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1893    1895
Sarah Orne Jewett Letters of 1894

SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett and Carrie Jewett Eastman

[ January 13, 1894 ]*

When is the fair going to be?  I can send some books as I have done before -- 

What a nice looking day!  The grass has looked so green where the snow has gone on the common that you would think

[ Page 2 ]

it was March ^or April^, and some late snow & ice had come.  This is Mrs. Cabots birthday* and I got some flowers and a Tales of New England* for her.  I hope Stubs* will have a good Saturday.


January 13, 1894:  This is the first year after the publication of Tales of New England in which 13 January falls on a Saturday.  Assuming that Jewett is accurate about stating that the day of composition is Mrs. Cabot's birthday, then this date must be correct.
    As this letter lacks salutation or signature, it cannot be determined to whom it is written.  An Historic New England archivist has chosen to group it with letters from Jewett to her sisters, Mary R. Jewett and Carrie Jewett Eastman.  The content indicates that Carrie is an intended recipient and that Jewett is indeed the author.

Mrs. Cabots birthday: Susan Burley Cabot. See Correspondents.   Her birthday was 13 January.

Tales of New England:  Jewett's retrospective story collection, Tales of New England was published in 1890.

Stubs:  Theodore Eastman Jewett. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by Historic New England in the Jewett Family Papers MS014.02.01.  Transcription and annotation by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett and Carrie Jewett Eastman

Sunday morning

[ 14 January 1894 ]*

Dear Mary

All the Sunday bells have done ringing -- it was so pretty to hear them and the Park St. one* had a sound as if it might be the only bell in a village.  You never saw any thing lovelier than the view out of my windows out over the Common in the misty sunshine with a splendid row of the four towers down in the Back Bay, Trinity and the pointed steeple of ‘Dr Duryeas” I never know what to call that church and the two campaniles of the trumpet, and the old South.*  You see them over the tops of the elms.  I dont think there is a lovelier view any where.  I often think that it is so funny that people were always going off to see things and that the last gifts of education are in making you see the beauty of what is close to you.  But I haven’t got time to preach a sermon no more than to go and hear one apparently.  I was out a good deal yesterday and I am going out this evening so I thought best to stay in and read good books and keep company.  It is such a pleasure to feel more like more like doing things than I have for a great while, and I must say which ever way I turn I find things enough to do.  I went out early yesterday and did much execution at 4 Park St. finding Mr. Houghton & Mr. Garrison* alone and ready to turn their attention my way.  They told me that they sent to the Woodburys to illustrate another book -- Timothy’s Quest* I think, and they refused as they were studying etc.  I am rather glad that they didn’t undertake just that kind of book next.  Thank you for sending the passage about the Only Rose.*  Mr. Houghton spoke of it with great pleasure.  I went to do an errand or two down town as far as Hovey’s* and I found it was too cold to walk home and my arms began to twinge so I took a herdic* and the funniest thing happened.  I found I had left an envelope with Irving and Ellen Terry photographs* that I was fessing Mrs. Cabot,* on the stocking counter at Hoveys, so that I hastened to step out of my herdic and thought the man was hardly ready to start but he had gathered up his reins and in half a secon [ so transcribed ] was well out in the road going to 34 Beacon St. when I succeeded in making him see me!  He was so astonished & I think it would have been so funny if he had got to 34 Beacon St and proceeded to let nobody out, and no 25 cents nor nothing!  It was a big herdic and one in which it was hard to get at the man! -- I believe I told you that we were asked by Dr. Holmes* for the afternoon, so I joined A.F.* who went early in the box and enjoyed seeing Henry VIII* very much though a box isn’t the best place to see from.  Dr. Holmes was much pleased -- he hardly ever goes to the theatre: and I was afraid neither his poor old eyes nor his poor old ears would have much chance but he heard excellently their English voices were so clear.  Mr. Stoker* the manager came to see us in the box and said that all the company were so excited & delighted at having the little doctor there.  He is a charming man (Mr. Stoker) I know people who have known him a good while -- the Fairchilds* etc. and we had pleasant words together.  He begged you poor sister as a favor to send at any time if she wanted a box…….. It made me laugh at myself but nobody saw me!  Then I went home to Charles St. and had the last of the afternoon.  Eva and Trini* were there and Eva was so dear.  I had a pretty call on mamma* -- did I tell you? on Wednesday & found her looking well.  I had such fun with dear A.F.* I took her round to her boys club at St. Andrews* on my way back and we spluttered with particulars.  She has a nice young cook engaged in Bell’s place, some way through Maggies so all is well.*  Bell is to marry the Andrews coachman, where she lived the summer we were gone, and is mentioned to be doing well.  Poor Bell I hope she will be happy.  Your sister has no more to speak of the events of yesterday except that thinking I might not get back the Dodds* were bidden and Sister bravely took a hand at whist during the entire evening & did measurably well considering how many years it is since she played!  I quite like it.  I dont know but I shall want to play sometime with sisters it seems to fill a place when you are tired or your eyes ache now doesn’t it!  We must stick a pin in to remember it.  Think of poor Sarah Leah.*  I laughed so Carrie* at your speeches about the short wind and the big words, but oh how good it is to think of our aunts so comfortable with their nurses.  I do hope all will go well.  I think a great deal about it.  Little Saltonstalls* are below calling on Mrs. Cabot and I hear them quawking so pretty on the stairs. 

11.30 P.M. I have just come from the Fairchilds where I have been dining with Mr. Irving and Miss Terry also Sally* and also A.F. and Mr. T. B. Aldrich and Mr. Alex.  Agassiz and Mr. Livermore* and Mr. & Mrs. Fairchild & Lily!  It was perfectly charming: about a dozen people came in afterward the Higginsons and S.W. and Dr. Sturgis Bigelow* & so on.  It was so nice.  Sister a beautiful time but is now as tired a  a dog.  So good night, with dear love to all from



14 January 1894:  A handwritten note on this transcription reads: 1894?  In fact, Jewett refers to a production of Shakespeare's Henry VIII, which she saw during the week preceding the letter's composition.  As this production took place during the week of 7 January 1894, Jewett must have written the letter on Sunday 14 January.

Park St.: The Park Street Church (Congregational), built in 1809, stands at the corner of Park and Tremont Streets in Boston.  The other churches Jewett mentions are: Trinity Church (Episcopal) which by 1894 had relocated to Copley Square; Central Congregational Church (1867) which is now the Church of the Convenant at 67 Newbury Street, Old South Church (1873) at 645 Boylston Street.  The campanile of "the trumpet" is that of the First Baptist Church (1882) at the corner of Commonwealth and Clarendon.  A contemporary guidebook points out that a notable feature of the campanile is the upper belt of colossal sculptures, including "angels of judgment at the angles blowing golden trumpets." (p. 148).
     Joseph Tuthill Duryea (1832-1898) had been pastor of Central Congregational, 1879-1889, but in 1894 was serving at Congregational Church in Omaha, NE.  (See Wynkoop Genealogy, p. 185).  Note that nearly all accounts of his life give his birth year as 1832, but his Find a Grave page says that the inscription on his stone gives a birth year of 1833.

4 Park St. ... Mr. Houghton & Mr. Garrison:  The offices of Jewett's publisher, Houghton, Mifflin & Co. were at 4 Park St. in Boston.  For Henry Oscar Houghton and Francis Jackson Garrison, see Correspondents.

the Woodburys to illustrate another book -- Timothy’s Quest: For Marcia Oakes Woodbury and Charles H. Woodbury, see Correspondents.  In 1893, the Woodburys illustrated Jewett's new edition of DeephavenTimothy's Quest (1890) was a novel for young readers by American writer Kate Douglas Wiggin (1856-1923), who is best remembered as the author of Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (1903).  That Timothy's Quest appeared in 1890 suggests that Jewett's memory is mistaken. However, it appears that the first edition of the novel was not illustrated and that images by Oliver Herford first appeared in 1894/5, perhaps in a new holiday edition.

the passage about the Only Rose: Jewett's "The Only Rose" appeared in Atlantic Monthly (73:37-46), January 1894. While it is impossible to be sure which passage Mary has sent to Jewett about the Atlantic appearance of her story, it is possible this was from the Guardian of London of 10 January 1894, p. 23:  "Miss Sarah Orne Jewett contributes "The Only Rose," a charming short story, full of the delicate, quiet humour which we are accustomed to find in her work."  Closer to home, the Cambridge [MA] Chronicle XLIX.2 (13 January 1894) wrote: "The heroine of Miss Jewett's story, "The Only Rose," has been married three times, but it is not through the treatment of any "question" that the story is delightful. Humor and sympathy and skill give it a high place in Miss Jewett's best work." 

Hovey’s:  C. F. Hovey and Company was a dry goods store on Summer Street in Boston, from 1848 until well into the 20th Century.

herdic: Wikipedia says that a was a closed, two-wheeled carriage with an entrance at the back and seats on the sides, used as taxis in several eastern U.S. cities.  The name comes from its 1881 inventor, Peter Herdic of Williamsport, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania.

Irving and Ellen Terry photographs:  Henry Irving (1838-1905) was an internationally famous British stage actory, remembered especially for his Shakspearean parts.  He often toured in the United States with his partner Ellen Terry (1847-1928) and their business manager, Bram Stoker (1847-1912).

fessing Mrs. Cabot:
  Susan Burley Cabot had a residence at 34 Beacon St. in Boston.  See Correspondents.  "Fessing" appears thus in the transcription.  If it is not a transcription error, then perhaps Jewett is playfully intending "fetching.

Dr. Holmes: Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.  See Correspondents.

A.F.: Annie Adams Fields.  See Correspondents.

seeing Henry VIII: A Henry Irving production of William Shakespeare's Henry VIII took place the week of 7 January 1894 at the Tremont Theatre in Boston.  Reviews of the production appear in King John and Henry VIII: Critical Essays (1988, 2015) by Frances A. Shirley,

Mr. Stoker: Bram Stoker, Irving's assistant and business manager, is better remembered today for his popular 1897 novel, Dracula.

the Fairchilds: For the Fairchilds, see Sally Fairchild in Correspondents.  The identity of Lily, who seems to be a Fairchild daughter, sister of Sally, is not certain however.  Mrs. Fairchild was generally called Lily, so it seems somewhat unlikely that a daughter would have the same nickname.  Assistance is welcome.

Eva and Trini ... a pretty call on mamma: All of the references in this passage are mysterious.  Jewett seems to imply that Eva, Trini and "mamma" are closely related. Eva may be Eva von Blomberg. Perhaps von Blomberg's sister was nicknamed Trini? Trini may be a nickname for a Katherine or Katrina, but as of this writing, there is no other reference to Trini in her letters.  The reference to an uncapitalized "mamma" cannot refer to Jewett's mother, who had died in 1891. See Correspondents.

her boys club at St. Andrews: Public documents of Massachusetts, Volume 3 (1907) lists the charitable boys clubs of Massachusetts (p. 268).  These include The Bunker Hill Boys' Club and the Red and White and Blue Club, in addition to the Federated Boys Clubs, which was a national organization of boys clubs.  Neither of these, however, seems to be connected with a St. Andrews.  Perhaps Jewett took Fields as far as Wellesley, where St. Andrew's Episcopal Church may have operated a boys club.  Assistance with this is welcome.

Bell’s place, ...Maggies:  These employees of Fields and their associations remain unidentified.  Assistance is welcome.

Dodds: The Dodds have not been identified.  It would be interesting if this were Walter James Dodd (1869-1916) and his wife Margaret Lea (d. 1951), who were residents of Boston and at one time resided in the Back Bay area.  Though he eventually completed a medical degree, in 1894, he was an apothecary at Massachusetts General Hospital, where he pioneered the use of x-rays.  While the Dodds cannot this couple, because they did not marry until 1910, little has yet been discovered about whether Dodd lived with other relatives and socialized in the Back Bay area before his marriage.
    It is possible that Jewett refers to the family of William Goodell Dodd, a Boston banker who died in 1872.  His wife was Eliza Fay Dodd, and they had at least one child, Harriet Isabella.  However, no evidence has been found that Mrs. Dodd was living in the 1890s or resided with other family members, though she did live in the Back Bay Area.
    Assistance is welcome.

Sarah Leah: Sarah Leah, apparently of South Berwick, worked as Jewett's typist and is mentioned in several letters.  However no details about her identity have been discovered as of this writing.  A Sarah Leah Huntress is listed as an 1855 graduate in A Memorial of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Founding of Berwick Academy, South Berwick, Maine (1891, p. 101), but no connection is yet known.  Assistance is welcome.

Carrie:  Carrie Jewett Eastman. See Correspondents.

Little Saltonstalls:  This must be speculative lacking corroboration, but it seems likely that Jewett refers to the family of Richard Middlecott Saltonstall (1859-1922) and Eleanor Brooks (1867-1961) of Boston. Their children included Leverett (1892-1979) and Eleanor (19 October 1894-1919).  A problem is that only Leverett could have been present in January of 1894.  Other letters indicate that Jewett was acquainted with other Saltonstalls, specifically Lucy Sanders Saltonstall (1871-1947) and her sister, Rosamund (1881-1953), but Lucy could not be the mother of children named Saltonstall.

Susan Burley Cabot.  See Correspondents.

Sally:  Almost certainly, this is Sara Norton, but she could be Sally Fairchild.  See Correspondents.

Mr. T. B. Aldrich:  Thomas Bailey Aldrich.  See Correspondents.

Mr. Alex. Agassiz and Mr. Livermore ... the Higginsons and S.W. and Dr. Sturgis BigelowAlexander Agassiz (1835-1910), the son of Louis Agassiz and Elizabeth Cabot, was an American scientist and engineer. 
    Of a Livermore who may have been present, only speculation seems possible.  Fields was likely acquainted with Mary Livermore (1820-1905) and her husband Daniel Parker Livermore (1818-1899) and, perhaps, Henrietta Wells Livermore (1864-1933) and her husband Arthur Leslie Livermore (1862-1897).
    For the Higginsons, see Ida Agassiz Higginson in Correspondents.
    Dr. William Sturgis Bigelow (1850-1926) was an American physician and art collector with a particular interest in Japanese culture and art.
    S. W. is Mrs. Sarah Wyman Whitman.  See Correspondents

Seddy:  One of Jewett's nicknames.  See Correspondents.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories in the Maine Women Writer's Collection, University of New England, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, Folder 73, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection.  Preparation by Linda Heller.  Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Lyman Abbott

     January 18, [1894]

     Miss S. O. Jewett wishes Mr. Abbott to know that his letter of Jan'y 10th was neglected by reason of her severe illness which will prevent her sending the desired reply. A photograph for the purpose he mentions1 can be had at Pollocks, 2 Hamilton Place, Boston.


     1 "The Courting of Sister Wisby" appeared in the Outlook, L (October 13,1894), 583-587, with a portrait of the author.

This letter is edited and annotated by Richard Cary in Sarah Orne Jewett Letters; the ms. is held by Colby College Special Collections, Waterville, Maine.

SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett and Caroline Jewett Eastman

  [3 February 1894]*

    Saturday Morning

Dear Mary & Sister Carrie

        I have just had such a funny dear letter from Thérèse who announces that her work for the Revue* is done and that she is going to leave her mysterious tower and part at once for New Orleans.  She thinks finds Mr. McClure's mother whose residence has afforded the secret retreat, a most engaging person and means (unbeknownst) to make a sketch of her some day -- "What a moment


for the mouse!"*  She says that the little Hotel Kensington * is so nice & comfortable, but as soon as we are done with the letters I will send it to you.  The paper that she speaks of and I corrected, is one about French conversation, and it perfectly charming.*  I don't mean to let Bok* have it, at least so thinks . . . . .  Mrs. Fields has been telling me things about Mr. George Childs whom she liked very much{.}  She felt very sorry to have him die.* -----  He used to send her books & little remembrances


and was very fond of Mrs. Fields. 

-----    Last night after a long and busy day I dined with Katechen.*  They had asked Mrs. Austin but Mr. Austin* was sick and she couldn't come so that they asked a young student whom they know at Cambridge{,} a very pleasant fellow.  The dinner was asked at six so that I came away before nine and went to say good by to Mary Porter* who was taking the night train, and has had a beautiful occasion{.}  Katechen never looked better or was pleasanter and we


had a delightful little dinner{.}  The young man was by name of Mr. Pierre La Rose quite sentimental! 
    You will be diverted by the enclosed invitation{.}  A.F.* advised the acceptance to which I myself inclined for it will be on their ground and I can make them as much of a pleasure as in any other way.  And I shall put it all down to the good of the cause.  They are nice honest people these Foggs at least -- so thought at the World's fair.  I welcome the idea of seeing them again much more than the kind of poor little Mrs. Phipps, who


came back with her: it is damp enough but not cold.  Do give ever and ever so much love [to her if John ?] is there.*  I almost forgot to tell you about these [little remedies ? ] which are frozen Mary.  The same I had on [unrecognized mark] the desk.  Much conversation is going on [deleted word] ^but^ I hope you may find the head and get to the tail of this letter.  S.W.* was pleased with Fames Little Day* and so funny and nice about it -- and last night

the Transcript had another piece which I suppose you saw so that has done well.*  I hope the visit passed off well.  You ought to have taken him to ride round town, and to have asked friends to meet him!  I haven't seen Mr. Denny in the paper yet!

     With ever and ever so much love

Oh how I wish I could hear sister Carrie's particulars ! !


1894:  Historic New England dates this letter February 3, 1894, presumably because this was the death date of George William Childs (see note below).  It seems clear, however, that the letter must have been composed at least a day or two after Childs's death, to allow for the news to reach Fields from Philadelphia, where he died.

Thérèse ... Revue:  Marie Thérèse de Solms Blanc (1840-1907). See Correspondents. Mme. Blanc wrote frequently for the Revue des Deux Mondes

Mr. McClure's mother whose residenceWikipedia says "Samuel Sidney McClure (1857–1949) was an American publisher who became known as a key figure in investigative, or muckraking, journalism. He co-founded and ran McClure's Magazine from 1893 to 1911....  He was born in County Antrim, Ireland, and emigrated with his widowed mother to Indiana when he was nine years old." 
    His mother was Elizabeth Gaston McClure.  See also "The Story of a Magazine and its Founder," The Dial (1 October 1914)  pp. 247-9.   Mr. McClure resided in New York City during his editorship at McClure's Magazine.
    Whether Mme. Blanc published a sketch of Mrs. McClure is unknown.  Assistance is welcome.

the mouse:  One of Jewett's pet names for herself, mainly in correspondence with Fields, is "Mouse."  This statement appears to be a private joke.

little hotel Kensington:  The location of this hotel is not known.  Perhaps it is Jewett's name for the McClure home? Assistance is welcome.

French conversation:  Mme. Blanc's "Conversation in France" appeared in Century 48:4 (Aug 1894): 626-634.

BokWikipedia says: "Edward William Bok  (October 9, 1863 - January 9, 1930) was a Dutch-born American editor and Pulitzer Prize-winning author. He was editor of the Ladies' Home Journal for 30 years (1889-1919)."  Jewett had placed several pieces at this magazine during Bok's editorship, most recently, "An Every-Day Girl" (v. 9, 1892: June pp. 5-6, July pp. 7-8, August pp. 5-6).

George ChildsWikipedia says "George William Childs (1829 - 1894) was an American publisher who co-owned the Philadelphia Public Ledger newspaper with financier Anthony Joseph Drexel....  Childs was widely known for his public spirit and philanthropy. In 1884, for example, he loaned $500 to poet Walt Whitman to help him purchase his home in Camden, New Jersey. In addition to numerous private benefactions in educational and charitable fields, he erected memorial windows to William Cowper and George Herbert in Westminster Abbey (1877), and to John Milton in St. Margaret's, Westminster (1888), a monument to Leigh Hunt at Kensal Green, a William Shakespeare memorial fountain at Stratford-on-Avon (1887), and a monument to Richard A. Proctor. In 1875, he gave the final donation to complete the Edgar Allan Poe monument in Baltimore."

Katechen ... Mrs. Austin:  These people have not been identified.  Assistance is welcome.

Mary Porter:  Mary Porter being a common name, it is difficult to know without further assistance to which person Jewett refers.
    A likely candidate is Mary Porter Gamewell (1848-1906), author of Mary Porter Gamewell and her Story of the Siege in Peking (1907).  She seems to have been widely known by her maiden name, "Miss Mary Porter," even after her marriage in about 1883, perhaps because she had established herself under that name as a missionary to China during her first twelve years at Peking, beginning in 1871.  She served under the Women's Foreign Missionary Society for the Methodist Church, and her brother, Dr. Henry Porter, and his wife also were missionaries in China.  Ill-health brought her to the United States during the 1890s, when she may have visited Boston in her efforts to raise funds for the China missions.
    Perhaps a less likely candidate is Mary Porter Tileston Hemenway (1820 - March 6, 1894), who, according to Wikipedia, "was an American philanthropist. She sponsored the Hemenway Southwestern Archaeological Expedition to the American southwest, and opened the first kitchen in a public school in the US. ... [S]he married Edward Augustus Holyoke Hemenway (1803-1876) in 1840," 
    Assistance is welcome.

Mr. Pierre La RoseWikipedia says: "Pierre de Chaignon la Rose (April 23, 1871 - February 21, 1940) was an American heraldist and heraldic artist ...  His father was an A. F. de Chaignon la Rose, and his mother Katharine Kappus von Pichlstein.... La Rose studied at Exeter Academy and subsequently Harvard University, from which he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1895."

A.F.:  Annie Adams Fields.  See Correspondents.

these Foggs:  William Hayes Fogg (1817-1884) was a Maine merchant who grew rich in the China trade. His widow, Elizabeth, left $200,000 and the couple's Asian art collection to Harvard University, the foundation of Harvard's Fogg Museum (1896).
    "Hiram Fogg, a beneficiary [of W. H. Fogg's estate] who lived in Maine, led the team involved in designing the 1894 Fogg Memorial Building, a combined public library and new "state-of-the-art" academy. Complete with science labs and electricity, it was the most imposing public edifice the area had ever seen." Wendy Pirsig,  Old Berwick Historical Society.

World's FairWikipedia says: "The World's Columbian Exposition (the official shortened name for the World's Fair: Columbian Exposition, also known as The Chicago World's Fair and Chicago Columbian Exposition) was ... held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the New World in 1492."  It opened in May and closed in October of 1893.

Mrs. Phipps:  Though it appears that Jewett is not impressed by her, this may be the same Mrs. Phipps whom she praises for her beneficence to the Berwick Academy in an early draft of her essay, "The Old Town of Berwick."  In the final published draft, Jewett apparently praises her husband instead, "the late A. Phipps, Esq., of Boston."  John Alfred Phipps (1832-1892) was a benefactor of the Berwick academy through his estate.  His wife was Mary J. H. Phipps, and she would have made part of his estate available to the academy.  It appears Phipps married Mary Jacobs (Abbott?) (b. 29 December, 1832).  More information is welcome. 

John:  Whether the text refers to John is unclear.  Richard Cary says: "John Tucker (1845-1902) was the Jewetts' hostler and general factotum. He came to work for Dr. Jewett on a temporary arrangement around 1875 but remained for the rest of his life, trusted and treated like a member of the family."

S.W.:  Sarah Wyman Whitman.  See Correspondents.

Fames Little Day:  Jewett's story, "Fame's Little Day," appeared in Harper's Magazine (90:560-565), March 1895, and was collected in The Life of Nancy, 1895.  As this letter appears to be composed a year earlier, it suggests that Jewett at least sometimes showed stories to her close friends before submitting them.

the Transcript had another piece:   It is not yet known to which piece Jewett refers, whether it is her own or by Fields or another acquaintance.  Assistance is welcome.

You ought to have taken him to ride round town  I haven't seen Mr. Denny:  Mary and Carrie's visitor may be Mr. Denny or someone related to him.  It is possible that this is the family of the sisters' old friend, Augusta Maria Denny Tyler, and that Mr. Denny is Robert Breck Denny.  See Augusta Tyler in Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by Historic New England in Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett to Caroline Augusta Jewett Eastman and Mary Rice Jewett, Jewett Family Papers: MS014.01.02.01.  Transcribed and annotated by Terry Heller, assisted by Tanner Brossart. Coe College.

SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett and Carrie Jewett Eastman

[February 1894]

Tuesday Morning

Dear Mary

             What a lovely day! I hope that you will have a nice drive and for me, I am going to seize the occasion to step to Cambridge…. I hope that Cousin Maria came all right as you expected her yesterday.* Give her my love and tell her I am sorry to lose any of her visit. Sister Carrie’s letter shored me up about Mrs. Timms but the trouble was in my making it longer as asked by the Century.*

            The great interview with the Foggs was all most satisfactory. The only thing I regret is that there is so little time left now. Mr. Clough is going to see Mrs. Whitman today at least he said he should, but I was so glad to hear the way he came out and talking and told Mr. Fogg frankly that “the boys” as he calls Phipps & Slocum -- could do plain leaded work, but knew nothing about colour at all. They are going to have Mrs. Whitman direct the tinting of the walls with especial attention to the great hall which would have been left staring white if it hadn’t been for our stirring round, and there is to be some coloured glass in the huge windows there which I have much longed for. I think it will count so much more than to put all the coloured glass into the library windows where we least want it for practical reasons. One thing we are saved from: Mr. Clough confessed to me that he had given you a wrong estimate about the shelving: the library room as he planned it to you will only hold 6700 with the shelves round the walls, which Mr. Fogg & I said would not be enough, & that it must be alcoved to begin with so you would do well to impress this upon Mr. Twombly. I wish as quick as may be he could be told to write a letter to Clough urging that there should be plenty of shelf room and the alcoves arranged so that they can be added to without having by and by to make a new plan altogether. I liked Mr. Fogg even better than I ever have before and you know how much we liked him in the beginning -- a good plain kind man who has all the dignity of his uprightness and his wife is a nice woman. I know you will say so -- the kind anybody would like to have for neighbours, not up and coming or with any of the faults which are so trying in a woman of her sort. She spoke so nicely of the pleasure Mr. Fogg felt in our interest and in his visits at the house. They are going to Florida and wont be back before April. If they can stop then I should like to ask them to come and stay with us at one house or the other. They had a niece and a cousin (I think it was) and Mr. Clough & me and Mr. Fogg had a beautiful time. We had dinner each being urged to choose what might be preferred and sitting up a round table toward the front of the dining room. It was a splendid occasion Mary! (and Carrie) I wish you could have graced it. But I think we did all that we could do, and now we must keep things in mind, and keep hold of Mr. Clough, more and more as he gets toward the final details. Mr. Fogg said that he insisted to Mr. Brown upon the dedication being in June.*

             I shall try to remember much talk and ‘sperience  that I can’t stop to write. I told Mr. Fogg that I had no axe to grind that I had never spoken of the matter to Mrs. Whitman and that I knew may ar many artists beside her -- but it was simply because I had seen her work and thought she was the best person to do what we wanted and to do it cheaply. I speired about for old Patrick but I saw nothing of him.* I should think have had to get right up and sit at his table. I wonder if he would have known an old customer.

             It did not indeed come near being a bad accident in the old hack. I hope the back [hack ?] itself was busted beyond repair, on Princess’s account. She had some intimations of its fate hadn’t she? I hope Sam Hale will soon be mended up.* You speaked very feeling, Carrie, about his head. Dont say anything but I am afraid that the little doctor is very badly off. A. F. couldn’t see him yesterday.* What a memory we shall have of that dinner! It makes us feel very sad, but he may pick up again all right. Good bye

with much love from Sarah

The new cook is by name Annie Grant and is delightful so far. I send back Auntie’s letter so you can keep it.  Wasn’t she funny about Sarah and the parish calls?


February 1894:  This date is based upon its relationship with the later letter to Jewett's sisters of February 1894 that refers to work on the Fogg Memorial Building.

Cousin Maria
:  In Sarah Orne Jewett, Blanchard mentions a Cousin Maria (p. 36) as residing in Portsmouth, NH.  Further information is welcome.

Mrs. Timms:  "The Guests of Mrs. Timms" appeared in Century Magazine (47:575-581), February 1894.

Phipps & Slocum ... Mrs. Whitman ... Mr. Clough ... Mr. Fogg ... Mr. Twombly ... Mr. Brown:  In 1894, Jewett and her family were deeply involved in the design of William Hayes Fogg Memorial Building, which became the main building of Berwick Academy
    Phipps & Slocum American Glass Company of Boston installed stained-glass windows at the academy.  Also in 1894, they did the stained glass in Boston's First Church of Christ Scientist.
    Sarah Wyman Whitman, Jewett's friend, participated in the design of the building and, at Jewett's expense, created a Civil War memorial stained glass window.
    Wikipedia says: "George Asa Clough (May 27, 1843 - December 30, 1910) was an architect in Boston, Massachusetts in the later 19th-century. He designed the Suffolk County Courthouse in Pemberton Square, and numerous other buildings in the city and around New England. "
    William Hayes Fogg (1817-1884) was a Maine merchant who grew rich in the China trade. His widow, Elizabeth, left $200,000 and the couple's Asian art collection to Harvard University, the foundation of Harvard's Fogg Museum (1896).
    "Hiram Fogg, a beneficiary [of W. H. Fogg's estate] who lived in Maine, led the team involved in designing the 1894 Fogg Memorial Building, a combined public library and new "state-of-the-art" academy. Complete with science labs and electricity, it was the most imposing public edifice the area had ever seen." Wendy Persig,  Old Berwick Historical Society
    "Horatio Nelson Twombly, nephew of William H. Fogg, was born in South Berwick and had graduated from Berwick Academy in the 1840s. He joined and eventually headed his uncle William H. Fogg's China and Japan Trading Company, continuing as president after both Mr. and Mrs. Fogg's deaths. A bachelor who made his home in New York, Twombly spent many years in Asia with the company, including some time in Shanghai overseeing Fogg family business on the Bund during the Taiping Rebellion. In 1886 Twombly became president of Berwick Academy's board of trustees, and oversaw the construction of Fogg Memorial in 1894. The bronze bell in the tower, specially cast in London, was a Twombly gift to the academy."  Old Berwick Historical Society

   In  The Old Academy on the Hill: A Bicentennial History, 1791-1991 Marie Donahue explains that "Charles B. Brown of Bangor was given the building contract”  for the construction of Fogg Memorial.  Charles Buckley Brown (1832 - 1909) became a major contractor in Bangor, Maine, contracting for many prominent buildings in Maine.  See Genealogical and Family History of the State of Maine, Volume 1, by Henry Sweetser Burrage, Albert Roscoe, pp. 266-7.  (Research assistance, Wendy Pirsig)

I speired about for old Patrick:  Probably means “spied?”  Patrick has not been identified.  Assistance is welcome.

accident in the old hack … on Princess’s account … Sam Hale:  Princess, according to Blanchard, was one of the Jewett family horses (117).  While details of the accident are not yet known, it seems clear the Jewett horse has pulled this hack in the past and, in Jewett's judgment, has found it wanting.  Presumably it was rented and not a family vehicle.  Samuel Hale, who was injured in the accident, was a leading businessman in South Berwick.  He had been proprietor of the Portsmouth Manufacturing Company textile mill, founded (1830) by his grandfather in partnership with Jewett's grandfather, Theodore Furber Jewett, during the 1880s, until it closed in 1893.  In Fibre and Fabric 12:287 (August 30, 1890), he is described as "the gentlemanly agent of the Portsmouth Company of South Berwick."  The Electrical World (September 5, 1891, p. 167) announced that he had taken over operation of South Berwick and Salmon Falls Electric Company. A graduate of the Berwick Academy (1869), he was a school committee member for Rollinsford, NH (just across the river from South Berwick), as listed in the American College and Public School Directory of 1893.

the little doctor is very badly off:  Almost certainly, the "little doctor" is Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. (August 29, 1809 - October 7, 1894), "an American physician, poet, professor, lecturer, and author based in Boston."  He was a close friend of Annie and Sarah. Wikipedia

Annie Grant:  Annie Fields's new cook has not been identified.  Assistance is welcome.

Auntie ... Sarah:  Which Aunt is referred to here is unknown, and there are multiple possibilities for the Sarah mentioned here.  Assistance is welcome.

The manuscript of this letter is at the University of New England,  Maine Women Writers Collection,  Jewett Collection  correspondence corro83-soj-mj.19Transcription and notes by Terry & Linda Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett and Carrie Jewett Eastman

        Monday Morning
        [ February 1894 ]*

Dear Sisters,

    I was so pleased to get both your letters last night.  It always seems a good while since I heard! --  I laughed so over the notice about the story but it made me mad too, for it was such a lie and they must have known it.  People must have thought I had changed all of a sudden if I were going to write about my neighbors! – That last reporter said that they were trying to make the Journal like the Globe.*  He hadn't been on the Journal very long – but for all that as Sunday papers go I thought it was pretty good – except for those lying statements about a try to be honest Sisters! ---- I hope Deacon Litchfield*

[ Page 2 ]

[ Litchfield repeated ] wont lay up his righteous indignation in the wrong corner.  Your postcard has just come and I am glad that Sarah Leah* can "undertake" the work.  If you are out driving, you might just stop and tell her that if she sends it Friday night or Saturday morning it will be time enough because I shant get back from Newport until Saturday noon.  I have had no word from Coolidge* yet, but I suppose it is all right --  I'll send a postal and to S. L. H. myself so you needn't bear it in mind.  I telephoned to the Horsfords* yesterday and fount it was a good day, so I went out to luncheon and had a very pleasant time.  After luncheon we went to Fru Ole's* who asked most affectionately for you

[ Page 3 ]

both but is going back to Danville New York where Mrs. Shapleigh* is doctoring a throat.  Fru Ole was a dear and pretty as could be.  Olea had had only a very small family wedding and the house was full of flowers and her presents were all about and such pretty silver and books & a picture of Appleton Brown &c.  Lilian and I made a little call but couldn’t stay long as the horses were waiting: they were going to bring me into town but I stopped with Mabel a few minutes & found her in bed and very pathetic and lonely-looking I thought, but she said she had been wonderfully better lately – It always seems so lonely at Elmwood nowadays.  I have heard

[ Page 4 ]

nothing more from Mr. Clough.  I dare say he didn't get to S.W.'s yesterday after all but I am likely to see her today.  I must get as far as Mrs Cabot's for I haven't seen her since Friday night.

    Give my love to Cousin Maria.  Coolidge lives at 93 Rhode Island Avenue if I don’t think to speak of it I might not get any letter while I was there!  but if you write tomorrow sometime I shall get it next morning & then you can skip Friday & have the time for other things!  I am with affection



February 1894:  This date is based on Jewett's reference to the wedding of Olea Bull.  See notes below.

Journal like the Globe: Jewett may refer to the Boston Journal and the Boston Globe.  Perhaps the article to which Jewett refers is an interview-sketch that appeared in the Boston Journal in 1893.  Though that piece is not yet available, it is quoted from and summarized in Current Opinion 14 (December 1893) p. 534, "Gossip of Authors and Writers."  However, this summary contains no direct statement that Jewett included or intended in the future to present portraits of her neighbors in her fiction.

Deacon Litchfield:  In another letter, Jewett refers to him as Deacon Litchfield of the Baptist Church.  No more is known of his identity. Assistance is welcome.

Sarah Leah:  Jewett's manuscript typist.  Further information about her is welcome. 

Coolidge:  Katharine Coolidge. See Correspondents.

S. L. H.:  The owner of these initials is as yet unknown.  While it is possible she refers to Silvanus Hayward, his middle name remains unknown as well. See Correspondents.

Horsfords:  See Eben Norton Horsford in Correspondents.
Fru Ole ... Olea:  For Sara Chapman Bull and her daughter, Olea, see Correspondents. Sara Olea Bull (1871 - 1911) married Henry Goodwin Vaughan (1868-1938) on 5 February 1894.

Danville New York ... where Mrs. Shapleigh:  Jewett may refer to Mary Studley Shapleigh, wife of the painter Frank Henry Shapleigh (1842-1906), but this is not certain.

Appleton Brown: John Appleton Brown. See Correspondents.

Lilian: Lilian Aldrich.  See Correspondents.

Mabel ... Elmwood:  Mabel Lowell Burnett's home was Elmwood.  See Correspondents.
Mr. Clough ... S.W.'s: "George Asa Clough (May 27, 1843 - December 30, 1910) was an architect in Boston, Massachusetts in the later 19th-century. He designed the Suffolk County Courthouse in Pemberton Square, and numerous other buildings in the city and around New England. "  He participated in the design of the Fogg Memorial building at the Berwick Academy in 1894, as did Sarah Wyman Whitman, see Correspondents.

Mrs Cabot's:  Susan Burley Cabot. See Correspondents.

Cousin Maria:  Paula Blanchard in Sarah Orne Jewett (1994, p. 36) says that in her childhood, Jewett's family would sometimes call on their Cousin Maria in Portsmouth, NH.  No further information about this cousin has been found.

Seddy:  A Jewett nickname. See Correspondents

The manuscript of this letter is held by Historic New England in the Jewett Family Papers MS014.02.01.  Transcription and annotation by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Charles Jervis Gilman*

148 Charles Street Boston
6 March [1894]

Dear Cousin Charles

Will you please to have a case or good sized jug of water sent to

Mrs. Joseph S. Cabot*
34 Beacon St.

as soon as possible, marked from the Paradise Spring -- perhaps the bottles would be best as they are marked. I found my friend quite ready to try it as she had not been quite satisfied with her Poland Water of late! I will give her my circular next time I see her if you will just send the water. I have told her how much I liked it and that the spring is on my cousins' land so that I know ALL about it, but I have not made any personal matter of the business because she likes to feel free, and not to disappoint her friends if she decides against a thing. I have known her to give up having pictures and things sent because of that reason and she was afraid she shouldn't like them -- so I have been dreadfully impersonal about the Paradise Spring Company, only praising the water with a loud voice! If you aren't quite ready to speak of the agency perhaps if she likes it you could send the water right up from Brunswick only sending her the circular when you are ready to have her order it in town.  She would use a good deal and I hope influence some others.   Be sure I shall do all I can.   And forgive me for writing in such haste.

Yours affectionately

S. O. Jewett

Love to Cousin Alice


Charles Jervis GilmanRichard Cary provides details about Charles Jervis Gilman in the article where this transcription appears.
Charles Jervis was born in Exeter and became early accustomed to the assured, affluent ways of a family living on the amassed capital of the past. Removed from any incentive to competition, his six brothers and sisters passed their time in travel and amenities, only one entering a profession and none marrying. To this atmosphere of genteel erosion, Cousin Charles reacted with something like vigor. He read for the law and was admitted to practice in Rockingham County, New Hampshire. He later made two attempts to secure the M.D. degree but both were abortive. In 1850 he married Alice M. Dunlap, granddaughter of Bowdoin's first president, Joseph McKeen, and an heiress. Though a lawyer of prominence now in Exeter, he moved into the elaborate mansion his wife had inherited and set up lavish housekeeping in Brunswick. He slid without friction into the role of squire, listing his occupation as "agriculturalist," raising prime crops, cattle and poultry. Micawberish in regard to money, he gradually expended his own assets then started on his wife's, with the inevitable result of progressively depleting income. But the style of operation and of entertainment remained conspicuously grand.

Another aspect of his outreaching personality kept him constantly in the public eye. Devoted to "enterprises having the development of his adopted state in view," he continued in the vein which had led him to office in the 1851 New Hampshire legislature. In 1854 he represented Brunswick in the state legislature, and in 1856 was elected to the 35th U. S. Congress, declining renomination at the expiration of his term. For years he was a member of the Whig State Committee of Maine, and in 1860 a delegate to the first national Republican Convention in Chicago which nominated Abraham Lincoln for President.  He had an imposing platform manner and spoke willingly on holiday occasions and at the frequent fairs.

Paradise Spring may be reckoned one among Charles Jervis' dreams of restored glory in the dwindling times of his later years. The spring ran through a tract originally granted the Dunlap family in a Land Deed bearing the seal of George III of England. Situated on the road to Bath about a mile from Brunswick, and flanked by the Androscoggin River, it rose in an alcove of dense ferns and evergreens surrounded on three sides by steep banks and approached by a winding path. A romantic haven by any criterion, it was long the favored tryst of young lovers, the mystic Chimborazo of boy explorers, and the locus of uncounted student shenanigans. To this sylvan isle, Hawthorne, Longfellow, and many a lesser prodigy came for refreshment and meditation. And in the crowded annals of tributary verse, this was "one of the few springs outside ancient Greece ever specifically celebrated in a Phi Beta Kappa poem.

But these were not the thoughts uppermost in Gilman's mind when he contemplated Paradise Spring. He was aware that it drained more than three thousand acres, that it had a larger flow of water than any other spring in the vicinity, and that it filtered through some fifty feet of clear fine sand before it emerged at the outlet. And he savored the knowledge that it had been analyzed by college chemists and proclaimed the purest water they had ever found. If he should bottle and market the water he could realize a fortune. There was no public water system in Brunswick; he could start there, fanning out afterward. Plausible on the face of it, the plan was put into effect time and again, but always without profit. Throbbing with energy and ingenuity, Charles Jervis was wanting in the kind of commercial acumen and stability that could have made the venture a practical success. Besides, he tilted against some massive dragons. For one, the townspeople affected a cavalier attitude toward the rights of domain. "Sometimes wells ran dry, or became contaminated;" wrote William A. Wheeler in Brunswick Yesterdays, "then, with a wagon-load of jugs and bottles, we'd go to Paradise for a supply." And there was, to boot, that frightfully popular Poland Spring Water which had gained so strong a grip on the loyalty of habitual users. (Ironically, Miss Jewett was one of these, visiting the resort periodically in quest of its vaunted therapy.)
Cousin Charles:  Upon the death of Charles Jervis, Miss Jewett wrote a note of condolence to Mrs. Gilman, referring to him as "Cousin Charles," and to Charles Ashburton as "Charlie." She used similar nomenclature in several letters before and after this.  For Jewett's cousinship with Mr. Gilman, see "Jewett's Cousins Charles and Charlie."  Colby Library Quarterly 5 (1959): 50.

Mrs. Joseph S. Cabot:  Mrs. Susan Burley Cabot (1822-1907), wife of a former mayor of Salem, at whose home Miss Jewett spent part of the winter each year. Though separated in age by over a quarter-century, the two women enjoyed a mutually stimulating friendship. Miss Jewett dedicated The Queen's Twin and Other Stories "To Susan Burley Cabot." See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by Sarah Orne Jewett Papers, George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections and Archives, Bowdoin College Library. Transcription and notes by Richard Cary, with additions by Terry Heller, Coe College.  This transcription appeared originally in "Jewett's Cousins Charles and Charlie."  Colby Library Quarterly 5 (1959): 48-58.  It was reprinted in Richard Cary, Sarah Orne Jewett Letters.

 Manchester -- noon of Friday

[ Spring 1894 ]

Dear Mary

            Your sister is very sorry that you will get no letter from her tonight, but there was only a little time this morning and Mr. Holman* came to eat up a big piece of that, so I had no more than time to put back the things in my trunks that I had got out yesterday.  It is enchantingly beautiful here today.  I wish you were to see it -- such a blue sea and sky full of white clouds and sights of birds and the trees a little less forward than with us -- but all in such a pretty green.  I shall look for a letter this afternoon from you.  I had such a dear one from Sister Carrie* yesterday which was most welcome. . .


1894:  The tentative composition date for this letter rests upon the assumption that it refers to a meeting between Louis A. Holman and Jewett regarding the publication of "The Old Town of Berwick," which appeared in New England Magazine in July 1894.  Holman was art editor at the magazine, and Jewett's essay is richly illustrated.

Mr. Holman:  Louis Arthur Holman.  See Correspondents.

Sister Carrie:  Caroline Jewett Eastman.  See Correspondents.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories in the Maine Women Writer's Collection, University of New England, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, Folder 74, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection.  Preparation by Linda Heller.  Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ probably to  Mary Rice Jewett

Monday afternoon
[ April 1894 ]*

………….….What do you think dear Therese* gave me but that little gold leaf she always wore when we were at Barbizon* and here.  It was made in the time of Louis Phillippe* when there was so much talk of peace and these were given to the elect!  She had had it all her life -- nothing ever touched me more.  I could not bear to think of it and the historical past of it meant so much to her poor dear soul.  In Barbizon she told me about it with much sentiment and I looked for it again the first thing when she came.  I meant to get something for [her?] but I got tired.  You would have had no fears of Hoveys* losing business today!!  With dear love




The line of points presumably indicates an omission from the manuscript.

1894:  This date is inferred from reference to Madame Blanc visiting in New England that spring and to gift shopping at Hovey's, which would place Jewett in Boston as she writes.  However, Blanc visited again in 1897, spending some time with Jewett in South Berwick.  It is possible this letter is from 1897.
    While the letter seems likely to be sent from Boston to South Berwick, it is possible that Jewett wrote to Annie Fields from South Berwick, especially if the letter is from 1897.

Therese:  Marie Thérèse de Solms Blanc. See Correspondents.

Barbizon:  Jewett and Fields first met Madame Blanc in France in July of 1892.  The following year in the fall, Blanc visited Boston and attended the Chicago Colombian Exposition.

Louis Phillippe:  King of France (1830-1848), Louis Phillipe (1773-1850) came to power when Charles X abdicated and then was himself forced to abdicate in the French Revolution of 1848.

Hoveys:   C.F. Hovey and Company was a dry goods store, on Summer Street in Boston, from 1848 until well into the 20th Century.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories in the Maine Women Writer's Collection, University of New England, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, Undated Letters, Folder 75, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection. Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett

Wednesday morning

[ April/May 1894 ]*

Dear Mary 

           I return the new drawing which has good points, but does not seem to me to obviate any of the difficulties.  Not that I have written to Mr. Eliot* I think we had better wait and see what he says.  I dont think the effect of this oval or indeed the whole arrangement would be so good as Mr. Clough’s plan* though it looks prettier and is so much better done on paper.  I will send you word the minute I hear.  We need to have somebody of taste look at the ground.  I dont believe we can do better than we have done.  Mr Clough’s man hadnt seen it, and the trees especially want to be considered on the spot.  This new play ought to have the oval come so that the trees would stand regularly in it at the same distances if they stand there at all which could be done by swinging the avenue a little.  I will see about the paper today or tomorrow.  We had a lovely drive yesterday thanks to Mrs. Cabot* but I couldn’t get the errands done that I meant to afterward so I am feeling hurried, and haven’t got to the library or to H. & M8S* yet, only I found almost all the books I wanted here up in the top room, Indian histories* and all which was a convenience.  I am in such a provoked state at not feeling well in this moment as Therese* would say.

Mary, & Carrie,* the little doctor* isn’t well again but it isn’t to be speaked of.  There are those who are going to see him today, for a few minutes.  We are hoping for a letter from Therese tomorrow to go back to her.  I thought I saw Mr. Quick? at the Monnet-Tully* play.  I wonder if I did.

Cora* came just here -- and now I must fly.  She is going down to York about the 24th to stay until well on in June when her tenants come.  She sent ever so much love and seemed very well.

With much love

Saray [ so transcribed ]



April/May 1894:  A handwritten note on this transcription reads: April 1894?  This seems likely to be correct given the letter's reference to events coming in June and to the planning for the Fogg Memorial Building at the Berwick Academy.

Mr. Eliot: It seems clear that Jewett is consulting about landscaping for the Fogg Memorial Building at Berwick Academy (see note below).  Therefore, she almost certainly refers to Charles Eliot (1859-1897) the landscape architect.  He was the son of another Jewett acquaintance, Charles W. Eliot (1834-1926) the President of Harvard University (1869-1909),

Mr. Clough's plan:  Almost certainly, Jewett refers to the work of "George Asa Clough (May 27, 1843 - December 30, 1910), the Boston architect who planned the William Hayes Fogg Memorial Building (1894), which became the main building of Berwick Academy in South Berwick. 

Mrs. Cabot:  Susan Burley Cabot.  See Correspondents.

H. & M8s:  A typographical error, probably by the transcriber, intending H. & M's, in reference to Jewett's publisher, Houghton, Mifflin & Company.

Therese: Marie Thérèse de Solms Blanc. See Correspondents.

Carrie ... the little doctorCarrie:  Carrie Jewett Eastman and Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. See Correspondents. Holmes died October 7, 1894.

Mr. Quick? at the Monnet-Tully play:  Presumably the question mark indicates that the transcriber was uncertain about the word "Quick."  This person and the play have not yet been identified.  Assistance is welcome.

Cora:  Cora Clark Rice.  See Correspondents.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories in the Maine Women Writer's Collection, University of New England, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, Folder 73, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection.  Preparation by Linda Heller.  Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Louise Imogen Guiney

South Berwick Maine

12 May [1894] *

Dear friend and poet --

    Perhaps you will remember my speaking to you of my friend Dr. Ella Dexter whom I like so much and who was taking care of my eyes all winter? I happened to find out that she is longing to find some place near town where she can go for the night when she likes -- by way of getting the change she needs. It is so far to get to the edge of the country on her bicycle and she wants to be riding more than she possibly gets time for, from the point of 68 Marlborough St. I thought that you might know of some one in your town or neighbourhood -- possibly Lee's might be the place -- where she could have a room and come and go -- no matter how simple a place if she could be sure of her bed and her breakfast and keep her bicycle! I am taking it upon me to ask if you will send her a word if you can think of any word to send. I have always thought that you would like each other -- and that you might take much pleasure together when there was TIME! She would like the nearness to Riverside and all that -- you know? Goodbye with a wish fit for this May weather --

Yours affectionately Sarah O. Jewett


12 May [1894]:  Find-a-Grave provides this biographical sketch:  Dr. Ella L. Dexter (1857-1910) was the "first woman ophthalmologist at New England Hospital for Women and Children and first to become a member of the New England Ophthamologists' Society in 1889."
    Dating this letter presents some difficulty.  William Lucey explains: "This letter was written while Miss Guiney was living in Auburndale and hence before the summer of 1899, for in the summer of this year she moved to Boston living at first at 240 Newbury Street in the vacant residence of a friend. In the fall she moved to Pinckney Street where she was a neighbor of Alice Brown."
    Paula Blanchard says that Jewett received eye treatments from Dr. Dexter in the autumn of 1893.  This would suggest that the earliest date for this letter would be May of 1894, which, according to the following account, was the last spring that Dexter worked from 68 Marlborough St.

     Back Bay Houses provides this history of 68 Marlborough St.:

By the 1886-1887 winter season, 68 Marlborough was the home of Dr. Grace Wolcott and Dr. Lena V. Ingraham.  They previously had lived at the Hotel Cluny at 543 (233) Boylston.  Grace Wolcott is shown as the owner of 68 Marlborough on the 1888 and 1898 Bromley maps.
    Both physicians, Dr. Wolcott and Dr. Ingraham were associated with the Trinity Dispensary.  They became the first medical staff members of Vincent Memorial Hospital when it was formed in 1891 to provide medical services to wage-earning women.
    By the 1887-1888 season, they had been joined at 68 Marlborough by Dr. Ella L. Dexter, a physician and ophthalmologist.
    Lena Ingraham and Ella Dexter continued to live at 68 Marlborough during the 1894-1895 winter season, after which they moved to 7 Gloucester.

    About 7 Gloucester, Back Bay Houses says:

During the 1895-1896 winter season, 7 Gloucester was the home of Dr. Lena V. Ingraham and Dr. Ella L. Dexter.  They previously had lived at 68 Marlborough with Dr. Grace Wolcott....
    By the 1896-1897 season, Dr. Ingraham had moved to the Hotel Bristol (northwest corner of Clarendon and Boylston) and Dr. Dexter had moved to 416 Marlborough.

possibly Lee's might be the place ... nearness to Riverside:  From 68 Marlborough St. in Boston to Auburndale would have been about 10 miles by bicycle.  What Jewett meant by Riverside (a name for several locations in Massachusetts) is not clear, but perhaps she referred to Riverside Cambridge, which was about 3.5 miles from 68 Marlborough St. on a possible route to Auburndale.  Jewett's reference to "Lee's" has not been identified.  Assistance is welcome.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Dinand Library of Holy Cross College in the collection of materials of Louise Imogen Guiney.  The transcription by William L. Lucey, S. J. appeared in "'We New Englanders': Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett to Louise Imogen Guiney." Records of the American Catholic Historical Society of Philadelphia 70 (1959): 58-64.  In his transcription: "Words inserted above the line by Miss Jewett have been lowered and bracketed; deleted words have been bracketed and italicized or, when illegible, a deletion has been indicated."  Notes are by Lucey and supplemented by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Louis Arthur Holman

     South Berwick, Maine
     May 22, 1894

     Dear Mr. Holman:

     I cannot find a suitable picture of the old academy building for direct reproduction, but will you be so kind as to make a sketch from the enclosed stereoscopic view, gate and all, which will serve our purpose and be of greatest interest to most of our readers. I send you a photograph of Hon. Francis B. Hayes1 which does not belong to me and is of great value to the possessor. I am delighted with your list of illustrations, and perhaps you can show or send them to me the evening of the 30th or morning of the 31st when I shall be at 148 Charles St. in town. I hope that you prepared Mr. Mead2 for our having a long paper? I shall be likely to shorten it in proof however.3
     Believe me with very kind regards

     Yours sincerely,
     S. O. Jewett


     1 The Honorable Francis B. Hayes (1819-1884), president of the Board of Trustees of Berwick Academy, supervised its rebuilding after the fire of 1851.He was a lawyer, judge, member of the State Legislature, and a financier noted for his philanthropies.
     2 Edwin D. Mead (1849-1937), editor of the New England Magazine from 1889 to 1901. An active advocate in the causes of world peace and good citizenship, he was also biographer of Luther, Emerson, and Carlyle.
     3 The final version of "The Old Town of Berwick," New England Magazine, n.s. X (July 1894), 585-609, ran to twenty-four pages. It contains twenty-two photographs and drawings, four of which (including the old academy) were done by Holman.

This letter is edited and annotated by Richard Cary in Sarah Orne Jewett Letters; the ms. is held by Colby College Special Collections, Waterville, Maine.

SOJ to Sarah Wyman Whitman

[ May 1894 ]*
Dear Fellow
    . . . . . . . . . . . . . I wish you was right here:  there is lilacs in bloom and dandelions, and the fields are green and there is some unusual glass in the stone abbey on the hill.*  Art and nature now go hand in hand in Berwick. 

 S.  O.  J.


May 1894:  This date is inferred from the report that lilacs are blooming and that there is new glass in the Berwick Academy.  See note below The line of points that opens the letter text suggests that this is only part of the letter.

unusual glass in the stone abbey on the hill:  Jewett refers to Whitman's contributions of stained glass to the new Fogg Memorial Library (1894) at the Berwick Academy in South Berwick.  Of special importance to Jewett was the Civil War memorial window she commissioned for the library.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, folder 63, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection. Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Sarah Wyman Whitman

[May 1894]

Thursday night. Late
South Berwick, Maine.

        Then I came home, and it was so much longer comin' than goin', and Theodore* turned his room still further upside down and proceeded with silent decision to go get ready to go to the Ball Game and other Exercises.  And me I went up to the Academy* and there was a meeting of the Alumni, and some body came to dinner and other persons, Trustees, and returners to Berwick kept coming and going, good old Mr. Fogg* among  the number, and he speaked very warm of the beauty you added to his academy* & wished he could have seen you!  I haven't seen the nice old thing for a long time before but he continues boyish.  And there was dreadful wearying performances to which I went this afternoon and this evening was a social occasion in the Hall and four of us received in a row and then I was called up to head the grand march to begin the dancin', and me I have now come home in a hack quite in ruins, and rummaged Katy's* coffers for cakes (a heart and a round) and you are the heart because you was so dear and good and came to Berwick.  Oh darling I just think you never was so good and all day I have had you here.  You seemed to leave the day just full of flowers and only now it is that I begin to think how I shall miss you tomorrow when I wake up and you really aren't here as you were this morning.  I believe I couldn't sleep much just for thinking you were here!  It was so hot a day to go to Town that I was glad when I could be pretty sure you were back at the Farms.*  And oh this dear bit of  box in your appyday* -- all  come back  again.  It was a lovely affy davy! now it's spelt plainer!  If you were here I should begin to tell you all the things I didn't tell while you were  here.  It is the only trouble about a long visit; you dont have time to tell things. Good night with love

                                                                S. O. J.  
I did really mean to tell you what good marks Theodore has had this year.  An A in Fine Arts with Mr. Robinson* at least that was the last I heard, and a tidy little row of B's.  He must have worked like a Beaver though not of his shape.


:  Theodore Jewett Eastman.  See Correspondents.

Academy ... Mr. Fogg: Hiram Fogg, beneficiary of the rich estate of William Hayes Fogg, oversaw the design and building of the William H. Fogg Memorial Library at the Berwick Academy, which opened in 1894.

beauty you added:  Jewett refers to Whitman's contributions of stained glass to the new Fogg Memorial Library (1894) at the Berwick Academy in South Berwick.  Of special importance to Jewett was the Civil War memorial window she commissioned for the library.

Katy: Probably Catherine Drinan.  See Correspondents.

at the Farms: Whitman and her husband summered at Beverly Farms, MA, in the vicinity of Manchester-by-the-Sea.

dear bit of  box in your appyday:  Jewett's reference here has not yet been deciphered.  She seems to be playing with the ideas of "affidavit" and "happy day."  Assistance is welcome.

Mr. Robinson:  In 1894, Theodore Eastman was studying at the Berwick Academy.  The identity of his art teacher has not been determined.  Assistance is welcome.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, folder 63, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection. Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Louisa Loring Dresel

[ 1894 ]

[ Begin letterhead ]

South Berwick.

[ End letterhead ]

Dear Loulie

    I read this book* coming down in the train and another copy has just arrived from the book seller which I send to you.  I found a very great deal in it and the mountain life -- the Kurhaus &c. made me think of things you have told me

[ Page 2 ]
    -- I heard somebody say that it was "ingeniously sad" -- but some how it did not strike me so as I read.  I mean the life in it was more to me than any negative side, and I think it is in certain ways very helpful.  I shall like to know what you think ---- but you certainly like a

[ Page 3 ]

chapter where they drive to her chalet* -- -- It is a great storm today -- I am full of a new piece of a story.  The name is all done: A Neighbor's Landmark!*

Yours affectionately

S. O. J.


this book: The book to which Jewett refers has not been determined.  The letter suggests that it may be an autobiographical or fictional account of living in Germany, where a kurhaus (cure house) is a spa, such as at Weisbaden, probably the most famous one in Jewett's time.

chalet:  Jewett has placed an accent mark over the "a," perhaps intending "châlet."  However, this is not certain.

A Neighbor's Landmark:  Jewett's story appeared in Century Magazine (49:235-242), December 1894.

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Columbia University (New York) Library in Special Collections, Jewett.  Transcription from a microfilm copy and annotation by Terry Heller, Coe College.

[S. Berwick 12 July 1894]*
     Wednesday night

Dear Sisters

     I made a peaceful voyage in with friends and had time for a little call on Mrs. Haven* who was out when I got there, but I waited while the hackman went off to take another lady to the depot, and Mrs. Haven came back. It seemed pretty hot ashore and in the cars and when I got here who should be present but Uncle Will* who had arrived

[Page 2]

at 3.30 and had time to read the Dean of Killerine* and was at that moment sitting down to his supper. Every thing seemed pleasing and my return was somewhat of a matter of course, and we have passed a long and eloquent evening with such talk of the Academy affairs in Exeter and [lasting ?] remark on finance, but the subject of pelters* is yet in reserve. It is now quarter before

[ Page 3 ]

eleven and a gentle rain is falling, a seeping rain which I hope may be shared by Sandpiper.*  I walked the piece with the company before dark and tried to see Carrie's household but Jennie told me she had just seen them go out, and I thought I should go over later but there hasn’t been a minute! Every thing seems to have gone on most pleasant in the houses. Mr. Tucker* offered all the remarks

[ Page 4 ]

we had time for, and I could gather no disapprovals from any one. Bobby took but little notice. I thought Hannah looked much better.* They had made the jelly today. It looked to an unprejudiced eye as if it were boiled full enough but it presents a splendid appearance. I shall take Uncle Will up to see the Academy in the morning and go over to Manchester at

[ Page 5 ]

at night. Jessie* is there and leaves Saturday morning, so that I must speed over, but there will be time for a good visit first at least so [ think I ? ] --  I found a heap of letters and send you a selection.  Give ever so much love to dear Sandpiper. I ^shall^ have time to speak of other things tomorrow but I must run down with this and then put my company & me

[Page 6]

to bed. With ever so much love to all there


Jimson* was quite herself on the voyage in, and we parted friends --


1894:  Sisters Caroline and Mary seem to be away from home, this letter reporting on events in South Berwick.  July 12 of 1894 fell on a Thursday, suggesting that Jewett dated this letter the next day, though she composed it Wednesday night.

Mrs. Haven:  Several of the people mentioned in this letter have not yet been identified in any detail.  For Hannah Driscoll, see Correspondents
    The only Haven family so far known to be acquainted with the Jewetts consists of George Wallis Haven and  Helen Sarah Bell Haven.  By her first husband, James Pierrepont Halliburton, Mrs. Haven was the mother of a close Jewett friend, Georgina Halliburton.  With Mr. Haven, she was the mother of another close Jewett friend, Mrs. Edith Bell Haven Doe.  See Georgina Halliburton in Correspondents.
    Assistance is welcome.
Uncle Will:  Uncle Will is Dr. William G. Perry (1823-1910), husband of Lucretia Fisk Perry.  See Correspondents.

Dean of Killerine:  A new translation of Abbé Prévost's The Dean of Killerine (1765) by Mrs. E. W. Latimer appeared in The Living Age, beginning in 1894.

talk of the Academy affairs in Exeter ... the subject of pelters:   Other letters of 1894 report on the progress of the Fogg Memorial Building at the Berwick Academy.  It is not clear when or if Jewett participated in this conversation.  Webster's 1913 dictionary defines a pelter as a miserly or penny-pinching person, a topic that Jewett seems to fear will arise in discussion of financing the academy's new building.

Sandpiper:  Celia Thaxter.  See Correspondents.

Mr. TuckerRichard Cary says: "John Tucker (1845-1902) was the Jewetts' hostler and general factotum. He came to work for Dr. Jewett on a temporary arrangement around 1875 but remained for the rest of his life, trusted and treated like a member of the family."

Manchester ... Jessie:  It appears Jewett will soon be joining Annie Fields at Manchester-by-the-Sea, her summer home, where Jewett expects to see another of Annie's close friends,  Jessie Cochrane.  See Paula Blanchard, Sarah Orne Jewett, pp. 212-16.  Richard Cary in Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett writes: "Jessie Cochrane, a gifted amateur pianist from Louisville, Kentucky, became something of a protégée of Mrs. Fields. After long and frequent trips to Europe, she would visit Mrs. Fields at 148 Charles Street and Gambrel Cottage in Manchester-by-the-Sea (see Warner's letter about his luncheon with Miss Cochrane, Dr. Holmes, and Mr. Howells, in Fields's Charles Dudley Warner,165). Miss Cochrane attempted some writing but apparently did not achieve publication. One of her photographs hangs above the bureau in Miss Jewett's bedroom in the Memorial House at South Berwick."  See December 6, 1901.  In Annie Adams Fields, Rita Gollin shows that Cochrane made relatively long and frequent stays with Fields, beginning as early as 1881, after the death of James T. Fields (215).  In her Annie Adams Fields, Judith Roman notes that Fields included Cochrane in her will (165).

Jimson:  This person has not been identified.  Assistance is welcome.

The manuscript of this letter is held by Historic New England in Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett to Caroline Augusta Jewett Eastman and Mary Rice Jewett, Jewett Family Papers: MS014.02.01.  Transcribed by Tanner Brossart, edited and annotated by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett

Monday morning

[July 1894]*

Dear Mary

            ----------------  Mrs. Gardner came too and for a wonder, Mr. Gardner,* most friendly and nice.  Yesterday afternoon Therese* having finished a paper about the bringing up of French girls we sat down together and she read it out to me and I wrote it down straightening her dear English now and then in spots -- as you may suppose.  And Sally Fairchild and Jess* came to supper and Jess played as never before and sent love and had enjoyed being with her cousins in Providence but was so sorry she couldn’t come to Berwick.   ---------------------------------------------------------




The hyphens at the beginning and end indicate this is an incomplete transcription.

1894:  This date is inferred from the presence of Madame Blanc in Boston and Manchester MA that summer.

Mrs. Gardner ... Mr. Gardner:  Isabella Stewart and Jack Gardner.  See Correspondents.

Therese ... French Girls: Marie Thérèse de Solms Blanc. See Correspondents.
     Blanc's "About French Children" appeared in Century 52:6 (Oct 1896): 803-823.

Sally Fairchild and Jess:  For Fairchild and Jessie Cochrane, see Correspondents.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories in the Maine Women Writer's Collection, University of New England, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, Folder 74, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection.  Preparation by Linda Heller.  Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Caroline Jewett Eastman

Saturday morning
[ 1894 ]

Dear Carrie

I was forced to omit a letter to you yesterday morning by reason of great haste, but I will now say that I had a very nice time at Nahant.*  We saw Mrs. Agassiz* and found her house just as dear and delightful as I used to think it in my visits there.  It is built on the slope above the sea and is two stories on the down side but as you come to it it is not only one story & low looking but the trellises slope right down with the roof and it looks almost as if you must creep under but really you go up steps, and then one room opens out of another -- every one seems to have at least three doors out of it & you look through from room to room, so picturesque and half foreign & half old fashioned too.  I haven’t been in Nahant for five or six years certainly.  Then it was very nice at Mrs. Beals* and we had a beautiful luncheon, and only Mr. & Mrs. Beal were at home & Boylston’s wife* who is staying there just now.  She was nice and young & pretty, and poor thing! she didn’t know about the little smooth red stones & the green stones on the beach before, so your sister went with her and has got things to bring home, and show you.  Some she slied in her pocket, and she hasn’t got as many as if you and she had gone together, but she has got some.  They have been smoothing themselves ever since she was there before.  When we were driving into Lynn I thought there was another mob* -- a lot of men & women after then ran before us up the street and into a narrow street and there were cries, but I saw no more of them except a bunch of fellows going very bold along the station platform.  Poor Evie Clark!*  I was much affected by her writing for us.  I am sorry we are both so situated that we cant take a conveyance and make her a long passing call.  Thank you so much for your dear nice long letter yesterday.  I got it when I came home and read it with so much pleasure.  I send a not to Frances* which you will please hand her!!  With much love


Love from Mrs. Fields*



1894:  A handwritten note on this transcription reads: 189-?.  The year of 1894 has been chosen on the ground that Jewett reports witnessing what she thinks may be strike activity in Lynn, MA.  This makes 1894 a likely year, because there were several major strikes during that year that might have included some activity in Lynn.  The date of the letter must be later than October 1893, when Boylston Adams was married.  See notes below.  Needless to say, this dating is highly speculative.

Nahant ... Mrs. Agassiz: Elizabeth Cabot Cary Agassiz. See Correspondents.  A description of the grounds and photograph of the cottage at Nahant, MA appear in Louis Agassiz: His Life and Correspondence, Volume 2, pp. 548-50.

Mrs. Beals ... Boylston’s wife:  Bolyston Adams Beal (1865-1944) was the son of Annie Fields's sister, Louisa Jane Adams Fields (1836-1920) and James Henry Beal (1823-1904).  After graduating from Harvard, Beal became an influential Boston lawyer.  Boylston Beal married Elizabeth Sturgis Grew (1871-1959) on 4 October 1893. 

Lynn... another mob: The reference to a mob suggests that Jewett has traveled somewhere recently where labor strikes have occurred and that there may be some strike activity in Lynn, MA.  No specific strike has been identified in Lynn, MA in the period of this letter, which almost certainly is from 1894 or later.  Coxey's Army marched in Washington, DC in April 1894. In June and July of that year there were nation-wide strikes by the United Mine Workers and the Pullman Porters, both of which included a good deal of violence.  While 1894 would have been a likely year for Jewett witnessing strike activity, there were strikes in Massachusetts in 1895 and 1898 as well.

Poor Evie Clark: This reference has not been identified.  Cora Clark Rice's mother, Annette Arabella Lee Clark died in 1896, and this may refer to her in some way.

Mrs. Fields: Annie Adams Fields.  See Correspondents.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories in the Maine Women Writer's Collection, University of New England, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, Folder 73, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection.  Preparation by Linda Heller.  Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett

Wednesday night

[ Summer 1894  ]*

Dear Mary

My great mind has been reflecting upon the Coal question:* do you think it would be a bad plan for John* to look about and lay in good stock of winter wood?  Even if things get settled and the price falls within a few weeks everybody is going to be wanting coal at once and it is foolish to think that every body can get all they want at once.  We could burn wood and provide enough for both kitchen & furnace so as not to be unduly troubled.  It really looks like a bad time before winter is over.  Every body will be after wood presently if this state continues, and there wont be any wood either!

If you do come by the early train I think you had better get a carriage at Murphy’s stable* and drive down.  I forget whether it is ?2.50 or 3, [so transcribed ] but it saves you nearly two hours waiting and you have a pretty drive into the bargain!  I think you will be so tired waiting and then have to scuttle after you get here, that it is more than worth while.

I went up to Mrs. Cabot’s* today as I was going on to Loulies* to hear the singing, and found the Trimbles* pretty well but Mrs. Cabot was rather down.  She was so satisfied to know you are coming!  No word of trains from your brother R.* Oh what a nice lettie from Thiddy* with great expression.  I feel as if nothing had ever given him more good or pleasure.  We had heard of Buster’s bread pan from Essie* who was dying of laughter, Buster having set forth the interview.

Will you bring me a little money?  ten or fifteen dollars if I have got so much!  I must be low but there’s more coming presently.

With much love


We shall speak of everything.


Summer 1894:  A handwritten note on this transcription reads: 1894? The foundation of this guess is not known.  As the note below on the "Coal question" indicates, labor strikes of 1894 may have influenced the price and availability of coal in ways that would have made Jewett anxious.  This letter is tentatively dated in 1894 because this scenario seems plausible.

Coal question: That Jewett anticipates an interruption in the coal supply suggests that coal miners are on strike near the beginning of the winter heating season, which would begin as early as October in South Berwick.  In the 1890s, the United Mine Workers were gaining power and using strikes to improve worker wages.  It the written note on this transcription has any other foundation, then labor strikes of 1894 would be relevant. There was a UMW strike in April through June of 1894, but this seems unlikely by itself to have caused Jewett's anxiety as it was resolved well before heating season.  Perhaps a more likely problem was the Pullman railroad strike that disrupted rail transportation from May to July of 1894.  It is possible that seeing the chaos of the Pullman strike extending into July and not then knowing when it would end, Jewett became concerned about winter heating. Other elements of this letter also suggest some disorder in train travel.  Finally, it may have been the combination of the two strikes that caused Jewett to be anxious about winter heating, if this letter really is from 1894.

John: John Tucker. See Correspondents.

Murphy’s stable: While this business has not yet been identified, it seems likely that Mary Jewett plans to join Sarah in visiting  Mrs. Cabot in Beverly, MA. Jewett seems to suggest that Mary, instead of changing trains en route, should drive from the end-point of the first train directly to Beverly.  It is likely, then, that Mary would ordinarily take a Boston and Maine train from South Berwick to Boston, perhaps, then take a local train out to Beverly.  Murphy's stable may have been in or near Boston, and Jewett underlines the name because she wants to particularly recommend it for this service.

Mrs. Cabot’s: Susan Burley Cabot.  See Correspondents.

Loulies: Louisa Dresel. See Correspondents.

the Trimbles:  The identity of the Trimbles is as yet unknown.  A possible candidate is Walter Underhill Trimble (7 March 1857 -  18 September 1926), a New York lawyer and banker.

brother R:  Probably Robert Collyer.  See Correspondents.

lettie from Thiddy:  A letter from Theodore Jewett Eastman.  See Correspondents.

Buster’s bread pan ... Essie:  These names and the incident have not been identified.  Assistance is welcome.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories in the Maine Women Writer's Collection, University of New England, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, Folder 73, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection.  Preparation by Linda Heller.  Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.

Sarah Wyman Whitman to SOJ


Undated. [Appears between 1893 and 1895 in Whitman's Letters collection.]

     I missed you by one minute to-day! and could not show you the white roses still shining as they shone when they came to me Saturday; and the laurel stood up proudly and spoke of strife and heroes, and all that long story that the laurel tells.


This transcription appears in Letters, Sarah Wyman Whitman.  Cambridge, MA:  Riverside Press, 1907, "Letters to Sarah Orne Jewett: 1882-1903," pp. 61-109. 

George Ichabod Goodwin to SOJ

                        25 Jefferson St.

                        Newton, Mass.  Aug 12/94

Dear Miss Jewett

            I will send you tomorrow (Monday) by Goodwin's Express, the book I promised to send you: while not pertaining very much to affairs of Berwick, you will find a good deal relating to an old Berwick family, viz. the Goodwin family --*

            I will here state that the Goodwin house at Old Fields, with the exception of the addition built a few years since is one hundred years old: the former house on this same site was a Garrison house, where my father, Dr. James S. Goodwin (deceased) was born in 1793, and was burned when he was an infant -- At Great Works was a Block house --

            I trust that you will find the book interesting, and be in no hurry about returning it, as long as you may wish to consult its pages

I am very truly Yr. Abt. Svt.

Geo. I. Goodwin

P.S. It was a very enjoyable ride I had with your nephew, to the burying ground, at Old Fields, where we found the stone of Mehitable Goodwin*



Fragment [n.d.]

I have been told by my father, who was a son of Genl. Ichabod Goodwin, that the name of "Executive" came to the Goodwin Est. in Berwick from this fact, viz. before the separation of the Colonys from Great Britain, the English Government claimed the right to all timber that was fit for spars for the Royal Navy, and when such were found were marked with the broad Arrow: such trees were found, and so marked on this estate, but the owners, having the idea that what was theirs, belonged to them, utilized such timber to their own use, which caused a disagreement and suit, And Executive: whence the name -----

Tom Tinker

            I have had it from the same source, that Tom Tinker was a negro, who had committed some crime, and fled to, and lived a sort of Hermits life, and feared by the people in the vicinity

            It was Genl. Ichabod Goodwin, and not Capt. Ichabod, who was Sherif ----*

Very Truly --

Geo. Ichabod Goodwin


Goodwin's ExpressGoodwin Express, a New England delivery service founded by American War of 1812 veteran, Colonel William Goodwin (d. 1885).  See The Maine Historical and Genealogical Recorder, Volume 9 (1898), pp. 323-4.     The book George Ichabod Goodwin sends to Jewett is not yet known.  One likely possibility is: The Military Journal of Colonel Ichabod Goodwin, by Ichabod Goodwin; William Augustus Goodwin; Massachusetts infantry. Gerrish's regt. (1778), published by the Maine Historical Society in  1894.  Another is The Goodwins of Hartford, Connecticut, Descendants of William and Ozias Goodwin (1891).  More information is welcome.

old Berwick familyGoodwin writes to Jewett in response to her essay, "The Old Town of Berwick,"  New England Magazine (16 [new series 10]:585-609), July 1894.  In the essay, Jewett recounts a good deal of Goodwin family history.

your nephew ... Mehitable Goodwin:  Jewett's only nephew was Theodore Jewett Eastman (1879-1931), the son of Caroline (Carrie) Jewett (1855-1897) and Edwin (Ned) Eastman (d. 1892).     See Correspondents.   See below for Mehitable Goodwin.

Tom Tinker:  Jewett mentions Tinker in "The Old Town of Berwick," but does not identify his race.

Genl. Ichabod GoodwinGen. Ichabod Goodwin (1743-1829), militia leader and sheriff, "was the rebuilder of Old Fields in 1797 and the man most often associated with the home [at 1 Old Fields Rd. in South Berwick], [and] was the grandson of Mehitable Goodwin, a woman whose story Jewett relates in “Old Town of Berwick.” Captured by Indians in 1675, she was rescued only after being taken to Canada."
    In "The Old Town of Berwick," Goodwin implies, Jewett erroneously identifies General Goodwin's father, Captain Goodwin as having been the Sheriff of York.

The manuscripts of these letters are together at the University of New England,  Maine Women Writers Collection,  Jewett Collection  correspondence corr038-o-soj.23Transcription and notes by Terry & Linda Heller, Coe College.

August 25, 1894
Death of Celia Thaxter

SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

          Spring House, Richfield Springs, N. Y.
    [ August 1894 ]*

     I wish so to see you tonight and long so for tomorrow and next day's letters to know about dear Sandpiper.* It has been a very sad day to me as you will know. It seems as if I could hear her talking, and as if we lived those June days over again. Most of my friends have gone out of illness and long weeks of pain, but with her the door seems to have open and shut, and what is a very strange thing, I can see her face, -- you know I never could call up faces easily, and never before, that I remember, have I been able to see how a person looked who has died, but again and again I seem to see her. That takes me a strange step out of myself. All this new idea of Tesla's:* must it not, like everything else, have its spiritual side, and yet where imagination stops and consciousness of the unseen begins, who can settle that even to one's self?


1894:  This letter seems to have been written soon after the death of Celia Thaxter.  See Sandpiper note below.

Sandpiper:  Celia Thaxter (June 29, 1835 - August 25, 1894). 
See Correspondents.

new idea of Tesla's: Probably the new idea in this case refers to wireless communication, one of many inventions upon which Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) worked during his life. Tesla's best-known invention probably was alternating electrical current.

This letter appears in Annie Fields, Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911),  Transcribed by Annie Adams Fields, with notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Sarah Wyman Whitman

          Spring House,

     Richfield Springs, N. Y., 29 August, 1894.*

     I must write you out of loneliness and pretty deep-down sadness tonight. I had a telegram Monday morning that Celia Thaxter had died, dear old Sandpiper, as was my foolish and fond name, these many years. We were more neighbours and compatriots than most people. I knew the island, the Portsmouth side of her life, better than did others, and those days we spent together last month brought me to know better than ever a truly generous and noble heart. When her old mother lay dying, she called her boys, and said, "Be good to sister, she has had a very hard time"; and it was all true. She was past it all when I was with her in July. Life had come to be quite heavenly to her and -- oh, how often I think of Sir Thomas Browne, his way of saying, "And seeing that there is something of us that must still live on, let us join both lives together and live in one but for the other."* I wonder if you know those islands? with their grey ledges and green bayberry and wild roses, the lighthouse that lights them and the main-land far enough away to be another country? I suppose you do. At any rate, her little book about them is another White's Selborne, and will live as long.*

     What a solitary place a great hotel can be! I felt it (as I haven't before) yesterday, with the thought of Appledore* in my heart. But there are sights of friends to say good-morning to, even if there are few to say good-night.

     To tell the truth I have been a nice unfriendly kind of hermit these ten days, and have read the "Three Guardsmen"* like an idle school-boy, and the petty routine of baths and things can take any amount of time, and I am by this time quite unexpectedly limber, a right hand for instance working well and proof now offered. But you know Charles Lamb said that his would go on awhile by itself, as chickens walk after their heads are off.


Richfield Springs:  29 August of 1894 was a Wednesday.  Since before the Civil War, the sulphur springs at Richfield, New York, provided spas and curative water treatments.  Jewett writes from the Spring House Hotel, which burned in 1897.

Sir Thomas Browne:  Sir Thomas Browne (1605-1682).  Jewett uses this quotation in at least two other writings:  "The Foreigner" and in her father's obituary.  In the final paragraph of Browne's "Letter to a Friend," (1690), he says:

Time past is gone like a shadow; make Times to come, present; conceive that near which may be far off; approximate thy last Times by present Apprehensions of them: live like a Neighbour unto Death, and think there is but little to come. And since there is something in us that must still live on, joyn both Lives together; unite them in thy Thoughts and Actions, and live in one but for the other. He who thus ordereth the Purposes of this Life, will never be far from the next; and is in some manner already in it, by an happy Conformity, and close Apprehension of it.
"Letter to a Friend" was largely reproduced in Christian Morals (1716), where the passage occurs in the last paragraph, this time somewhat closer to Jewett's wording:
Time past is gone like a Shadow; make time to come present. Approximate thy latter times by present apprehensions
of them: be like a neighbour unto the Grave, and think there is but little to come. And since there is something of us that will still live on, Join both lives together, and live in one but for the other. He who thus ordereth the purposes of this Life will never be far from the next, and is in some manner already in it, by a happy conformity, and close apprehension of it. And if, as we have elsewhere declared, any have been so happy as personally to understand Christian Annihilation, Extasy, Exolution, Transformation, the Kiss of the Spouse, and Ingression into the Divine Shadow, according to Mystical Theology, they have already had an handsome Anticipation of Heaven; the World is in a manner over, and the Earth in Ashes unto them.
    (Research by James Eason, University of Chicago.)

her little book: Celia Thaxter's An Island Garden (1894) was her last book, published shortly before her death. According to Allen Lacy's introduction to the 1988 reprinting, the book is characterized by her "lyrical descriptions of the hollyhocks and poppies and scarlet flax in her tiny garden on Appledore, one of the Isles of the Shoals off the coast of Portsmouth, New Hampshire." The book itself was a work of art, with a design by Sarah Wyman Whitman and paintings by Childe Hassam.

White's SelborneGilbert White (1720-1793), though a fellow at Oriel College, Oxford, lived most of his life at Selborne, in England, as a curate, where he could follow his avocations of naturalist and writer.  The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne appeared in 1789.

Appledore:  One of the Isles of the Shoals, near Portsmouth, NH, where the Thaxters maintained their summer resort hotel.

"Three Guardsmen": the Three Guardsmen, Or, the Feats and Fortunes of a Gascon Adventurer is the English title (trans. 1851) for Alexander Dumas (1802-1870), Les Trois Mousquetaires or The Three Musketeers (1849). A popular play in English, The Three Guardsmen. published in New York in 1850 was based on this novel.

Charles Lamb ... as chickens walk after their heads are off: Charles Lamb (1775-1834) was an English writer of fiction, poetry, essays, and drama. The Letters of Charles Lamb by Sir Thomas Noon Talfourd appeared in 1849.  In a letter to Bernard Barton of January 9, 1824, Lamb complains that he is suffering from lethargy: "I have not volition enough left to dot my i's, much less to comb my eyebrows; my eyes are set in my head; my brains are gone out to see a poor relation in Moorfields, and they did not say when they'd come back again; my skull is a Grub Street attic to let, -- not so much as a joint-stool left in it; my hand writes, not I, from habit, as chickens run about a little when their heads are off."

This letter appears in Annie Fields, Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911),  Transcribed by Annie Adams Fields, with notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett and Carrie Jewett Eastman

Monday morning
[ September 1894 ]*

Dear Sisters

    It has been such hot weather!  I really long for a good north wind but this is a fine rainy morning with promise of [backing ?] round so I shall muster patience.  Night before last I had a splendid time.  Two of the guides{,} John and Jerome,* took me deer hunting and though they didn't shoot any I enjoyed it very much --  We started between eight and nine and went two or three miles across the lake and then two or three miles more up an inlet.  The moon was going down and made a lovely track along the water and of course we could easily be seen so all of a sudden we heard a great splash and breaking of twigs and a [swinging ? ] trot and a big deer that had evidently been watching us until we got pretty close to {it} and then left.  We could hear him sniffing and snuffing up through the woods, and went on our way most regretfully

[ Page 2 ]

because we might have got him if it had been dark enough.  They come down to the streams at night to eat the lily pads.  When we got up to the head of the inlet we waited until the moon was down and presently a great cloud covered even the stars and one of the men paddled and then sat in the bow on a bit of board he put across with the gun across his lap and a little bulls-eye lantern* with a cover which he sometimes put over his head with a strap.  You were afraid to move or wink it was so perfectly still -- there was no wind, and the sedge and the dry larches (in the strip of dead wood which the over flowing made) were still for once without rustling or creaking.  When we thought we heard deer Jerome would turn his little search light along the bank, but we only got pretty near to one more deer who went away with a great plashing.  There were lots of muskrats that plopped now and then and some queer sounding birds that quawked to each

[ Page 3 ]

other, and a huge old owl whoo-whooing ever so far off.  My feet went to sleep I tried to keep so still -- and there was a fine shower that you could hear coming over the woods long before it got to you -- and you could hear crickets and seldom a frog.  It was tremendously exciting -- We passed another boat and it was just like seeing ghosts because they were as still as we.  We got home just before two and I crept in on the pine boughs quite sleepy and comfortable and am anxious about talking too loud ever since or making my chair squeak!  They begin to hunt with with dogs today: at the [beginig meaning beginning] of  Jack-hunting* like ours [salurday meaning Saturday] night{.} The deer stand & watch ^the light^ and are comparatively easy to get, but not now.  We all went out last night but there was for the first time a little damp mist.  It was too hot to go anywhere all day. -- I have just got your letter enclosing Twombly's.*  I am deeply interested in the old Warren

[ Page 4 ]

house.  I dont believe I ever passed it without wishing that I could go in -- I am sorry [that looks like about] the "Armine Warren house" is all burnt up.*  It was such a [ unrecognized word ] little old house, and Pound Hill* generally is one of the places that look just as they always have.  I had a nice letter from Alice Howe* who had a pretty good voyage and was glad beyond common to get ashore.  I must close because I want to get a little walk before dinner.  There is a path for a little way along the shore -- but no roads any where near except perhaps where you go in winter when these swamps are frozen.  I hope that you caught the mouse and that she didn't do great damage ----

With much love to everybody


Much of the information about the Durant's camps and environs in these notes comes from Alfred Lee Donaldson, A History of the Adirondacks, v. 2 (1921) Chapter 36.  Page numbers are from this title, unless otherwise indicated.

September 1894:  In Sarah Orne Jewett (1994), Blanchard says that Jewett, Fields and Garrett stayed at Raquette Lake during September of 1894 (p. 270).

John and Jerome:  John may be John Copland, who was a local guide in 1875, p. 104, but presumably there are severak other possibilities.  Jerome is probably Jerome Wood (1848 - after 1920), son of the first settler on Raquette Lake in the center of the Adirondack Mountains of New York, p. 88.

bulls-eye lantern:  The 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica says: "The “ bull's-eye ” lantern has a convex lens which concentrates the light and allows it to be thrown in the shape of a diverging cone."

Jack-hunting:  Horatio C. Wood, M.D. writes in "Reminiscences of an American Pioneer in Experimental Medicine": "Jack-hunting consists in being paddled by a guide noiselessly over a lake at night, while the hunter sits in the bow of the boat or canoe behind a large piece of bark, to which a small lantern is attached, making it possible to see deer without being seen by them" p. 230.

Twombly's:  It is likely that this is  Horatio Nelson Twombly, nephew of William H. Fogg.  This probably is correspondence relating to the Fogg Memorial Building at the Berwick Academy, which was in progress at this time.

old Warren house:  The area east of Hamilton House in South Berwick belonged to members of the Warren family for generations after they settled in the area in the 17th century.  This included Pound Hill (see note below).

"Armine Warren house" is all burnt up:  Reading Jewett's handwriting at this point is problematic.  She seems to have written "Armine," but there is as yet no evidence that such a person lived in the South Berwick area.  But America Warren is a known resident, a brother of Columbia Warren.  Both are important characters in Gladsy Hasty Carroll's story of the South Berwick Warren family, Dunnybrook (1943).  To date, no other record has been found of the loss of a South Berwick Warren house in September 1893.

Pound Hill:  No map has been found identifying this area in South Berwick, ME. Jewett says in The Tory Lover (1901) that when the bringers of news from Portsmouth leave the Lower Landing, "The messengers were impatient to go their ways among the Old Fields farms, and went hurrying down toward the brook and around the head of the cove, and up the hill again through the oak pasture toward the houses at Pound Hill." This would seem to place Pound Hill east of Hamilton House. Norma Keim of the Old Berwick Historical Society has located the actual hill on what is now Fife's Lane, which once was part of the main road from Old Fields to York. This location is just east of Old Fields. See The Maine Spencers, A History and Genealogy by W. D. Spencer (Concord: Rumford Press, 1898) p. 108. It is quite likely that the name derives from the location of the village livestock pound. In the colonial period, many New England villages had pounds where strayed livestock would be kept at village expense until the owners claimed them and payed their fine or pound fee. (See John R. Stilgoe, Common Landscape of America 1580-1845. New Haven: Yale UP, 1982, p. 49).

Alice Howe:  Alice Greenwood Howe. See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by Historic New England in the Jewett Family Papers MS014.02.01.  Transcription and annotation by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett and Carrie Jewett Eastman

Tuesday Morning
[ September 1894 ]*

Dear Sisters

    We are going to get our breakfasts as fast was we can and then start on an expedition over to the next lake but one with two long carries to make and five miles to go first by boat -- a great 'spedition and fine clear day at last which makes me thankful.  Some people who have had a great camp these many years on that lake wanted something a little wilder! and they have set up another establishment where we were asked to spend the night but compromised on passing a day.  They can hear bears growl over there Carrie! and are now after one with cubs. [Unrecognized word]

[ Page 2 ]

-- I suppose that we shall not be likely to get back until late this evening.  I have been wishing that I had brought my great boots for which this would have been just the day, but I am much better shod than on the other expedition.  Perhaps someday when Theodore* is oiling up -- he will put a dab on those big boots for I am afraid when I do wear them they will soak water through being dry.  I dreamed such a bustling dream last night that Stubs had got orders to West Point* and was ll dressed up in his uniform and we thought he looked fine.  How sorry I am to miss seeing Susy Ward!* I know you must have had a good time with her and I shall hope to hear tomorrow.  The mountains are nearly all blown clear round the lake this morning and there is a clear fallish wind -- and blue sky.  It has been so sticky and

[ Page 3 ]

hot that we are delighted to be a little cool.  A.F.* and I wish so much that we could start away Thursday or Friday so as to get home Saturday both of us.  She is expecting sister Sarah! but it is a difficult [ink blot] thing to start ones little caravan as you may guess and I am afraid the chance is that we shall all start together Sunday morning to catch an express that leaves North Creek* at night -- the only fast train.  Mary* seems to be laying her plans for that and ^for her^ to make [unrecognized word] sets of plans is asking a good deal.  We both enjoy it here I needn't say but I am so anxious to get home and back to my papers and my own affairs.  All the summer up to the first of August when I came away counted for nothing and now I must get things & be looking them over.  However there's all October and November to count upon before snow! ----- Now I must run, and get my things together

[ Page 4 ]

to start.  Here comes Mary from her breakfast which got belated so that we finished first.  Now it is clouding over!

Ever so much love to all
from Sarah --

[ Post script written on the bottom of page 4 down vertical in center ]

I had this note from Triem* a little late [for corrected] the birthday, but none the less welcome.


September 1894:  This date is inferred from Jewett's continuing account of her week in the Adirondack mountains with Annie Fields and Mary Garrett.

Theodore:  Theodore Jewett Eastman, also called Stubs.  See Correspondents.

West Point:  The United States Military Academy, about 50 miles north of New York City.

Susy Ward:  Susan Hayes Ward.  See Correspondents.

A.F.:  Annie Adams Fields.  See Correspondents.

Sarah:  Sarah Holland Adams.  See Annie Fields in Correspondents.

express that leaves North Creek:  From Raquette Lake, NY, where Jewett, Fields, and Garrett are vacationing, North Creek is about 45 miles east.

Mary:  Mary Garrett.  See Correspondents.

Triem:  This person remains unidentified, though the name appears in several letters.  Also, this spelling is uncertain.  Jewett's birthday was 3 September.

The manuscript of this letter is held by Historic New England in the Jewett Family Papers MS014.02.  Transcription and annotation by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett and Carrie Jewett Eastman

Wednesday Morning
 [ September 1894 ]*

 Dear Girls

                We had an awfully good time yesterday -- quite an ideal day for seeing something of the life here.  Mrs. Durant* sent a little steam launch for us about ten and we went up across the lake{,} getting caught in a great squall by the way so that we had to [maneuver corrected] some time to get into the narrow mouth of the South Inlet* where I went hunting the other night -- but we finally succeeded & went two miles up the inlet and landed at a carry where we footed it two miles through the wood, and I measured one ^pine^ tree that was thirteen feet around about four feet from the ground -- just the size of the biggest Jack and Olive's* one though it looked larger even.  It was not such an even trunk and so really it wasn't quite so big --  At the end of that Carry was a lake which we were rowed across and came to one of the Durants hunting camps a most lovely place with a nice yellow-haired Sweeny* who was the keeper.  These

[ Page 2 ]

camps are built of big spruce logs rough outside and squared nicely with the broad axe inside and everything is kept plain and all the furniture made while the house was building -- all the crockery on open dressers and a long ^[dining ?]^ table with nice scoured wooden benches along side, and a store closet and an open camp for the guides to sleep in and another one for company with such a view of the great pine tree and the lakes and mountains.  You There is always an ice house and a work shop and a shed all built of logs in the most picturesque way.  You cant imagine such a combination of roughness and perfect luxury! -- At this camp we took a buckboard{,} a heavy comfortable thing and were hauled across most of the way, because the rain had made the carry so muddy.  I forgot to say that we found some horses at the landing with what they call a jumper* -- like a low pung on runners, and our wraps & things came over in that.  we walked part of the way{--} it was such a delicious fresh day for walking and finally came to Mohegan Lake* where we were again rowed across

[ Page 3 ]

and came to the Durants big camp there which makes you think of what the old northmen must have had.  There is a great hall with seats all about and cushions on springs so that you never felt anything so [comfortable partly blotted out] especially after a long walk!  And a [huge partly blotted out] stone fireplace and all the bear traps and fox traps hanging on the wall at one end and a great buffalo skin and deer skins on the floor and a big round table in the middle and queer seats and chairs scattered about and 'pelts' of all sorts of beasts hanging in bundles, and great long windows on two sides, with books about and lots of room -- it must have been quite thirty feet square if not more.  There was a much larger cluster of out buildings -- a big laundry and kitchen and store houses, with the dining room just down the slope.  It is a kind of patriarchal life with such troops of people about.  We had the best of dinners.  little

[ Page 4 ]

^soup, and little^ trout cooked in a delicious way and a haunch of venison with all sorts of delicious vegetables and such an eminent dessert of little cream cakes heaped up [about ?] whipped cream and bedecked with [ snips ?] of candied fruit -- There is a man cook and nothing could excel his dinner.  We were hungry enough to like anything.  Then we [strayed ?] about and saw the establishment and Mrs. Durant saw to housekeeping before we started.  There is this camp and the Shedd Lake* one and one on another lake called Sumners* -- about the same size and then the one over opposite here on Raquette* called Pine Knot -- which is nearly as fine as the one where we dined.  Sometimes they have parties at each one hunting and fishing, and then there [is corrected] the great house boat riding at anchor!  but they live here all the time except for going down to New York for a few weeks sometimes and sometimes to California where Mrs. Durant's mother* lives

[ Page 5 ]

                They say (they being the guides) that the Uncas Camp* where we went & which was built last year, cost fifty thousand dollars.  It was so interesting to see it all! -- We got belated and it was sunset on the first lake we crossed and moonlight almost at Shedd but we stopped there and had tea! and sights of cakes and things that Sweeny set forth with pride and then it was so dark that most of us were put into the jumper which earned its name and bumped about like a ^stone^ drag* running away so that we had to hold on hard to each other to keep from spilling.  The little steamer was waiting and we got home toward nine and it had turned clear cold so that there was a fine white frost this morning and for once I was so cold out in the open camp that I crawled out of my cocoon of blankets and mended up the

[ Page 6 ]

big fire.  It was the most beautiful night out there that we have had -- the moonlight through the trees and the bright moon and stars.  I like so much better 'sleeping out' when it is cool.  I found a lot of letters when I got home from Mrs. Russell at Naushon* and Ellen Mason* who says she has come home so well and S. W.* and both of you -- Sister knows that old rat that pounded over head -- but upon second thought she has thought before that he had come to [a blotted] sad end and heard him clunking the very night after!  There are so many things that I shall be remembering to tell you when I get home.  I wish I could have managed to be there Saturday but A.F. and I conclude that it is not possible though we both are anxious and [intended to ?] get together and talk about it!  You dont say anything about the girl who had been at the Halls.*  I wonder if they cant be got hold of, these friends of whom Mary McSorley* passes news?  Mary Garrett* & A.F. send love & so does SOJ.



Much of the information about the Durant's camps and environs in these notes comes from Alfred Lee Donaldson, A History of the Adirondacks, v. 2 (1921) Chapter 36.  Page numbers are from this title, unless otherwise indicated.  On the Google map below, Raquette Lake is at the balloon, northwest of Saratoga Springs, NY where Durant family had their permanent home.

September 1894:  In Sarah Orne Jewett (1994), Blanchard says that Jewett, Fields and Garrett stayed at Raquette Lake during September of 1894 (p. 270). 

Mrs. Durant: It seems likely that Jewett refers to Janet L. Stott Durant.
  Heloise Hannah Timbrell (1824-1901) was the wife of Dr. Thomas C. Durant (1820 - 1885), who left the practice of medicine for the railroad business and property development.  Their children were Heloise Durant Rose and William West Durant (1850 - 1934). William Durant became a main developer of the area near to which his father had built a railroad and where he accumulated property.  Purchasing more property, the younger Durant built popular summer and winter camps for vacationers.  He married Janet L. Stott (1865-1931) in 1884, and they divorced in 1898; then he married Annie Cotton (1873-1962) in 1906.

South Inlet: On the Google satellite map below, the South Inlet of Raquette Lake enters from the southeast part of the lake, east of the town of Raquette Lake.

Jack and Olive's one: This is somewhat obscure.  Jewett may refer to the Jack Pine, a common eastern North American pine tree.  And she may refer to a large pine in South Berwick, associated perhaps with Olive Grant. See Correspondents.

Sweeny:  Identified as the camp keeper and perhaps also the cook.  Further information is welcome.

jumper -- like a low pung on runners:  Wiktionary provides this definition: "A crude kind of sleigh, usually a simple box on runners which are in one piece with the poles that form the thills." Wiktionary also defines "pung": "A low box-like sleigh designed to be pulled by one horse."

Mohegan Lake: This lake's name has changed to Uncas and back again to Monhegan.    It is about 2 miles southeast of Sagamore Lake, bottom left on the Google satellite image below.

Shedd Lake:  Shedd Lake has been renamed Sagamore Lake (p. 93), the small lake at lower middle of the satellite image.

lake called Sumners: Sumner Lake has been changed to Lake Kora (p. 93). Bottom right of the satellite map below, about two miles south of Shedd/Sagamore Lake.

Raquette called Pine Knot: Pine Knott on Raquette Lake was the home of William and Janet Durant.

RaquetteMrs. Durant's motherHelen Elizabeth "Lizzie" Lathrop Stott (1837-1907), wife of Commodore Francis Horatio "Frank" Stott (1832-1900) was the mother of Janet Durant.  It seems odd that she would live apart from her husband and large family, and so it is possible Jewett means Mrs. Durant's "mother-in-law," Heloise Hannah Timbrell Durant (1824-1901).  It is not yet known whether this Mrs. Durant resided in California after her husband's death. OR, it may be that we do not have the correct date for this letter.  Assistance is welcome.

Uncas Camp: Camp Uncas on Mohegan Lake, completed in 1892, was for the personal use of William Durant, but financial difficulties forced him to sell it to banker J. Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) in 1896.  The camp was named after the Native American character in James Fenimore Cooper's, Leatherstocking Tales, particularly The Last of the Mohicans (1826).

a ^stone^ drag: a sledge for moving heavy objects, such as stones that must be cleared regularly from New England fields.

Mrs. Russell at Naushon:  This is a stab into the dark.  Mary Hathaway Forbes (1844-1916) married Henry Sturgis Russell (1838-1905).  She was the daughter of John Murray Forbes (1813-1898) a wealthy Massachusetts businessman and philanthropist. Her brother was William Hathaway Forbes (1840-1897) who married Edith Emerson, daughter of Ralph Waldo Emerson and friend of Jewett and Fields.  The Forbes family summered on Naushon Island, MA, just off Cape Cod.

Ellen Mason
:  See Correspondents.

S. W.: Sarah Wyman Whitman. See Correspondents.

A. F.: Annie Adams Fields. See Correspondents.

the Halls:  This seems to be a family, perhaps in South Berwick.  Further information is welcome.

Mary McSorley:  This person has not been identified.  Assistance is welcome.

Mary Garrett:  See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is held by Historic New England in the Jewett Family Papers MS014.01.04.  Transcription and annotation by Terry Heller, Coe College.

[Manchester 2 October 1894 in another hand]
Tuesday morning

Dear Girls [Mary and Carrie in another hand]

    I had such a nice time last night & yesterday -- "Mary O'Brion"* and a Miss Hall* who sings beautifully came down from town and Sally Norton* played her violin and we had a beautiful music!  Mrs. Bell & Mrs. Pratt* came over and a few other friends, and it was a lovely afternoon with

[ Page 2 ]

such a sunset and a new moon, and then after tea we had a lot more music.

    They are all going today so that we shall be left to ourselves and I must do some writing.  Only to think of Dilly!* and I can imagine how she looks forlorn but with her excellent appetite and Frances care* [apparently stray marks in right margin that may indicate 's or perhaps an apostrophe and a comma] I dont think she will be long in regaining her beauty.*   I wonder if Mary*

[ Page 3 ]

will get home today.  I am sorry there is such a row going, but the great thing is for us to keep quiet and not discuss our part of it with anybody now, neither defending ourselves nor accusing other people.  It is much better so than to get them fighting back with us.  They can go on with the library to a certain extent and they had much better do it.  I feel above fighting at any rate: lets keep on with our own affairs.  People

[ Page 4 ]

will be coming to call to know what we say -- and I dont mean to gratify them.  I dont think it is dignified, and the silly business will stop the sooner if we keep still.  As for writing Mr. Fogg* I dont want to -- just yet. I shall think about it today however and if there is anything I think I can say I will say it!

    I had such a nice letter from Mrs. Whitman{;}* how soon she will be back now.  Sailing this next Saturday.  She wrote coming from Venice to Milan*

[ Page 5 ]

and her letter makes me feel as if I were seeing it over again with the mulberry trees and the little yellow cities up on the tops of the hills beyond the plain.  Mary O'Brion was so funny about Mrs. Stanley Pullen.*  Poor old [Friem ?]* wasnt so far wrong about {her;}  Mary O'Brion is more bea-aut-ful than ever!  She has grown very fine [looking corrected].  The company is

[ Page 6 ]

going, so I cant stop to write any more, but send much love to both of you and Frances, and hopes, in with even this poor letter from -- fond Sister.


"Mary O'Brion": Mary Eliza O'Brion (1859-1930 -- unconfirmed life dates), Boston-based concert pianist, private teacher, and instructor at Wellesley College. Her name appears regularly on programs as a piano soloist and accompanist with various groups and orchestras.  She often performed with the Latvian immigrant composer and pianist Olga von Radecki (1858-1933).  Among von Radecki's compositions is a setting of Jewett's poem, "Boat Song."

Miss Hall:  It seems likely this was Miss Marguerite Hall, who appears in the Boston Musical Year Book (v. 1) Season of 1883-84, in numerous vocal and piano performances.  While an internet search finds her name in many performances in the United States and abroad through the early 20th century, it yields as yet no further information about her.  Assistance is welcome.
     Mary O'Brion and Olga von Radecki also appear multiple times in the 1883-84 yearbook.  As Boston-based, female musicians in the 1880s and 1890s who regularly performed with the Boston Symphony, they were likely to be acquainted and to engage in private performances together.

Sally Norton: Sara Norton. See Correspondents.

Mrs. Bell & Mrs. Pratt:  Probably Helen Olcott (Choate) Bell and her sister Mrs. Ellerton Pratt. See Correspondents.

Dilly ... Frances care: Probably this is Frances Fisk Perry, daughter of Jewett's aunt, Lucretia Perry.  See Correspondents. Dilly remains unidentified, but that this is a Perry family pet or horse seems likely.

Mary:  Since it seems clear that the letter is addressed in part to Jewett's sister, this would seem to be another Mary, but it may be that Mary Rice Jewett is currently away from home.

silly business ... Mr. Fogg:  The Fogg Memorial Building at the Berwick Academy was in progress and under discussion throughout 1894, with difficulties emerging at various times.

Mrs. Whitman
:  Sarah Wyman Whitman. See Correspondents.

Mrs. Stanley PullenElisabeth Jones (Mrs. Stanley T.) Pullen (1849-1926).  In 1885 she married Nino Cavazza of Modena, Italy, who died within a year after their wedding.  She is the author of Don Finimondone: Calabrian Sketches (1892), as well of of translations, short fiction, essays and poetry. After her second marriage in 1894, she resided in Portland, ME, with Stanley Thomas Pullen (1843-1910), a writer for the Portland Daily Press and the Boston Literary World.  He was the founder of the Maine State Society for the Protection of Animals.  After remarrying, she usually published under the name Elisabeth Pullen, but sometimes as Elisabeth Cavazza. See also, Meredith L. McGill, The Traffic in Poems (2008), pp. 166-7.

Friem:  Versions of this name appear in several letters, but this person has not yet been identified.

The manuscript of this letter is held by Historic New England in the Jewett Family Papers MS014.01.04.  Transcription and annotation by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Sara Norton

South Berwick
October 1894 1

I forgot to ask you to be sure to read Mr. Warner's Editors Study papers in the November Harper's -- 2

S. O. J.


1 The envelope of this letter is postmarked "1894."

2Charles Dudley Warner's regular column in Harper's_Monthly. This particular column argues for maintaining "the few remaining country academies" and speaks against the notions of "The New Woman": "I am tired of reading about Woman in all periodicals and newspapers as if she were a newly discovered species" (960-4).  See Correspondents.

The manuscript of this letter is in the collection of the Miller Library of Colby College, Waterville, ME.  The transcription first appeared in Scott Federick Stoddart's Ph.D. dissertation at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign: Selected Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett, copyright by Stoddart, 1988.  Annotation is by Stoddart, supplemented where appropriate by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett

Sunday afternoon

[ October 1894  ]

Dear O. P.*

      ………..…Corbett licked didn't he Carrie!!  Shall you ever forget the little Doctor!*


October 1894:  The letter seems to imply that Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., has recently died.  His death was 7 October 1894.  In that same year, James Corbett, the boxer, won two important matches.  The first was a title defense on 25 January. The second, on 7 September, was an exhibition match with Peter Courtney, which was, according to Wikipedia (see below) only the second boxing events to be filmed.  It is possible that Jewett and her sisters have seen this film when she writes this letter.
   The line of points presumably indicates an omission from the manuscript.

O.P.:  A family nickname for Mary Rice Jewett.

Corbett ...Carrie ... little Doctor:  Almost certainly, Jewett refers to James J. Corbett (1866-1933),  a famous Irish-American boxer of the 1890s.
    Carrie is Caroline Jewett Eastman.  See Correspondents.
    Jewett and others often referred to Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. as "the little Doctor."  See Correspondents.

This text is from transcriptions from mixed repositories in the Maine Women Writer's Collection, University of New England, Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett, 1875-1890, Undated Letters, Folder 75, Burton Trafton Jewett Research Collection. For more information about the individual transcription, contact the Maine Women Writers Collection. Notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Louise Imogen Guiney

South Berwick, Maine        6 Novr


My dear friend

    I threw down my pen an hour ago and took up your Roadside Harp and the one having seemed to be rusty it did my heart good to find the other in tune.  And after I had read again those [poems] I know and care about best and most, and had made those lovely discoveries which one can always make in true "poetry books" -- of new things that seem old and old things that seem new and the poem that one likes so much that she believes she never can have read it before! -- I began to wonder if I had ever really told you how much I thank you for your work! We New Englanders are apt [for] to wait for Christmas -- a lucky Christmas at that! -- before we dare to speak out, but to me the chance appears today. I believe so thoroughly in your lovely gift and in your skill and depth of feeling in the use of it. I am so proud of your background of scholarship and ever-growing knowledge of "the best that has been thought and said in the world"* that I feel every year surer of what you may [do] the next year and the next. It is the lack of this same background of scholarship and knowledge of literature that has worked much woe to the gifts of our writers -- no matter how clear and swift the stream if it doesn't come from the great fountains. [three words deleted] The heavens may flow into it on its way and every field and pasture give it a rill, but the mountain springs are those that never fail.* One must know the world's best knowledge of itself, its gathered waters of truth, else the stream grows shallow -- but why do I write this to you? The rusty pen has found its way into my hand again!

    If I can only make it say what is in my heart or if I could only make you feel how heartily I would throw all pens away if you were here and give you my hand instead, I should be so glad! We are fellow workers in our great craft these many years now, and I like to do you honor and to bless you on your way; I thank you with warm affection for your beautiful work in verse and prose. I am so glad to hear that Mrs. Fields is to have some little visits from you and that you are to go to the concerts together, for I know she will like it so much. Please give my best regards to your mother and believe me always

            Yours most sincerely

    Sarah O. Jewett

I must not forget to say how much I like the Little English Gallery. It was a charming idea to put the essays together and into their green cover. How uncommonly good Miss Alice Brown's story was in the October Atlantic. I liked it very much, and we must talk about it when we see us again!*


the best that has been thought and said:  See Matthew Arnold's preface to Literature and Dogma. "Matthew Arnold, b. Dec. 24, 1822, d. Apr. 15, 1888, was a major Victorian poet, the principal English literary critic of his generation, an important commentator on society and culture, and an effective government official. His father was Thomas Arnold, the headmaster of Rugby School." (Source: Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia).

the mountain springs are those that never fail:  Phrases about the reliability of mountain springs are fairly common in literary texts and scriptures.  Well-known in the 19th-century may have been Flavius Josephus, who writes of the landscape of Perea: "It is also sufficiently watered with torrents, which issue from the mountains, and with springs that never fail to run...." (The Works of Flavius Josephus, 1856, p. 296). See also Isaiah 58:11.

Little English Gallery:  The last two sentences of the letter's postscript were written on the margins of the first page.
    A Roadside Harp A Book of Verses, published in 1893 by Houghton, Mifflin &  Company, was dedicated to Dora Sigerson (Mrs. Clement Shorter) of Dublin, Ireland. Louise told Dora that Miss Jewett was "one of our best-known American writers, and a most lovely and lovable woman." A Little English Gallery (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1894) is a volume in the American Essayist Series and is dedicated to Edmund Gosse. "Heartease" is the title of the short story by Alice Brown in the October, 1894, issue of the Atlantic.

Dora Sigerson (Mrs. Clement Shorter):  "Dora Maria Sigerson Shorter (1866 - 1918) was an Irish poet and sculptor, who after her marriage in 1895 wrote under the name Dora Sigerson Shorter."  (Wikipedia)  Sigerson and Guiney were frequent correspondents.

Edmund Gosse ... Alice BrownSir Edmund William Gosse (1849 - 1928) "was an English poet, author and critic. He was strictly brought up in a small Protestant sect, the Plymouth Brethren, but broke away sharply from that faith. His account of his childhood in the book Father and Son has been described as the first psychological biography" (Wikipedia).  Alice Brown (1857 - 1948) was an American novelist, poet and playwright, best known as a writer of local color stories" (Wikipedia).

The manuscript of this letter is held by the Dinand Library of Holy Cross College in the collection of materials of Louise Imogen Guiney.  The transcription by William L. Lucey, S. J. appeared in "'We New Englanders': Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett to Louise Imogen Guiney." Records of the American Catholic Historical Society of Philadelphia 70 (1959): 58-64.  In his transcription: "Words inserted above the line by Miss Jewett have been lowered and bracketed; deleted words have been bracketed and italicized or, when illegible, a deletion has been indicated."  Notes are by Lucey and supplemented by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Andress Small Floyd

     South Berwick, Maine
     November 11, 1894

    My dear Mr. Floyd:

     Your letter interests me very much and I shall certainly give you the best advice I can.
     In the first place you make a great mistake in thinking that editors are careless about new writers. I believe that 'new blood' counts for more in this profession than any other. You see that a new writer of real talent usually wins success at once for the newspapers and magazines are always on the lookout for what in brief we may call novelties! In no business, I am sure, does the quality of a person's work get such instant credit. But then the editors must keep their pages full and for this, 'novelties' being rare! they have to depend upon what has come to being called a Staff of writers. All this I need but to remind you of and not to explain at length. It is my experience too that it hinders an editor's interest in an unknown writer's manuscript to have it brought in with an introduction: it is apt to make him think that it is afraid to come on its own merits, and so I advise you always to send your stories straight to the office on their own feet.
     It is, after all, a business like any other and a writer must go into its market and learn the laws of that, and what I might almost call the personality of the different magazines and the line of articles which seems to naturally belong to them. While one's personal experience and knowledge count for almost more than in any other business, one can hardly expect at first or as an amateur to catch hold at once! any more than he could accomplish much by taking a day or two in the law or at real estate brokerage.
     Now then! I should advise you to try some of your work and see what it does for itself. I think that the Portland Transcript pays something and Mr. Pickard1 is a most appreciative and valuable man as its editor. And the Youth's Companion prints a great many articles and covers a wide range and pays very well. You probably know its character and how it likes brief sketches of adventure and everyday life, and it can give work to many people at once. I should study it a little and perhaps aim some of your papers directly for a certain department and say so when you send them. As for your long story, of course I cannot speak intelligently not knowing of what sort it may be, and I am so busy just now that I ought not to think of asking to see it. But if you could send me a chapter next week and one of your short sketches, I would tell you anything that occurred to me.
     I do not often like to say this, but I am interested in the manly way in which you have turned to my own business when your chosen work seems to have been so sadly put aside for the present. But the best advice I have to give is that you look upon it as a distinct profession which may be learnt like any other. Though no profession can be so furthered by natural gifts, there are many departments in journalism and magazine work which hard work can master and in which really valuable work may be done if one will take the trouble. I should think that your own experience in the study of the law might be made very interesting. My father used to give me this excellent advice: "Don't try to write about things: write the things themselves just as they are."2
     With kindest regards, believe me

     Yours sincerely,
     Sarah O. Jewett


     1 Samuel Thomas Pickard (1828-1915), editor and part owner of the Portland Transcript for four decades. Nephew by marriage to Whittier, he became his literary executor and official biographer, Life and Letters of John Greenleaf Whittier (Boston, 1894), 2 vols. Pickard had published Miss Jewett's obituary of "Mrs. Osgood of Bar Mills," in the Transcript (March 22, 1893), 51.
     2 A paraphrase of her father's words quoted in "Looking Back on Girlhood," Youth's Companion, LXV (January 7, 1892), 5-6. Compare with Letters 2, note 3; 25, note 2; 99.

This letter is edited and annotated by Richard Cary in Sarah Orne Jewett Letters; the ms. is held by Colby College Special Collections, Waterville, Maine.

SOJ to Carolyn Jewett Eastman and Mary Rice Jewett

    Saturday Morning [17 November 1894]*

Dear Mary & Carrie

    I am so glad to get your nice letter this morning and relieved to have found that the Dover man knew about bow-wows, for now I hope little brother Timmy* will get on well, and it was so much better for him not to come to Boston if we could help it -- he would have been much worse by the time he got there.  When I spoke of the possibility however it was


a great pleasure and the hope at once expressed that Theodore* could stay over Sunday!  Much love is sent to the family and we are both so relieved about Timmy. -----  It was perfectly lovely coming by all the marshes but when I got here my throat began to get sore and I felt all to pieces and didn't go out to do anything as I meant, and thought I was in for an awful cold and had got


it going to John Shaw's!* and added to it leaving my window open a little that hot night before! ---- but a bottle was produced and recommended "that Mrs. Cabot gave me"* --- and I went to bed early and felt first rate with no signs of disaster and no cold apparently.  Wasn't that funny?  I didnt know what I should do! [but ?] perhaps a little occasion of rheumatism took that form or else it was a good bottle Mary ! ! !

    The very Reverend


[Hole written over some letters] -- Dean of Rochester* isnt expected until December 10.  As for [Dr. written over Mr.] Doyle* -- he is coming sometime on Monday but I don't know when.  Mrs. Morse and Fanny* are coming today to luncheon.  I enclose [Georgies ? ] letter.*  I do wish that Nixon would fall in love.  I think there may be an opportunity in January dont you?  Sister was much grateful with Nixons friendly feeling.*  It is so warm and nice but I wish I had a thin best dress.  My white one for instance!  I must go my ways to Miss Cameron* hoping these few

[Written up the left margin of p. 1 and then in the top margin]

lines will find you well.  Last night A. F. went to a meeting with Rose which I was [mournful ?] to lose.  They had a great time.  I should like to have seen Rose.  Annette was there.

    With much love


17 November 1894:  As shown in the notes below, Jewett was at Annie Fields's home in Boston when Arthur Conan Doyle came to Boston during his 1894 lecture tour.  As 10 December is mentioned as a date in the near future, it seems likely that this letter was composed before Doyle's second arrival on 19 November.  The preceding Saturday was 17 November.

:  One of the Jewett family dogs.  It appears the dog has been ill, and it seems likely the "Dover man" is a veterinary.

Theodore:  Theodore Eastman, Jewett's nephew, son of Carrie Eastman.  See Correspondents.

John Shaw's:  Though little has been learned about him, a John Shaw apparently is pictured in front of the house of John Reardon at 293 Emery’s Bridge Road in South Berwick, ME sometime in the final two decades of the 19th century.  Wendy Pirsig of the Old Berwick Historical Society points out that John Shaw appears in Glady Hasty Carroll's Dunnybrook (1943) on Warren V. Hasty's map of the area northeast of South Berwick, which is reproduced in Pirsig's The Placenames of South Berwick (2007), p. 180.  It appears that at some time in the late 19th century, John Shaw occupied the house on Emery Bridge Road that is shown in the photograph of the John Reardon home.

Mrs. Cabot:  Susan Burley Cabot.  See Correspondents.

Hole --Dean of RochesterWikipedia says:  "Samuel Reynolds Hole (5 December 1819 - 27 August 1904) was an English Anglican priest, author and horticulturalist.... A prebendary of Lincoln Cathedral and an honorary chaplain to Edward Benson, the then Archbishop of Canterbury, he became Dean of Rochester [Cathedral] in 1887."  In The Letters of Samuel Reynolds Hole: Dean of Rochester, Hole writes on 13 December 1894 to a friend that he received a "splendid reception" in Boston.  He reports that his lecture tour has taken him 6000 miles, and that he has received the honors of having several flowers named after him (162)..

Dr. DoyleDr. Arthur Conan Doyle lectured in Canada and the United States 2 October - 8 December 1894.  According to Christopher Redmond in Welcome to America, Mr. Sherlock Holmes, Doyle was in the Boston area from 31 October to about 4 November, and returned for a few days on 19 November (pp. 91-5, 125-7).

Mrs. Morse and Fanny ... Georgies letter ... that Nixon would fall in love:  Harriet Jackson Lee (Mrs. Samuel Tapley) Morse and her daughter Frances Rollins Morse.  See Correspondents
        Georgie and Nixon have not been identified with certainty.  However, in SOJ to Carolyn Jewett Eastman and Mary Rice Jewett [ 25 August.  Pride's Crossing 1887 ], Jewett mentions familiar interaction with Mr. Black in Manchester, MA.  This is the prominent philanthropist George Nixon Black, Jr. (1842-1928), who never married and who is believed to have been homosexual.  An article at the Woodlawn Museum (Ellsworth, ME)  "Woodlawn Shows off 19th Century High-life," by David Roza, indicates that Black's friends often called him "Nixon."  It seems reasonable, therefore, to speculate that the letter from Georgie is from George Nixon Black, Jr., and that he is the Nixon to whom she refers.

Miss Cameron:  This Miss Cameron apparently is a Boston dress-maker.  See SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett  [9 January 1896 ].

A. F. ... Rose ... Annette:  For Annie Fields and (probably) Rose Lamb, see Correspondents.
    Annette probably is Annette Rogers, about whom little is yet known.  Her name is listed with contributors to and officers for the Overseers of the Poor for the City of Boston, where Annie Fields also was active.  She helped to organize the Howard Industrial School for "colored" refugees from the Civil War in Cambridge, MA.  See Lydia H. Farmer, What America Owes to Women (1893, p. 365).

The manuscript of this letter is held by Historic New England in Letters from Sarah Orne Jewett to Caroline Augusta Jewett Eastman and Mary Rice Jewett, Jewett Family Papers: MS014.01.02.01.  Transcribed and annotated by Terry Heller. Coe College.

SOJ to Andress Small Floyd


     South Berwick, Maine
     November 22, 1894

    Dear Mr. Floyd:

     I have read your short story and the chapter and the verses and I do not think they are by any means as good work as you with your experience of life ought to do. The verses have so much simplicity and dramatic touch that they interested me a good deal, especially in your sense of fine art in the way you used the refrain. But they lack finish -- the rhyme and sometimes the metre are not well worked out. The short story is not so good as the chapter. I find it boyish and crude in its plot, which may be good but should not have been turned upon so serious a subject as the hero's affection! Don't you see what I mean?
     I am sure that one should always try to write of great things in a great way and with at least 'imaginative realism.' There is nothing so good in what you have sent me as the scene between the hero of your novel and the little girl with the books and patchwork -- you have done a beautiful thing there!

     Now I am going to advise you to try some short sketches in this direction. Remember that the typical man or woman is better than the specimen in such work: try to make use of your own experience, in your studies, in your illness and its associations which must have taught you many things. There is a delightful book of Stories by C. H. White, who is a brilliant young lawyer in Boston named Chaplin.1 There is a story called "A [Five] Hundred Dollars" and another still better, I cannot remember the title but you can easily look it up. I don't think I should trust to powers of invention yet in writing, if I were you, but rather to my experience and sympathy and imagination. Don't mind how brief your stories are. I can see how you could take Tiny and the young man and make a beautiful sketch. He must often find a dull afternoon when he feels left out and defeated, and when grown people's sympathy doesn't help him, and Tiny comes with her patchwork and does a kinder work than she knows. Or one always likes stories of student life: a young lawyer's experiences, perhaps some unexpected professional calls, might be made very interesting.

     I can hardly tell much from the chapter of your novel. You will have to work over it, judging from this chapter. You have certainly planned it in a large way but to deal adequately with the great passions and situations of life asks for great talents and for still greater patience. I do not know enough myself to be of much assistance, but if you will believe in your novel you must give your best self to it and have 'the courage of your opinions.'

     With kindest wishes, believe me

     Yours sincerely,
     S. O. Jewett

     I hope that you will feel at liberty to write again, if I can be of assistance about your work.2 I hope that you are able to keep on with your professional reading. I wonder if you ever read the Life ofFawcett, the English statesman and postmaster general?3 It is such a lesson for all of us. You remember that he was stricken with blindness in the middle of his early activity and bravely made a plan for himself by which he was able to keep on. When one thinks of it, how few of us do not have to battle against some incapacity: lack of strength or some other hindrance! I think Fawcett's example has been an astonishing help to many men and women.


     1 Heman White Chaplin (1847-1924) was the grandson of the Reverend Jeremiah Chaplin, first president of Colby College. Miss Jewett is referring to his pseudonymic volume on Massachusetts fishermen and country folk, Five Hundred Dollars, and Other Stories of New England Life (Boston, 1887), which ran into several editions. Under his own name, Chaplin turned out books on legal problems and industrial relations.
     2 Floyd apparently did not write again. Miss Jewett's two letters to him were incorporated by his daughter Olive Beatrice Floyd in "Sarah Orne Jewett's Advice to a Young Writer," Yale Review XXVI (December 1936), 430-432. With understandable constraint Miss Floyd omitted from her published version Miss Jewett's harsher strictures and her references to Chaplin and Fawcett.
     3 Leslie Stephen, Life of Henry Fawcett (London, 1885). Henry Fawcett, blinded in a shooting accident in 1858, nevertheless took active part in the social and athletic life at Cambridge, made a reputation as a writer and teacher of political economy, and in 1880 became Gladstone's postmaster general.

This letter is edited and annotated by Richard Cary in Sarah Orne Jewett Letters; the ms. is held by Colby College Special Collections, Waterville, Maine.

SOJ to Horace E. Scudder

     South Berwick, Maine
     November 23, 1894

     Dear Mr. Scudder:

     I send you the story1 but I hope to make it still better when I have the proof to work upon. I hope that you will like it, and that I shall like it better when I see it again! Just now I have been working over it too long, which always seems a pity, or rather makes the story itself seem a pity!

     Yours sincerely,
     S. O. Jewett


     1 "The Life of Nancy," Atlantic Monthly, LXXV (February 1895), 175-187; collected in The Life of Nancy.

This letter is edited and annotated by Richard Cary in Sarah Orne Jewett Letters; the ms. is held by Colby College Special Collections, Waterville, Maine. 

SOJ to Louisa Loring Dresel

2 December

South Berwick, Maine

Dear Loulie

I sit here at my desk and feel quite calm and far removed from Fairs! but if I get to town in season on Tuesday the 4th (which isn't very likely.) I will certainly try to go to the Vincent Fair at Trinity Chapel.*  I did not know that it came so soon. On Wednesday I am going to Hartford for two or three days and I cannot tell yet whether I shall stay in town over Sunday or come home. This is a very busy time with stories and though I wish to see people and to do other things than write I find it very hard to break away and wish that there had been two Novembers in this short year.

You will have a good deal to tell about the summer and I like to store away something's to tell you. Your letter sounds as if you felt well, which pleases me very much.  I hope that you found your mother well too? How we shall miss Mrs. Howe* this winter -- how I do miss her already I mean! I had letters from her this week after an unusually long silence while she was getting settled in Rome. Mrs. Fields went away yesterday after spending a few Thanksgiving days! with us -- She brought a bad cold and I am sorry to say that she also carried it away to town again. I hope that she did not miss last nights concert which must have been delightful. How are your aunts?* I did not get to see them all summer I was so little at Manchester and it seems a long time since I heard about them.  Please carry my love when you see them next time, 

-- Wish your art table great good luck!

Yours affectionately,

S. O. J.

Notes by Scott Frederick Stoddart, supplemented by Terry Heller, Coe College.

Monday:  December 2, 1894 fell on Sunday, which is why Jewett indicates her plans to travel on Tuesday, 4 December.

Trinity Chapel: Trinity Chapel is in Copley Square in Boston, Massachusetts.  The Vincent Fair likely was a fund-raising event for the Vincent Hospital in Worcester.  Julia Ward Howe records attending a Vincent Fair at the Boston Museum in April 1890.

Mrs. Howe:  Alice Greenwood Howe (1835-1924) was a long-time friend of both Jewett and Fields. Jewett dedicated The Country of the Pointed Firs to her in 1896.

your aunts:  Information about Dresel's aunts is sketchy.  She is known to have one aunt, Helene Dresel (born circa 1842), who was the wife of Otto Dresel's brother Adolf (b. September 27, 1822).  Assistance is welcome.

The manuscript of this letter is in the collection of the Miller Library of Colby College, Waterville, ME.  The transcription first appeared in Scott Federick Stoddart's Ph.D. dissertation at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign: Selected Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett, copyright by Stoddart, 1988.

SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett and Carrie Jewett Eastman

[Added in another hand: 14 December 1894]

Dear Mary & Sister Carrie

    I am pleased to state that I continue to be better and I now recommend a bat of cotton to Carrie & Rebecca* with camphorated oil onto it as being very effective.  Dr. Morton* has just been here and finds me so much better that she is going to pass to New York by the three o clock train to remain until Sunday night and

[ Page 2 ]

leave me to "Mary Ho bart."*  Elizabeth Howard Bartol* will accompany her ....  I feel pretty weak now but with a great sense of having turned the corner.  Coolidge* has offered lettys and I quite long to hear how the fair went off.

    If we never gave away those blue & white Japanese cups & saucers why couldn't we send them up to Tabby?

[ Page 3 ]

I  shall give my mind to Christmas things in a day or two better than I can now.  No, dont come up Mary{;} there isn't any need of it and the one thing I have to be careful about is talking which produces barking!  There was a pleasing occasion last night of I, Sarah & others to dinner but I didnt see any of them

[ Page 4 ]

of  course.  I am pleased about Stubby & the Greek.*  A.F.* sends love.  She would write but I like to be doing it.  Much love to all from Sarah.

Wasn't Cousin Alice's* letter rather melancholy?  It seems to me to wonder if they have had no bids for the Paradise water [orders ?]


Carrie & Rebecca: Carrie Jewett Eastman and Rebecca Young. See Correspondents.

Dr. Morton: Richard Cary identifies Dr. Morton: Dr. Helen Morton (d. March 12, 1916) had offices successively on Marlboro, Boylston, and Chestnut streets in Boston. Jewett once characterized her as "touchy {touching?} in her doctorly heart and more devoted in her private capacity as a friend."

"Mary Ho bart." ... Elizabeth Howard Bartol:  Jewett has written "Ho bart" in quotation marks and in two words for unknown reasons. Almost certainly, Mary Hobart (1851-1930) was Dr. Morton's colleague, a physician at the New England Hospital for Women and Children, specializing in obstetrics and a public lecturer on infant care.

Coolidge ... lettys: Katharine Coolidge offers letters. See Correspondents.

how the fair went off: Presumably this is a church fair in South Berwick.  Which fair is not yet known.

Tabby:  This person has not been identified.  Assistance is welcome.

Stubby & the Greek:  Stubby is Theodore Jewett Eastman. See Correspondents. The reference to "Greek" has not been explained; perhaps it refers to his school work.

A.F   Annie Adams Fields.  See Correspondents.

Cousin Alice's ... Paradise water:  Mrs. Alice Dunlap Gilman. See Correspondents. Richard Cary notes that the "Paradise Spring bottling company was one of the schemes of her husband, Charles Jervis Gilman, to restore his fortune. The spring ran through a tract originally granted to the Dunlap family, on the road to Bath about a mile from Brunswick. The naturally filtered water, although excellent, never managed to replace the Poland Spring brand in popular favor."

The manuscript of this letter is held by Historic New England in the Jewett Family Papers MS014.02.01.  Transcription and annotation by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Mary Rice Jewett and Carrie Jewett Eastman

[ Boston 15 December 1894 added in another hand]
Saturday morning

Dear Sisters

    I feel much better and hope that Carrie and Rebecca* can say the same.  This was to be the day I was certainly coming home, with a great deal of business achieved.  I saw Cora* a minute yesterday afternoon though forbidden all society but she was in one of her great rattling lines, not a bit like the last time I saw her, but I was glad to have her go{,} poor [old ?] thing{,} after she had been

[ Page 2 ]

here the shortest time.  There were those who had gone to the board meeting.*  Cora said she was busy with the Saturday Morning Club's play* and was on her way to Mrs. Milletts* to practice.  She hopes Carrie will come late &c and was nice & kind tho' rattly.  Sister* is going to have ice cream today as well as others: but oh how I have laughed at [Binnie ?] & Mary remembering the Commy's old [unrecognized word fiddle or riddle ?].  It stays by so I can laugh any [time corrected].  I have got a

[ Page 3 ]

Nurse since night before last.  I was afraid Mrs. Fields* would get all tired out & the girls with everything going on.  Katy the cook went home as you know and couldn't come back for some days, so Mrs. Fields got an old factotum known as Rose.  I dont think there is so much the matter with Katy.  She looked lively to me.  I suspected her of having shopping in hand & being a dressy lady.  This nurse is a  lil scout and makes nothing of stairs.  I seem to want things now I am getting

[ Page 4 ]

better.  She has a room over where the Blombergs* are, and expresses  hopes of "Mamma" though she thought she really was badly off that time she was sick two years ago.  Do tell Stubby* that I take such comfort in my silver finial.*  I can always get at it on my watch and its such a good little pelty.*  Mrs. Fields sends ever so much love{.}  She is so dear and nice.

     I dont cough hard now and dont have any [one or two unrecognized words ] in the morning.  Sister hopes her sister & Rebecca have had [ good ? ] carbonate of ammonia.*  So no more at present from Sarah

[ Up the left side and in the top margin of page 1 ]

I had a nice letter from Mr. Du  Maurier{.}*  He is hard at work on another story

[ Up the left margin of page 4 ]

Do see that Becca [two unreadable words? ] improving tomorrow!


15 December 1894This date seems likely to be correct.  Presumably by this time plans for the Saturday Morning Club's Shakespeare production were under way, and other letters confirm that Jewett was seriously ill beginning in December of 1894.  See notes below.

: Rebecca Young. See Correspondents.

Cora:  Cora Clark Rice. See Correspondents.

board meeting:  Almost certainly, Jewett means that Mrs. Annie Adams Fields, with whom she is staying, has gone to a meeting of the Associated Charities of Boston, of which she was a leader. See Correspondents.

the Saturday Morning Club's play:  William Shakespeare's play, The Winter's Tale, (c. 1611) was performed at Copley Hall, Boston, in February 1895 by the Saturday Morning Club, with a cast of women only.  While one cannot yet be certain that this is the performance to which Jewett refers, it is at least likely.  The Bostonian 2 (April 1895) presents a detailed, illustrated description of this production (pp.  1- 16).  The catalog of the records of the Club, held by the Schlesinger Library at Harvard, lists a number of Jewett friends associated with the Saturday Morning Club, including its founder, Julia Ward Howe, as well as Phillips Brooks, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Alice Longfellow, Louise Moulton, Sarah Wyman Whitman, and Annie Fields.

Mrs. Milletts:  Among the women acting in The Winter's Tale production was Emily Millet, so spelled, who played the young girl, Perdita.  This clue, however, has not yet led to identifying Mrs. Millett.

[Binnie ?] & Mary ... Commy's:  Mary probably is Mary Rice Jewett, but the others have not been identified. 

Nurse:  The identity of Jewett's nurse remains unknown.

Mrs. Fields:  Annie Adams Fields.  See Correspondents.

Katy the cook ... factotum known as Rose:  Information about Fields household employees has proven scarce.  Assistance is welcome.

the Blombergs:  Baroness Eva von Blomberg and her sister, Baroness Adelheid. See Correspondents.

Stubby:  Theodore Jewett Eastman. See Correspondents.

silver finial ... pelty:  A finial may be a decorative attachment for a pendant watch.  Jewett's use of variations of the word "pelt" remains mysterious.  She has used "pelter" to refer to horses and perhaps to other hair-covered animals.  The meaning of "pelty" hers is not yet known.

carbonate of ammonia: Among the uses of ammonium carbonate is for smelling salts, one treatment for the symptoms of bronchitis.

Mr. Du Maurier: Wikipedia says: "George Louis Palmella Busson du Maurier (6 March 1834 - 8 October 1896) was a French-British cartoonist and author, known for his cartoons in Punch and also for his novel Trilby. He was the father of actor Gerald du Maurier and grandfather of the writers Angela du Maurier and Dame Daphne du Maurier. He was also the father of Sylvia Llewelyn Davies and grandfather of the five boys who inspired J.M. Barrie's Peter Pan."

The manuscript of this letter is held by Historic New England in the Jewett Family Papers MS014.02.01.  Transcription and annotation by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Robert Underwood Johnson

     148 Charles Street
     December 21, 1894

     Dear Mr. Johnson:

     I thank you so much for your note and I should have answered it at once, but I have been ill with a very bad attack of bronchitis which keeps me in bed yet. I send the cheque for Mr. Newman's1 picture -- oddly enough I found your note about it a fortnight ago just as I left home, speaking of the price, etc., and said to myself that Mr. Newman must have forgotten it. I shall be very glad if you will send it here.
     I am sorry about the "Sad Captains."2 I shall be so glad if they do get printed and done with at last! I was just in the middle of a fine spin of work when I was taken so ill, but I shall have to put by everything now for a while.

     Mrs. Fields is very well and sends her best regards with mine and kindest Christmas wishes to you and Mistress Kate.3
     Ever your sincere and affectionate friend

     Sarah O. Jewett


     1 Presumably Henry Roderick Newman (c1843-1918), American artist who spent most of the last half-century of his life in Florence, Italy, and in Egypt. In high favor among amateurs, he specialized in water colors of architectural subjects, landscapes, and flower pieces. A gifted conversationalist, he counted among his friends Ruskin, Browning, Henry James, and Hawthorne.
     2 "All My Sad Captains," Century, L (September 1895), 736-748; collected in The Life of Nancy. Johnson had evidently accepted the story but then reported that there would be a delay of some months before it could be published.
     3 Mrs. Katharine McMahon Johnson. See Correspondents.

This letter is edited and annotated by Richard Cary in Sarah Orne Jewett Letters; the ms. is held by Colby College Special Collections, Waterville, Maine.

SOJ to Sarah Cabot Wheelwright

The Day after Christmas
Wed. morning

Dear Sarah

I must give you Katy's* message before I forget it -- "Please tell Mrs. Wheelwright I appreciate it very much and I am very thankful for her kindness" -- I have seldom seen our dear old Katy so touched and pleased and this gave me as great a pleasure myself for which I thank you too, dear. -- And for the pitice pencil which I shall hope to feel put to good use -- and will you thank dear Mary for the work=apy as I used to call my tires -- (I believe you ought to spell them tvres but please forgive!) It makes me almost begin another sailor's scarf this day. But best of all, dear, is the pleasure of keeping Christmas with you -- closer than we have been before and with so much happiness to remember in the year -- I ought to write this note with the gold pencil!

Yours very affectionately
with love to all three


Notes by Scott Frederick Stoddart, supplemented by Terry Heller, Coe College.

1894: The only year during Jewett's intimate acquaintance with the Wheelwrights when Christmas fell on a Tuesday.

Katy:  Katy Galvin, the Jewetts' maid for a number of years.

The manuscript of this letter is in the collection of the Miller Library of Colby College, Waterville, ME.  The transcription first appeared in Scott Federick Stoddart's Ph.D. dissertation at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign: Selected Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett, copyright by Stoddart, 1988.

Harriet Beecher Stowe to SOJ

"There's rosemary that's for remembrance
pray love, remember and there
is pansies, that's for thoughts."

December 31st, 1894.

Dear Friend,

     Accept my sincere thanks for your kind remembrance of me. The warm brief words of Christmas greeting in your own well remembered hand made my Christmas bright. The dainty mignonette [earlier?] brought fragrant memories of sunny days passed at "The Old Elms" where spicy odors from flower beds and the genial welcome of warm hearts made the time passed there ever to be remembered.*

     With warmest love and wishes for a bright and happy New Year to you and yours from your old Friend

     Harriet Beecher Stowe.


the old elms:  Stowe may refer to her 71st birthday garden party in 1882 given by Atlantic Monthly "under the elms" at the home of Mary Claflin in Newtonville, MA.  Mary Claflin was married to the recently retired Massachusetts governor and U.S. house member, William Claflin.  However, Jewett and Fields were unable to attend, as they were traveling in Europe at that time.  See Joan Hedrick, Harriet Beecher Stowe (394-5).  Perhaps in her final years, Stowe is misremembering, or perhaps she refers to other occasions when they have met under elm trees.

The ms. of this letter is held by the Houghton Library of Harvard University: bMS Am 1743 (204).  Transcription and notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.

SOJ to Annie Adams Fields

     Friday night, [1894?]*

     I have read most of the nice letters and enjoyed them so much while I sat by the light, talking and listening by turns. Now I have stolen into the office for a word. Here is Eldress Harriet,* who has given up the things of this world and can say stoutly at her letter's end that they, can "hold on fast by God," as the old version of the Psalms* has it, through their Shaker faith!* And dear Mrs. Stowe,* with her new suggestion for my happiness, standing ready like a switchman at the division by the rails. How sweet her letters are, though, -- hers to you most lovely, for it says all we felt, and knew she thought that evening.


1894:   Blanchard indicates that Jewett probably met Shakers from Alfred as they passed through South Berwick selling their handcrafts (302-3).  Though this observation complicates dating this letter, it seems reasonable to guess at 1894, on the slim clue that Stowe wrote to Jewett after Christmas in this year.

Eldress Harriet: Jewett maintained a friendship with the Shaker community at Alfred, Maine. Founded in England in the eighteenth century, "the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, also known as the Millennial Church, or the Alethians, came to be called Shakers because of the trembling induced in them by their religious fervor." Under the leadership of Mother Ann Lee the sometimes persecuted Shakers set up communal villages in the United States, beginning in 1776. (Source: Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia).
     In photographs of residents at the Alfred Maine Shaker village in the 1890s, at Maine History Online, appear Eldress Harriet Goodwin (1823-1903) and Eldress Harriett Newell Coolbroth (1864-1953).  It is not clear to which woman Jewett refers.  On Coolbroth see Historical Dictionary of the Shakers (2008), by Stephen J. Paterwic, pp. 48-9.

"hold on fast by God," as the old version of the Psalms has it: While these exact words do not appear in the King James Psalms, the idea appears in Psalms 119:31-2: "Thou hast commanded us to keep thy precepts diligently. O that my ways were directed to keep thy statutes! Then shall I not be ashamed, when I have respect unto all thy commandments. I will praise thee with uprightness of heart, when I shall have learned thy righteous judgments. I will keep thy statutes."

Mrs. Stowe: Harriet Beecher Stowe.

This letter appears in Annie Fields, Letters of Sarah Orne Jewett (1911),  Transcribed by Annie Adams Fields, with notes by Terry Heller, Coe College.

Edited by Terry Heller, Coe College.

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