ Page 3 ]

purple ones but I associate the white one with the least of Pinnies and love them accordingly -- The white ones are the flower of Florence but I dont know what the purple ones are -- Do you? ---- I am afraid you will not get any letter from me today because of the holiday. I forgot to tell you that I should [ deleted word, possibly think ] like to keep the Johnsons Dictionary* but I dont care about the Wealth of Nations* if you have a copy -- you were

[ Page 4 ]

doubtful about it when we were away -- or did I make a mistake and was it only that you hadn't read the book.

    -- I read Burnaby's Ride to Khiva* Saturday night with great pleasure and a new persuasion of the barbarism of Russia. Last week one day I indulged in a short peroration* on the true causes ^and benefits^ of war to begin a Normans chapter, and this story of travel made me still more eager about my opinions.  I hope to read it to you someday, and have you say you agree!

[ Up the left margin and then across the top margin of p. 1 ]

Do attend to the Linnet* someday if you get a bit of time. He was really crying I believe when he wrote to me and feels very [ sad ? corrected ] and I think he will like to be speaked to by Fuff. We know that he really loves so few people, and is Linnet.

[ No signature ]


Notes

5 July 1886:  While this date is a guess, it seems likely to be correct.  Jewett fears Fields will not receive a Jewett letter on this day because the previous day's holiday (Independence Day) will prevent the movement of mail on Sunday, delaying her previous missive.  That the year is 1886 is supported by Jewett reporting that she is hard at work on The Story of the Normans, which was published at the end of the year.
    Fields has written a note between the first and second lines on page 1: "Date of Norman's"
    Parenthesis marks in this manuscript were penciled by Fields.
    This letter is written with several ink colors.  While it is not always easy to tell when a color changes, I have attempted to note changes in the transcription.

Fuff:  Nickname for Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Pinny:  Pinny Lawson (Pinny / Pin) was an affectionate nickname for Jewett, used by her and Annie Fields. See Correspondents.

the history: Jewett's The Story of the Normans (1887).

twins: Jewett often refers to the sisters, Helen Olcott Choate Bell and Miriam Foster Choate Pratt as the twins. See Correspondents.
    Though they were sisters, they were not twins.

golden lilies of France ... flower of Florence:  As Jewett is working on The Story of the Normans, she would be familiar with "the golden lilies of France" or fleur-di-lis, that appear on the French coat of arms.  The coat of arms for Florence also featured such a stylized lily, white before the 13th century. While the color purple was associated with royalty in heraldry, there may not be a purple lily among European coats of arms.

Johnsons Dictionary: British author Samuel Johnson's (1709-1784) A Dictionary of the English Language appeared in 1755.

Wealth of Nations: The Wealth of Nations (1776), by Scottish economist Adam Smith (1723-1780).

Ride to KhivaA Ride to Khiva : Travels and Adventures in Central Asia (1876), by Colonel Frederick Gustavus Burnaby (1842 - 1885)

peroration: Jewett's peroration opens Chapter 13 of The Story of the Normans.

Linnet:  Thomas Bailey Aldrich.  See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Louisa Loring Dresel

South Berwick
7 July 1886

My Dear Loulie

    I am not going to wait any longer for the chance of writing you a long letter.  These summer days fly by so fast and I grow busier and busier.  Luckily there is always time to think of ones friends and I have sent a good many thoughts flying across the sea after you.  I saw Elly* at Cambridge

[ Page 2 ]

on Class Day and was so glad to have a nice little talk with him and to know that your summer had begun so pleasantly.  I was perfectly sure all the time that you would feel a great deal better!  I have a dreadful fear however that you will never tell me half so many things about your visits and journeys as if you did not have to come way from the end of Beacon St!  Let us mourn a little now for I am sure that

[ Page 3 ]

there will be enough good things about the new house to console you a good deal for leaving the old one.  I was in town last week to see the Matthew Arnolds* and to do some writing at the Athenaeum & public library,* and Mrs. Fields and Patrick* and I built a neat tea-house halfway down your side of the garden.  You never saw the like of it, being composed of matting and "rustic" columns of hemlock poles.  We had

[ Page 4 ]

afternoon tea there and there was a big rose bush in full bloom half inside it against the tea table and every body thought it was perfectly beautiful. Patrick disapproved at first but afterward admired it proudly and the Millet baby* finds it a pleasant shade --  It is really a lovely place in summer, that garden!

    -- I am hurrying my very best to get the Normen (as A. Longfellow calls them)* done by the first of August, but we are in

[ Page 5 ]

the middle of the guest season and I have to make three people of myself every day.  The White Heron book* is on foot too but I take no thought of that at all, it seems such a trifle compared to the other.  On the seventeenth I am to meet Mrs. Fields at Mrs. Cabots and Miss Howes!* for a little visit and I look forward to that with great pleasure -- I am sure that you would be asked over to play with me if you were in Beverly.  See what

[ Page 6 ]
a loss!

    Between you and me 'Elly' was very giddy on Class Day but we must never speak of it to others.  He was walking about with girls and said ^that^ he thought he ought to see Class Day because his own would be next year, and I accepted the pretty explanation and rejoiced that he was having such a good time.  He kindly sat with me for a short time and I was very glad to see

[ Page 7 ]

him.  How long it seems already since you went away!

    I shall try to see Mrs. Dresel when I go to Beverly.  You must give my love to her when you write.  Have a good time Loulie dear and remember that I am always

Yours very affectionately

Sarah. O. Jewett


Notes

Elly at Cambridge on Class Day: Dresel's brother, Ellis Loring Dresel, had just completed his third year at Harvard in the summer of 1886.

the Matthew Arnolds:  The English poet and critic, Matthew Arnold  (24 December 1822 - 15 April 1888) visited the United States and Annie Fields in 1883-4 and again in 1886.

Athenaeum & public library:  Jewett did some of her research for The Story of the Normans (1887) at these two Boston libraries.

Mrs. Fields and Patrick:  Annie Adams Fields, and her employee, Patrick Lynch. See Correspondents.

Millet baby: It seems probable that the Millets are Josiah Byram Millet (1853-1938) and Emily Adams McCleary (1856-1941).  They were married on 30 Oct 1883 in Boston. They had two daughters: Hilda, Mrs. William Harris Booth (November 1885-1966) and Elizabeth Foster, Mrs. Arthur Graham Carey, (November 1889 - 1955). He was a journalist and publisher, who managed the art department of Houghton, Mifflin and Company before becoming art editor at Scribner's and then beginning his own publishing business. In 1890, they were near neighbors of Fields at 150 Charles Street.  See also Harvard Class of 1877 Secretary's Report, pp. 43-4.

the Normen (as A. Longfellow calls them):  Jewett's popular history, The Story of the Normans, appeared in 1887.  She refers here to Alice Mary Longfellow. See Correspondents.

The White Heron book:  Jewett's story collection, A White Heron and Other Stories  appeared in 1886.

Mrs. Cabots and Miss Howes:  Susan Burley Cabot.  See Correspondents.  The identity of Miss Howe remains uncertain.  Jewett was acquainted with Grace Howe (b. 1879), but this seems unlikely.  In her winter 1869 diary of a long stay is Cincinnati, OH, Jewett recounts social interactions with a Dr. and Mrs. Howe and Miss Howe (possibly their daughter), but these people have not been further identified, except to eliminate the prominent Dr. Andrew Jackson Howe, who had neither children nor an unmarried sister, so far as is known.

The manuscript of this letter is held by Columbia University Libraries Special Collections in the Sarah Orne Jewett letters,  Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College, from a Columbia University Libraries microfilm copy of the manuscript.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Thursday morning
July 28th 1886

My dear darling

    I had a vision of you early at your desk by the window -- -- It is very still here and very bright as if the day would be hot.  The breeze over the river doesn't come in at the window but I am arrayed in the little gingham and hope to find myself very com-

[ Page 2 ]

fortable -- (Mary* met me at the station and we had a friendly tea together as Mother and Carrie* &c. had gone to York. They didn't get home until late in the evening and seem to [ have corrected ] had a very nice time.  Mary is going to Rye on Saturday for a week with the aunts -- and so I shall put off my Exeter visit for the

[ Page 3 ]

present.) I feel more like reading storybooks than anything else, and a great sense of the history weighs*  on my mind -- not the details any longer, but the whole enterprise, but I hope to forget it after awhile --    I dont know any news to tell you dear Fuff* except that I love you and miss you  (-- I hope it was a good

[ Page 4 ]

conference and that Marigold* came home with you afterward. -- I wish she could see how pretty the [ deleted word ] sunlight is through the green leaves here at the office window! But in only two weeks ladies!

and here's     Pin! )


Notes

(Mary: This parenthesis mark and all of the rest in this letter were added in green pencil by Annie Fields.
    Mary is Mary Rice Jewett. See Correspondents.

Carrie:  Carrie Jewett Eastman. See Correspondents.

history weighs:  Between these words, Fields has inserted "^*." At the bottom of this page, she has noted also in green pencil: "* The Normans."
    Jewett refers to working on her popular history, The Story of the Normans, which appeared at the end of this year.

Fuff:  Fuffy/Fuff, an affectionate nickname for Fields, used by Jewett and Fields. See Correspondents.

Marigold: Mary Langdon Greenwood (Mrs. James) Lodge. See Correspondents.

Pin: Pin / Pinny Lawson was a Jewett nickname. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Thursday evening

5 August 1886

Dear Mouse*

    Just a week before you will be here -- I can hardly wait for it to go! -- I had been out to see my neighbours early in the evening and found your nice round roll of the English papers & the Youth's Companion* when I came in and stopped to read them so now I

[ Page 2 ]

am quite sleepy -- (It is very tired weather though it is cool enough and I hate to think of your having been so long in town. I wish I had pulled you down here for awhile early in the summer.)* You must spend the first day on the river under green oak boughs that hang over! and we will not start our travels until we are ready. I found out today by means

[ Page 3 ]

of an old railway guide that the Hot Springs* are out beyond Charlottesville and Staunton on that same railroad (or off it)* that goes across the Shenandoah valley [and ? ], up into the mountains. Dont you know we waited at Staunton junction where we met Miss [ Fell or Tell or Teel ]?* -- well, westward from there fifty or sixty miles -- If I had the adventurous spirit of my youth I should like nothing better I suppose . .  I am still

[ Page 4 ]

reading Vanity-Fair* with perfect delight -- What a master Thackeray was! It is so long since I read one of his long novels that I find I didn't in the least appreciate this until now -- such spirit and fun! I wish we were reading it together.  I used to know Henry Esmond best & think this very long and dull. It was too young a Pinny!* Talk of your French and Russian novels! Go and read Thackeray say I! ( -- Good

[ Up the left margin and then across the top margin of page 1 ]

night my dear Fuff. Cora* went today. It was nice to have the little visit from her -- Mary* is having a pleasant time at Rye. I doubt if she comes before next week.  Thanks so much for all your letters and dearness! to )

your Pinny


Notes

Mouse:  Mouse and Fuff are nicknames that Jewett and Fields used with each other.  Jewett signs the letter with one of her nicknames, Pinny, for Pinny Lawson.  See Correspondents.

Youth's Companion: An American magazine for young readers, in which Jewett regularly published, though not in 1886.

summer.):  This and most parenthesis marks in this letter were added in pencil by Annie Fields.

Hot Springs:  This is Hot Springs, VA.  Jewett and Fields are known to have stayed there, at the Homestead Hotel, in March of 1897.

off it):  The parenthesis marks around this phrase are Jewett's.

Miss [ Fell or Tell or Teel ]:  The transcription is doubtful, and the identity of this person remains unknown.

Vanity-Fair: William Makepeace Thackeray (1811-1863) was a British novelist.  Vanity Fair (1848) is his best-known novel. He published The History of Henry Esmond in 1852.

Cora: Cora Clark Rice. See Correspondents.

Mary: Mary Rice Jewett. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



Annie Adams Fields to Eben Norton Horsford


South Berwick, Maine,

August 18th 1886

My dear kind friend:

Really when I think of all the directions in which your benevolence is exerted I wonder at the generous economy of your life.* You will be amused when I tell you, as I believe I usually have done! when you have surprised me with your benefactions, that I was just wondering how I should pull across a certain stream of needs which have been presenting themselves. Now, I wonder no longer, thanks to you, my dear kind friend.
    Sarah has written you, I believe, or Lilian that the physician has advised her to go to Richfield Springs,* whither we are now turning, and I much fear that our lateness in going there will prevent us from having the visit we have looked forward to at Shelter Island. You and Kate would have been interested to hear Mr. Philips Brooks say the other day, in a little talk I had with him just before I left town that the West [is] deeply interesting of course but in a way so totally different from any other part of the world just now: it has no past, he said, hardly any present: it is all future, and Hellen [meaning Helen ?] Hunt is in its mythology!! I am sure Kate would have joined me in the pleasure this little jeau d'esprit gave.
    I hope Kate will help Mr. Mabie in his Life of Miss Jackson by giving him portions of her letters in case he has not already more than he can use.
    You will have heard ere this I fancy that your friend Mr. Cushing, his family and his Indians are visiting Mrs. Hemenway at our beloved Manchester by the Sea. She has taken two houses there one of which she calls Casa Ramona. It is a secret!!! but as Zuni Indians cannot well travel in their war paint upon the Eastern Railroad without being seen, I know I may confide in you.
    We have heard of Mrs. Horsford's and Cornelia's gay times and triumphs in New York. I hope they enjoyed the change and are liking Shelter Island for it.
    Sarah sends her love with mine to you all.

    Believe me, affectionately yours
   Annie Fields.

Notes

Transcriber notePhillips Brooks (1835-1893) was one of the most popular and beloved clergymen in Boston from 1869 until his death, and Episcopal Bishop of Massachusetts from 1891 to 1893. Helen Maria Fiske Hunt Jackson (1830-1885), an author transplanted from New England to the West and known for her championship of the American Indian, was a distant relation and close friend of the Horsfords.... Frank Hamilton Cushing (1857-1900)..., was a lifetime student of the American Indian and an employee of the Smithsonian Institute and the Bureau of American Ethnology. Ramona is the name of Helen Hunt Jackson's famous novel.

benevolence:  Professor Horsford regularly contributed funds to support Annie Fields's work with the Associated Charities of Boston.

Richfield SpringsRichfield Springs, NY, was known for its sulfur springs, where 19th-century patients sought relief for various conditions, rheumatism in Jewett's case.

Kate:  A Horsford daughter.  See Correspondents.

Mr. Mabie in his Life of Miss Jackson
:  "Hamilton Wright Mabie (1846 -1916) was an American essayist, editor, critic, and lecturer."  He was long associated with The Christian Union which later became Outlook and published several of Jewett's works.  Wikipedia.   Though Helen Hunt Jackson had requested that Mabie write her biography, and in the years following her death, many expected that he would, he did not.

visiting Mrs. Hemenway:  "Mary Porter Tileston Hemenway (1820 - 1894) was an American philanthropist. She sponsored the Hemenway Southwestern Archaeological Expedition to the American southwest [first led by Frank H. Cushing], and opened the first kitchen in a public school in the US."  Wikipedia
    Anthropology News 1988 provides this sketch of  two Cushing trips East with Native Americans:  

In 1882, urged by his Zuni hosts and to further his own interests, Cushing came east with five Indians, four men from Zuni and one Hopi, who made appearances from Washington to Boston.  Cushing with his long blond hair and dressed in his Zuni (cum-Navajo) outfit -- for obvious reasons the Navajo called him “Many Buttons” -- attracted even more attention than his simply dressed Indian companions. In the course of the tour the group met Mary Hemenway. Four years later, when on sick leave back east, Cushing was offered a cottage on the Hemenway estate at Manchester, Massachusetts....
    Mrs Hemenway, her interest sustained and enlarged by Cushing, arranged for another visit from the Pueblos, this time Frank Hamilton Cushing in Indian garb ... and three Zuni men in August 1886.
Cushing's account of this 11 August to 12 October stay appears in The Lost Itinerary of Frank Hamilton Cushing (2002), 45 ff.

According to transcriber John W. Willoughby, the manuscript of this letter is in the possession of the family of Andrew Fiske, Eben Norton Horsford's great-grandson, "heir to Sylvester Manor, Horsford's Shelter Island estate, who graciously offered to share with the public the letters from Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford and his family."  This letter was published in John W. Willoughby, "Sarah Orne Jewett and Her Shelter Island: Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett and Annie Fields to Eben Norton Horsford,"  Confrontation (Long Island University) 8 (1974): 72-86.  Annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Samuel Sidney McClure

South-Berwick, Maine
24 August [ 1886 ]*

Dear Mr. McClure

    Then I shall expect a cheque from you on the 20th of September. -- you must not make me wait longer, for while the amount is not large I had made arrangements to use it for a special purpose and I am sorry to have it wait so long as that.  While I am

[ Page 2 ]

interested in your success, after my talk with you last winter, and have tried to do all I could to help you, I do not feel as if, even in a business way it would be quite right to do this thing again, and if I do any more work for you I must have my regular price and be paid at once.*  It would be so in any other business transaction

[ Page 3 ]

wouldn't it?  I believe most heartily in enterprise, but I am always afraid that you are not keeping [ deleted word ] firm ground under your feet, and that your constant enlargement of your business is only increasing the risk of it and decreasing your own percentage of profit.  Oughtn't you to have put a safe and profitable business in good order by this time? or is that exactly what you will have done by the first of October? -----

[ Page 4 ]

You see it troubles your writers and makes them lose a little confidence, and it has already given you a serious pull down in the way of illness.  Dont resent my unasked-for advice for indeed I mean it kindly, for your sake and your wife's.  I am sure she is not like my poor little Hattie* of the story!

Yours sincerely

S. O. Jewett

Notes

1886:  It is possible that Jewett composed this letter in 1885 and expected payment before "Stolen Pleasures" appeared in print.  However, the tone of the letter suggests that she has waited far longer for payment, until the following September, 1886.
 
paid at once:  Jewett published another syndicated story in March of 1886, "A Business Man."  The next syndicated piece was "New Neighbors" in October 1888.

Hattie:  Almost certainly, Jewett refers to Hattie Webber in her syndicated story, "Stolen Pleasures," which first appeared in October 1885.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Small Library, University of Virginia, Special Collections MSS 6218, Sarah Orne Jewett Papers.  Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Gertrude
Van Rensselaer Wickham

     Richfield, New York
     August 29, 1886

     My Dear Mrs. Wickham:*

     Indeed I have a dog1 and a very dear one of much and varied information and great dignity of character. His name is Roger and he is a large Irish setter with a splendid set of fringes to his paws and tail, and two eyes that ask more questions and make more requests than dogs I know. And it is nearly impossible to refuse his requests that he is quite in danger of being spoiled or would be if he were not so sensible. Once the Reverend J. G. Wood,2 who understands dog life as well as anybody in the world, asked us reproachfully while Roger lay before the library fire on a very soft rug, if he ever had to do anything he didn't like. And I felt for a long time afterward that I might be neglecting the dear dog's moral education.

     Roger spends his winters in Boston, where luckily he has a good-sized garden to run about in on the shore of the Charles River, but he likes to be taken out for a long walk and follows me so carefully and politely that I feel very much honoured and obliged. It is such a delight and such a touching thing to see what pleasure he gives the people in the shops, and I quite forget my errands sometimes in talking about him. Roger himself cannot help feeling how tired faces light up when he comes by on his four paws with wagging tail, and I am sure that he is very grateful to the tired hands that pat him -- and knows that he rouses a too uncommon feeling of common humanity and sympathy.

     But any mention of Roger without a word of his best friend, Patrick Lynch,3 would be incomplete. All his best loyalty and affection show themselves at the sound of Patrick's step -- for this means all outdoors, and the market, and long scurries about town and splashes in the frog-pond, and, more than that, it means one person that understands what Roger wants and why he wants it. Whether Patrick has learned dog-language or Roger knows how to whine English I really cannot tell, but it must be one or the other. All day Roger is expecting some sort of surprise and pleasure with this most congenial of his friends, but every evening he condescends to spend quietly with the rest of the family and comes tick-toeing along the hall floor and upstairs to the library, as if he were well aware that he conferred a real benefaction. Alas, there are sometimes bonnets outward bound which give him a great sorrow if he finds that, as often happens, he must stay at home. But if he is invited to go, what leaping and whining in noisy keys! What rushing along snowy streets! What treeing of unlucky pussies and scattering of wayfarers on account of his size and apparent fierceness!

     But the best place to see this dog is in the summer by the sea, where he runs about in the sunshine, shining like copper, and always begging somebody for a walk or barking at the top of a ledge for the sake of being occupied in some way! Mrs. Fields is more than ever his best mistress there, for she oftenest invites him to walk along the beach and chase sand peeps. Strange to say, this amusement never fails though the sand peeps always fly to seaward and disappoint their eager hunter.

     I hope that I have not said too much. I think your plan a charming one, and wish you great success.

     Yours sincerely,
     S. O. Jewett


Notes

Wickham was commissioned by St. Nicholas, a children's magazine, to write a series of three articles on "Dogs of Noted Americans," which appeared in the issues of June, July 1888 and May 1889. The account of Miss Jewett's dog, closely paraphrasing this letter, was published in the last (XVI, 544-545).

     1 Miss Jewett was seldom without at least one house pet. See "Sara Orne Jewett's Dog," St. Nicholas, XVI (May 1889), 544-545; "Some Literary Cats," St. Nicholas, XXVII (August 1900), 923-926; Fields, Letters, 46, 62, 66, 75, 101, 147; and Letters 130, 131 in this volume.

     2 John George Wood   (1827-1889) wrote some thirty books on botany, zoology, natural history, and Biblical animals, in which he studied minutely common objects of the country and seashore. In Man and Beast: Here and Hereafter (1874), Reverend Wood combined his vocation and avocation.

     3 In the employ of Mrs. Fields.

This letter was edited and annotated by Richard Cary in Sarah Orne Jewett Letters; the ms. is held by the Western Reserve Historical Society, Case Western University.



SOJ and Annie Adams Fields to Anna Loring Dresel

Richfield Springs*
6 September [1886]


Dear Mrs. Dresel*

    I send you a nice letter from Loulie but you cannot have it to keep!  Please put it away for me.

    We are very contented here and the rest and the baths together are so good

[ Page 2 ]

[The top 1/5 of this page is marked off with a line.  Above the line it reads: (this            was not my finger!)
There is a faint smudge between This and was.  Below the line, it reads as follows.]

that I already begin to feel more flourishing than for a great while before -- We like the country very much though several persons told us that it was uninteresting.  I am sure that you

[ Page 3 ]

would like it too and we both wish that you were here with us --  I suppose we shall stay a fortnight longer --  We hope to be in Manchester for a few days before winter but it seems irresponsible to say when!

    You must play that this hurried note is only

[ Page 4 ]

a kind of postscript to Loulie's!

Yours [affectionately corrected]
Sarah O. Jewett

[ Following on page 4 is a note from Annie Fields]

Dear Friend; I send this a dear chapter out of "the history of my life" by Loulie.

    We have [had corrected ] three good letters already from our M.G.L.* who is well and finding life beautiful indeed in green England.  Her neighbors the fishermen in [Boston ?] turned out with their engines to salute her when she went over*

[ Up the left margin of page 4 ]

Yours ever A.F.


Notes

Richfield Springs: Richfield Springs, NY, was known for its sulfur springs, where 19th-century patients sought relief for various conditions, rheumatism in Jewett's case.  As shown in Annie Adams Fields to Eben Norton Horsford 18 August 1886, Jewett and Fields traveled together to Richfield Springs in late August of 1886.

Dresel:  For information about Mrs. Dresel, see Louisa Loring Dresel in Correspondents.

M.G.L.:  Mary Greenwood Lodge. See Correspondents.

over:  The transcription of this sentence is uncertain.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Small Library, University of Virginia, Special Collections MSS 6218, Sarah Orne Jewett Papers.  Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Louisa Loring Dresel

South Berwick Maine
Wednesday 27 October
1886 ]*

My Dear Loulie

    I am afraid that this note will not arrive in time to be among the first of your welcomes home, but it is not the least of the welcomes for all that.  I did not know that you were on your way until you must have been nearly here.

[ Page 2 ]

    We were in Manchester for a day or two over a week, but I was [ aggravated corrected ] by a large round cold in my head and had to stay in the house altogether too much of the time for my liking.  Mrs. Fields* was very busy for there were some things to do about the place, so we "stayed by" as the sailors say.  Roger* had the best

[ Page 3 ]

holiday possible but I am sure he missed the [ gram-gram ? ] at Jack* to which he looked ^forward^ almost as much as we [ deleted word ] ^did to^ seeing Mrs. Dresel!

    Mrs. Fields came to Berwick with me, but she goes back to town tomorrow.  I shall miss her very much for we have been together an exceptionally long time.  We have had a lovely series of long walks here and are selfishly grieved at

[ Page 4 ]

rainy weather because it will make the fields so wet.  But I look for much sunshine in November -- you know it is my favorite month!

    I suppose you are very busy with the new new-house?  I wish you a most happy winter in it, dear Loulie.  Give my love to your mother and do not forget that I am your sincere and affectionate friend

Sarah O. Jewett.

When I see you I shall say "Now begin at the beginning!"


Notes

1886: This date appears in another hand, top left of page 1.  Though the rationale for this choice is not known, this is a reasonable date for this letter. 

Mrs. Fields:  Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Roger ... gram-gram ... Jack:  Jack would appear to be the Dresel dog, and gram-gram may be the fanciful name by which Roger, Jewett's dog, knows Mrs. Dresel or for encounters between the pets.

The manuscript of this letter is held by Columbia University Libraries Special Collections in the Sarah Orne Jewett letters,  Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College, from a Columbia University Libraries microfilm copy of the manuscript.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Monday evening

[ October 1886]*

Dearest (Fuff)* --

    Such a heavenly day! I do wish that you could have played out of doors in the sun as I did -- I took Cousin Sarah,* and afterward Carrie,* to drive this morning and after dinner I stole away to my fence corner and spent a beautiful season of peace and quietness.  Jock* followed me but the distant sound of a gun scared him [ and corrected ]

[ Page 2 ]

so he crept close to my petticoats. (You never saw such a little 'fraid cat as he is! ) -- I had my little old Milton's shorter poems in my pocket and read Lycidas* with more delight than ever before and then I did nothing for awhile and finally took to aimless scribbling though* I don't wonder that you so dearly like to do your work out of doors -- You never would believe how beautiful the country looked

[ Page 3 ]

and yet after a while I had a consciousness that something strange was going on and looked up to see a great white and gray trail of fog like a huge reptile [ deleted letters ] all along the course of the river past the town and so I knew that there was a noble sea-turn on its way inland and scrambled to the top of the hill to find all the eastern country a great gray lake, Agamenticus,* hidden (for once! you will say)* and

[ Page 4 ]

in fact the edge of the low cold cloud was uncomfortably near, so Jock and I raced it home and beat, for it was only a minute or two before the village was all a mist --(?* Mme Blanc's picture came tonight and I forgot to tell you that a little note from her, heralding it, came yesterday -- She must have given it to some friend to bring across -- The engraving is signed by Amaury Duval and is very sweet to look at -- though taken* twenty years ago she says. It took the medal at the Salon!* I think it is a little large to bring to you, but perhaps not --  (And another present came from Mr. Poor;* two beautiful ^English^ volumes of Jagos. Wasnt he kind? They are really most valuable books -- My H. & M. account* came today $212 -- I dont quite dare to venture upon the sealskin until the History payment* for you know I have bills)

[ Page 5 ]

coming in for half this or more but perhaps if I find [ just corrected ] the right thing when I am in town? -- I had a wild hope that there would be a little more than this but I had -- forgotten that they make up the account Oct 1st when A White Heron* had only been out a little less than three weeks. It had sold over a thousand in that time which was pretty well -- Good night my dear dear Fuff

Yours always

Pinny*

Notes

October 1886:  This date is confirmed by Jewett reporting that her collection, A White Heron and Other Stories (1886) has just been published.
    Fields has penciled at the upper right: "189--".  She also has penciled parentheses around "Fuff" in the greeting and then deleted the nickname. Parenthesis marks in this manuscript were penciled by Fields.

FuffNickname for Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Cousin Sarah ... Carrie:  Caroline Jewett Eastman.  See Correspondents. Jewett's Cousin Sarah has not yet been identified.  Assistance is welcome.

Jock:  F. O. Matthiessen in Sarah Orne Jewett (1909) identifies Jock as one of Jewett's dogs.

"Milton's Shorter Poems" ... "Lycidas": John Milton (1608-1674), English poet and essayist is most famous for his verse epic, Paradise Lost (1667). Among his shorter poems is the pastoral elegy on the death of a student friend, Edward King, "Lycidas" (1638).

though:  In addition to deleting this word, Fields also penciled a + before it.

Agamenticus:  Mt. Agamenticus is the highest point in the South Berwick area.

say):  Parentheses around this phrase are by Jewett, not Fields.

(?:  These marks in green pencil are not especially clear.  Fields has added the parenthesis, but it is not clear that a question mark follows.

Amaury Duval ... at the Salon: The engraving of Madame Blanc that Jewett received is likely the same one that appeared in Blanc's The Condition of Woman in the United States (1895 in English).

Blanc

However, it has not yet been established that this is the one by the French engraver Amaury Duval (1808-1885), who was the author of L'atelier d'Ingres (1878) and Souvenirs (1829-1830) (1885). Nor has the awarding of the medal been documented.

taken:  Fields has penciled an insertion after "when": "it was painted".  She decided to change "painted" to "taken" at a later point.

Mr. Poor … Jagos: Mr. Poor has not been identified. It is possible that he is Henry Varnum Poor (1812-1905) or his son Henry William Poor (1844-1915), whose financial partnership firm was a predecessor to Standard & Poor's.  William became "widely known as a book collector and patron of the arts."
    While "Jagos" also is mysterious, it seems likely that Jewett would be interested in the work of Francis Vyvyan Jago Arundell (1780 - 1846), an English antiquary, Anglican clergyman and oriental traveler. Before changing his name in 1815, he published under the name of Jago.

history payment: At this time, Jewett was working on The  Story of the Normans (1887).  This remark suggests that she received some advanced payment for that work.

A White Heron:  Jewett's collection of short stories appeared in 1886.

Pinny: Nickname for Sarah Orne Jewett.    See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



Annie Fields Transcription

The following transcription of the above letter appears in Annie Fields, Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911), pp. 75-7.

     Such a heavenly day. I do wish that you could have played out of doors in the sun as I did. After dinner I stole away to my fence-corner and spent a beautiful season of peace and quietness. Jock followed me, but the distant sound of a gun scared him, and so he crept close to my petticoats. I had my little old "Milton's Shorter Poems" in my pocket and read "Lycidas" with more delight than ever before; and then I did nothing for awhile, and finally took to aimless scribbling, and I don't wonder that you so dearly like to do your work out of doors. You never would believe how beautiful the country looked; and yet after a while I had a consciousness that something strange was going on, and looked up to see a great white and grey trail of fog, like a huge reptile all along the course of the river past the town, and so I knew that there was a noble sea-turn on its way inland, and scrambled to the top of the hill to find all the eastern country a great grey lake, Agamenticus, hidden (for once, you will say), and in fact the edge of the low cold cloud was uncomfortably near, so Jock and I raced it home and beat, for it was only a minute or two before the village was all a mist.

     Madame Blanc's picture came tonight, and I forgot to tell you that a little note from her, heralding it, came yesterday. She must have given it to some friend to bring across. The engraving is signed by Amaury Duval and is very sweet to look at. When it was taken, twenty years ago, she says it took the medal at the Salon. I think it is a little large to bring to you, but perhaps not.



SOJ to Louisa Dresel

     [Manchester, Mass.]
     Tuesday morning
     [Autumn 1886]*

     My dear Loulie:

     I was so sorry to miss you and your brother1 and so was Mrs. Fields. We had gone for a long ramble along shore2 and did not get in until dark, but how glad we should have been to see you if we had only known. Thank you for liking the "Heron"3 so much. I begin to wish to read it over myself. I felt very discontented with it when it was first written, and it is most reassuring to have you feel such a satisfaction even though you heard long ago what it was meant to be!

     We spent one day this week at Ipswich Neck4 and I want you so much to see it and try some sketches. There is nothing more beautiful in any country than I could show you there on the right sort of a day -- just such a day as we are having now. If I were to be here long enough I should ask you to come down by train and drive over with me, but we must do it late next year perhaps, if Mrs. Fields and I come down. We mean to see you again if possible, but Thursday is the day set for going away and we may have to wait until we are all in town. You don't know how much I like my little sketch of the treetops and how I keep it here on my desk, perched in front of a pigeonhole though sometimes it slips inside. It might be more polite perhaps to call it your sketch! but I like to own it!

     With dear love to Mrs. Dresel and a little kiss for Loulie.

     Yours sincerely,

     S.O.J.
 

Notes by Cary

     1Ellis Loring Dresel (1871-1925), a graduate of Harvard College and Law School, became a career diplomat. As a plenipotentiary at the Paris Peace Conference following World War I, he was one of the signers of the peace treaty. He served at various times in the United States embassies at Berlin, Vienna, and Berne.

     2Fields's summer home, Gambrel Cottage, was situated on Thunderbolt Hill in Manchester-by-the-Sea, Massachusetts, a popular resort for Bostonians between Beverly and Gloucester on the North Shore.

     3Jewett's short story, "A White Heron," appeared in A White Heron and Other Stories (Boston 1886).

     4A northwestern point of Cape Ann extending into Ipswich Bay, a short ride from Manchester.

Editor's Notes

1886:  This date is inferred from the fact that Dresel seems just to have read "A White Heron,."  The most recent story collected in the volume where this story first appeared was "The Two Browns," which appeared in Atlantic for August 1886.

  The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library, Harvard University, MS Am 1743 (50).  This transcription, with notes by Richard Cary, appeared originally in "Jewett to Dresel: 33 Letters," Colby Library Quarterly 7:1 (March 1975), 13-49, which gave permission to reprint it here.  Notes are by Cary, with additions by Terry Heller, Coe College.




SOJ to Thomas Bailey Aldrich

Manchester by the Sea
Sunday Morning   
[ October 1886 ]*

This is from your early friend Miss Sadie M . . . . . . . . . .* who wishes to ask the address of that educational institution to which Trip* is a walking advertisement. The dog college, in short. We have just been in Newport for a few days and the Masons* have a lively

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young collie with absolutely no repose of manner, nor ^any^ sound moral basis whatever. I told his missuses about Trip and they desire to have so promising but ignorant a doggie follow in such illustrious paw- [ deleted letters ] steps --

    I have just come back from Berwick, that is [ deleted letters ] it was just before we

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went to Newport. A.F.* is going to town the last of the week probably and you will soon hear a loud ring at 59 --*

Yours affectionately

Sarah O. Jewett

"An early answer will oblige!"


Notes

October 1886:  This letter precedes one to Aldrich of 9 October 1886

Sadie M:  One of Jewett's nicknames.  With the Aldriches, this would have been Sadie Martinot, after the actress of that name. See Correspondents.

Trip: T. B. Aldrich's much loved dog, Trip, died in May 1892.

Masons:  Ellen and Ida Mason. See Correspondents.

A.F.:  Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

59:  The Aldrich home at 59 Mount Vernon Street in Boston.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Thomas Baily Aldrich Papers, 119 letters of Thomas Bailey and Lilian Woodman Aldrich, 1837-1926. MS Am 1429 (117). Transcribed and annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.
    At the bottom left of page one, in another hand, is a circled number: 2673.



SOJ to Thomas Bailey Aldrich

Manchester by the Sea
Wednesday 9th October [ 1886 ]

My dear friend

    Thank you and Lilian* for your notes.  I have written to Mifs Mason* who seems disposed to give her promising bow-wow every advantage -- I wish I could send you a married [ version ? ] of the Dulham Ladies*

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who was never mentioned by her family because she --

---- Dear me, I came near beginning to write you one on the [wrong corrected ] side of this little paper! ----

    I ought to have some work ready but I haven't; though there are some things at home which only need goings over and copying.  I shall be at home within

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a fortnight and will see then what I can do and whether there is anything suitable. I had to think hard about them just now to remember my words -- which is never a compliment. But you know all the stories got chased away this summer -- and I had my mind too full of real things ----

Yours affectionately,

Sarah O. Jewett --

Notes

1886:  This date is based mainly upon Jewett's mention of "The Dulham Ladies" as a recent publication.  That Jewett has been thinking about "real things" rather than her fiction during the previous summer would then be explained by her being occupied with completing The Story of the Normans.  See notes below.

Lilian: Lilian Woodman Aldrich. See Correspondents.

Mason:  Ellen Mason. See Correspondents.

Dulham Ladies:  Jewett's "The Dulham Ladies" appeared in Atlantic Monthly in April 1886.  After August 1886, Jewett published nothing in Atlantic until May 1887, though several pieces appeared elsewhere.  Presumably Jewett's fiction output during this period was somewhat smaller because she was finishing a major project, her popular history, The Story of the Normans, which appeared at the very end of 1886, with an 1887 copyright date.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Thomas Baily Aldrich Papers, 119 letters of Thomas Bailey and Lilian Woodman Aldrich, 1837-1926. MS Am 1429 (117). Transcribed and annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.
    At the bottom left of page one, in another hand, is a circled number: 2687.



SOJ to Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr.*


South Berwick Maine
31 October 1886
My dear Doctor Holmes

    I think of you as my fairy-godfather because Mrs. Fields* says that you have given her a ticket for her to go to the great Harvard Day on the 8th.*  I have seldom wished for anything so much as to be there but I kept reminding myself that there were at least some thousands of people who had a better

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right.  Though I am child of Bowdoin I am none the less grandchild of Harvard* and you will see me 'rah with the very loudest especially when the poet of the day comes to the front.

    Please give my kindest regards to Mrs Holmes and take my most grateful thanks for your kindness to [me blotted]{.}

Yours sincerely
Sarah O. Jewett

Notes

In the top left corner, written diagonally in another hand: S. O. Jewett.

Mrs. Fields:  Annie Adams Fields.  See Correspondents.

great Harvard Day on the 8th:  On November 5-8, 1886, Harvard University celebrated the 250th anniversary of its founding.  The festivities included an oration by the poet James Russell Lowell and an original poem read by Oliver Wendell Holmes.  They appeared together in the the Sanders Theatre on the morning of Alumni Day, Monday 8 November.  Holmes presented an occasional poem specifically for the celebration, concluding his first stanza with this question:
That joyous gathering who can e'er forget,
When Harvard's nurslings, scattered far and wide,
Through mart and village, lake's and ocean's side,
Came, with one impulse, one fraternal throng,
And crowned the hours with banquet, speech, and song?
child of Bowdoin ... grandchild of Harvard:  Jewett's father, Dr. Theodore Herman Jewett graduated from Bowdoin College.  Her maternal grandfather, Dr. William Perry, earned his medical degree from Harvard Medical School.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Library of Congress in the Oliver Wendel Holmes Papers, on Microfilm 15,211-3N; Microfilm 15,671-3P, Box 2, Reel 2.  Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.




SOJ to John Geenleaf Whittier

South Berwick

Sunday morning

November 14, [1886]

 

My dear Friend:

     I was so sorry when I found that by some mischance the photograph of your sister1 had been left behind and I thank you very much for sending it to me. I have it here on the old study table now. You do not know how much I enjoyed my little visit to you though when I think how many things we talked about and remember so much that you said to me it seems as if I had stayed at least a week. I went to Portland the next morning and spent a very pleasant day and night. My sister Mary was already there with our dear aunt Mrs. Gilman2 whom I wish you might know sometime when you are staying with your niece.3 I never knew a better woman, or a more charming one in many ways. She is already one of your most grateful friends. I saw Mrs. Pierce, Longfellow's sister,4 and also Lizzie Jones (or Mme. Cavazza!)5 and had a good long talk with her which I like very much to remember. She is a singular product of our Maine soil -- but always a very interesting one to me. I remember when we were children that she already knew a good deal of Italian when all I knew of Italy was that organ grinders came from there. What a proof it is that our lives are planned and not accidental --  if one needed another proof.

     I have been very busy since I came home Friday afternoon for the work on the Norman book is very pressing just now and this coming week must be divided between indexing and dressmaking. If the weath­er is fair again I shall take to my heels and seek refuge in windy pastures. The snowstorm was a great blow to me yesterday for that is the only weather of which I am really afraid and almost spoils my out of door world. I send you the verses you were kind enough to wish to see.6  Please remember me very kindly to Judge and Mrs. Cate,7 and do not forget how affectionately I am yours ever,

 Sarah O. Jewett

 Will you please let me have the verses again some day? I have no perfect copy.

 
Notes

1. Whittier had two sisters: Mary (1806­-1860) who married Jacob Caldwell, and Elizabeth Hussey (1815-1864). Miss Jewett is probably referring to the latter, "Lizzie," who never married, remaining until her death his closest companion and head of his household.

2. Helen Augusta Williams Gilman (1817-1904), daughter of Reuel Williams the noted lawyer, legislator, and U. S. Senator, married John Taylor Gilman, one of Maine's most prominent physicians. She was founder or officer in several philanthropies, private and public.

3. Elizabeth Hussey (1843-1909) was the daughter of Whittier's brother Matthew and namesake of his sister. She assumed the other "Lizzie's" place in Whittier's household from 1864 to 1876, the year she married Samuel T. Pickard, editor of the Portland Transcript and, later, biographer of Whittier.

4. Anne Longfellow (1810-1901) mar­ried George W. Pierce, described by the poet as "brother-in-law and dearest friend."

5. Elisabeth Jones Cavazza Pullen (?­1926), a native of Portland, Maine, was early educated in music and Italian language and literature. In 1885 she married Signor Nino Cavazza, and in 1894 Stanley J. Pullen, an editor of the Portland Daily Press. She wrote music and literary criticism for that newspaper and for the Literary World, as well as two obscure volumes of fiction.

6. Probably "A Caged Bird," Atlantic Monthly, LIX (June 1887), 816-817, the last known poem she published until 1895.

7. George Washington Cate (1834­1911 ) came to Amesbury as a lawyer in 1866, was appointed judge ten years later. He served in the Massachusetts Senate and locally as trustee of several civic organizations. He married Caroline C. Batchelder of Amesbury in 1873. After Whittier went to live at Oak Knoll, the Cates occupied the Amesbury residence and kept it open for him and his friends until the end of his life.

This letter was transcribed and annotated by Richard Cary, and first published in  "'Yours Always Lovingly': Sarah Orne Jewett to John Greenleaf Whittier,"  Essex Institute Historical Collections 107 (1971): 412-50. This article was reprinted at the Sarah Orne Jewett Text Project by permission of the library of the American Antiquarian Society and the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields


Friday -- after supper

19 November 1886 ]
Dear Mouse.*

    (I suppose that you and Jessie* are having a quiet dinner together in good season before the party! I wish I were there, I truly do! I meant to speak to Jessie in season of six Miss Pitchers* who live in Walnut St. or used to, for they would have helped out very well as a family. --

    I shall long to hear how it went off, and if "Trina"* was comfortable on the stairs.) I have had a very

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worrisome day -- I made up my mind to get the index* done and started early in the day, when I got news that Georgie Halliburton was at Mrs. Doe's, so presently Mary and I took ship* for there and spent the last hour of the morning with her most pleasantly. (She feels as solemn as I did, but expects great pleasures. I made as light of all the woes as I could. George* was with her and has taken a suite in Miss Willard's* house and is going to settle in Boston because his father could not let him go west after all.  I think he has decided

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right -- I always thought Boston was the place. We can have him now at Jessie's next party?  Most good-looking, and really so much more sympathetic and nice than ever before -- he used to be quite a pine-wooden little lad.) Then I had my dinner and a piece of the index for dessert and then I had to go to a funeral down the street! then I came home for a little while and then went to the station to have a last little word and good bye with Georgie.* Then I pulled at the index and finished it !! in time

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for the last mail. (I suggested to Mr. Putnam that he should have the proofread in the office as I had written it all very plain).

     Now I feel as if I had life all before me again. It is a solemn thing to get such a long hard piece of work done, but I must get my breath and go for the herb-woman "Sister Wisby" --*

    (Georgie sends you her love and wishes that she could have seen you to say good-bye -- I shall miss her a good deal though I see her so little. I have always been used to having her near. Goodnight dear love. I hope you and Jessie will have a pleasant Sunday. Dont let her go away this ever so long.)

[Up the left margin and then across the top margin of page 1 ]

I (got the box of chocolate by Express. Did Mr. Pierce* send you some too?

Yours always lovingly

Pin)

Notes

19 November 1886:  Jewett reports completing the index for The Story of the Normans. In a letter to J. G. Whittier of 14 November 1886, she says she plans to complete the index the following week.  Friday of that week would be 19 November.

Mouse:  Mouse and Fuff are nicknames that Jewett and Fields used with each other.  Jewett signs the letter with one of her nicknames, Pinny, for Pinny Lawson.  See Correspondents.
    The parenthesis mark at the beginning of the first sentence and all other parenthesis marks in this letter were added in pencil by Annie Fields.

Jessie: Jessie Cochrane. See Correspondents.

six Miss Pitchers:  It is not clear whether the underlining is by Jewett or by Fields.
    The Miss Pitchers were seven at one time, though one had married Charles Farley, who seems to have died by 1885. They lived at 7 Walnut Street in Boston before November 1885 and at 50 Hereford Street after.  See Back Bay Houses.

Trina: The identity of this person remains unknown.

index: Jewett is working on the index for the only work to require one, The Story of the Normans (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1887), which she was completing in the autumn of 1886.

ship: Fields revised this passage in pencil.  The result of her revision is: "I got news that was, so Mary and I spent that last hour of the morning with her... " The incoherence of this suggests that Fields did not complete her intentions for revision.
    The persons named are: Georgie Halliburton, Edith Bell Haven (Mrs. Charles Cogswell) Doe, and Mary Rice Jewett. See Correspondents.

George:  Georgina Halliburton's half brother, Dr. George Haven.  See Georgina Halliburton in Correspondents.  Their father, George Wallis Haven, died in August 1895.

Miss Willard's:  Presumably a rooming house or hotel in Boston, but this person has not been identified.

Georgie:  Fields has deleted this name with pencil.

Sister Wisby:  Jewett's "The Courting of Sister Wisby" appeared in Atlantic Monthly (59:577-586) in May 1887.

Mr. Pierce:  Henry Lille Pierce. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Friday Evening
[ November 1886 ]*
Dear Mouse*

    How nice a time with Mr. Howells and Marigold! Pinny* to be a fly, but to sit high and innocent-minded on a cornice and only listen and never buzz -- I shall want to hear  all about it.  I hope that Marigold could get round last night in spite of the rain and that Mr -- Brooks* can come on Sunday --*   Today has been very

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hot -- and I have read with great delight the book of Edwin Arnold's,* which I didn't send back to Estes & Lauriat* after all, and I am most glad to have it. More than that I want you to read parts of it, for it is charmingly done -- so modest and manly and wise, and when he gets to Ceylon all the [ Buddists correction attempt from Bhuddists ] turn out to do him honor.

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    He has a grave conference with an old priest who thanks him for what he has done for [ Buddhism or Buddhists corrected from Bhuddism or perhaps Bhuddists], and then Arnold asks him if there are any Mahatmas, to which the priest answers "no, none at all! if we had better interpreters of [ deleted word ] Buddha's teaching we might reach [ heights corrected ] and depths of power & goodness that are now impossible; but we have fallen from the old wisdom and none of us today are so advanced." -----

     There are all sorts of [ deleted word them ? ]

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interesting things in this India Revisited -- one is that the Mayflower was chartered for the East [ Indies corrected ] trade after her Pilgrim experiences and was sunk on her last voyage with a cargo of rice!!* I don't know why I found that so wildly interesting!!

    ( I am* going to put in a bit of verse* that I wrote this afternoon. I thought it was going to be worth working over when I was writing it, but now I dont quite know -- I got a note from

[ Up the left margin and then across the top margin of page 1 ]

one of the Putnam's Clerks* to acknowledge the manuscript so that is all right so far.  I keep remembering notes that I made last fall and never put in!

Goodnight my dear one from P.L.

[ Up the left margin of page 4 ]

Dear Fuff give my love to Marigold --

Notes

1886:  Fields has penciled in the upper right of page 1: "South Berwick  1885 ], but as the note on Edwin Arnold indicates, Jewett could not have read his book on India until 1886. Further it seems clear that she has recently submitted her completed manuscript for The Story of the Normans, which appeared at the end of this year.

Mouse:  Mouse and Fuff are nicknames that Jewett and Fields used with each other. See Correspondents.

Mr. Howells ... Marigold ... Pinny: William Dean Howells.
    Marigold is Mary Langdon Greenwood (Mrs. James) Lodge.
    Pinny Lawson was a Jewett nickname; this letter is signed P.L. See Correspondents.

Brooks: Phillips Brooks. See Correspondents.

Sunday --: Fields has inserted "X" above this dash, apparently indicating the beginning of the section she included in her 1911 collection.  See below.

book of Edwin Arnold's: Sir Edwin Arnold (1832-1904) published India Revisited in 1886.

Estes & Lauriat:  Dana Estes (1840-1909), of Gorham, Maine, published books and ran a retail bookstore in partnership with Charles E. Lauriat on Washington Street, opposite the Old South Meeting House in Boston. In 1898 Estes formed his own firm, D. Estes & Company. As secretary of the Boston chapter of the American Publishers' Copyright League he became an important advocate in the movement for international copyright.

Mayflower: The Mayflower is best known as the ship in which the Pilgrims traveled to form their colony at Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620.

( I am:  The parenthesis mark in green pencil presumably was added by Fields to mark the end of the passage she included in her 1911 collection.

bit of verse:  Which verse Jewett showed Fields is not known, but the next Jewett poem to be published was "A Caged Bird" in Atlantic Monthly (59:816-817) in June 1887.

Putnam's Clerks:  Jewett's popular history, The Story of the Normans was published by G. P. Putnam's Sons at the end of 1886.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.


Fields Transcription

This letter appears in Annie Fields, Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911), p. 25.

     Friday evening, SOUTH BERWICK [1885].

     Today has been very hot and I have read with great delight the book of Edwin Arnold's, which I didn't send back after all, and I am most glad to have it. More than that I want you to read parts of it, for it is charmingly done, so modest and manly and wise, and when he gets to Ceylon all the Buddhists turn out to do him honor. He has a grave conference with an old priest, who thanks him for what he has done for Buddhism, and then Arnold asks him if there are any Mahatmas, to which the priest answers no, none at all! If we had better interpreters of Buddha's teaching we might reach heights and depths of power and goodness that are now impossible; but we have fallen from the old wisdom and none of us today are so advanced. There are all sorts of interesting things in this "India Revisited"; one is that the Mayflower was chartered for the East Indian trade after her Pilgrim experiences, and was sunk on her last voyage with a cargo of rice!! I don't know why I found that so wildly interesting!!



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Monday night

[ Autumn 1886 ]*

Dear love

    A poor tired little Fuffy* with many things and Patrick* ought to ^have^ chosen another time to go away -- I am sorry that it all came together just as you got home and I wish I were there to take my part -- But your letters are so outrageously interesting! I want to have a great talk tonight in return but my eyes are a little tired with nothing at all, and so I

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must only say the things that need to be said.  In the first place here is Lilian's* letter. I am inclined to think that we might do well to have the pleasure of lunching there unless you know of plans to the contrary -- There probably will be noble speeches after the dinner which we may like to hear -- But I shall have to leave the answering of this to you as I cant at this distance speak for you! Would it be ungracious to say that we want to make the most

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of the day, and yet* we might have one lunch while the feast goes on? -- These patterns are lovely that you send.  I cant tell about the gray ^green^ until daylight but the gray is exquisite. I also have got some velvet that will do from Arnold & Constable* -- There is less in quantity than I wanted but I cant let such a match go by -- Please tell Mr. Howells* that I shall have to go home on Tuesday -- [ apparently deleted word and ? ] what is the luncheon to be about? I hate to chop my head right off!

    Oh my dear Fuff I was

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so pleased that you liked the grown older -- I came out here to the study and hunted up the first writing and read it through with great curiosity -- and I believe it is good too! Dear Mouse the best thing is that you liked it -- Here is another one* that I wrote on the fence corner yesterday -- It isnt very good, but perhaps it will give you a little field air, one half [ whiff corrected ], say! Good-night -- I am going to Exeter Thursday afternoon so please write me there if there is anything to say -- Care Dr. William Perry.* I

[ Up the left margin and then across the top margin of page 1 ]

shall get to Boston at the same time you did (quarter of two I believe) on Saturday.

Your own

Pinny*

Dont forget to take plenty of claret dear

[ Up the left margin of page 4 ]

Cousin Sarah* was at the first Jenny Lind* night in New York and has been giving me such a glowing account!


Notes

Autumn 1886:  This speculative date has little solid foundation.  Jewett mentions sending poems to Fields and reminds Fields to have her daily claret, as she also does in a letter to Fields believed to be from November-December 1886.

Fuffy:  Nickname for Annie Adams Fields.On page 4, Jewett uses another nickname for Fields, Mouse. See Correspondents.

Patrick:  Patrick Lynch, Fields's man of all work.

Lilian:  Lilian Aldrich. See Correspondents.

yet:  Jewett seems to have drawn a line, either through or beneath this word.

Arnold & Constable: Probably Jewett means "Arnold Constable & Company, a department store chain in the New York City area  from 1825 to 1975.

Mr. Howells:  William Dean Howells. See Correspondents.

another one:  It appears Jewett has been writing and revising poems. Whether either was published is not yet known.  She only published one poem in the following year, "A Caged Bird" in Atlantic (June 1887).

Dr. William Perry:  Jewett's grandfather and also his son, Jewett's uncle.  See Correspondents.

Cousin Sarah: Cousin Sarah has not been identified.

Jenny Lind: Johanna Maria "Jenny" Lind (1820 -1887), "the Swedish Nightingale," was a highly regarded opera singer.
    This reference creates difficulties.  Lind's concert career ended in 1883, with a final public performance in England.  This letter must have been composed after Jewett and Fields returned from their first European trip in 1882, when they began using the "Fuff" and "Pinny" nicknames.  No record has been found of Lind traveling to New York and performing there in 1882 or 1883.
    Does Cousin Sarah remember an earlier concert?  Lind's only American tour was under the auspices of promoter P. T. Barnum in the early 1850s. Is Cousin Sarah remembering events from 30 years ago? Or is "a Jenny Lind night" a contemporary event?

Pinny:  Pinny Lawson (Pinny / Pin) was an affectionate nickname for Jewett, used by her and Annie Fields. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Wednesday

[ October-November 1886 ]*

Dear Mouse*

    I do hate to have you so tired -- Are you having a good full glass of claret twice a day ?? -- I am glad you went to Dorchester yesterday even if Mrs. Baker* were not at home, for it kept you out of doors and away from questions

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and the front doorbell. I wonder how the conference* went today -- Tomorrow afternoon I go to Exeter a little unwillingly but feeling that it is quite the thing to do --

My dear Fuff you are so good about the verses but when I get thinking about your Orpheus* as I

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did today -- I think* that is the top thing and I am so proud of it and so thankful that we went to Richfield ^for the writing of that^ if for nothing else -- I want to hear it again when I come, if we get time, and we will you know!    So we are to see the President and Mrs. C.* but hang us if we will go to their 

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reception unless you say so, then a meek Pinny* will take hold of hands and say yes Fuff if you please -- and "tag on" --    This letter is just written to send you a kiss in --

from your

P. L.*


Notes

October-November 1886:  This tentative date is based mainly upon the likelihood that Jewett refers to the 8 November 1886 Harvard anniversary celebration as an event soon to take place.  Also helpful are her references to having been at Richfield Springs with Fields and to Fields's poem, Orpheus: A Masque, which Jewett mentions in another letter from 1886. See notes below.

Mouse:  Nickname for Annie Adams Fields. On page 2, Jewett uses another of her nicknames for Fields, Fuff.  See Correspondents.

Mrs. Baker: Mrs. Baker has not been identified. Among Fields's acquaintances were Emily Francis Boles (1837-191), wife of playwright George Melville Baker (1837-1898), and Charlotte Augusta Farnsworth (1831-1907), wife of businessman William Emerson Baker (1828-1888).

conference: Probably related to Associated Charities of Boston.

Orpheus: Annie Fields's Orpheus: A Masque was published in 1900.  However Jewett writes about reading it in a letter to Fields from November-December 1886. In late August and early September 1886, Jewett and Fields went to Richfield Springs, NY, known for its sulfur springs, where 19th-century patients sought relief for various conditions.  Jewett indicates that Fields composed her masque while at Richfield.
     Regarding her own verses, it appears Jewett has been writing and revising poems. Whether either was published is not yet known.  She only published one poem in the following year, "A Caged Bird" in Atlantic (June 1887).

I: Jewett has underlined this word twice.

President and Mrs. C.:   Almost certainly, Jewett refers to President and Mrs. Grover Cleveland.  Mr. Cleveland (1837-1908) served as United States President twice: 1884-1889 and 1893-1897.
    That Jewett and Fields expect to meet them and have been invited to a reception almost certainly indicate that the occasion is the awarding of John Greenleaf Whittier's honorary degree during the celebration of Harvard University's 250th Anniversary on 8 November 1886.

P. L.:  Pinny Lawson (Pinny / Pin) was an affectionate nickname for Jewett, used by her and Annie Fields. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Eliza Pratt

South Berwick
22 November
[ 1886 ]*

Dear Mrs. Pratt

    May I trouble you to have copies of the June Wide Awake* sent to the following addresses?  I hope I am not doing wrong in coming to you [ deleted word ] ^for^ the favour but it is a matter of a day or two to get them here and start them off again.

Yours sincerely

S. O. Jewett


[ Page 2 ]

Miss Lucia Fairchild*
Care of Mr. Charles Fairchild
    Baring Bros. Bankers
    Bishopsgate St. [ within ? ]
        London

Mrs. James T Fields*
    148 Charles St.
        Boston

Mrs John H. Rice*
    34 Union Park.
        Boston

John G. Whittier*
    A  Danvers
        Mass.


Notes

1886:  Assuming Jewett wanted to give friends copies of an issue of Wide Awake magazine containing one of her own pieces, she appeared three times in June issues: "Cake Crumbs" in 1880, "Katy's Birthday" in 1883, and "York Garrison, 1640" in 1886.  1880 seems unlikely as she was not yet well-acquainted with Annie Fields at that time.  Both 1883 and 1886 remain possible.  I have chosen 1886 as a guess.  Lucia Fairchild would have been approaching her 14th birthday (6 December), a good age to be interested in Jewett's historical narrative poem.

Miss Lucia Fairchild: The American painter,  Lucia Fairchild Fuller (1872-1924), was the younger sister of Sally Fairchild.  See Correspondents.

Mrs. James T Fields:  Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Mrs John H. Rice: Cora Clark Rice. See Correspondents.

John G. Whittier: John Greenleaf Whittier. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Small Library, University of Virginia, Special Collections MSS 6218, Sarah Orne Jewett Papers.  Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.





SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

  [Wednesday corrected, probably from Tuesday ] Afternoon

[November-December 1886]*

My dear Darling

     I longed to send you a note this morning  but* unluckily I didn't have any paper upstairs and I had to leave ^soon^ after breakfast, or before half-past eight! so I didn't like to ask for writing materials! I was so glad that I went -- The dear friend* was so glad to see me and we sat right down and went at it -- and with pauses at tea time the conversation

[ Page 2 ]

was kept up until after ten -- He was even more affectionate and dear than usual and seemed uncommonly well though he had had neuralgia all day and made out to be a little drooping with the assistance of the weather and coming company! But oh my dear Fuff * how rich we are with [ thy corrected ] friend for a friend -- He looked really stout for him and his face was so full of youth and pleasure

[ Page 3 ]

and eagerness of interest as we talked, that it was good only to see [ him corrected ] . The L.L.D. had evidently given pleasure though he was quite shy about it, and blustered a good deal about Harvard College voting for Andrew & Foster and for Leopold morse "that Jew,"* -- He was full of politics but we also touched upon Wallace and my old granduncle whom he used to know in Bradford, grandfather's brother, and we talked about Burns

[ Page 4 ]

and thy friend's "Aunt Jones" who believed in witches, and he told a string of his delicious old Country Stories -- and we went over Julian Hawthorne and Lowell, and the President and Mrs. Cleveland and I told him ^how^ Lowell's oration made me feel* -- and I don't know what or whom else except Fuff and her dearest one, for he talked about you both in a heavenly way -- of your friendship and how much he

[ Page 5 ]

owed to you. (He said once when we were talking (about you alone that he had no such reverence for any friend, that nobody knew what an inspiration you had been and were) -- you were "not like other folks but just right" -- You must imagine him saying these things with his peculiar emphasis ---- and I cannot tell you with what feeling he told me that he did not dare to go to stay long with you for he could not bear having to come away. We had a good

[ Page 6 ]

talk afterward about his not coming last winter -- He said he could not be persuaded by either of us that it was not for his sake ("pity for me") that we wanted him to come and with all your cares, he had not the heart to be another thing to think of -- He wanted to and thought a long while about it and gave it up. I did not press him about coming though I spoke earnestly to make him feel as you

[ Page 7 ]

did about it, and we had a dear time. I cannot begin to tell you all -- I told him about the Orpheus* in which he was much interested.

    Dear Mouse when did she have a picture taken in a fluffy white dress, holding out her hand to a little barefooted child? So sweet a mouse that I was taken with a sad attack of longing to see you again and even borrowed it of thy friend though

[ Page 7 ]

he made me promise over and over again to give it back!  In some ways it is liker you than anything -- it perfectly fascinates me = do tell me all about it -- It would be just like you to have a blessed hoard of one or two, and if you haven't, I must get this copied, that is all! Who is the Pinny?* Oh dear I do want to get hold of you so when I look at it! ( -- All well here -- I go to Portland tomorrow but only for the night.)

[ Up the left margin of p. 1,
in pencil, perhaps in another hand
]

Now for proofs!

[ Up the left margin of p. 5 ]

I hope my trunk will get here but I suppose there

[ Up the left margin of p. 6 ]

is no doubt -- I can go anyway but without my best bunnit --

[ Up the left margin and then across the top margin of p. 7 ]

(What a three days I have had! Thy friend says he knows nothing so fine as Mr. Brooks's sermon,* & I must read it --

Your own

S.O.J.


Notes

1886: Fields penciled in notes: "1897?" "Written at Mr. Whittier's house at Amesbury" in the upper right of page 1.  She also has deleted "dear" in the greeting and inserted below "darling" -- "Mrs. Fields".
    Other penciled notes at top left of the page may not be by Fields: "p. 128" and "SOJ Letters".
    Jewett mentions Whittier's honorary degree as a recent event. He received an LL.D. from Harvard University during the celebration of Harvard's 250th Anniversary on 8 November 1886. James Russell Lowell (February 22, 1819 - August 12, 1891) presented an oration as part of the celebration.  President and Mrs. Grover Cleveland also attended.

but: Jewett seems to have written very hurriedly, for this word in her script reads "hel," her letters not fully formed, her final T not crossed. Other words show similar problems.

dear friend: John Greenleaf Whittier. See Correspondents.

Fuff:  Nickname for Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

Andrew & Foster ... Leopold morse:
    Leopold Morse (1831-1892) was a German Jewish immigrant who became a Boston clothing store owner, Democratic politician, serving in the U.S. Congress, and, in 1884, president of the Post Publishing Company, publisher of the Boston Post newspaper.  He won election to Congress in November 1886.
    While Harvard College may have voted for alum John Forrester Andrew (1850-1895), 1886 Democratic candidate for Massachusetts governor, he did not win election that year. Having served in the Massachusetts legislature in the early 1880s, he later served two terms as Massachusetts 3rd district congressman in the U.S. House.
    Andrew's Democratic running mate for governor was Frank Keys Foster (1854-1909), a labor leader and newspaper editor who assisted in the founding of the American Federation of Labor.
    Jewett has underlined "Foster" 6 times, and she seems clearly not to have capitalized "morse."

Wallace ... Burns ... Julian Hawthorne ... Lowell, and the President and Mrs. Cleveland, and ... Lowell's oration:
    Wallace:  Which Wallace Jewett refers to is unknown.
    my old grand-uncle ...Bradford:  which of Jewett's grand-uncles Whittier knew at Bradford (Massachusetts?) is not known.
   
"Aunt Jones," who believed in witches:  Aunt Jones probably is Mary Chilton Whittier (1816-1857), who married a Charles Jones (1809-1854).
    Robert Burns:  Burns (1759-1796) was a Scots poet.
    Julian Hawthorne:  Hawthorne (1846-1934) was the son of Nathaniel Hawthorne, and the author of several books.
    Grover Cleveland:  Cleveland (1837-1908) is the only American President to serve nonconsecutive terms (1885-89 and 1893-97).

(He:  This and the remaining parenthesis marks on this page were penciled in by Fields.

Orpheus: Fields's Orpheus: a Masque was published in 1900.

Dear Mouse:  Mouse is another nickname for Annie Fields.  Fields has penciled a parenthesis mark before "Dear" and then deleted it.

Pinny:  Pinny Lawson (Pinny / Pin) was an affectionate nickname for Jewett, used by her and Annie Fields. See Correspondents.
    However, in this case, Jewett seems to refer to the little girl in the photograph, identifying herself with that person.

night.):  These parentheses were penciled in by Fields.  The opening consists of three marks, two open parenthesis and one close.

Mr. Brooks's sermon: Phillips Brooks. See Correspondents. Which sermon Whittier means is not known.
    The parenthesis mark at the beginning of this passage was penciled by Fields.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.


Annie Fields Transcription

Fields includes a passage from this letter in Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911), p. 128. 

     South Berwick, Wednesday Afternoon

     [After a visit to Mr. Whittier's house at Amesbury.]

     I longed to send you a note this morning, but unluckily I didn't have any paper upstairs, and had to leave soon after breakfast, or before half-past eight, so I didn't like to ask for writing materials! I was so glad that I went. "Thy dear friend" was so glad to see me, and we sat right down and went at it, and with pauses at tea-time, the conversation was kept up until after ten. He was even more affectionate and dear than usual, and seemed uncommonly well, though he had had neuralgia all day and made out to be a little drooping with the assistance of the weather and coming company. But oh, how rich we are with "thy friend" for a friend! He looked really stout for him, and his face was so full of youth and pleasure and eagerness of interest, as we talked, that it was good only to see him. The LL. D. had evidently given pleasure, though he was quite shy about it. He was full of politics, but we also touched upon Wallace and my old grand-uncle, whom he used to know in Bradford, grand-father's brother; and we talked about Burns and "thy friend's" "Aunt Jones," who believed in witches, and he told a string of his delicious old country stories, and we went over Julian Hawthorne and Lowell, and the President and Mrs. Cleveland, and I told him how Lowell's oration made me feel, and I don't know what, or who else, except you and your dearest one, for he talked about you both in a heavenly way of your friendship and how much he owed to you.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Wednesday evening
(with a great rain on the roof of the study)

[ November - December 1886 ]

(Yes,* my dear Fuff.* I think the little poem will do -- It is such a tight place! for one cant give ones best and wont give ones least -- I hate to be asked for things in this way -- and I promptly dismissed the letter from my mind, but this kind of reminds me -- Do you think I ought, too?  There was that bit about the funeral going along the village street.*  If you think best and will send it to me I will copy

[ Page 2 ]

or should we be too lugubrious a pair?  Yes, I think so -- let me off !! ) -- Oh my dear Fuff -- [ yesterday corrected possibly from Saturday ] I was wishing dreadfully for more [ leaked ? ] pears and said no Pinny;* they are all gone -- no more until next year dear, and feeled very disappointed, and tonight the wet expressman brought the box !!!  Thank you ever and ever so much, how the whole summer is in them!

    I have spent the afternoon in stoning raisins, and

[ Page 3 ]

such placidity drove off a headache that seemed to be clouding over my sky this morning.

    (Mother* has been at Exeter these three days -- Grandpa is still in bed. I am afraid that he will stay there, but not die soon either which would be a melancholy thing to him and all the rest of us for he has always dreaded being helpless poor man --

    Mifs Grant* goes in the morning but comes back after two weeks -- I have heard

[ Page 4 ]

of no more velvet -- )

     I have been reading Mr. Arnold's Essays on Celtic Poetry with perfect reverence for him and his patience and wisdom. In the introduction some things almost brought tears to my eyes. How much we love him and believe in him don't we? Do you know this book & the Essay on translating Homer?* I long to read it all with you.

    Mr. Putnam writes today that Mr. Freeman* has sent for proofs of my history because he is going to do the Sicily -- I am horribly afraid of Mr -- Freeman -- It is like having Sir Walter* come with his dogs after one of my story-books -- oh much, much worse! An old acquaintance is going to be as good as an Autumn Holiday* I think, when I once get at it -- I must do some more letter writing tonight, so I love you best and leave ^you^ -- (Love to Jessie.* Has she played my Keith of Ravelston?* -- )

[ No signature ]


Notes

November - December 1886:  At this time, Jewett had just completed her popular history, The Story of the Normans.  She reports that British historian Edward A. Freeman has requested a copy of proofs of her book in preparation for his own on Sicily.

(Yes:  This and the following parenthesis marks in this letter were penciled by Annie Fields.

Fuff:  Nickname for Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

street: It appears Jewett has been asked to contribute a poem somewhere, and she would rather not.  Jewett does not seem to be thinking of a poem that she published.

Pinny:  Pinny Lawson, a Jewett nickname. See Correspondents.

(Mother:  This and the next parenthesis mark by Fields are in green pencil.

Mifs Grant:  Olive Grant, who usually helped the Jewett family produce their clothing. See Correspondents.

Mr. Arnold's "Essays on Celtic Poetry": British poet and critic, Matthew Arnold (1822-1888), published his book On the Study of Celtic Literature, and on Translating Homer in 1867.

Mr. Putnam ... Mr. Freeman ... Sicily: Jewett's The Story of the Normans (1887), published by Putnam's Sons, appeared in the same series -- The Stories of the Nations --  as Edward Augustus Freeman's Sicily (1891).  According to The Critic 158 (8 January 1887), 23, Freeman had agreed to write this book by January 1887.  Jewett completed her work on her own book in late 1886.
    Jewett was naturally intimidated by Freeman, a professional academic historian of great repute who had been a main source for her popular history of the Normans, including her own chapter on the Normans in Sicily. 

Sir Walter ...with his dogs: Probably Jewett refers to Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832), the Scottish author, who was known for his affection for dogs and for keeping hunting dogs.

An old acquaintance ...an Autumn Holiday: Jewett's "An Autumn Holiday" appeared in Harper's Magazine (61:683-691), October 1880. Jewett did not publish a story entitled "An Old Acquaintance." However, soon after completing The Story of the Normans, she published a humorous story of New England eccentrics, not unlike "An Autumn Holiday," "The Courting of Sister Wisby" in Atlantic Monthly (59:577-586), May 1887.

Jessie ...Keith of Ravelston:  Jessie Cochrane.  See Correspondents. "The Ballad of Keith of Ravelston" is a poem by English poet and critic, Sydney Dobell (1824-1874). What musical setting Cochrane may have played is not yet known.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.


Annie Fields Transcription

In Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911), p. 54, Fields includes a passage from this letter.

  Wednesday evening
     (with a great rain on the roof of the study).

     I have been reading Mr. Arnold's "Essays on Celtic Poetry" with perfect reverence for him and his patience and wisdom. How much we love him and believe in him, don't we? Do you know this book and the essay on translating Homer? I long to read it all with you.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Sunday afternoon

[ 5 December 1886 ]*

My dear [ darling corrected ]

    I was overjoyed with your nice long letter last night -- and I felt that you were beginning to get rested again (. I rebel at the Allen Art gallery* but if you only do as well as last year, we will be very thankful. I speak as one of the Associated Charities, having my future Monday-morning employment well in mind. ) Yesterday I went over to Uncle Williams* to write in the afternoon and

[ Page 2 ]

found the fragrance of the cedar lining of the old desk very beguiling as usual -- I finished my little paper on the herb gathering* but I dont dare to look at it yet. I shall try to copy it before I go to town. I have various plans and projects, but I shall write what I can and then copy them, if need be, on stormy days by and by.

    I was much moved by your news about poor Mr. Perkings{.}* I am glad that the old man

[ Page 3 ]

is likely to be released, but there is a little round world of two people going to fall to pieces.  All the better for them in some ways too, but with all their provoking narrowness there is something very appealing in their relation to each other and she is going to find life very hard simply because it has been so narrow and she has no great outlook or preparation for unselfish usefulness -- I dare say you are going to be able to  help her by and by, but now all that anybody can do for her is to try to make her feel that there are a few kind hearts that

[ Page 4 ]

are truly sorry for her --

    (Dear Mouse* the little paper in Wide Awake* is very sweet and full of a vague personal sweetness that I cant find words to describe. I dont know that I ever found so much of your self in any bit of prose that you ever wrote.  I hope you will do some more for Mrs. Pratt* -- you know you held out hopes to Pinny* of speaking of clothes and their expressiveness -- How we will talk over our little works and ways* together after Christmas!  I begin to feel as if that time were very near -- (Last night I tied up my face in a big)

[ manuscript breaks off; no signature. ]


Notes

5 December 1886:  This date is likely because Fields seems to have told Jewett that her neighbor, Richard Perkins, is expected to die soon.  He died on Monday 6 December 1886. Of course, a serious decline in his health could have begun earlier.
    This date squares well with writings to which Jewett probably refers, pieces by Fields published in December 1886 and the following year, and Jewett's work on "The Courting of Sister Wisby," which appeared in 1887.  See notes below.
    Parenthesis marks in this manuscript were penciled by Fields. She also has deleted her first two parenthesis marks in the letter.

Allen Art gallery: This is a wild guess. It appears that this may be an event rather than a location, a fund-raiser for work of the Associated Charities of Boston, where Fields was active.
    Rev. Frederick Baylies Allen (1840-1925) was an Episcopalian clergyman who became involved in multiple social and moral reform organizations in Boston, including the local Shamut Working Girls Club. And he was an artist, whose work may have been for sale near Christmas of 1886 as part of a fund-raising effort. Or, he may have organized an art sale featuring several local artists. In 1886, he was assistant to Phillips Brooks at Trinity Church, Boston. See Correspondents.

Uncle Williams: William Durham Jewett. See Correspondents.
  He resided in what became known as the  Sarah Orne Jewett House in South Berwick.

the herb gathering: This transcription is uncertain.  Jewett may have written "herb gatherer."  Almost certainly Jewett refers to her short story, "The Courting of Sister Wisby," which appeared in Atlantic Monthly 59 in May 1887.  There the narrator meets an elderly herb gatherer who recounts a comic courtship.

Mr. Perkings:  Fields has deleted "Perkings" and penciled in an unrecognized word. Beneath "Perkings" she also has penciled "xxxx".
   Mrs. Perkings is Catherine (Mrs. Richard) Perkins, Fields's next-door neighbor at 146 Charles Street. An anonymous researcher has provided the following information about the family.
    Richard Perkins (ca. 1805 - 6 Dec 1886). In the 1860 census, he and Catherine, his wife, and his brother, Abijah Crane Perkins (23 December 1802-10 August 1884), already lived next door to Annie and James T. Fields.  The brothers were retired merchants at that time. Richard and Catherine P. Dow (ca. 1828 -29 April 1893) married in Boston on 2 June 1857.
    Richard and Abijah's parents were William and Nabby Butler Crane Perkins.  Catherine's father was Jones Dow of Lowell, MA.
    In the 1880 census, Richard Perkins is listed as disabled by paralysis; suggesting that his health had been precarious for some time by December 1886.
    In a journal entry of 22 September 1866, Fields describes him as a successful businessman possessed of a "dull kindliness."
    Upon her death, Mrs Perkins left a substantial estate that included $91,000 given to Radcliffe College
    In a journal entry of 14 December 1873,  Fields notes that when Mrs. Perkins comes to call, she names her husband "Mr. Perkings."
    In another entry appears this description of the Mr. Perkins.
    22 September 1866
Our garden is getting into order. Mr Perkins has made me two or three long calls today, finding 50 dollars too much for [ them ? ] to pay for getting the whole laid down in grass he has passed full 24 hours of good time getting the work done cheaper. Ours is the benefit so I have cause to thank him -- beside it has given me opportunity to study this queer man -- one of a class I fear but there is a kind of dull kindliness about him which his money getting has not altogether extinguished. He feels kindly towards us I am sure and this should content us but how strange it is that we will not be grateful for the regard we ourselves receive but ask that it shall come out of a large fountain where many may drink.
Mouse:  Nickname for Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

little paper in Wide Awake: If this letter is correctly dated, then Jewett almost certainly refers to a piece by Fields that appeared in the section, The Contributors and the Children, "The Poet Who Told the Truth" in Wide Awake 24, December 1886.  A year later, in volume 26, December 1887, Fields published another piece in the same section, "About Clothes."

Mrs. Pratt:  Eliza Pratt and her husband were editors of Wide Awake. See Correspondents.
    Fields has deleted "Mrs. Pratt" with two penciled lines.  She has penciled a "+" before the name, and above it she has inserted in pencil: "the editor's [ unrecognized word ]".

Pinny:  Pinny Lawson (Pinny / Pin) was an affectionate nickname for Jewett, used by her and Annie Fields. See Correspondents.

works and ways: In her letters, Jewett several times repeats this phrase, sometimes within quotation marks.  The actual phrase does not appear, as one might expect, in the King James Bible, though it is suggested in several places: Psalms 145:17, Daniel 4:37, and Revelations 15:3.  In each of these passages, the biblical author refers to the works and ways of God.  Jewett may be quoting from another source or from commentary on these passages, which tend to emphasize that while God's ways are mysterious, they also are to be accepted humbly by humanity.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields


Friday morning

[ 10 December 1886 ]*

Dear Mouse

    (What a nice long letter it was last night! I had a beautiful good time with it -- almost like seeing you. I have so many things to say but they are beginning to wait now until I see you. I think that will be certainly a week from Tuesday and perhaps Monday -- It will depend!)

[ Page 2 ]*

I have got over the snowstorm now and felt very well yesterday afternoon and did a good deal. I hope to finish the sketch today. Things are always longer than ropes when you have to copy them but this is really only fifty-five or six pages* -- just about right I think for what it is.  I long to read it to you. I

[ Page 3 ]

dont know where I have laughed so over anything that belonged to me! --

    ( -- I hope your picture sale has been prosperous -- but I am afraid it wont 'draw' [ deleted word ] as it did last year -- People would buy one who would care about two! What a beautiful bright day. I suppose the "Swedenborgian obsequies" will take place -- I hope

[ Page 4 ]

(poor Mrs. Perkings* will be satisfied with the proceedings. What true country-people they are with a city all round them -- -- I have got every thing of my part of the list except the sealing wax, but I can easily get that when I come and you mustn't think about it. There was some in town! but only the big red sticks and I thought they wouldn't fit in -- Good by dear darling

from Pin

I got such a nice scissors!)


Notes

10 December 1886: Fields notes in pencil top right of page 1: Winter? 1886. This date is supported by the recent death of Fields's neighbor, Richard Perkins, on 6 December 1886.  Jewett seems to refer to his funeral in this letter, meaning that it probably was written soon after the death.  See notes below.

Mouse:  Mouse is a nickname that Jewett and Fields used with each other.  Jewett signs the letter with one of her nicknames, Pin., for Pinny Lawson.  See Correspondents.
    The parenthesis mark at the beginning and all other such marks were added in pencil by Fields.

Page 2:  At the top left, Fields has penciled the note: begin.

pages: Probably, Jewett is writing "The Courting of Sister Wisby" Atlantic Monthly 59 (May 1887).  Jewett said in a letter of 19 November 1886 that she intended to complete work on this sketch after finishing with The Story of the Normans, and in her letter to Fields of 5 December 1886, she indicates that she has been working on this story.

"Swedenborgian obsequies" ... Mrs. Perkings: Probably, Jewett refers to the recent death of Richard Perkins and his funeral. See Jewett to Fields of 5 December 1886.
    Mrs. Perkings is Catherine (Mrs. Richard) Perkins, Fields's next-door neighbor at 146 Charles Street.
    This letter suggests that the Perkins were members of the New Church.  Locally, that my have been the Church of the New Jerusalem (Swedenborgian) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which dates from 1901, though the congregation began in the 1880s.  Among Jewett's acquaintances, the family of Theophilus Parsons belonged to the founding congregation. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett

[ Late November - December 1886 ]*

Dear Mary

-------------- Thank you so much for your letter this morning.  I am delighted about your going to Cousin Mary's.*  I dont doubt it will be a godsend to her.  You can put her in the way of getting hold of things -- and seeing Coolidge & Mrs. Howland* especially.  -- but it will be ever so pleasant for you if only because you have power to make it pleasant and to take the lead of all our minds in that special case.  She might just as well turn to and see what she can do with her life.  Regret isn't a thing to really live upon  -- but nature will assert itself.  She is young and strong & has got her money to use, and she ought to be thinking of what she can do -- and so she will if she is helped by the right ones  --  She seemed to me a good self-forgetful creature but naturally much warped.        

With love to all the aunts
Sarah

Notes

The lines of hyphens presumably indicate omissions from the manuscript.

1886:  This date is highly speculative.  If the Cousin Mary named in the letter is indeed Mary Nealley and if the life-changing event mentioned is the death of her husband, John B. Nealley, then this letter probably was composed not long after his death on 23 November 1886.

Cousin Mary's:  That Jewett knew so many "Marys" complicates identifying this person.  It seems likely that Jewett refers to  Mary Elizabeth Jewett Nealley (1817-1890), daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Lord Jewett, and the wife of the Hon. John B. Nealley (1810-1886), whom Richard Cary identifies as "a lawyer in South Berwick and a member of the Maine State Senate. They lived adjacent to the Cushing house on Main and Academy streets, a few hundred feet from the Jewett home."  

Coolidge & Mrs. Howland:  When Jewett refers to "Coolidge" she usually means Susan Coolidge, pen name of Sarah Chauncey Woolsey (1835-1905), author of the What Katy Did stories and many other books.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories in the Maine Women Writer's Collection, University of New England, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, Undated Letters, Folder 75, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection. Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett

Saturday morning
[ 1886 ]

Dear Mary

            I must go out early so that you wont get much of a letter -- but I send old Mrs. Cunningham’s (the lace woman)* which will please you and this nice long letter from Dorothy Ward.*  She cant be twenty two yet at least I think not: -- but dear me!  I have only to remember how old and busy I felt by that time and had been writing for the Atlantic two years or toward three -- and for other things since I was seventeen or eighteen! and when you think what “opportunities” Dorothy has had she doesn’t seem so young after all. ---------------------------------

 

                                                            Sarah

Notes

1886:  This date is based only upon Jewett's guess that Dorothy Ward is not yet 22 years old. 
    The hyphens at the end indicate this is an incomplete transcription.

Mrs. Cunningham’s (the lace woman): This person has not been identified.  Assistance is welcome.

Dorothy Ward: See in Correspondents, Mrs. Humphry Ward, for her daughter Dorothy Ward (1874-1964).

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories in the Maine Women Writer's Collection, University of New England, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, Folder 74, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection.  Preparation by Linda Heller.  Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.




SOJ to Louisa Dresel

     Christmas night
     [1886]

     My dear Loulie:

     What a dear girl and what a dear picture! and now I ought to say what dear girls and the splendidest calendar that ever crossed the sea! Do thank Miss Brockhaus1 for thinking of the new friend whom she has not seen, and doing this charming thing for a faraway Christmas. Indeed I care very much for the picture. I like it with a growing liking and Mrs. Fields, who knows, says it is the very best yet, and that Loulie is -- well, that must wait to be told and not written.

     I sent you the little Wordsworth,2 because this summer I have waked up to such a wonderful new glimpse and wide understanding of some poems that I did not know before, and I am in such a corresponding hurry that everybody else should look through the same window!

     Forgive this hurried note because with all its blots and blunders it is very full of true gratitude for your dear kindness and I am

     Your sincere and affectionate friend,

     Sarah O. Jewett


Notes 

     1Marianne Brockhaus, a young German girl Dresel met on one of her frequent trips abroad, who remained a devoted friend and correspondent for many years. When Jewett died, Miss Brockhaus wrote from Dresden to Fields, in part: "I shall always count the hours spent with you both among my most precious recollections & shall never forget the atmosphere of perfect sympathy & understanding in your sweet companionship. The literary world of America lost much but only those who knew her can feel with you, nearer and dearer to this rare woman than anyone else. I am proud to have known her and feel grateful to her for great kindness as well as for opening my eyes to various things in American character that a foreigner never would have appreciated but for her books."

     2Selections from Wordsworth. With a brief sketch of his life. (R. Clarke & Co.: Cincinnati, 1886), 40 pp.

  The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library, Harvard University, MS Am 1743 (50).  This transcription by Richard Cary appeared originally in "Jewett to Dresel: 33 Letters," Colby Library Quarterly 7:1 (March 1975), 13-49, which gave permission to reprint it here.  Notes are by Cary, with additions by Terry Heller, Coe College.   Notes are by Cary, with additions by Terry Heller, Coe College.




SOJ to Louisa Loring Dresel

[1886. probably in another hand, upper left corner of page 1]

148 Charles St.
Sunday December 26th [1886]

Dear Loulie

    You are no less than my fairy god child!  Thank you for the dear watercolour which I love very much and keep like a bit of summer country in this wintry town and thank you too for the charming book-clasps which [will written over letters] always be a treasure

[ Page 2 ]

too --  I shall ask you all about the quaint silver-smithery, where you found it and how you could bear to give it away when I see you.  That must be very soon but in the mean time I send you my best wishes for the last of the old year and the whole of the new to you and Mrs. Dresel.

[ Page 3 ]

I hope you had a happy Christmas.  I am sure you did, for the first one in the new house,

Yours lovingly
Sarah O. Jewett


Notes


The manuscript of this letter is held by Columbia University Libraries Special Collections in the Sarah Orne Jewett letters,  Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College, from a Columbia University Libraries microfilm copy of the manuscript.



SOJ to Emma Lewis Coleman

28th December 1886

[ Begin letterhead ]

148. Charles Street.
        Boston.

[ End letterhead ]


My dear Miss Coleman*

    I hardly know how to thank you for the pleasure these photographs give me.  I look and look again at the harbour-road with the Harmon Elms,* and

[ Page 2 ]

feel as if I were taken back to the York of many summers ago.  Even before I knew Mifs Lane and Mifs Baker,* long years ago when there was nothing in the world to do but drive about with my father I remember going to the Donnell house* and seeing the master and mistress

[ Page 3 ]

of it and being regaled with a sight of their big gay glass mugs and chinaware by way [of ? ] treat -- It was even longer ago than the kittenhood of their far-famed big cat!

    The other pictures are truly a bit of York summer here in this wintry town.  I think you were most kind to give them to me.  Sometime I wish very

[ Page 4 ]

much to see the rest of your photographs -- and next summer we will try to make sure of getting the [South written over a word ?] Berwick part taken.

Believe me yours
gratefully and sincerely

Sarah O. Jewett



Notes

Coleman:  Jewett spells "Miss" as "Mifs."  She continues with this spelling through the letter.

Harmon Elms: This reference remains obscure. A York Harbor hotel of the 19th century was named Harmon Hall.  Jewett may refer to elms associated with this hotel.

Donnell house:  The Donnell House was an early resort hotel at Long Sands beach, York Beach, ME. In the 1890s, the manager was B. G. Donnell.  Information about the proprietors and their cat in the period Jewett refers to (about 1855-1865) has not yet been located.

Mifs Lane and Mifs Baker:  Jewett refers to the American landscape and genre painter, Susan Minot Lane (1832-1893) and American historian, Charlotte Alice Baker (1833-1909).  In Sarah Orne Jewett (2002) Paula Blanchard describes the association of Jewett, Baker and photographer Emma Lewis Coleman: "the three summered at York [ME] together.  In 1883-86 Jewett and the others collaborated in staging a series of photographs in the [François] Millet style: local models, or sometimes Miss Baker, would dress up in period costume and Coleman would photograph them at everyday rural tasks.  Reconstructing historic conditions as accurately as possible, the group also followed Millet in creating images intended to express the beauty and dignity of rural life.  The results were obviously staged and entirely lacked the heroic aura of Millet's peasants, but Jewett was pleased with them." (225-6).

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Small Library, University of Virginia, Special Collections MSS 6218, Sarah Orne Jewett Papers.  The envelope associated with this letter is addressed to 704 Tremont St., Boston.  Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



Letters probably from 1886



SOJ to Louisa Loring Dresel

Thursday
[ 1886 ]*


Dear Loulie

    I am sorry to hear that you are not feeling well today and I send you my politest wishes for a quick recovery.  I have been quite weakly myself for some days but this afternoon in spite of everything being against it I have discovered myself quite limber and frisky.  I am beginning to do a little writing now at half past four, and tomorrow

[ Page 2 ]

I shall expect to be very well indeed.  I send you a perfectly beautiful story book which I should like to have again within thirty six hours at the utmost for I cannot possibly wait longer than that before I read it straight through again -- A great emergency is not to be read first: you must turn to Madam

[ Page 3 ]

Liberality in the last of the booky and weep a little, and remember that it is partly an autobiography of Mrs. Ewing* herself.  It is so touching and wise and sweet and some of it reminds me of my own plays and sore throats.

    Then you must read the first story and see what watercolor pictures there are all along -- and take particular note of the

[ Page 4 ]

[ deleted letters ] boy's coming out of the dockyard gate and meeting the sailor going in "with a ship's name on his hat" -----

    = I am going out to dinner tonight and if you hear voices of sailors under your windows, lowering the bower anchor,* you will know it is I, coming home by sea.

Yours affectionately

S. O. J.   


Notes

1886:  This date has been added in another hand and different ink to the top left corner of page 1.  I have chosen to accept it, though the rationale is not known.

Mrs. Ewing:  Juliana Horatia Gatty Ewing (1841-1885) was an English author of children's stories, including A Great Emergency and Other Tales (1877).  "Madam Liberality" is the final story of this volume.  The account of meeting the sailor at the dock yard gate appears on p. 53, but -- while this edition is illustrated -- there does not appear to be an illustration of this event. Presumably, Jewett is looking at a more fully illustrated edition.

bower anchor:  Usually a pair of anchors permanently attached to the bow of a ship, ready to drop quickly in the case of an emergency.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Columbia University (New York) Library in Special Collections, Jewett.  Transcription from a microfilm copy and annotation by Terry Heller, Coe College.



SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

Evening

[ 1886 ]*


I have just come in from such a lovely drive. I took you there once, round a country-road do you remember where the goose came out and fought Brownie, poor old bow wow? Mary* and I discovered a bush of laurel in the ^a^ thicket by the wayside, the first we have ever seen growing in town. (That was indeed an event. Oh my dear girl I do want to see you

[ Page 2 ]

again so much! I hope it will be this Saturday though I am glad too for every hour that I can have here in the dear old places. When you come it will be just right and you can have the study to yourself in the morning and share it with a quiet Pinny* in the afternoon -- (when they dont play outdoors.)

Good night dear

from your P.L.*

Notes

1886:  This date is merely a guess.  The letter contains little information to help with dating.  Clearly it was composed after the summer of 1882, when Fields and Jewett went to Europe.  Brownie, the Jewett dog, is first mentioned in a letter to Eben Norton Horsford of 27 October 1881.  As a dog seldom lives longer than 13 years, this letter probably was composed before 1896. 
    Other hints may narrow this range a little. Fields has visited Jewett in South Berwick at least once before this letter.  Jewett's reference to a study suggests that she and Mary may be residing in the Jewett-Eastman house, where she grew up, rather than in the Sarah Orne Jewett house next door, where she was born and died, which became her residence in 1887.  Taking these hints would place the letter in the middle 1880s.

Mary: Mary Rice Jewett. See Correspondents.

P.L.:  Pinny Lawson (Pinny / Pin) was an affectionate nickname for Jewett, used by her and Annie Fields. See Correspondents.
    Fields has penciled a line to the right of "Good night dear" and "from your P.L."

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University. Jewett, Sarah Orne, 1849-1909. Annie Fields (Adams) 1834-1915, recipient. 194 letters; 1877-1909 & [n.d.] Sarah Orne Jewett correspondence, 1861-1930. MS Am 1743 (255). Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.



Edited by Terry Heller, Coe College.



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